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About The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (April 21, 1987)
Tuesday, April 21, 1987
By The Associated Press
ArgeiaLtme president replaces army cMaeii oil sicsun
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina President Raul
Alfonsin dismissed the army chief Monday, after
days of guiding his civilian government through
two military mutinies, and put the defense min
ister in charge temporarily.
The rebellions were the most serious threat to
Alfonsin's administration since his inauguration
in December 1983 ended nearly eight years of
At least 9,000 people vanished in the "dirty
war" against leftists under military juntas and
about 250 officers face charges. The army rebels
demanded amnesty for those accused of human
rights abuses and the resignation of the army
chief of staff, Gen. Hector Rios Erenu
I know I was scared, very scared, that the army
would try to come to power if it saw an opportun
ity, but I think Alfonsin ended the rebellion with
The newspaper Diario Popular's headline About 400,000 people responded to urgings
Monday said: "The People Triumph!" In an edi- from radio and television announcers Sunday to
tonal, the Buenos Aires Herald referred to "the gather in the huge Plaza de Mayo and "defend
end of the affair." our democracy." They were there when the pres-
Roberto Iglesias Concepcion, a lawyer, said: "I ident flew to the rebel camp and persuaded the
know I was scared, very scared, that the army 150 rebellious officers to surrender.
wmilH trv in cnmp. tn nnwer if it saw an nnoortun-
Hundreds of thousands of people went into ity, but I think Alfonsin ended the rebellion with Rios Erenu's dismissal appeared to be part of
the streets to help Alfonsin through the crisis, courage.
the deal. Defense Minister Horacio Jaunarena, a
Civilian, is replacing mm icuipuauiy ana a
senior army officer is expected to be chosen
The chief of staff angered many officers
because of his order that those wanted for ques
tioning in human rights cases testify in civilian
In addition to the approximately 250 officers
who face charges, five members of ruling military
juntas have been convicted and sent to prison for
terms ranging from 4 12 years to life.
Although the government has not given a for
mal reason for Rios Erenu's removal, his useful
ness to Alfonsin appeared to end Saturday night
when loyalist troops refused his order to take the
infantry school at the Campo de Mayo military
base, where the rebels had taken refuge.
'Skinheads' clash with Turkish youths
NORTHE1M, West Germany Groups of right-wing "skinheads" cele
brating Adolf Hitler's birthday fought running street battles with Turkish
youths, police said Monday.
The clashes, in which at least a dozen people were injured, started late
Sunday and continued into the early hours Monday.
About 35 of the right-wing extremists known as "skinheads"
because they shave their heads gathered Sunday nights in the center of
this Lower Saxony town to celebrate the late Nazi dictator's birthdate,
After police chased them away from the center of town, the "skin
heads" attacked a group of Turkish youths.
Police said eight skinheads were arrested.
Nobel prize money to be raised
STOCKHOLM, Sweden The Nobel Foundation is raising the amount
of its annual prizes by eight percent this year, Sweden's national news
agency said Monday.
The prizes for peace, medicine, chemistry, physics and literature will
be raised to 2.175 million kroner, worth $345,000 at current exchange
The prizes are paid for with interest from an endowment left by
dynamite inventor Alfred Nobel, who died in 1896.
The Swedish national bank said it was matching the award money for
the sixth Nobel prize, in economics, which it established in 1965, said the
news agency TT.
Reagan returns from vacation,
prepareds for U.S., Soviet talks
SANTA BARBARA, Calif. President Reagan, ending a
10-day California vacation, headed back to Washington
Monday to consult congressional leaders about what he
believes are promising arms-control negotiations with the
Besides meeting with top Democratic and Republican
leaders this week, Reagan is expected to give instructions
to his arms negotiators, who will start a new round of
U.S.-Soviet talks in Geneva on Thursday.
Reagan said over the weekend that while significant
issues still divide the superpowers, "our negotiators will
intensify their efforts t clear them away when talks resume
The president sounded optimistic concerning the Soviet
proposals for removal of entire categories of nuclear
weapons from Europe made last week during Secretary
of State George Shultz's three-day visit to Moscow.
"When I return to Washington, I will meet with the
bipartisan congressional leadership to review this week's
progress," the president said in his radio address on
Aboard Air Force One on the flight back to Washington,
Howard Baker, Reagan's chief of staff, told reporters he feels
both Reagan and Gorbachev look forward to meeting at a
new summit conference "if useful business can be
There has been talk of a meeting in September.
Baker, asked under what conditions the two leaders
might meet, said, "I think a summit, if one is held, will be
more than a formality. I think the answer to many issues
that divide us will finally have to be made by the two heads
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Lawyer: WWII prioon suit 'deplorable'
WASHINGTON The Reagan administration
said Monday the World War II detention of
Japanese-Americans in U.S. prison camps shamed
the nation, but it still urged the Supreme Court
to kill a lawsuit stemming from the internment.
Solicitor General Charles Fried, the adminis
tration's top-ranking courtroom lawyer, argued
that "ordinary rules of law" should apply to the
lawsuit "no matter how much balm we would
like to apply to the wound."
He said a 1983 suit, which seeks compensa
tion for property losses suffered by those impri
soned, was filed in the wrong federal court and
was filed too late.
But Fried also used the administration's
strongest language to date in condemning the
internment, in which 120,000 U.S. citizens and
resident aliens of Japanese ancestry were taken
from their homes and put in concentration
camps for up to four years.
He called the banishment "a deplorable epi
sode," adding, "The allies did not always adhere
to the values for which they were fighting."
Fried said the suffering inflicted on Japanese
Americans was based on a political judgment
"a wrong judgment" that their loyalty to
the United States could not be trusted.
A federal appeals court rules that the govern
ment must defend itself at trial against the
property-loss claims, estimated in the billions of
dollars. The Supreme Court's decisions is
expected by July.
Although its decision may center on questions
of legal jurisdiction and a statute of limitations,
the case represents the court's first opportunity
to comment on its own 1944 decision condoning
After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in
1941, the federal government forcibly removed
from their homes Japanese-Americans and Japa
nese citizens living in California and parts of
Oregon, Washington and Arizona.
Assoc. News Editors
Copy Desk Chief
Arts & Entertain
Night News Editors
The Daily Nebraskan (USPS 144-080) is
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semesters and Tuesdays and Fridays in the
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ALL MATERIAL COPYRIGHT 1987 DAILY NEBRASKA!
Don Walton. 473-7301
Official says tariffs
4a matter of principle'
OISO, Japan New U.S. tariffs on some Japanese pro
ducts should not affect the over-all relationship between
the two allies. American trade representative Clayton Yeut
ter said Monday.
He said imposition of the duties last Saturday was not a
protectionist act and the U.S. trade deficit will not be
eliminated by solving individual issues, but he urged Japan
to increase imports and drop quotas on foreign goods "as a
matter of principle."
Yeutter said the new tariffs imposed by the Reagan admin
istration represent "a relatively small blip ... on the
screen of economic relationships between the two coun
tries" and should not be permitted "to cloud the much more
important economic and political relationship."
He spoke at a privately organized meeting of Japanese
and U.S. government and business leaders at Oiso, a seaside
city southwest of Tokyo.
Yeutter arived Sunday, a day after the United States
imposed tariffs worth $300 million on selected Japanese
goods in retaliation for Japan's alleged violation of a 7-month-old
agreement on trade in semiconductors.
Washington accused Japan of selling computer chips at
unfairly low prices in third countries and of failing to open
its semiconductor market sufficiently to American products.
Japan denied the charges and has asked "the United
States for consultations under the General Agreement on
Tariffs and Trade.
"The action that was taken on semiconductors last week
is not protectionism," Yetter said.-
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