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About The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (Dec. 1, 1999)
Researcher finds protein
By Michelle Starr
A UNL researcher is studying the
protein That might help aid in the pre
yentioirof cancer. —. —
For the past three years, Vadim
Gladyshev, an assistant professor of
biochemistry at UNL, has been work
ing with a protein that helped synthe
size selenium. Selenium might be
important in preventing cancer and
supplementing the cancer patients’
“I think Vadim is on to something
very big,” said Dolph Hatfield, chief
of the section of molecular biology of
selenium at the National Cancer
Institute at the National Institute of
Health in Maryland.
Gladyshev’s research might also
be a preventative method for those
with a high risk of cancer.
The selenium causes die protein to
be synthesized in higher amounts. The
14 Kilodalton protein, or 15 KD,
which Gladyshev discovered in 1997,
may serve as the agent in cancer pre
Outof a few possible proteins con
tainingjf lenium that wouldfit the
description of aiding cancer patients,
15 KD protein is one of them.
Gladyshev is trying to find if it is the
I think he is showing a correlation between
15 KD and prevention of prostate cancer.”
" — Dolph Hatfield
National Cancer Institute
protein, and if so, how it works.
“1 think he is showing a correlation
between 15 KD and prevention of
prostate cancer,” Hatfield said.
The 15 KD is thought to be the
helping protein because high levels
have been found in prostate tissues,
but in malignant tissues the protein is
highly reduced, Hatfield said.
Previous research raised a red flag
concerning selenium and the preven
tion of cancer.
A study in 1997 led by Larry Clark
of the University of Arizona gave sele
nium to half of the 1,300 participants
and a placebo to the other half to try to
fmd a link between selenium and skin
Instead of treating the skin cancer,
the research found a 67 percent reduc
tion in prostate cancer, 57 percent
-reduction in colon cancer, a 35 to 40
percent reduction in liver cancer and a
50 percent reduction in mortality rate,
Gladyshev then looked for seleni
um’s role in the decrease and found the
15 KD protein.
“Most people don’t know its
effects yet, but it’s becoming more
common,” Gladyshev said.
Selenium is commonly found in
food, and the intake of selenium is
easy to obtain, Hatfield said.
One brazil nut contains a day’s
supply of selenium, and taking in too
much would make the substance a
toxin, Hatfield said.
He said he thought cancer patients
might want to increase their intake by
about 200 to 400 micrograms a day to
help supplement their diet.
The exact role of the protein is
unknown, and it is only speculation
that 15 DK is the correct protein, but
the research to date shows promise.
“It certainly would be advisable
(for patients) to add selenium in their
diet. It could serve as a chemo preven
tion,” Hatfield said.
Kuwaiti women refused right to vote
KUWAIT (AP) - Kuwaiti women
lost the chance to become part of the
political scene in their oil-rich state
Tuesday when Parliament rejected a
bill to give them the right to vote and
run for office.
The 32-30 vote was the second
letdown for women in a week in this
On Nov. 23, the all-male legisla
ture killed a decree by the emir grant
ing women political rights because
most members believed it was uncon
Tuesday’s bill, proposed by five
liberal lawmakers, was seen as an
acceptable constitutional replace
ment but did not win thefequired”
approval by a simple majority vote.
Forty-nine lawmakers and 15
Cabinet ministers attended the ses
Ministers have the right to vote in
Parliament, and all of them voted for
the proposed law. Two Parliament
Hundreds of men, who almost
filled t;he galleries of the house,
cheered and applauded when the
result of the vote was announced. The
women, who were seated separately,
filed out silently.
“This is not the end. We will con
tinue to fight,” Sheikha al-Nisf, a
women’s rights activist, told The
She said two votes was not a large
margin, and one day women would
Most pro-government lawmakers
voted against the bill, tipping the bal
ance iniavor of Sunni fundamentalist
Muslin^ who vehemently-oppose
Women’s rights because they do not
want women to mix with men.
Although all Shiite members sup
ported women’s rights according to
their interpretations of Muslim teach
ings, one, an Iran-educated cleric,
Adnan Abdul-Samad, a Shiite,
But he said many lawmakers
voted no because pressure from their
constituents turned out to be much
stronger than that exerted by the gov
Only 113,000 men are registered
to vote, out of a Kuwaiti population
of around 793,000. Although Kuwait
boasts the only legislature in the Arab
Gulf, its 37-year-old democracy is
known as that of the “chosen few”
because it represents less than 14 per
Only men over 21 who have held
Kuwaiti nationality for at least 20
Yes, we should broaden the base of
democracy, but surely not through women.”
years can vote or run for office.
Women and members of the armed
forces and police are kept out.
“Are you saying that a woman
should be able to go cast her ballot
^while her husband who works for the
military stays home to mind the
kids?” asked Ahmed al-Shraian, a
tribal lawmaker who voted no.
“Yes, we should broaden the base
of democracy, but surely not through
women,” he said.
Kuwait is the only “Muslim
democratic country in the whole
world” where women cannot vote,
said Abdul-Wahab al-Haroun, one of
the five lawmakers who proposed the
bill. “It can’t be that the billion
Muslims in these countries are
wrong, and we are right.”
Suad al-Munayes, a 40-year-old
businesswoman, told die AP: “I don’t
know how we are going to enter the
21st century with this kind of mental
Not far from her, standing near
the gate of the white tent-shaped
Parliament building, Hassan al
Azimi, a 36-year-old civil servant,
could not understand why women
want to bother with politics.
“Men are doing a good job at pol
itics,” he said. “Women should stay
home and take care of the children.”
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Johanns: Future rests
in child develooment
■ Governor says early
child development would
help state’s fiiture.
Every child counts.
And every minute with a child
counts in terms of brain develop
ment, state senators, teachers and
Board of Education members were
told on Tuesday.
Gov. Mike Johanns opened the
conference by telling those gath
ered that Nebraska’s near future
depended on the state’s early child
hood development policies.
He said Nebraskans would save
nearly $7 in special education,
prison and social program costs for
every dollar spent on children
Johanns said research had
shown that children who received
attention and education during
early childhood were less likely to
need help from these programs
later in life.
“Whatever your occupation,
whatever your interests ... from a
ranch in the panhandle to a suburb
in Omaha, the education and care
of Nebraska’s children is very defi
nitely a top priority,” Johanns said.
Johanns said those at the con
• — X
ference should find ways to extend
the benefits of quality child care to
all Nebraska children.
“As responsible stewards of
Nebraska’s future, I believe it is
incumbent upon us to do every
thing we can to achieve this vision:
I believe every child in Nebraska
deserves quality child care and a
quality education,” Johanns said.
Presenters at the conference
included doctors, psychologists
and childhood development pro
gram coordinators from outside
The theme of the conference
was practical steps policymakers
could take to enhance child care in
One suggestion included in
conference materials was the
accreditation of good child care
programs. Nebraska regulates day
care facilities for health and safety
reasons but not for quality of care.
Another option given to partici
pants was better training for child
care providers. Presenters pointed
out that day-care workers often
receive little or no training in early
Johanns set the tone for the
conference at die beginning.
“The old adage says something
like an ounce of prevention is
worth a pound of cure,” he said. “I
could not agree more, especially in
UNL team places third m
programming championship <
A University of Nebraska-Lincoln
computer programming team placed '
third in the North Central Regional :
computer programming championship ]
The group - engineering students ■
Joshua Brown, Yixin Guo, Chad <
Hendry and Jeffrey Ifland - was one of
$0 teams participating in the regional ■
contest of the Association of i
Computing Machinery. i
Iowa State University won the event ;
and will travel to the world competition
in March in Orlando. South Dakota 1
State University placed second. i
Nebraska still has a shot at the ]
world contest if chosen for a wild-card i
LJNL listed as encouraging
The University of Nebraska
Lineoln was one of 405 colleges listed
n “The Templeton Guide: Colleges that
incourage Character Development.”
The listing acknowledges the uni
versity’s emphasis of the Character
The program connects youth with
values called the Six Pillars of
Character - trustworthiness, respect,
esponsibility, fairness, caring and citi
More than 123,000 Nebraskans
lave participated in the program
hrough 4-H groups, school classroom
irojects, day campus and one-on-one
ictivities through the University of
Nebraska extension program.
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