The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, August 31, 1992, Page 2, Image 2

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    Saddam vows to resist v
allied-imposed flight ban
NICOSIA, Cyprus — Iraqi
President Saddam Hussein vowed
Sunday to resist the “no-fly” zone
imposed over southern Iraq by U.S.
led allies, but he offered no specific
It was the first statement from
Saddam himself about the night
ban imposed Thursday to protect
Shiite Muslim rebels from air at
tacks by Iraq’s military. The com
ments, which were read in
Saddam’s name on Iraqi radio, re
stated earlier defiant statements by
Iraqi officials and news media.
Despite the fiery rhetoric of re
jecting “aggression,” Baghdad has
so far made no signs of breaching
the exclusion zone, which applies
to all df Iraq south of the 32nd
Senior U.S. military officers
have said they do not expect Iraq to
strike at allied air patrols because
the situation could escalate quickly
beyond Saddam’s control.
The all ics have warned they will
shoot down any Iraqi aircraft that
enters the zone.
The allies established a similar
“safe haven” for Iraq’s Kurdish
minority in the north last year after
Iraqi troops crushed an uprising by
the Kurds following the Gulf War.
The commander of U.S. mili
tary forces in the Persian Gulf said*
Sunday that the allies may pul fewer
planes into the air because the Ira
qis have not challenged the south
ern zone.
Lt. Gen. Michael Nelson also
said the allies had not seen any
significant activity by Iraqi ground
troops arrayed against the Shiite
rebels who arc operating out of the
vast marshes of soulhom Iraq.
But President Bush’s national
security adviser, Brent Scowcrofl,
said the United Slates had detected
“signs of preparation” for a ground
Appearing on N BG’s “Meet the
Press,” Scowcrofl declined to
specify how the allies might re
spond to such an offensive, but he
seemed to hint that Bush would
order a military attack.
“I don’t want to speculate, but
we’re flying over there for a rea
son,” Scowcrofl said.
1 Shellfire hits Sarajevo market
SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina
— A howitzer shell crashed into a
crowded marketplace Sunday, killing
15 people and wounding dozens in
one of the bloodiest single attacks
during the Serbs’ siege of Sarajevo.
Meanwhile, troops supporting
Bosn ia ’ s M usl im-dom inalcd govern
ment reportedly reached Gorazde one
day after Serbs announced they were
lifting their five-month siege of that
city southeast of Sarajevo.
Gorazde, as the lone government
holdout against Serb insurgents in
eastern Bosnia-Herzegovina, has been
an emotional symbol of the war that
began when the majority Muslims
and Croats voted for independence
from Yugoslavia on Feb. 29. As many
as 100,000 people have been trapped
U.N. officials said they were cau
tiously optimistic abouldcvclopmcnts
in Gorazde, but they condemned the
attack in Sarajevo. One suggested
that Serb forces had fired on the mar
ket purposely.
Between 35 and 1(X) people were
wounded when the howitzer shell
exploded in the market. The loll was
the worst since May 28, when mortar
rounds killed at least 20 people in a
bread line and wounded 100.
That attack prompted the Euro
pcan Community to impose trade
sanctions on Serbia, which it accused
of supporting Serbs fighting to carve
their own state from part of Bosnia.
U.N. sanctions on Serbia-dominated
Yugoslavia followed on May 30.
The shell hit as Bosnian loyalists
continued an offensive aimed at break
ing through Serbs forces encircling
Sarajevo in the surrounding hills.
Rescue workers slung bodies into
pickups parked on blood-stained
ground. Officials said many of the
wounded were not likely to survive.
Survivors screamed for family and
friends as they wandered around mar
ket stalls strewn with limbs and other
human remains.
The deaths soured hopes that agrec
mcnls reached last week in London at
an international peace conference
would reduce violence in the 6-month
old war.
At least 8,(XX) people have died in
the war,and U.S. Senate investigators
put the figure at up to 35,(XX).
In Sarajevo, U.N. spokesman Fred
Eckhard suggested the artillery round
was fired from Serb positions.
“It would be nice if we could turn
ourselves into a police force and run
up into the hills and grab those people
and arrest them and bring them to
justice,” he told the British Broad
Serbia |
casting Corp.
“All the parties told us they would
stop fighting so that we could come in
here and begin a peace process,” he r
said, alluding to the London confer
ence. “It’s immensely frustrating for
Few rest Sunday in hot, weary South Florida
PERRINE, Fla. — Pastors and
churchgoers heard messages of hope
and thanks Sunday in Hurricane
Andrew’s aftermath, while hundreds
of thousands sought relief from heat,
rain, traffic and shortages.
Platoons of volunteers were joined
by more U.S. soldiers called out by
President Bush. Troops in cargo planes
and helicopters reached the heavily
damaged areas carrying tents, cloth
ing, water, ice and can openers.
Health officials feared disease
could arise from a lack of clean water
and rotting food and garbage covered
by swarms of mosquitoes, while dis
organization continued to plague the
massive, sometimes overzealous re
lief effort.
Tempers simmered as temperatures
hit 90 degrees.
“I’m hot, I’m tired,” said Gwen
Bullock, an official from hard-hit
Florida City who lost her home and
has been sleeping in the trailer that
now serves as City Hall. “My wire is
gelling shorlcr and shorter.”
“I’ll follow anybody who’s in
charge. Bui we need somebody in
charge right now!” said Coasl Guard
Ll. Cmdr. Mike Anderson, trying lo
gel a supply-filled plane unloaded al
Tamiami Airport.
An Army Chinook helicopter also
sal on ihc runway, wailing lo be un
loaded. The aircraft were loaded wilh
honied walcr, fruit juice, iced lea, and
pal lels of charcoal and charcoal I ighicr
“I can’t even get hold of the front
gate,” Anderson said.
Few rested Sunday, the seventh
day after Andrew swept through South
More than two inches of rain fell
on some of the ravaged areas Satur
day, and thundershowers scattered
across South Florida again Sunday,
adding to the misery of living in a
house with no roof.
Rcligiousand political leaders tried
to rally spirits.
Gov. Lawton Chiles, the Rev. Jesse
Jackson and Roman Catholic Arch
bishop Edward McCarthy of Miami
were among those who spoke to con
“Sorpebody said Ihisarca will never
be the same,” Chiles said as sunlight
streamed through a hole in the roof of
the otherwise-dark Bethel Baptist
Church in Richmond Heights.
“I think that's right— it’s going to
be even belter,” Chiles said to a cho
rus of “Amen!”
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Relief efforts pathetic, too late
for needy Somalis, officials say
MOGADISHU, Somalia —Airlifts arc the
easy pan. To save starving Somalis, aid must
first get past warlords, politicians and looters
— who arc sometimes the same people.
Prospects arc dim.
The international symbols of neutral persua
sion, the red cross and the blue helmet, arc fair
game in Somalia. Now,aid professionals say, it
is lime to get tough. But how?
Frustrated relief workers argue that a world
which stood down Saddam Hussein can find a
way to gel food to 2 million people who will die
without it.
Ignoring this challenge, many say, iscallous
if not racist.
In London, the humanitarian group Save the
Children finally said out loud Saturday what
some voluntary workers and U.N. people have
long said among themselves: U.N. backbiting
and bungling in Somalia is “pathetic.”
If unfair to some people who worked hard in
the face of death, it sums up a general lack of
Mohamed Sahnoun, the U.N. secretary
general’s special envoy to Somalia, is blunt on
the failings of the United Nations and member
“We arc a year and a half late,” he told The
Associated Press.
The Security Council on Friday approved
deployment of another 3,(XX) troops for Soma
lia, but Sahnoun warns not to expect them
anytime soon.
Sahnoun insists that diplomacy must now
undo the damage. A show of force now, he said,
would only trigger more violence and broaden
the calamity of neglect.
He fought hard to persuade Somali factions
to accept the first 500 troops, Pakistanis. Agree
ment was reached Aug. 12, and they won’t be
r 1 ~
here before mid-September.
Meantime, people arc dying al a rale of
2,000 a day, and armed gangs routinely hit
ports, truck convoys and rural food stocks.
If the obstacle was only a civil war, it would
be easy, says Andrew Natsios, the U.S. relief
coordinator for Somalia.
Any U.N. presence is a risk. Two of the 50
unarmed cease-fire observers were wounded
Friday by gunmen.
David Bassiouni, U.N. humanitarian coor
dinator here, said the risk must be taken. He was
shaken by the elan-style “ethnic cleansing”
recently al the southern port of Kismayo.
Men linked to Mohamed Farrah Aidid’s
United Somali Congress executed 11
northerners, all International Red Cross work
ers, as the Red Cross tried to fly them to safety.
Two main warring clansccascd fire in March,
allowing agencies to deliver food under the
guns of hired Somalis. Much of it gets through,
but a lot vanishes in complex undercurrents.
Some losses arc to desperate fathers who
pilfer rice for their families. Much more is
trucked off by thugs paid by people with vested
interests: power, money or both.
Organized looting allows a merchant to
comer a market and raise prices. It gives an
aspiring warlord the wherewithal to rent an
army’s loyally. Outside aid is all there is to
Sahnoun called the attack on the observers a
provocation but did not say who did it, or why.
It may have been the work of maverick A id id
elements seeking more power.
Aidid did not want the 500 troops and insists
that no more arc needed. Some around him
want none at all. Somali sovereignty is one
issue. Another is easier looting.
tj —i
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