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About The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (Sept. 27, 1994)
Ss“=- News Digest
Tuesday, September 27, 1994 Page 2
Social security system holds
no security for Generation X
WASHINGTON — Young
Americans find it easier to believe
in UFOs than the likelihood Social
Security will be around when they
retire, says a group that surveyed
the nation’s “Generation X.”
The survey, released Monday,
tellsa“chillingtale ofyoung people
convinced that the social contract
between the generations has been
dissolved,’’ said the sponsoring
group, Third Millennium.
The name refers to the period
following the year 2000, when
people in the age group sometimes
called Generation X will be mov
ing into positions of authority.
According to the poll, just over
one-fourth of people between the
ages of 18 and 34 believe Social
Security will still exist when they
retire, compared with 46 percent
who think there are UFOs.
Only 9 percent of the young
people think Social Security will
have the money to pay their retire
“Despite their faith in UFOs,
young people know that the solu
tion to the Social Security funding
crisis will not fall from the sky,”
said Richard Thau, Third Millen
nium executive director.
A new draft report by the Con
gressional Budget Office concludes
that “no easy fixes to the funding
“Despite their faith in
UFOs, young people
know that the solution
to the Social Security
funding crisis will not
fall from the sky. ”
Third Millennium director.
problems of the Social Security
This year, CBO estimates that
Social Security will collect about
$58 billion more than it will pay in
During the retirement years of
the baby boomers, the generation
of people born between 1946 and
1964, annual benefits will exceed
receipts and the trust funds will be
exhausted by 2029.
The congressional budget ex
perts conclude that improving the
investment returns of Social
Security's trust funds or investing
to improve overall economic
growth will not solve the funding
Third Millennium said Social
Security is“hurtling toward its next
financial crisis." Serious, structural
reform is desperately needed, it said,
but the political will to make the
difficult decisions has not existed.
“And as public confidence in
the retirement system deteriorates,
intergenerational conflict becomes
an increasingly likely feature of the
American public landscape,” it said.
Third Millennium said that while
Generation Xers have been labeled
selfish and self-centered by the
media, its survey demonstrates it is
the elderly who care most about
Its poll found that one-third of
senior citizens think they are get
ting less than they deserve from
Just over half of the youth sur
veyed supported paying benefits
based on need and making benefits
100 percent taxable for wealthy
The poll was conducted in early
September and had a margin of
error of plus or minus 4.4 percent
age points. Surveyed were 500
Generation Xers and 500 senior
“I am committed to rebuilding
confidence in the program,” Social
Security Commissioner Shirley
Plague spreads throughout India
SURAT, India—Authorities listed
no plague deaths in this industrial city
Monday for the first time in six days,
but they reported a disturbing devel
opment: an outbreak of plague in a
Soldiers searched shantytowns for
more plague victims and guarded
Surat's main hospital to stop infec
tious patients from fleeing. Officials
said 56 new plague cases were re
corded in the city.
Since pneumonic plague was first
reported in Surat last Tuesday, at least
51 people have died, more than 450
have been hospitalized and an esti
mated 400,000 have fled the city.
Unofficial death tolls run as high as
South of Surat, officials in
Maharashtra state reported 31 cases
of bubonic plague, a less deadly fonn
of the disease that ravaged 14th cen
tury Europe and Asia as “the Black
In Surat, a port in western Gujarat
state, soldiers in blue-gray fatigues
accompanied doctors intoslums where
most plague cases were reported. The
troops helped search for plague suf
ferers being kept home by their fami
lies and watched for looting of medi
cine being distributed by health offi
The plague is spread by fleas that
have bitten infected animals and by
bacteria ejected into the air by the
coughing of infected people.
Soldiers with automatic weapons
stood guard at the Civil Hospital to
keep patients from leaving before
being cured by antibiotics. At least 60
people fled before the federal govern
ment sent in 800 soldiers Sunday.
Doctors described the fugitive pa
tients as “time bombs” who could
quickly spread the disease from one
mud hut to another in the many
shantytowns on the banks of the filthy
With nearly one-fifth of the popu
lation having fled the city, Indian of
ficials fear the plague may be spread
to other regions.
Although plague can be cured with
antibiotics, the 600 million people
Plague threatens India
At least 51 people have died since pneumonic
plague was first reported in Surat on Tuesday.
Hundreds have been hospitalized and an
estimated 400,000 people have fled the city.
The plague was also reported in the state of
Maharashtra in the area devastated by an
earthquake a year ago. The pneumonic plague
is a strain of the bubonic plague
who live in rural India often have little
access to doctors or medicine, and
many die of curable diseases.
Officials declared Surat a disaster
zone and rushed in millions of cap
sules of antibiotics.
“No deaths in 24 hours, that is
since 5 p.m. on Sunday until 5 p.m.
today,” said Kundan Lai, a city ad
Lai also told The Associated Press
that two patients from neighboring
villages died at the hospital Sunday.
They were the first plague victims
from outside the city.
India’s first plague outbreak in 30
years is raising concern around the
world. U.S. officials are monitoring
airports to watch for passengers arri v
ing with plague. In Canada, airline
crews refused to unload an Air India
flight Saturday. Indians arriving on
flights in Hong Kong also are being
Sanctions against Haiti
lifted after three years
UNITED NATIONS — Citing “a
moment of opportunity” for democ
racy, President Clinton lifted travel,
trade and most other O S. sanctions
against Haiti on Monday and urged
other nations to follow !suit.
Clinton told the U.N. General As
sembly that lifting the sanctions would
hasten rebuildingofthe impoverished
country and was being done “in the
spirit of reconciliation and reconstruc
He suggested the sanctions were
no longer needed, with American and
other forces firmly in place in the
Caribbean country to enforce the U.S.
brokered agreement to restore exiled
president Jean-Bertrand Aristide to
power by Oct. 15.
Clinton said some sanctions would
remain in force, including a freezing
of bank accounts and other assets
against Haiti’s military leaders and
The U.S. government has a li$t of
600 people with ties to Haiti’s mili
tary junta who will remain under the
sanctions, officials said.
Madeleine Albright, the U.S. am
bassador to the United Nations, later
told reporters that leaving the sanc
tions in place on the military leaders
and their associates was designed to
turn up the heat on them to leave the
country by Oct. 15.
She said the United States would
seek a quick vote on lifting refraining
U N. trade sanctions on Haiti, even
though it may contain a ‘'trigger” that
they would not be fully removed until
Aristide was back in power.
The United States is encouraging
exiled Haitian parliamentarians to re
turn for a key session Wednesday in
Port-au-Prince to consider amnesty
legislation. U.S. forces will provide
security for the legislators once the
session is convened.
Clinton said the operation demon
strated that “progress can be made
when a coalition backs up diplomacy
with military power.”
At the Pentagon, Defense Secre
tary William Perry cautioned that
while U.S. troops were being greeted
“as friends and not in vaders’rin Haiti,
it was critical that humanitarian aid
Perry said that U.S. forces have
been told to defend themselves and
that the Marines involved in the shoot
out had acted within the military’s
rules of engagement.
A U.N. trade embargo on Haiti
remained in force. It seemed unlikely
it would continue to be enforced given
Simpson sings soltly
before facing jurors
LOS ANGELES — O.J. Simpson
quietly sang, “A new day has begun
...” before facing some of his poten
tial jurors Monday as the most
watched murder trial in U.S. history
got under way.
Jury candidates were identified
only by numbers, and the first to be
questioned was No. 0032. Simpson
wore No. 32 as a college and profes
sional football star.
“I don’t know if this is an omen,”
said Superior Court Judge Lance Ito.
After questioning potential jurors
about whether serving would be a
hardship, Ito excused 112 of the first
The judge divided those remain
ing into groups who said they defi
nitely could serve and those who said
they might be able to, then asked them
one-by-one to explain their positions.
Sixty-five had said they definitely
Of those called, 212 reported Mon
day and had to pass a phalanx of news
crews, demonstrators and entrepre
neurs outside the courthouse hawk
ing everything from T-shirts and caps
to buttons reading “O.J. Juror Reject,
Didn’t Make the Cut.”
Inside, they gathered in a large
1 Ith-floor jury assembly room, and
Ito introduced the principal players in
the case, including Simpson. The
former football star then stood up and
said, “Good afternoon.”
He is charged with the slaying
deaths of ex-wife Nicole Brown
Simpson and her friend Ronald
Goldman on June 12.
Simpson sat at a table, hands in his
lap, and tried to make eye contact
with the jury candidates, but few
looked at him.
Just before they were brought in.
he hummed and sang quietly. A pool
reporter could make out the words,
“A new day has begun... “ but didn't
know the name of the song.
“This is probably the most impor
tant decision you’ll make in your per
sonal life,’’ Ito told the group. “It’s the
most important decision of any Ameri
can citizen. I need a fair jury ”
Among those excused were at least
one person who was physically dis
abled and some whose employers
would pay for only 10 days of jury
The trial could last up to six months
and some jurors apparently were
scared off by the prospect they might
have to be sequestered.
Those who made the first cut, in
cluding juror No. 0032, a redheaded
woman in her 30s, were told to fill out
a 75-page questionnaire probing their
personal lives as well as their attitudes
toward the Simpson case.
He warned them that reporters may
be reviewing the answers, and that
anyone who wanted to keep their in
formation confidential should make a
note for the judge.
“I don’t think you should have to
sacrifice the sanctity of your personal
life for this case,’’ he said.
T* .I i , _ FAX NUMBER 472-1761
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