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About The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (Dec. 1, 1994)
I It’s A Healthy Choice
Nabneka Dapartmint of Health
Speaker questions U.S. covert actions
By John Fulwldf
A former CIA agent famous for
his books exposing covert CIA op
erations, spoke Tuesday night
about his experiences during a lec
ture sponsored by Latino & Latin
Phillip Agee said he resigned
from the CIA after nine years of
covert work because of his grow
ing disagreement with the agency’s
policy of working to control sup
posedly free countries.
“I began to see what I and my
colleagues had been doing in Latin
America for the CIA ... was noth
ing more than a continuation of—
at that time — nearly 500 years of
genocide, exploitation, and politi
cal repression,” Agee said.
The United States has a long
history of conducting questionable
operations in other countries, es
pecially Cuba, he said.
Agee spoke extensively about
the history and structure of the
CIA. He said the CIA had three
roles: foreign intelligence, covert
action operations and counterintel
Agee said the foreign intelli
gence division affected Italian poli
tics from 1948 to 1992. In 1948,
he said, President Truman feared
the communists would win the
So $10 million was set aside to
support the Christian Democratic
party, he said. He said the Chris
tian Democrats won the election
and were in power, with the sup
port of the U.S. government, until
The covert action operations di
vision, he said, was intended to
manipulate institutions of power in
foreign countries — the govern
ment, military, police, trade unions
and the media.
Agee said the counterintelli
gence division’s mission was to
penetrate the intelligence services
of other countries, friend or foe,
and to spy on their spies. Another
role, he said, was to prevent pen
etration of the CIA by foreign
Agee blamed the Vietnam war
on a failed CIA operation. He said
it was ironic that the whole affair
began when a doctor with the Of
fice of Strategic Services — the
predecessor of the CIA — saved
Vietnamese leader Ho Chi Minh's
life in 1940.
The audience chuckled when
Agee said Edward Langsdale of
the CIA was sent to Vietnam to
establish a new South Vietnam in
an effort known then as “nation
Agee said that effort failed, and
brought military advisors and
eventually half a million U.S. sol
diers into Vietnam.
The CIA began a secret war
against the Viet Cong Infrastruc
ture, he said, which included an
agenda of assassination called the
Phoenix Program. He said the
Vietnamese government had re
ported the Phoenix Program
caused 40,000 murders.
Agee also blamed the prolifera
tion of Stinger missiles in world
arms markets on the CIA. He said
the CIA in the 1980s, in coopera
tion with Saudi Arabia, gave a to
tal of $7 billion in arms to the
Mujahideen rebels fighting the
Those arms included 1,000
ground-to-air Stinger missiles. He
said only 350 of those missiles
were used in the successful effort
to drive the Soviets out of Afghani
stan, leaving 650 missiles unac
Those missiles began showing
up on the international arms mar
ket, he said. CIA agents scrambled
to try to buy up the remaining mis
siles, he said, but were unsuccess
Agee spent a large part of his
lecture spiking about Cuba. He
gave a detailed history of the Cu
ban Revolution, telling a story
about how Fidel Castro swam
across the Rio Grande River to get
money for his revolutionary ef
Castro started with 12 men and
conquered the 40,000-strong army
of Cuban ruler Fulgcncio Batista
through his strong recruitment.
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ASUN approves resolution against higher fees
By Mtlanto Brandwt
ASUN senators approved a state
wide resolution Wednesday night uig
ing the Legislature not to increase
asks the Legisla
ture not to de
crease state aid to
leges and univer
sities or increase
tuition and stu
dent fees. The resolution was formed
by student government leaders from
Nebraska’s universities and state and
community colleges at the Statewide
Student Government Conference last
The resolution must be approved
by every student government by the
end of the semester in order to present
it to state senators in January.
Association of Students of the
University of Nebraska senators also
approved a by-law change requiring
student organizations to submit a one
page letter as part of their recogni
That letter must detail potential
activities and the organization’s in
tent. The by-law change was ap
proved by a vote of 20-3.
Bill Anderson, senator from the
College of Arts and Sciences, said the
by-law change would more clearly
define the intent of student organi
zations who wish to be recognized by
ASUN President Andrew Loudon
said the senate’s constitution prohib
its senators from changing the intent
of an organization.
He asked Anderson, who proposed
the bill, if the by-law change would
be a catalyst for senators getting in
volved with a student organization’s
But Anderson said the by-law
change was neutral and should not
affect what organizations can or can
“It’s simply a way for (senators)
to know what they’re doing,” he said.
“It gives no power to deny them or
ganization status because of what
Two new senators also took the
oath of office during the meeting:
David Nosal, a graduate senator, and
Travis Hopkins, a senator from the
Continued from Page 1
bers from a field of 45 numbers and
then the Powerball.
Stephanie Titsworth, an em
ployee at U-Stop Convenience
Shop at 17th and Q streets, said
ticket sales increased this week.
Titsworth said that on an aver
age day, customers bought about
30 tickets. Customers bought 375
tickets on Tuesday and 400 tickets
before noon on Wednesday, she
Titsworth said many stopped in
and bought tickets on their way to
work Wednesday morning.
“Every single person who came
in bought a ticket,” she said.
Continued from Page 1
Regents first began discussing a
separate college in September 1993.
In October,'four consultants were
hired, but they failed to provide
enough information for a decision to
be made on the college when they
returned their report in March.
Shortly after taking office that
same month, Smith impanelled the
second nine-member task force to
gather that information. Task force
members selected by Smith included:
• Lee Jones, NU executive vice
president and provost.
• Del Weber, UNO chancellor.
• Joan Leitzel, UNL senior vice
chancellor for academic affairs.
• Gene Koepke, UNK vice chan
cellor for academic affairs.
• John Chapman, director of re
search-irrigation division Valmont
• Lee Kearney, president of
Kiewit Construction Co., Omaha.
• A.F. “Tony” Raimondo, presi
dent and chief executive officer,
Behlen Manufacturing, Columbus.
• Fred Choobineh, professor of
industrial and management systems
engineering; UNL Academic Senate
• Dale Krane, professor of public
administration; UNO Faculty Senate
Task force members delivered the
report to Smith on Nov. 11. He will
bririg the report and his own recom
mendation about a separate college
to the NU Board of Regents in its Dec.
9 and 10 meeting. Regents are ex
pected to vote on the proposal at that
Continued from Page 1
• All additional operating costs,
new buildings and equipment were
financed by private donors.
• The projected employment
growth in engineering was centered
in the Omaha area. The findings were
based on a projected 8 percent engi
neering job growth in Omaha in the
next five years.
In the report, Allen also found that
since 1983, the number of engineer
ing students declined by 12.2 percent
nationally and by 32 percent at the
University of Nebraska-Lincoln.
In addition, 42.8 percent of recent
Nebraska engineering students left
the state after graduation, he wrote.
The college at UNL also has the
capacity to graduate an additional 70
to 141 engineering students each
year, he wrote.
Allen’s findings raised questions,
however, for at least one member of
the NU Board of Regents.
Rosemary Skrupa of Omaha, who
returned home from vacation
Wednesday to find the report, said she
questioned its impetus, timing,
sources and presentation.
“Whether he did this as a good
will effort or whether there were other
inducements, I do not know,” said
Skrupa, who had time only to skim
the report Wednesday.
Alien could not be reached for
comment Wednesday evening.
Skrupa said she also wondered
why Omaha engineering faculty
members had not been contacted.
Faculty members told her Wednesday
that Allen did not interview them or
use University of Nebraska at Omaha
“He did not balance the issue by
checking with UNO, as far as engi
neering is concerned,” she said.
The report cites UNL research
sources, an Omaha World-Herald ar
ticle and other engineering journal
Skrupa said she thought all aca
demic reports should include infor
mation from every side.
“When scholars lend their names
to pieces of literature, it should be
verifiable and it should be cross-ref
erenced,” she said. “If you do an un
biased report, you would talk to both
sides of the issue.”
Skrupa said she also was surprised
“Idon't think this report
is relevant at all. It
appears to be one man’s
that Allen sent the letter to Smith on
Creighton University letterhead.
Creighton, she said, is not involved
in the debate.
“I’m just curious why he would use
that letterhead,” she said. “I’m quite
confident that Creighton University
is not getting involved in this issue.”
But Skrupa said she thought the
report would have little impact on the
engineering debate and the board’s
expected vote on the college next
“1 don’t think this report is rel
evant at all,” she said. “It appears to
be one man’s opinion.”
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