The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, March 03, 1989, Page 2, Image 2

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    News Digest
Boat neonle iet on return to Vietnam home
HONG KONG -- Seventy-five Vietnamese
returned by charter jet Thursday to the commu
nist homeland they fled, beginning the first
repatriation program for boat people no longer
willing to languish in crowded detention cen
The boat people were among about 11,000
Vietnamese who have sailed into this British
colony since it adopted a tough new policy last
year that for most of them rules out resettle
The 2 1/2-hour flight marked the first large
scale repatriation of boat people, who have
sailed by the tens of thousands to seek asylum
in non-communist southeast Asia.
Many of the returning 46 men, 19 women
and 10 children boarded the U.N.-chartered
Boeing 737 jet smiling, waving and shaking
hands with local officials. Several wore new
clothes; a few carried cassette tape players.
When their plane touched down in Hanoi on
Thursday evening, they were met by Vietnam
ese, British and U.N. officials, Hong Kong
radio reported. Relief officials aboard the air
plane said there was no tension during the
flight, it said.
“I’m happy to be back,” Lan Bun See told
reporters as he stepped off the plane. “This is
my homeland. I feel . . . very happy.” The
group was whisked to the passenger terminal
by coach where they were rushed through
immigration, reports from Hanoi said.
“This is an important start,” said Security
Branch official Michael Hanson, who watched
the group leave Hong Kong. W e hope more
people will take this route back to Vietnam
and relieve the crowded camps that are home to
about 26,000 boat people in Hong Kong.
The repatriation was arranged under an
agreement reached by Vietnam and the U.N.
High Commissioner for Refugees. Hanoi
promised not to prosecute its returning citizens
and to allow the international organization to
monitor their treatment back home.
The U.N. commission agreed to provide
assistance to the repatriated Vietnamese. Re
turning adults received $50 and their children
$25, according to U.N. officials, and other
unspecified assistance will be offered.
Two U.N. officials flew back with the group
and were expected to accompany the Vietnam
ese to their hometowns.
Hong Kong, about 500 miles north of Viet
nam, long classified all arriving Vietnamese as
refugees who could stay in the colony until
resettled elsewhere. Fewer than two do/en of
the more than 120,000 Vietnamese who have
come to Hong Kong returned home between
1979 and 1988.
Pizza purists want
protection for recipe
NAPLES, Italy -* One hundred years after a Naples chef presented^
the queen of Italy with a patriotic pizza, purists and polity
cians want to standardize the simple recipe for a
genuine Neapolitan pie.
Representatives trom the Italian •
Association for Real Piz/a,
the Association of European .
Pizza Makers and the prov
ince of Naples met Tuesday to''
define exactly what makes a 4 4 Ne
apolitian pizza.”
On June 11,1898, a young Nc
poliian pizza chef set out for the rc,~.
palace on a mule with his wife and a'
sack of ingredienis to try out a new recipe'
on Queen Marghcrita di Savoia.
The queen en joyed the dish and asked th«
chef, Raffacle Esposito, what it was called.^
44It does not have a name, but from now on u
will be called as your majesty,” he is said to hav<?(
Esposito had departed from the traditional pizza>
ingredients of the times: garlic, oregano and sardines^
or dried cheese. He instead used red tomato sauce, whit
mozzarella cheese and green basil, the colors of the'
Italian flag.
50 impressed was me queen oy mis pairiouc cunnary in
vention that she awarded Esposito a certificate of merit on'
display now at the Naples pizzeria of Esposito’s great-grandson,'
Vincenzo Brandi.
Real Neapolitan pizza, according to backers, is made with all freshF
ingredients - and, if possible, ones from the Naples area. The thin,
crispy layer of dough is made from flour, salt and water and is baked
in ovens fired ohly by wooden logs.
According to the Real Pizza Association, 432 million pizzas arc cooked
each year in the more than 12,000 pizzerias in Italy.
Perez blames lejnsis
Police fire on mobs in Caracas
CARACAS, Venezuela (AP) - Po
lice opened fire on rock-throwing
mobs in Caracas slums Thursday, and
President Carlos Andres Perez
blamed leftists for continuing Vene
zuela’s worst unrest in 31 years of
democratic rule.
Unofficial reports have put the
death toll at more than 200 people
killed since Monday in riots over
price increases. The disturbances
thave occurred in the capitol and at
I least 11 cities nationwide.
About 100 people ran down hills in
western Caracas to shout taunts and
throw stones at the police and national
guard units. The authorities opened
fire, dispersing the protesters.
No report of casualties was given
from the clash, which briefly closed
two stations of the capitol’s subway
Armored personnel carriers with
cannons patrolled the area, and police
sharpshooters fired at suspected
sniper positions on apartment
rooftops. Snipers and authorities had
exchanged fire throughout the night,
and Perez said an army major was
killed in an ambush on the Pan
American Highway.
Media reports have said 1,000
people were injured and at least 4,500
detained in the clashes, and the presi
dent said complete figures would be
released Friday.
Perez declared martial law and an
overnight curfew beginning Tuesday,
a day after increases in gasoline prices
and transit fares touched oft the vio
An estimated 15,000 troops and
7,000 police maintained order in the
capitol Thursday, and the president
pronounced the emergency “practi
cally over.”
But Perez, talking to reporters after
a helicopter tour of the city, said he
was “preoccupied and ashamed” of
the “absurdity” of lost lives.
He said looters were only hurling
themselves by destroying small busi
nesses that served poor neighbor
hoods, and blamed “remnants” of
leftist revolutionaries for continued
gun battles in the capital.
“These phantasmagorical reman
ants of subversives are still not con
vinced this is a democratic country,”
said Perez, who has been in office
only a month.
He said some acts "were induced,
and this has to be punished severely.”
Mourners, some with black eyes
and cuts from street violence, wailed
outside the central Caracas morgue
Thursday for the bodies of loved ones
to be released.
Officials said Thursday there were
“at least 100 bodies in there now and
40 were taken out Wednesday.
Armando Rodriguez waited for the
body of his 28-ycar-old brother, Fran
cisco, who was killed by a stray bullet
Tuesday while watching looters
battle the army from the roof of his
building west of Caracas.
“We were up on the roof, about 20
oi us, wncn me army arrived and
started firing in the air to scare the
mob,” Rodriguez said. ”1 don’t bear
any grudges, but I would like to see an
investigation into my brother’s
The opposition has blamed the riots
on government austerity measures.
Venezuela, affluent during of the
1970s thanks to its rich oil reserves,
saw its fortunes slide along w ith pe
troleum prices in 1981.
Real wages have since fallen by
one-third, inflation is expected to hit
70 percent this year - double the 1988
figure - and the foreign debt is S33
billion, fourth largest in Latin Amer
ica after Brazil, Mexico and Argen
The unrest is the country’s worst
since January 1958, when 100
people were killed during the upris
ing that ousted dictator Gen. Marcos
Perez Jimenez.
Bus fare increases of 30 percent to
50 percent and price gouging by
drivers were the immediate cause of
the riots and looting.
Two weeks ago, Perez announced
a sweeping reform package under
pressure from international creditors
that includes lifting ceilings on inter
est rates, doubLng gas prices and
letting the currency float, which
means higher prices for imports.
Also Thursday, Perez announced
plans for emergency credits for
storekeepers who lost millions from
the damage and looting.
Earthquake rocks
Dominican Republic
and Puerto Rico
Republic -- A moderate offshore
earthquake shook parts of the Do
minican Republic and Puerto Rico
Thursday, geologists reported. I here reports of damages or inju
ries. . „ .
The U.S.. Geological Survey in
Golden, Colo., recorded the quake at
5.5 on the Richter scale, spokes
woman Pat Jorgenson reported from
The quake, which was centered oo
miles southeast of. Santo Doming?,
occurred at 3:14 a.m. <2:14 a.m.
EST), she said. -
Light tremors were felt in Santo
Domingo and at the resort town oi La
Romana, 80 miles to the cast.
The Civil Defense said as of nnd
moming there were no reports m
damages or injuries in the Dominican
Republic. . ,
William McCann, director of me
University of Puerto Rico’s Seismic
Network, said there was some move
ment felt on Puerto Rico’s west coast
“We don’t expect damage due to
the depth of the temblor,’’ McCann
said. .
The Puerto Rico Geophysical
Observatory estimated the epicentc
was 80 miles below the surface ot 1
The Richter scale is a gauge of
energy released by an earthquake,
measured by the ground monon r
corded on a seismograph. A mug'
tude 5 quake can cause considerate
Soldier disappears in Germany
FRANKFURT, West Germany --
The U.S. Army said Thursday it is
baffled by the disappearance of a
“good, clean-cut” American soldier
who had access to classified informa
tion and vanished near the East Ger
man border.
An Army spokesman, Ll. Col. Jake
Dye, said there was not enough infor
mation to say if Spec. 4 Michael A.
Peri had defected. Dye acknowledged
a portable computer was missing
from an intelligence office where Peri
Peri, of Laguna Niguel, Calif., has
been listed as “absent without leave”
since he failed to show up for work
Feb. 21 at the 11th Armored Cavalry
Regiment in Fulda, 65 miles northeast
of Frankfurt.
Two days later, officials searching
for Peri found his U.S. Army vehicle
undamaged near the border town of
Obersuhl, about 35 miles northeast of
“Peri was authorized to drive the
vehicle and had logged it out prop
erly,” Dye said.
Stars and Stripes, the Army’s unof
ficial newspaper, quoted Dye as say
ing “the circumstances of that ve
hicle being found so close to the bor
der are definitely suspicious.”
Dye told The Associated Press
later the newspaper was putting it “a
little too strongly,’ ’ but he didn ’t deny
making the statement.
Peri worked as an electronics war
fare signal specialist and was respon
sible for operating equipment that
identifies and locates non-communi
cations signals, such as radar. He has
been stationed in West Germany
since March 4, 1988.
Asked about the possibility Peri
defected, Dye said, “We certainly
have no reason to believe that. There
were no signs of distress according to
his colleagues and family. We just
don’t have any indications.”
Peri had an “active normal social
life” and a “perfect record as a good
clean-cut soldier,” Dye said.
“In fact, he had been promoted
and nominated for ‘Soldier of the
Month’ twice in the year he has been
here,” Dye added. “That’s what
makes it so baffling. From all indica
tions, eve^body in his unit has the
same feelings. They’re all very sur
Dye confirmed the Stars and
Stripes report that a portable com
puter was missing from the office
where Peri had worked. But Dye said
Peri “had not progressed very far in
computers except for basic word
A search of Peri’s living quarters
showed he had left his personal be
longings behind, Dye said.
Major West German spy network cracked
BONN, West Germany — Investi
gators have cracked a major spy ring
in which West German computer
“hackers” acquired sensitive U.S.
military information and sold it to the
Soviets, a broadcasting network said
“Thousands of computer codes,
passwords and programs were deliv
ered to the Soviets,” the
Norddeutsche Runkfunk network
said in a press release.“They opened
ttodoor to* the KGB tt> gain awes*»'
some of the most important computer
centers of the Western world.”
The network said that among the
computers was the U.S. Defense
Department’s general databank
known as Optimus, a NASA com
puter, as well as computers tied to
nuclear weapons and energy research
in New Mexico and Illinois.
The information would give the
Kremlin access to U.S. military sup
ply depot statistics and to several
European institutes that deal with
and* aerospace *research‘ ‘the*
statement said.
It said three suspects were in in
vestigative c istody, and it quoted
Federal Prosecutor’s Office spokes
man Alexander Prechtel as saying the
three “are suspected of illegally ob
taining information and selling it to
an East Bloc intelligence agency.’’
The network said authorities be
lieve that three West German hackers
were recruited by the KGB in 1985
and “were paid with cash, drugs ...
to provide the codes and passwords to
the8ovtew.'v. **•*• * • ••
Editor Curl Wagner
472- 1766
Managing Editor Jane Hlr»
Assoc. News Editors Lee Ro< I
Bob Ne an
Page Editor Amy Edv arde
Wire Editor Diana Johnson
Copy Desk Editor Chuck Green
Sports Editor Jeff Apel
Arts & Entertain
ment Editor Mickl Haller
Diversions Editor Joeth Zucco
Graphics Editor Tim Hartmann
Photo Chiet Connie Sheehan
Night News Editors Victoria Ayotte
Chris Carroll
Art Directors John Bruce
Andy Manhart
Sower Editor Klrstin Swanson
Supplements Editor Deanna Nelson
General Manager Dan Shattll
Production Manager Katherine Pollcky
Advertising Manager Robert Bales
Sales Manager David Thiemann
Circulation Manager Eric Shanks
Publications Board
Chairman Tom Macy
Professional Adviser Don Walton
473- 7301
The Daily NebraskanfUSPS 144 080) is
published by the UNL Publications Board, Ne
braska Union 34, 1400 R St., Lincoln, NE,
Monday through Friday during the academic
year, weekly during summer sessions.
Readers are encouraged to submit story
ideas and comments to tho Daily Nebraskan
by phoning 472 1763 between 9 a m. and 5
p m. Monday through Friday. The public also
has access to the Publications Board For
information, contact Tom Macy, 475 9868
Subscription price is $45 for one year
Postmaster Send address changes to the
Daily Nebraskan, Nebraska Union 34,1400 R
St.,Lincoln, NE 68580-0448 Second -dess
postage paid at Lincoln, NE
m 1989 DAILY NEBRASKA, t♦ m