The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, October 21, 1998, Page 2, Image 2

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ER 21,1998
Microsoft paints itself as underdog
WASHINGTON (AP) - Technology giant
Microsoft Corp. portrayed itself at its antitrust
trial Tuesday as an underdog racing to play
catch-up when it entered a then-new market for
Internet software.
Microsoft hit back at government claims that
it illegally used its influence as the maker of the
dominant Windows operating system - the cen
tral nervous system crucial to most personal
computers - to try to dominate other markets,
such as the one for Internet software.
The company’s conduct against rivals was
tough but legal, Microsoft’s lawyer John Warden
said as he outlined the defense case in his open
ing statement in the landmark antitrust case.
“Antitrust laws are not a code of civility,”
Warden said.
The outcome of the trial - expected to last
six weeks - could determine much about the
future of the computer industry at a time when it
is increasingly important to virtually all aspects
of modem life.
Microsoft’s biggest rival for Internet soft
ware, Netscape Communications Corp., enjoyed
almost 90 percent of the market and earned $45
million from the software in 1995. The company
was co-founded by Marc Andreessen, who
helped invent the software, called graphical
browsers, which let people view information on
the Internet.
“Netscape had what the government would
consider a monopoly in the market for Internet
66
Netscape had what the government would consider a
monopoly in the market for Internet browsers until the
great Satan, Microsoft, came along”
John Warden
counsel for Microsoft
browsers until the great Satan, Microsoft, came
along,” Warden said.
Microsoft argued that its immensely suc
cessful business strategy was legal - to build
browser technology directly into its Windows
products, to entice the nation’s largest Internet
companies to distribute its browser rather than
Netscape’s and to prohibit computer-makers
from removing easy access to its browser in
Windows.
Since then, Netscape’s market share has fall
en to roughly 50 percent but it is giving the
browser software to private consumers for free.
The government contends Microsoft’s
behavior violated federal antitrust laws because
Microsoft was motivated to bundle its browser
within Windows to hurt Netscape.
Microsoft, though, insists that its browser in
Windows was “not an add-on, like a flash on a
camera or a car radio, but like a shutter on a cam
era or a car’s transmission.”
Microsoft on Tuesday questioned the gov
ernment’s first witness, James Barksdale,
Netscape’s chief executive officer.
In written testimony unsealed late Monday,
Barksdale wrote that Microsoft sought to
“crush” his company after he rejected an offer
during a controversial June 1995 meeting to ille
gally divide the market for Internet software.
But Warden said Microsoft made no such
illegal proposal, saying Netscape either “con
cocted” a story about an illegal offer or it was the
result of a “fantasy (that) arose from the naivete
of Marc Andreessen,” whose notes from the
meeting are government evidence.
The government showed e-mail Monday
from Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates, written
days before the 1995 meeting, saying: “I think
there is a very powerful deal of some kind we
can do with Netscape.”
Pre-arrest, dictator
LONDON (AP) - Margaret
Thatcher entertained former Chilean
dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet at her
home two weeks before he was arrested
at a London hospital, the ex-prime min
ister’s office said Tuesday.
The report came amid growing
diplomatic and domestic controversy
over the arrest, which Chile has strong
ly protested.
vowed to fight
j^l^^^^ibxtradite him to Spain on
allegations of murder, genocide and
torture, had drinks with Lady
Thatcher and her husband, Denis, in
their home in London’s elite
Belgravia district four days before he
was hospitalized for back surgery per
formed Oct. 9.
“She regarded it as a private meet
ing,” said Mark Worthington,
spokesman for Lady Thatcher, the
Conservative Party prime minister from
1979 to 1990.
The 82-year-old Pinochet was
arrested Friday at a Spanish magistrate’s
request
Judge Manuel Garcia Castellon,
who has been investigating the killings
and disappearances of 15) to 4,000 peo
ple in Chile during Pinochet’s 1973-90
dictatorship, will hand over his files to
fellow National Court magistrate
Baltasar Garzon, lawyer Joan Garces
said
It was Garzon’s international arrest
order, detailing the alleged killing or
disappearance of 94 people, that British
authorities acted on in arresting
Pinochet. Garces said Garcia
Castellon’s decision could add 4,000
names to the list
Thatcher and Pinochet have long
had warm relations. Pinochet was the
only Latin American leader to support
Britain in its 1982 war against Argentina
to reclaim the Falkland Islands.
The current visit is Pinochet’s first
since Prime Minister Tony Blair’s Labor
Party administration was elected 18
months ago.
Chile’s ambassador delivered a for
mal protest to the Foreign Office on
Monday, saying Britain has violated
Pinochet’s diplomatic immunity.
Britain says diplomatic immunity is
reserved for accredited diplomats or
foreign government officials on official
visits, which doesn’t cover Pinochet
Pinochet’s 17-year rule was marked
by torture and other human rights abus
es against political opponents in which,
the Chilean government has said, 4,299
people were killed or vanished. He
remained Chilean army commander-in
chief until March.
Questions? Comments?
Ask for Ihs appropriate section editor st (402) 472-2588
ore-maildn@unl.edu.
,1400
THE DAILY NEBRASKAN
Editor: Erin Gibson
Managing Editor: Chad Lorenz
Associate News Editor: Bryce Glenn
Associate News Editor: Brad Davis
Editor: KueyKober
Editor: Cliff Hicks
Editor: Sam McKewon
A&E Editor: Bret Schulte
Copy Desk Chief: Diane Broderick
Photo Chief: Matt Miller
Design Chief: Nancy Christensen
Art Director: Matt Haney
Online Editor: Gregg Steams
Asst Online Editor: Amy Burke
General Manager: Dan Shattil
Publications Board Jessica Hofmann,
Chairwoman: (402) 466-8404
Professional Adviser: Don Walton,
(402)473-7248
Advertising Manager: Nick Partsch,
(402)472-2589
Asst Ad Manager: Andrea Oeltjen
Classifieid Ad Manager: Mami Speck
WWII compensation
BONN, Germany (AP) -
Reversing German policy, the new
center-left government pledged
Tuesday to set up foundations to com
pensate World War II slave laborers
and “forgotten victims” of the Nazis.
Chancellor-elect Gerhard
Schroeder said no concrete plans or
figures had been set for either fund.
“But we want to do something
together with industry” to compensate
former slave laborers, he said. “We’ve
already started thinking about it”
Elan Steinberg, executive director
of the World Jewish Congress, called
the announcement “a significant turn
ing point” for the German govern
ment which had long insisted it was
not responsible for slave laborers.
“There are blanks in Germany’s
otherwise honorable efforts to deal
with Holocaust victims, and this is a
good way to fill them,” he said of the
“forgotten victims” fimd.
For years German firms argued the
government, as legal successor to the
Nazi regime, should be responsible for
back wage claims. But recently some
of Germany’s biggest firms have sug
gested they would be willing to con
tribute to a publicly administered fund.
Outgoing Chancellor Helmut
Kohl had rejected any government
involvement, saying companies are
66
“There are blanks in
Germany s otherwise
honorable efforts to
deal with Holocaust
victims and this is a
good way to fill
them”
Elan Steinberg
executive director of the World
Jewish Congress
responsible for back wage claims.
Schroeder said German firms that
used slave labor during the Nazi era
have “a historical, moral duty to ful
fill.” But he also stressed that they have
“a need for protection against legal
action that we have to guarantee.”
Volkswagen and electronics giant
Siemens have announced plans sepa
rately to establish their own funds to
compensate former slave laborers
forced to work for them by the Nazis
during World War n.
The two companies, along with
Krupp, Daimler-Benz, Audi and
BMW, are among those named in a
New York lawsuit seeking a portion
of company profits for thousands of
former slave laborers.
The coalition agreement, signed
by Schroeder and die small Greens
party, also calls for a new government
foundation to compensate “forgotten
victims” of Nazi injustice.
Joschka Fischer, Greens party
leader and designated foreign minister,
said they included homosexuals perse
cuted under the Nazis, as well as
Gypsies and other groups excluded
from making claims under current law.
Since World War II, the German
government has paid billions in com
pensation for health damage and
imprisonment.
Islam leader questions
Jews' loyalty to UJ5.
WASHINGTON (AP) - Nation of
Islam leader Louis Farrakhan said the
Clinton administration’s Middle East
policy could be compromised by Jews
who advise the president
“Every Jewish person that is
around the president is a dual citizen of
Israel and the United States of
America,” Farrakhan said Monday
during a news conference at the
National Press Club. “And sometimes,
we have to raise the question, ‘Are you
more loyal to the state of Israel than
you are to the best interests of the
United States of America?”’
Farrakhan mentioned by name
National Security Adviser Sandy
Berger, Secretary of State Madeleine
Albright, Treasury Secretary Robert
Rubin and outgoing presidential
adviser Rahm Emanuel, although
none is a citizen of Israel.
During his speech, Farrakhan also
urged Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat
not to yield to Israeli Prime Minister
Benjamin Netanyahu in Middle East
peace talks that were occurring on the
Eastern Shore of Maryland.
U.S. trade deficit stahds
at highest level in history
WASHINGTON (AP) - America’s
trade deficit hit an all-time high of
$16.8 billion as the global financial
crisis pushed down exports of manu
factured goods and farm products for a
fifth straight month.
Imports surged, led by a flood of
cars and auto parts from Mexico and
Canada and toys from China.
The deficit for August jumped
15.3 percent above a revised July
imbalance of $14.5 billion, the
Commerce Department said Tuesday.
Exports fell to their lowest level in
19 months as the global financial crisis
continued to depress demand in key
markets for American producers.
Sales of farm products dropped to
their lowest level in more than four
years.
So far this year, America’s deficit
in goods and services trade is on track
to set an all-time record at $165 bil
lion, far above the previous mark of
$153 billion set in 1987.
High school students protest
for more teachers in Paris
PARIS (AP) - Under, die eye of
police, high school students around
France held their second major protest
in less than a week Tuesday, demand
ing more teachers, better equipment
and buildings and a lighter course
load.
Troublemakers, undaunted by at
least 4,500 police, threw rocks and
bottles in sporadic violence during a
Paris protest, mimicking problems
during Thursday’s demonstrations.
Police said 85 people were lightly
injured in Paris. At least 45 young peo
ple were arrested nationwide, and
dozens of others were detained and
then released.
Students were hoping to maintain
die momentum of last week’s marches
of a half million students in nearly 350
cities, but it appeared they had failed.
Radio reports said a quarter-mil
lion demonstrated nationwide. Police
said about 25,000 students marched in
Paris.
Banners reflected angry students’
demands: “No promises. Action!”
read one in Bordeaux. “No teachers,
no future!” read a Paris banner.