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Pulliam Journalism Fellowships
Graduating college seniors are invited to apply for the 25th
annual Pulliam Journalism Fellowships. Ten-week summer
internships will be awarded to 20 journalism or liberal arts
majors in the August 1997-June 1998 graduating classes.
Winners will receive a $5,000 stipend and will work at either
The Indianapolis Star and The Indianapolis News or The
Arizona Republic. Application postmark deadline is March 1,
For complete information, write: Russell B. Pulliam
Pulliam Fellowship Dir.
The Indianapolis News
P.O. Box 145
Indianapolis, IN 46206-0145
Panel: Colleges curb
WASHINGTON (AP) -
Concluding that tuition has grown
faster than die cost of educating stu
dents, a panel recommended Thursday
that colleges curb expenses and make
more information available on costs
and student aid.
The National Commission on the
Cost of Higher Education, agreeing on
recommendations to Congress and the
White House after just four months of
work, also questioned guaranteed
tenure for faculty and urged a mandato
ry retirement policy.
The 11-member panel, chartered
earlier this year by Congress, held its
final public meeting just two days after
being cautioned by the chairman of the
House Education Committee, Rep. Bill
Goodling, R-Pa., not to understate the
The commission chairman said no
changes were made in the key recom
mendations as a result of congressional
pressure. Media reports of prior meet
ings and a draft report did indicate,
however, that the panel was ready to
point out that a tuition crisis was over
and college can still be a bargain.
“There is literally a college for
every pocketbook and purpose,” a
recent draft said. It equated the cost of
tuition for most full-time undergradu
ates to that of a “decent used car.”
On Thursday, William Troutt, presi
dent of Belmont University in
Nashville, Tenn., and chairman of the
11-member commission, minimized
the conflict He said there are “lots of
drafts around.” He added that lawmak
ers had been responding to partial
reports from the media and statements
from individual members.
“We’ve been talking since day one
about the need to redouble our efforts to
contain costs,” he said. Most of the 11
members are college presidents, chan
cellors or officials of academic organi
Thursday’s session opened with a
report showing that tuition more than
doubled between 1987 and 1996 at
public colleges and universities - from
nearly $1,700 to $3,900. At the same
time, the cost of educating a student
increased by one-half - from nearly
$8,000 to more than $12,000.
Tuition has made up for the decline
in direct state support for institutions.
Panelists acknowledged that colleges
and universities have chosen more
often to raise prices than cut costs.
Increased student aid in the form of
grants and loans has eased the burden
But panelists also acknowledged
that student debt has grown at an alarm
ing rate and there may be a connection
between higher lending and higher
“We’re asking that it be looked at
carefully and quickly,” said Barry
Munitz, vice chairman of the commis
sion and chancellor of California State
University in Long Beach.
Troutt said in an interview that
despite a recent easing of tuition
increases, die commission worries that
another jump forward could occur, lead
ing to pressure for outside cost controls.
■ Colleges and universities should
redouble efforts to contain costs
through a variety of means, including
joint purchases and an elimination of
overlapping courses offered by nearby
institutions in subjects that are expen
sive, such as graduate electronic engi
neering, or arcane.
■ The Education Department
needs to produce more data more often
on college costs and prices and it
should streamline aid. Colleges and
universities need to provide more infor
mation about why costs are what they
are and the availability of student aid.
Accounting should be improved to give
uniform cost information.
Kyoto meeting debates
global wanning change
KYOTO, Japan (AP) - Thomas
Gale Moore says he knows what the
world should do about global warming:
“People like warm weather,” said
Moore, a senior fellow at the Hoover
Institute, a conservative think tank at
Stanford University in California.
“Where do they go when they retire?
Where it’s warm.”
Down the hall at the convention
center that is host to the Kyoto climate
conference, global warming is hardly
about surf and sun - it’s a matter of life
“I care a lot - I’m really scared
about climate change,” said Dietrich
Brockhagen, a German who took an
11-day train-boat-bicycle ride to the
conference to protest die environmen
tal damage caused by planes.
The vast divide between the two
illustrates the wide range of opinions
being tossed around at the Kyoto meet
in iu days oi negotiations, 2,UUU
delegates are trying to mandate reduc
tions in emissions of carbon dioxide
and other “greenhouse” gases.
Scientists say the gases, which trap
sunlight-generated heat in the Earth’s
atmosphere, may boost global tempera
tures, raising ocean levels and abruptly
shifting climate zones.
Environmentalists and scientists
warn that if nothing is done, the Earth’s
ecosystem could be damaged. Some
businesses worry that reductions could
cost them millions; others see opportu
nities. Governments argue over who
will bear the burdens of reducing emis
Moore sees little to worry about.
He heralds a warmer climate as a place
where agriculture would flourish and
planes would fly on time because of
fewer snow delays. He predicts a
warmer climate would save the lives of
about 40,000 people a year in the
“About what we kill on the high
ways - not a bad game,” he declared.
The debate has attracted powerful
captains of industry and zealous envi
ronmentalists, political leaders - like
Vice President A1 Gore - and grass
roots campaigners, scientists and
Everyone is struggling to make
their points. Greenpeace brews mocha
in a solar-powered coffeemaker; skep
tics guffaw as they criticize studies war
xning about environmental damage;
atomic reactor companies set up huge
displays with slogans like, “Let’s turn
their world Preen with nnrlear enerpv”
“You have lots of room to be cre
ative, because the fight is so fierce,”
said Kalee Kreider, director of
Greenpeace’s US. Climate Campaign.
The environmentalists have been
the loudest in getting their message out.
They have set up solar energy panels at
a centuries-old temple, chained them
selves briefly to pumps at a gas station
and plan to build a giant dinosaur at the
Brockhagen’s group, Climate
Train, took a lengthy train ride from
points in Western Europe to Tianjin,
China. The group arrived in Japan by
They estimate their journey pro
duced one-eighth of the greenhouse
gas emissions that a plane ride would
create. ~ -
“It’s not crazy - we had a lot of fun
and we met a lot of people,”
Brockhagen said. “We arrived well
growing percentage of American
young people see nothing wrong
with the races keeping to them
selves as long as they are not dis
criminated against, according to
a poll released Wednesday by
MTV, the youth-oriented cable
The poll indicated that 54
percent of young people charac
terize race relations as “good,”
compared with 42 percent in
Young people seem increas
ingly accepting of the “separate
but equal” concept for America.
In 1991,41 percent of youth
said it was “OK if the races are
basically separate from one
another in our country as long as
everyone has equal opportuni
ties.” That figure rose to 68 per
cent in the 1997 survey.
i ne percentage or tnose wno
disagree with the separate but
equal philosophy fell from 57 .
percent in 1991 to 31 percent 1
“What young people are say-.
ing in this poll, and what our
audience tells us, is that there is;
still much work to be done,” said
Judy McGrath, MTV president,
“This is no time for complacen- C
The poll, conducted from j
Sept. 17-30 by GarinHartYang
Research, sampled more than
750 people ages 15-24. The mar
gin of error is plus or minus 4
Fax number. (402) 472-1761
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ALL MATERIAL COPYRIGHT 1997
THE DAILY NEBRASKAN
Editor: Paula Lavigne
Managing Editor: Julie Sobczyk
Associate News Editor: Rebecca Stone
Assistant News Editor: Jeff Randall
Assignment Editor: Chad Lorenz
Opinion Editor: Matthew Waite
Sports Editor: MikeKluck
A&E Editor: Jim Goodwin
Copy Desk Chiefe: Nancy Zywiec
Photo Director: Ryan Soderiin
Design Chief: Joshua Gillin
Art Director: Aaron Steckelberg
Online Editor: Gregg Stearns
Asst. Online Editor: Amy Pemberton
Genera] Manager: Dan Shattil
Publications Board Melissa Myles,
Professional Adviser: Don Walton,
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Assistant Ad Manager: Daniel Lam
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