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About The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (March 20, 2000)
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The University ot Nebraska is
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Influenza season lingers
By Elizabeth Zielinski
4* • . .<*3*
There’s one thing worfe than strug
gling with fatigue^ a sore thtoat and a
cough m the dead of winter. %
It’^doing thd same thihg while
friends and, seemingly, the rest of the
world are frolicking outdoors in the
hazy sunshine when spring has finally
Unfortunately, the influenza season
overlaps the beloved spring season.
In the United States, the flu usually
occurs from about November until
April, according to the Centers for
Disease Control Web site.
In order to prevent infection from
the flu, University Health Center
Marketing Coordinator Jennifer
Snyder suggests “not letting yourself
J‘If you’rqfeelingiired, fry t<* get
some extra restjDrink plenty oifluids,
a^d eat a healthy djfet.”
S Slider also suggests student^ wash
jtheir hands regularly. J
“Germs are often spreadffy people
rubbing their eyes and touching
objects,” she said.
Symptoms of the flu can include
fever, body aches and cough, according
to information published by the
American Lung Association.
Symptoms usually come on quickly
and can last from four to 10 days.
A flu vaccine can prevent illness,
but the best time to be vaccinated is
October or November, before the flu
University health aides are sources
^of information and assistance for stu
dents suffering from the flu.
Shannon Patrick, a health aide for
the 12$ floor of Abel Residence Hall,
said sh£ sees a student with flu-like
symptoms about every other week.
“Tffe health center gave (health
aides) mese cards that list the symp
toms for the cold and the flu,” Patrick
“Based on what the student says,
we can tell from there if they have the
flu or not.”
“If (students’ temperatures are)
over 101 or 102 degrees, I refer them to
the health center.”
But if there are no high tempera
tures, sage advice comes into play, as it
does with so many other illnesses.
“I tell them to get plenty of rest and
drink fluids,” Patrick said.
Animal rights groups protest circus
CIRCUS from page 1
and English major, is its president.
“Just because animals look or think
differently than us doesn’t mean they
should have to endure pain and suffer
ing for public entertainment,” Nord
At the circus, group members
handed out materials with information
obtained from organizations such as
People for the Ethical Treatment of
Animals and In Defense of Animals.
The fliers contained facts about
specific cases in which circus animals
were beaten, shot or killed and showed
pictures of chained elephants with the
headline “Cruelty is not entertain
Nord said he hoped to inform peo
ple and help them think twice about the
use of animals in circuses.
“People think the Big Top is just a
big happy place, but some animals are
being beaten, shot and forced to live in
horrendous conditions,” Nord said.
James Plunkett, producer of the
Lincoln Shrine Circus, said all circuses
must be inspected four times a year by
the United States Department of
The USDA inspects the conditions
the animals live and are transported in,
Elephants in the Shrine Circus are
transported from circus to circus in
semi-trailers, with three elephants per
trailer, and the horses and ponies are
moved in horse trailers, he said.
Plunkett said he felt circuses are
being unfairly targeted by activist
“It doesn’t mean all circuses are
cruel to animals just because of one iso
lated incident,” he said.
Plunkett said the animals featured
in Lincoln’s Shrine Circus are all
trained using positive reinforcement.
Plunkett mentioned the Pork Chop
Revue, a circus act involving four pigs.
The performing pigs are rewarded with
a treat by thlgfau}er whefi .they do a
“Personally, I think pigs are better
off working in a circus than on some
one’s plate,” he said.
Katie Muth, a sophomore English
major, said she felt there was no reason
animals should be used for entertain
Muth said she hoped members of
the Shrine Circus would take note of
the protest and consider not using ani
mals in the show.
Muth said she didn’t receive many
negative comments from circus
“Most people are relatively nice
because their kids are with them,” she
Plunkett said he respected the opin
ions of the protesters but wished they
i would appreciate how the circus has
been enjoyed for the past 200 years.
“We’re on the same side they’re
on,” Plunkett said.
“If you want to work with-ammals,
you havel%J^the*n^#: mf
1 • 7 • 7
RATES from page 1 _
winters and few outdoor activities.
“We know we happen to be in an
area of the country proven to have a lot
of high-risk drinking,” he said. “We
are working harder to change the envi
Major said the study, wtyich
includes 128 schools, compares'
“apples and oranges” because it
includes both small and large schools,,
public and private schools and alf
“There are cultural reasons why
drinking rates would be extremely low
at an all-women’s college or a reli
gious institution,” she said. “Amongst
our peer institutions, the discrepancy
is qot so large.” . -
There were 390 UNL students sur
veyed in the 1999 study, Griesen said.
Students from the university were
surveyed in similar studies done in
1993 and 1997.
The number surveyed increased in
1997 when UNL became the recipient
of a $700,000 grant from the Robert
Wood Johnson Foundation to reduce
the level of high-risk drinking at the
In measuring the level of high-risk
drinking, Griesen said, university offi
cials rely heavily on results garnered
from the omnibus survey adminis
tered at UNL by the Bureau of
Results gained from that study are
more reliable than in the Harvard
study because more students are sur
veyed, he said.
But both Major and Griesen said
they were encouraged by the results
that show students who are frequent
binge drinkers are in the minority.
Major said: “We want to reinforce
that the majority of our students don’t
drink as frequent binge drinkers.”
Court examines sex crime
as war, crime for first time "
■ An international tribunal
case investigating Balkan
war crimes starts today.
THE HAGUE, Netherlands (AP)
- As long as man has waged war,
rape has been an outrageous weapon
in his arsenal. And as long as man has
sought to punish war crimes, rape has
been nejfr the bottom of his list.
‘ . An iiftemational tribunal, which
Has been investigating Balkan war
crimes since its establishment in
1993,^a»nts to turn things around.
A cape trial opening today marks
tfie first tfhie§n international court
tackles sexual enslavement. The case
is a keystone in the most ambitious
attempt yet to acknowledge a
woman’s vulnerability to the excess
es of war.
Bosnian Serbs Radomir KoVac,
Dragoljub Kunarac and Zoran
Vukovic are charged with rage, tor
ture, enslavement and.outrages upon
personal dignity in the Foca case,
named after the city where the crimes
allegedly took place. All three haye
pleaded innocent to war crimes mid
crimes against which
carry a maximum li&ffrnsan sen
According to the indictmdl, the
defendants operated “quasi$ftoth
els” - or “rape factories* - in a local
school, a spor|s hall and^eonstruc
tion workers’ barracks In Foca,
southeast of Sarajevo, in the sumrrier
Nightly, women and girls, some
as young as 12 years old, were
allegedly forced to have sex with sol
diers and paramilitary fighters. They
were gang-raped, tortured and often
forced to give birth, Prosecutor Dirk
Ryneveld wrote in his pretrial brief.
Adding to the humiliation, the
women were ordered to perform
household chores for their victimiz
es, Ryneveld says.
Although the total number of vic
tims is noltgiven, 72 women were
detained af the sports hall.
“Many of them suffered perma
nent gynecological harm due to the
sexual assaults. At least one woman
can no,longer have diildren,” the
At least 10 rape^ictims are
^expected to testify allhe trial. They
will be protected by privacy mea
sures and are identified in court doc
uments with codes: FWS-48, FWS
Although Foca was the most
notorious case of systematic rape in
the, l 992-95“war, there were reports
of rape by all si4es in dozens of
camps across Bosnia. In 1993, a
European Community commission
estimated 2d,000 rape victims in the
conflict. The Bosnian government
put the figure at 50,000.
One Muslim woman whp submit
ted to rape during the Bosnian war to
protect her daughter told a fesearcher
“it’s something you never forget”
’“f carry it around with me in my
heart, io;my soul,” the woman was
quoted as saying in the book “War
Crimes Against Women,” by scholar
Kelly Dawn Askin. “I think of it
when I go to bed, and I think of it
when I get up. It doesn’t let you go.”
Rape is as old as war itself. Since
the battles of ancient Greece, com
manders have given soldiers license
to rape women, who were seen as a
spoil of war.
But what distinguished the
Bosnian war was that women were
prime targets in “ethnic cleansing”
campaigns because of their role in
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