The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, October 11, 1994, Page 2, Image 2

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    sra*- News Digest
Tuesday, October 11,1994 Page 2
U.S. troops move toward Persian Gulf
Moving quickly to counter an Iraqi buildup of troops near Kuwait, President
Clinton ordered U.S. forces to move
toward the Persian Gulf region.
U.N. sanctions against Iraq
In offset oinco August, 1990
* Total trade embargo, except for imports of food, medicine and humanitarian
supplies. Exceptions to be approved by a U.N. sanctions committee on a
case-by-case basis. No government, company or individual may trade with Iraq
«h hxpuris oannea.
* NavaJ blockade enforces the embargo.
* Oil embargo.
* Air embargo, no air traffic into or out of Iraq.
m AU Iraqi government assets frozen overseas
No-fly zones
The United States, Britain and
France have imposed "no-fly"
zones in the northern area of
restive Kurds and the southern
region of disaffected Shiite
Note: United Nations sanctions are
theoretically bind mg on all members, but
the UN has no enforcement mechanism.
Clinton sees no
sign of pullback
Iraq officials
say soldiers
leaving border
KUWAIT — Iraq declared an end
to its menacing five-day buiIdup Mon
day and said its troops were pulling
back from the Kuwait border only
hours after U.S. troops landed.
President Clinton said Monday
night there had been no sign ofan Iraqi
pullback and that he was sending more
than 350 U.S. military aircraft to the
Persian Gulf.
“We will not allow Saddam Hussein
to defy the will of the United States
and the international community."
Clinton said in a nationally televised
A senior Pentagon official, speak
ing on condition of anonymity, said
Clinton ordered B-52 bombers and F
15E fighter jets to the Gulf. They arc
lo come from various Air Force bases,
including those in Germany and Italy.
The tens of thousands of Iraqi sol
diers sent to the border had revived
memories of 1990, when Iraq swept
aside Kuwait's army and seized the
oil-rich country. It was seven months
before a U.S.-led coalition ousted the
occ iers.
is time. Washington was deter
mined to send a firm signal. Washing
ton began amassing a force of nearly
70,000 in the region.
The first contingent of 300 U.S.
soldiers arrived in Kuwait City on
Hours later. Iraq's ambassador to
the United Nations, Nizar Hamdoon,
said Iraqi forces would withdraw from
the Kuwaiti border and “are already
on the move.” He said they would be
sent to a site north of Basra.
In Baghdad, Foreign Minister
Mohammed Saced al-Sahhaf said
troops would be deployed to “other
locations in the rear" to finish military
He told the official Iraqi news
agency the withdrawal was ordered in
response to appeals from “friends”
and “in view of the fact that the troops’
presence might be used as a pretext to
maintain sanctions.”
The crushing U N. sanctions were
Revelry marks Cedras’ exit
Raoul Cedras kept the people
cowed for three years with his ter
ror campaign. On Monday. Haiti’s
masses rose up and drowned him
Cedras seemed small in the
cntranceway of army headquarters
as he announced he was resigning
as military leader and quitting the
country for its own good.
Cedras was dwarfed by U.S.
military commander Hugh Shelton,
whose 19,500 soldiers played a
large role in finally driving out the
Haitian coup leader.
The sound of5,000joyful people
buried the tubas and trombones of
Cedras' military band playing the
national anthem with an impromptu
version of “Auld Lang Syne.”
Then Cedras' voice faded amid
an underamplified sound system and
the crowd’s shouts of “Hoodlum!”
and “Thief!”
The American troops had to pro
tect Cedras, firing warning snots
when a rock-thrower shattered the
windshield of his departing Toyota
Land Cruiser. Haitians scrambled
to pick up shards of the broken
windshield as souvenirs.
“I have chosen to leave the coun
try to protect you. so that my pres
ence will not be a pretext for unjus
tified acts,” Cedras told the crowd.
As a result of Lt. Gen. Cedras’
resignation, the final condition has
been met by the Haitian military
leadership to comply with the terms
of the agreement former President
Carter worked out only hours be
fore a U.S. invasion was to begin.
Cedras is gone, so too is Brig.
Gen. Philippe Biamby. who re
signed Saturday. Port-au-Prince
police chief Michel Francois es
caped in the dark last week to the
neighboring Dominican Republic.
Cedras gave no time or venue
for his exile, but U.S. Embassy
spokesman Stanley Schragcr listed
Argentina. Panama, Spain or Ven
ezuela as possible refuges. Schragcr
did not rule out the United States.
The crowd continually shouted
the name of Jean-Bertrand Aristide,
the man Cedras overthrew in Sep
tember 1991.
U S. State Department officials
say Aristide. Haiti's first freely
elected president, will end his own
exile and return home Saturday.
Cedras said he decided to “sac
rifice'' himself to save Haiti.
“There ’ s a lot more Hai tians who
want to sacrifice him," said Spec. 4
Charles Hill.
ThcU.S. military policeman said
he now believed Haiti “would be
safer without Cedras," who was
slow to cooperate with American
forces in disarming the pro-mili
tary gunmen known as “attaches."
“The people are on our side,"
said Hill. 22. of Pembroke, Mass.
Hundreds of singing, branch
waving Haitians streamed up the
hilltoCedras' neighborhood in sub
urban Pctionviile afterwards. The
crowds included carnival bands,
urging the general to leave now.
imposed after Iraq invaded Kuwait in
August 1990.
Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein may
have conceived the bui Idup as a wa ril
ing that he could still cause trouble if
the sanctions were not lifted
Clinton said the sanctions would
be maintained until Iraq complies with
U.N. resolutions.
“That is the answer to Iraq's sanc
tions problem: Full compliance, not
reckless provocation," Clinton said.
U S. forces continued to arrive
Monday to confront the estimated
64,000 Iraqi troops. An estimated 700
Iraqi tanks and other armored vehicles
also were believed at the border.
"We will not allow
Saddam Hussein to defy
the will of the United
States and the
community. ”
U.S. President
In Kuwait City, some 3(H) men from
the 24th Infantry Division came aboard
a white Lockheed 1011 jet from Fort
Stewart, Ga
Army Maj. Gen. John Taylor, who
will command the force, shook the
hand of each infantryman as the unit
A veteran of the 1991 Gulf War,
Taylor said the arriving troops would
man M1A1 Abrams tanks and Brad
ley fighting vehicles “propositioned”
in the region after the Gulf War
“Everybody is very confident,” he
said. “We know what our mission is.”
Taylor said some advance Ameri
can teams were “digging in the desert
right now.” implying that forces al
ready had been deployed in northern
The U.S. Embassy confirmed Mon
day that American warships arrived
off the Kuwait coast over the weekend
with 2,000 combat Marines. The air
craft carrier USS George Washington
began patrolling the Red Sea on Mon
Shuttle radar
detects smoke
rising in Iraq
— Endeavour’s astronauts saw
smoke rising from the Iraq-Ku
wait border on Monday as the
shuttle soared 127 miles over
head on a radar-mapping mis
sion. The source of the smoke
was not immediately known.
Astronaut Thomas Jones,
who used to work for the Air
Force and CIA, reported smoke
in southern Iraq marshes as well
as what appeared to be small,
black plumes of smoke rising
from the Iraq-Kuwait border.
Diane Evans, a project scien
tist on the ground, said she did
not know what might be burn
ing. Smoke usually rises from
Kuwait’s oil fields as waste is
routinely burned off.
Endeavour is carry ing an air
pollution monitor and a power
ful radar system for mapping the
Earth's surface in detail. The
astronauts on the environmental
study mission arc also photo
graphing the planet.
Evans said the Pentagon made
no requests for radar images or
photographsof Iraq and Kuwait
The shuttle’s survey of that area
was planned long before the
military action there, she said.
Besides, the $366 million ra
dar isn't capable of picking out
details like troops and tanks.
Evans said.
We don’t have high enough
resolution required for surveil
lance," she said.
Endeavour and its crew of six
arc scheduled to land at 11:37
a.m. Tuesday at Kennedy Space
Center, although rain and low
clouds were forecast. NASA
could send the shuttle to Edwards
Air Force Base in California later
in the day.
The radar was used largely to
examine volcanoes, forests,
deserts, oceans and rivers.
Scientists hope to learn more
about global change and to cre
ate extraordinarily detailed maps
with all these radar images.
To {produce such elaborate
maps. Endeavour took the same
orbital path three days in a row
Americans win Nobel Prize, bwcdcn — Two
Americans won the Nobel Prize in
medicine Monday for shedding light
on how cells communicate to speed
the spread of killer diseases like chol
era and diabetes throughout the body.
Alfred G. Gilman and Martin
Rodbell will split the $930,000 prize
for determining how a certain group
of proteins can help transmit and
modulate signals in cells, much like a
biological switchboard.
Their discoveries, products of two
decades of work, have been “para
mount” in helping scientists under
stand diseases that affect tens of mil
lions of people around the globe, said
Professor Bertil Fredholm of the
Karolinska Institute’s Nobel Assem
The medicine prize was the first of
this year’s six Nobel awards to be
announced. Since 1901 when the first
Nobel medicine prize was awarded.
72 of 157 winners have been from the
United States, rcflcclingan American
dominance in basic research, espe
cially after World War 11.
Gilman. 53, is chairman of the de
partment of pharmacology at the Uni
versity ofTexas Southwestern in Dal
He predicted more knowledge
about the communication process in
side cells “will help considerably in
designing better drugs and control mal
functions for treatment of specific dis
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