The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, April 17, 1992, Page 2, Image 2

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    News Digest Edited by Roger Price
Afghan ruler overthrown
President tried
to leave country
KABUL, Afghanistan — President
Najibullah tried to flee the country
early Thursday as rebels advanced
toward the capital, but he was stopped
and then stripped of power, a senior
government official said.
There were unconfirmed reports
that he had been arrested and another
that he had escaped the country.
It was not immediately clear who
was running the government. It ap
peared some generals and at least one
rebel leader might be in charge, but
officials provided conflicting details
on the size and composition of the
leadership coalition.
The toppling of the Soviet-installed
dictator had appeared increasingly
likely in recent days. It also raised
fears that Afghanistan could collapse
in chaos and a bloodbath unprece
dented in the 13-ycar-old civil war.
Pakistan called for an immediate
cease-fire by the numerous and often
antagonistic Muslim guerrilla groups.
The United States and U.N. Secre
tary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali
also urged restraint, and said the reb
els should work to implement a U.N.
peace plan.
“Fighting is violence, fighting is
death,” said State Department spokes
woman Margaret D. Tulwilcr.
Some rebel groups declared the
U.N. plan dead, and one radical or
ganization vowed to continue fight
ing the government and rivals unless
a strict Islamic fundamentalist gov
ernment was installed.
If Najibullah’s fall provokes fight
ing among the guerrilla factions, Iran
could find an opening to try to spread
its brand of fundamentalism in Af
Afghanistan
Chronology
1978
April: Afghan government
overthrown by pro-Soviet Marxist
party. Armed, non-communist
resistance begins.
1979
December: The Soviets launch a
massive airlift of forces to save the
Kabul government. Babrak Karmal
installed as president.
1986
May: Karmal is replaced by
Najibullah, chief of the secret
service. Fighting escalates toward
the end of the year when the
Pakistan-based guerrillas receive
U.S. weapons.
1988
April 15: Afghanistan and Pakistan
sign an accord clearing the way for
the Red Army's departure, but the
guerrillas continue fighting.
1989
Feb. 15: The last of an estimated
115,000 Soviet soldiers departs.
1990
June: Najibullah makes sweeping
constitutional reforms.
1991
April: Guerrillas capture the
southern city of Khost, Najibullah’s
biggest military setback.
1992
March 18: Najibullah offers to
transfer power to an interim
government established under a
U.N. peace plan. The guerrillas say
they will keep fighting.
1992
April 15: Muslim rebels claim
control of the country's main
military base, 35 miles from Kabul.
1992
April 16: Najibullah reportedly
resigns.
ghanistan. A few of the smaller guer
rilla groups have lies lo Iran, but the
largest factions do not.
Kabul was calm despite several
days of rumors that Najibullah had
fled or tried to flee. State-run Kabul
Radio did not report the change in
Mr
power until Thursday night.
Speaking to reporters, Foreign
Minister Abdul Wakil said Najibul
lah tried to escape with a brother and
a close aide but was stopped by rebel
militiamen at Kabul’s international
airport about 2 a.m. Thursday.
Poles ponder package problems
WARSAW, Poland — Consider
the perils of dyeing your hair follow
ing French instructions, fighting an
ant infestation with instructions in
Arabic or ending up with a can of
squid rings in garlic sauce by acci
dent.
Scrutinizing packages has become
a national pastime for Poles newly
confronted by a dazzling array of
imported products. The problem: only
a few arc labeled in Polish.
Nearly 2 1/2 years into Eastern
Europe’s most dramatic economic
reforms, Poles can choose from a
well-packaged plethora of goods that
could hardly have been imagined
during the 1980s, when leaky vinegar
bottles— labeled in Polish, to be sure
— were virtually all that was piled
high.
But there is already resentment
that even routine marketing trips re
semble a “Let’s go shopping” lesson
in a foreign language class.
Some Poles arc responding with
the first hints of a “Buy Polish” drive,
others simply with confusion.
“When the Polish market has been
swamped by imported products, the
consumer is to a great extent inca
pacitated,” said Andrzej Nowak of
the Department of Economic Strate
gies.
“Sometimes I take the risk, not
knowing exactly what is in it,” said
shopper Beala Winter.
But the results can be unpleasant.
Imagine taking a swig of what looks
like a refreshing lemonade, only to
get a mouthful of a sickly sweet syrup
meant to be diluted seven limes over.
Officials queried
on Iran-Contra
WASHINGTON — Iran-Con
tra prosecutors recently questioned
George Shultz and Caspar Wein
berger, who told Congress four years
ago that they knew little about the
Reagan administration’s secret arms
sales to Iran while they were in the
cabinet.
Knowledgeable sources have told
The Associated Press that prosecu
tors want to know if the two men
lied. Shultz, a former secretary of
state, told the AP that prosecutors
questioned him “about some as
pects of my testimony” to Con
gress and told him he is a subject of
their probe.
Being a “subject” means Shultz’s
conduct is within the scope of a
grand jury investigations. It is less
serious than being a “target,” a
person the prosecutor can link to a
crime with substantial evidence.
Weinberger, a former defense
secretary, did not respond to re
peated requests for comment. His
attorney, Robert Bennett, said
Weinberger had been questioned,
but would not say if he also is a
subject of the investigation. Shull/
has hired prominent attorney Lloyd
Cutler to represent him.
Weinberger testified in 1987 that
he didn’t recall being told about
the White House-approved 1985
arms deliveries to Iran. Shull/ said
he wasn’t informed of the 1986
deliveries.
Four non-government sources
told the AP that in recent months,
prosecutors have questioned over a
dozen former Reagan administra
tion figures about the Iran initia
tive and what they think Shultz and
Weinberger knew about it. The
sources all arc familiar with the
investigation and all spoke only on
condition of anonymity.
Those witnesses were from the
State Department, the Pentagon and
the National Security Council and
include the Bush administration’s
U.S. ambassador to Japan. Michael
Armacosl.
Clinton says Bush ruined
economy with poor policy
PHILADELPHIA — Democrat Bill
Clinton called President Bush’s rec
ord on the economy the worst in 50
years and said his own candidacy
offers the best hope
for a domestic
revival.
Bush renewed
his support for al
lowing Americans
to borrow against
future earnings to
pay for college and job training.
Bush and Clinton spoke just min
utes apart.
Clinton outlined his own economic
plans, ranging from tax incentives for
new investment and research and
development to full funding for Head
Start. They included blueprints to ease
the transition away from defense
production.
Clinton delivered his economic
message at the University of Pennsyl
vania’s Wharton School of Business.
“Our president docs not have a
strategy,” Clinton said. “His strategy
is do nothing. The only time he changes
is when the polls change or the pres
sures mount.”
Clinton said Bush’s “single driv
ing strategy” has been low taxes on
corporations and upper-income indi
viduals and keeping government out
of the way.
“George Bush’s presidency has
produced slower economic growth,
slower job growth and slower income
growth than any administration since
the Great Depression,” Clinton said.
“It is not a Republican or a Demo
cratic issue,” he said. “It’s America
against the rest of the world. Every
other advanced nation is governed by
a strategy for increasing growth."
Clinton said Bush has been taking
cues from his Republican opponents
and from Clinton himself.
He said the president’s advocacy
of measures to help pay for education
and job training has long represented
a centerpiece of his own campaign,
and added that until now the admini
stration has waged “an aU-out assault
on college aid to middle-class stu
dents.”
Nebraskan
Editor Jana Pedersen, 472-1766
Managing Editor Kara Walls
Assoc News Editors Chris Hopfensperger
Kris Karnopp
Opinion Page Editor Alan Phslps
Wire Editor Roger Price
Copy Desk Editor Wendy Navratll
Sports Editor Nick Hvtrsk
Assistant Sports Editor Tom Clouss
Arts & Entertainment Editor Stacey McKenzie
Diversions Editor Dionne Searcey
Photo Chief MlcheUe Paulman
Night News Editors Adeana Lanin
John Adkiaaon
Wendy Mott
Tom Kunz
Art Director Scott Maurar
GenorM Manager DonShattH
Production Manager Katharine Pdicky
Advert)**# Manager Todd Sears
Sates Manager Eric Krlngd
Classified Ad Manager Annette Suapar
Publications Board Chairman BIM Vobejda, 472-2584
Profesaiona) Adviser Don Walton, 473-7301
FAX NUMBER 472-1761
The Daily Nebraskan(USPS 144-060) is published by
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St.. Lincoln, NE, Monday through Friday during the aca
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braskan, Nebraska Union 34, 1400 R St..Lincoln. NE
68588-0448 Second class postage paid at Lincoln, NE
ALL MATERIAL COPYRIGHT
1992 DAILY NEBRASKAN
Trade deficit drops dramatically;
unemployment hits 5-month low
WASHINGTON — Amcr- confirmation of a strcngth
ica’s trade deficit narrowed cning labor market and
dramatically to S3.38 billion economy.’’
in February, its best showing New Commerce Sec
in nearly nine years, as ex- retary Barbara Hackman
ports climbed to an all-time Franklinhailedlhcbigim
high and imports dropped for provement in the trade
a second straight month, the deficit, calling it a mark of
government reported Thurs- “strong U.S. competitive
day. ness.”
The Commerce Depart- “The slower pace of
ment reported that the deficit economic growth among
fell a sharp 43.1 percent . luDr.0-rc- il pvpoptq 1 *ty foreign markets pres
compared to January’s 1m- la. CArumcv ents an export challenge
balance of $5.95 billion. |$41.198 billion j|$37.815 billion] for ^ rest of 1992” she
More than one- th ird of the Roundtd ngixea, seasonally adjusted Said,
improvement came from a big Private economists agreed
surge in sales of American aircraft and parts,
but there were also strong gains in shipments of
U.S. farm products, autos and computers.
The Labor Department said the number of
newly laid off Americans filing claims for
unemployment benefits fell to a five-month
low of 415,000 during the first week in April.
The decline of 18,000 from the previous
week was a pleasant surprise to economists,
who had been expecting an increase. They said
it offered at least the hope that the fledgling
recovery was al last being felt in labor markets.
Labor Secretary Lynn Marlin proclaimed
the drop in jobless claims provided “further
with that assessment, with some suggesting
that February’s report would represent Amer
ica’s best trade performance for the year.
Through the first two months of the year, the
merchandise trade deficit is running at an annual
rate of $56 billion, even better than last year’s
$66.3 billion imbalance, a performance that
marked the first time the deficit has been under
S 1(X) billion since 1983.
While most economists had been forecast
ing the deficit would rise again this year to
around $75 billion, a few said the February
trade performance was making them rethink
that view.
5 escape from jail,
2 arrested while
still in uniforms
DAKOTA CITY — Two of five pris
oners who escaped from the Dakota County
Jail were captured in nearby Sioux City,
Iowa, after police found them drunk and
still wearing their jail uniforms.
The two men — Ccdrick Hamilton
and Robert Dale — each had escaped
from the jail one other time.
A spokeswoman in the county sher
iffs office said Thursday that the other
three escapees were still at large.
Hamilton, 18, and Dale, 22, both of
Macy, were part of a group of five prison
ers who escaped from the jail in Dakota
City early Tuesday morning.
One of the five escapees stole an extra
set of cell keys from a desk in the sher
iffs office, and used them hours later to
release himself and the four others, au
thorities said.
Dakota County Sheriff Jim Wagner
said Hamilton and Dale were picked up
by Sioux City police Wednesday mom
ing after receiving a phone complaint ol
two loud intoxicated men.
“When they turned them around to
handcuff them, the officers saw the Dakota
County Jail’ on their backs,” Wagner
said. ‘‘It’s unbelievable, but it’s the ruth. ^