The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, September 12, 1988, Page 3, Image 3

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    Thousands of Iraqis protest U.S. sanction vote
BAGHDAD, Iraq—Tens of thou
sands of Iraqis paraded past the U.S,
Embassy on Sunday to denounce a
U.S. Senate call for sanctions in re
sponse to Iraq’s alleged use of poison
gas against Kurdish rebels.
“U.S.A., Shame, Shame,” the pro
testers chanted in English as they
marched past the embassy. Members
of the ruling Arab Baath Socialist
Party exhorted them through loud
“We will never forget U.S. evil,”
read one banner. “No to intervention
in our affairs,” read another in both
Arabic and English.
“Down with the U.S. Knesset,”
said another banner, referring to close
U.S. tics with Israel, whose parlia
ment is called the Knesset.
About 20,OCX) marchers filed past
the embassy for two hours.
The crowd was orderly, even
cheerful, and there was no apparent
threat to the embassy. One ranking
U.S. diplomat stood on the sidewalk a
few feet from the march and watched
it move by.
Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
said in a statement Sunday that the
U.S. Senate “aims to divert the atten
tion of the international media from
the uprising in the occupied territo
Palestinians in the West Bank and
Gaza strip have been rioting against
Israel’s military occupation for the
past nine months.
Saddam said the fighting with the
Kurdish “insurgents” lasted at most
two days and no serious battles were
involved. He reiterated the charge
thatthetcnsof thousand of Kurds who
fled across the Iraqi border to Turkey
and Iran were forced by Kurdish reb
els, who were seeking publicity for
their cause.
Kurdish rebels said that as many as
60,(XX) Iraqi troops attacked their
positions in the northern mountains
after the Aug. 20 cease-fire with Iran
in the eight-year gulf war. The rebels
of the Kurdish Democratic Party said
2,000 Kurdish civilians were killed
and 5,000 wounded, many in chemi
cal weapon attacks.
The U.S. Senate voted Friday to
demand economic sanctions against
Iraq alter Secretary of State George
Shultz declared that Iraq used chemi
cal weapons, outlawed under a 1925
Geneva treaty, against its northern
Kurdish population.
The measure, still before the
House, would have to be signed by
President Reagan before taking ef
fect. It was designed to make it diffi
cult for Iraq to obtain international
credit to pay off its estimated $6()
billion war debt.
Well before the latest Iraqi assault
on the Kurds, a number of United
Nations investigations concluded
that Iraq — and to a lesser extent, Iran
— had engaged in chemical warfare
since 1984.
“Let the American Knesset and its
masters understand that Iraq is not a
country that can be subject to threats.
Iraq, which seeks sincere and honor
able relations with all, is ready to spit
on all insincere approaches,” said an
editorial in Al-Thawra, urging Iraqis
to take to the streets.
It was not signed, but it carried the
tag line often used by President Sad
dam Hussein himself: “To hell with
the villains.”
The army newspaper Al-Qadis
siych denounced the Senate vole with
banner headlines.
The attacks were the strongest on
the United States since the two coun
tries restored relations in 1984. They
were severed after the United States
supported Israel in the 1967 Middle
Bast war.
Newspapers in neighboring Ku
wait also atuteked the Senate vote.
Editorials in pro-government papers
said the U.S. campaign was inspired
by the “Zionist lobby” in the United
Karnes backs open markets, Kerrey
wants stablized prices for farmers
OMAHA—Increased exports and
worldwide elimination of farm subsi
dies arc the keys to strong American
agriculture, said U.S. Sen. David
Karnes, the Republican candidate for
the scat he holds.
But his opponent, Democrat Bob
Kerrey, said the United States should
work to stabilize prices for farmers.
“We’re not going to browbeat the
Europeans into changing their phi
losophy (of helping farmers),” Ker
rey said. “We can work with them to
reduce subsidies, because that’s what
we all want, but what arc we really
trying to do? Just get government out
of agriculture?”
Karnes argued in a recent inter
view that American agriculture pro
duces crops at the lowest cost.
“If we can open up the markets
overseas, American agriculture will
prosper. Free trade is the answer,”
Karnes said.
The United States has proposed
that the European Economic Com
munity and other countries in the
General Agreement on Tariffs and
Trade group eliminate all farm subsi
dies in 10 years and turn the world
agriculture market into a free market.
The EEC has said it would like to
reduce subsidies and lower some
trade barriers, but notcliminate them.
Karnes said he opposes unilateral
elimination of subsidies.
Karnes also said the 1990 farm bill
should include provisions for what he
called “modified decoupling,” an
idea also proposed by Sens. Rudy
Boschwitz, R-Minn., and David
Boren, D-Okla.
“Wccan do this unilaterally, move
toward free trade and not hurt our
farmers,” Karnes said.
Modified decoupling would di
vorce farm subsidies from production
requirements, allowing farmers to
respond to the marketplace and pro
duce as much of any crop as they
want, Karnes said.
Over five years, farm subsidies
based on the current set-aside pro
gram would be reduced to half of the
1990 level, Kamcs said.
“It lets free trade work, while pro
vidingasafcly nctfor farmers with no
strings attached,” Karnes said.
Kerrey said he favors slaying with
the basics outlined in the 1985 farm
bill, which is designed to gradually
reduce subsidies.
“We’ve got a drought that’s driven
the price up, inventory is going
down,” he said. “We’re in a position
now that if we don’t do something
crazy, this budding recovery can
“The danger of decoupling is that
five years down the line and govern
ment is out of agriculture, American
farmers will then be competing
against the European government,”
Kerrey said.
American agriculture needs more
than a sound farm bill, Kerrey said. It
also needs rural development, aid for
the economics of developing coun
tries so they can afford American
products, conservation and reason
able rates of interest and inflation, he
Gunmen stage massacre
during church service
Men armed with guns and ma
chetes burst into the church of a
militant Roman Catholic priest
Sunday and killed at least three
parishioners, wounded 60 and
burned down the building, wit
nesses and news reports said.
Police stood near the church but
none came to the rescue, witnesses
said. After the attack, gangs of men
roamed the streets and stoned the
offices of two groups opposed to
the military regime of Lt. Gen.
Henri Namphy.
The Rev. Jean-Bcrtrand Aris
tide, an outspoken opponent of the
military government, had just
begun a 9 a.m. (9 a.m. EDT) Mass
when a group of men began throw
ing rocks at the church, panicking
hundreds inside who rushed for the
doors, said a foreign journalist at
tending the service.
“Suddenly the doors at the back
of the church burst open and 20 to
30 men with machetes, huge sticks
and guns came in. They were
dressed in civilian clothes,” said
the journalist, who contacted The
Associated Press in New York by
“They started shooting people,
beating them, and stabbing and
slashing them,” the reporter said.
“They stabbed a woman who was
pregnant. ”
The journalist, speaking on
condition of anonymity, said at
least three parishioners were
killed. Parishioners surrounded
and protected Aristide, who was
Radio Haiti-Inter reported 60
people suffering from gunshot
wounds and machete slashes were
being treated at the public general
Aristide is one ol the most popu
lar opposition leaders in Haiti.
There have been several attempts
on his life blamed on forces loyal to
the government.
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