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About The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (Dec. 11, 1996)
PAGE 2 WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 11,1996
South Africa constitution
guarantees equal rights
SHARPEVILLE, South Africa
(AP)—President Nelson Mandela vis
ited the site of one of South Africa’s
. most notorious massacres Tuesday—
International Human Rights Day —
and signed a constitution into law guar
anteeing equal rights to all races.
The signing culminated more than
six years of negotiations between white
and black leaders cm the shape and ide
ology of post-apartheid South Africa.
“By our presence here today, we
solemnly honor the pledge we made to
ourselves and to the world, that South
Africa shall redeem herself and thereby
widen the frontiers of human freedom,”
said Mandela, who hoisted the docu
ment above his head to the cheers of
an audience of4,000 people.
“As we close a chapter of exclu
sion and a chapter of heroic struggle,
we reaffirm our determination to build
a society of which each of us can be
proud as South Africans, as Africans
and as citizens of the world,” he said.
One of the most liberal constitu
tions in the world, the 150-page char
ter is based on an interim document that
took effect with the nation’s first all
race election in 1994. Mandela’s Afri
can National Congress won the vote to
gain power, making him the nation’s
first black president.
Organizers chose the Sharpeville
black township south of Johannesburg
for the signing for two reasons. It was
where police gunned down 69 black
protesters in a 1960 massacre .
Sharpeyille also is part of
Vereeniging, the town where the treaty
ending the Anglo-Boer war was signed
The constitution, written in two
years by an elected Constitutional As
sembly, includes a Bill of Rights guar
anteeing equal rights for all.
The original version of the new
constitution was rejected by the Con
stitutional Court, the nation’s highest,
for violating principles of the interim
charter. Most of the problems were
minor or technical in nature, and a re
vised version gained approval from the
court last week.
While most major parties in South
Africa support the document, the Zulu
nationalist Inkatha Freedom Party boy
cotted the assembly that drafted it. But
Inkatha, which fears losing power to
the ANC in its stronghold of the tradi
tional Zulu homeland, has said it will
abide by the new constitution.
Unabomber suspect enters
innocent plea via video
NEWARK, N.J. (AP) -
Unabomber suspect Theodore J.
Kaczynski pleaded innocent Tues
day via video to charges he sent the
mail bombr that killed an advertis
ing executive exactly two years ago.
Kaczynski’s plea from Califor
nia was made through a live hookup
to the federal courthouse here,
where Judge Dickinson R.
Debevoise presided in a courtroom
packed with spectators, journalists
and court workers.
Among those present was Susan
Mosser, whose 50-year-old hus
band, Thomas, was killed when he
opened a package containing a
bomb on Dec. 10, 1994, in his
northern New Jersey home.
In Sacramento, where
Kaczynski has been jailed since
early summer, the U.S. Marshals
Service moved Kaczynski to the
county public defender’s office for
the cross-country arraignment.
The former Berkeley math pro
fessor has pleaded innocent to four
Unabomber attacks that killed two
people in Sacramento.
Prosecutors have said they hope
to decide before January whether to
seek the death penalty, which
Kaczynski could also face for the
two California bombing deaths.
Debevoise also heard arguments
on a defense request to transfer the
New Jersey case to Sacramento,
where a November trial date has
been set. Kaczynski’s lawyers are
seeking a single trial there on all the
Prosecutors last week objected
to a transfer, and proposed that
Debevoise set a June 30 trial date
on the New Jersey charges. They
said it could be finished in time for
the November trial in California.
Debevoise reserved decision on
the transfer request, and rejected a
June 30 trial date as unrealistic. He
said if he decides not to transfer the
New Jersey case, that trial would
follow the California trial.
Kaczynski, 54, left a promising
academic career and became a her
mit. He was arrested April 3 at his
spartan cabin in Lincoln, Mont., and
is being held without bail.
Federal authorities believe he
used bombs to kill three people and
injure 23 others between 1978 and
In a letter published in The New
York Times on April 26, 1995, the
Unabomber wrote that “we blew up 1
Thomas Mosser” because he was an
executive with Burson-Marsteller.
The letter said the company helped
Exxon clean up its public image af
ter the Valdez oil spill in Alaska.
Burson-Marsteller has denied work
ing on the spill for Exxon.
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the Textbook Buyback before
December 22, 1996.
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Polish poet accepts
’96 Nobel Peace Prize
STOCKHOLM, Sweden (AP) -
Wislawa Szymborska, celebrated for
her “beautiful, deep and subtle poetry,”
accepted the 1996 Nobel Prize in lit
erature today with a standing ovation
from the audience in the Stockholm
Three hours after the Nobel Peace
Prize was presented to two East
Timorese freedom champions in Oslo,
Norway, the other 10 Nobel laureates
accepted their awards from King Carl
XVI Gustaf in Stockholm.
Szymborska smiled slightly as she
listened to the praise for her electrify
“Dear Wislawa Szymborska, I
would like to thank you for giving us
this beautiful, deep and subtle poetry,”
Swedish author Birgitta Trotzig said in
introducing the 73-year-old Polish poet
to the audience of 1,800.
Szymborska then stepped forward
and accepted the prize from the king.
Behind him sat Queen Silvia.
The famously shy author, who says
she’s uncomfortable in a room with
more than a dozen people, drew a sym
pathetic laugh as she apparently be
came confused on how to bow after
receiving the award.
Each of the recipients was directed
to bow three times to the accompani
ment of a brass fanfare—(Mice to the
king, once to the rows of medal-be
decked academics on stage and once
to the audience.
The pomp-filled ceremony was in
terspersed with music by Mozart and
Sibelius and the familiar, lilting “Morn
ing Mood” section of Grieg.*s Peer
Gynt suite. It marked the 100th anni
versary of the death of Alfred Nobel,
the Swedish industrialist who funded
the prizes in his will.
The first to receive their prizes in
Stockholm were David Lee and Rob
ert Richardson, both of Cornell Uni
versity, and Douglas Osheroffof
Stanford University, who shared the
physics award for their discovery of
superfluidity in helium-3.
Peter Doherty, an Australian now
working at St. Jude’sChildren’s Re
search Hospital in Memphis, Tenn.,
and RolfZinkemagel of Switzerland
received the 1996 Nobel medicine
pize for pioneering work on the body’s
They discovered how the immune •
system recognizes infected cells - a
finding that could lead to new vaccines
and therapies for cancer, diabetes and
Harold Kroto of Britain’s Univer
sity of Sussex and Robert Curl and
Richard Smalley of Rice University in
the United States, received the chem
istry prize for discovering carbon at
oms bound in the shape of soccer balls.
The economics prize was awarded
to James Mirrlees of Britain’s Cam
bridge University and William Vickrey
of Columbia University, but Vickrey
died the same week the prize was an
nounced. They were recognized for
their work in “asymmetric informa
tion” - transactions in which one party
knows things the other doesn’t.
A friend of Vickrey’s, Lowell Har
ris, accepted the award on the behalf
of the deceased laureate. Unlike the
others, he bowed only once.
The laureates were to give speeches
at the three-hour banquet following the
Although all laureates received
standing ovations, Szymborska was the
clear favorite of the audience and of
“Bureaucrats and bus passengers
respond with a touch oflncredulity and
alarm when they find out that they’re
dealing with a poet,” she said in her
prize lecture last week.
Each prize is worth $1.12 million,
money that is shared in cases of mul
The first Nobel Prizes were
awarded in 1901, excep for the eco
nomics prize which was established in
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