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About The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (April 1, 1987)
ALAi ilLIl: Wednesday, in
creasing cloudiness and becoming
windy. High 45 to 50. Wind becoming
northwest 1 5 to 30 rnph and gusty.
Wednesday night, partly cloudy and
colder with decreasing wind, Low
around 25. Thursday, mostly eunny
end colder. High 35 to 40.
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April 1, 1987
University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Vol. 86 No. 129
y H Daily n
1 XivdOW. CPlb)lkMi 11
By Andy Jacobitz
Black student enrollment drops.
College students borrow record
amounts. Students with large
debts enter high-paying careers and
ignore vacancies in relatively low-paying
fields such as education, fine arts and
social sciences. Record numbers of
college students default on their loans.
Students In Debt
These problems, afflicting colleges
and universities across the nation, are
blamed on the restructuring of national
A recent Congressional Economic
Panel report on the student loan burden
says that student borrowing for college
increased 500 percent in the last
decade. One-third to half of all stu
dents now leave college in debt.
Janet S. Hansen, author of the study
and director of policy analysis for the
Washington Office of the College Board,
said that in the last 10 years, loans have
replaced grants as the major means of
"We now have a generation of stu
dents who leave college in debt,"
Hansen said. "We really do have to be
concerned about whether we are ask
ing young people to take on an obliga
tion that may be onerous in ways we
can't expect them to understand at age
18 or 17."
Borrowing under federal programs
totaled about $9.8 billion in 1985
86 compared to $2 billion in 1975
76. During the same period federal
spending for grants and scholarships
dropped from about $6.8 billion to $4.8
billion. (Grants are defined as financial
aid with no obligation of repayment
while loans must be repaid.)
Doug Severs, UNL assistant director
of Scholarships and Financial Aid, said,
that grant funds at UNL have been
pretty stable over the last five or six
years, but inflation and college costs
have gone up. Most of the gap has been
made up with student loans. And this
year UNL's Pell Grant funds were re
duced, Severs said.
Hansen said that on an inflation
adjusted basis, students are borrowing
more than their counterparts of a
decade ago. Last year about 4.7 million
students borrowed from the federal
government, three times the number
who borrowed in 1975-76.
According to a survey of Nebraska
college graduates conducted by Selec
tion Research Inc., many recent gradu
ates of Nebraska colleges who borrowed
money to attend school use an average
of 10 percent of their net income to
repay these loans. Many said they did
not realize what they were getting into,
according to the survey.
A national survey conducted last
year of campus student-aid dir
ectors reports that the average
indebtedness of borrowers at the end of
four years of college is $6,685 for
students enrolled in public four-year
institutions and $8,950 for students at
private four-year institutions.
Larry O'Meara, regional director of
the Higher Education Assistance Foun
dation, said that the average Nebraska
graduate with a bachelor's degree leaves
college with a $7,500 debt.
William McFarland, director of the
UNL Office of Scholarships and Finan
cial Aid, said that about 60 percent of
UNL students receive either grants,
loans or scholarships. UNL student
loans under various programs for the
past academic year totaled about $31
Hansen said that during the last 20
years, Guaranteed Student Loans have
gone from minimally subsidized loans
of convenience for middle-income stu
dents to highly subsidized loans for
The Reagan administration's pro
posed budget for fiscal year 1988 would
drop more than 1 million students from
the Pell Grant program and would limit
eligibility to students with family in
comes under $20,000 a year. The College
Work Study Program, Supplemental
Educational Opportunity Grants (SEOG),
National Direct Student Loans (NDSL),
and State Student Incentive Grants
(SSIG) would be eliminated under the
proposed budget and the Guaranteed
Student Loan Program (GSL) would be
reduced by more than half. The $882
million vocational education program
and $132.5 million in aid to public
libraries also would be eliminated.
Spending for education would be
reduced by almost 30 percent
under the Reagan budget proposals
from $17 billion to $14.7 billion. Fund
ing for Pell Grants would be reduced to
$2.7 billion more than $1 billion less
Borrowing under federal
student loan programs
Federal spending on grants
1 1 1 1 k
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than in fiscal 1987.
While these programs are being tar
geted for cuts, the administration seeks
$600 million to expand the new Income
Contingent Loan Program (ICL) to
make up the difference in financial aid.
The program, proposed last year by
Secretary of Education William Bennett,
was limitd by Congress to $5 million for
experimentation and is now being
tested at 10 colleges.
The loan program would eliminate
federally subsidized interest rates but
only set a maximum rate of 15 percent.
Borrowing limits would be raised to
$50,000 and students would be given
longer repayment periods based on
income after graduation.
The changes stem from the Reagan
administration's attempt to switch col
lege costs from taxpayers to students.
"Students are the principal bene-
'Ican 9t tell who 's the fool 9
Scudder reflects on year as president
By Joeth Zucco
ASUN President Chris Scudder
stands in the shadows of her soon-to-be-abandoned
"I feel like there should be some
one around I could thank for this,
but there isn't, so I'll just walk away
smiling," she said.
Scudder was to have stepped
down April 1, April Fool's Day.
"It's ironic. I can't tell who's the
fool: I for leaving or Andy Pollock for
coming in," Scudder said. Now Pol
lock will assume the presidency on
April 8, because of overspending
during the Unite party's campaign.
Reflecting on her year as student
body president, Scudder said the
recent push to defund the Nebraska
State Student Association and streng
then the Government Liaison Com
mittee, ASUN's lobbying group, was
one of the most satisfying accomp
lishments. Scudder said she also
feels good about the results of the
"tour she took last summer with the
two ASUN vice presidents to try to
build support for the university
She also attributes some of the
rec center's progress project to ASUN.
She said without the overwhelming
support of students the project would
"be dead by now."
"Nothing is done alone on this
campus. ASUN had a lot to do with
teamwork," she said.
As ASUN president, Scudder was
also a member of the NU Board of
Regents. She said she was never
t -.;' I "
n J. li if 1 1 1 A .. . 1 1 '. .1 1 -
Mark DavisDaily Nebraskan
Chris Scudder wraps up some business during one of her last days as ASUN president.
silent on a student issue.
"You have to be'diplomatic as a
non-voting member of the board,"
Scudder said. "There was a good
working relationship, but there is
no way I can claim anything. The
students were good about standing
Scudder said she thinks ASUN
became more visible to students
this semester. Students were
"watching ASUN every day to see
what we were doing," she said.
"We've improved the role of ASUN
with the administration and the
community. The whole image of
ASUN and students to the commun
ity has been improved."
Being president of ASUN was one
of several student leadership jobs
she's had. In her four years at UNL
she was appointed to the Student
Life Commission, served as a Busi
ness College senator and Student
Advisory Board member, Campus
Life Committee chairman for ASUN
and on the university Judicial Board.
Scudder was the second woman to
be elected ASUN president. '
Trying to get ASUN's messages
across was the most frustrating and
difficult part of the job, Scudder
said. But, the ever changing agenda
of the job is exciting, she said.
"That's been the great part about
it," she said.
When she leaves, Scudder said
she will miss seeing people every
day, being busy and feeling needed
with phone messages, mail and
"I'll miss it more than I'll be
happy to leave it. I've grown and
benefited a lot," she said.
Although Scudder recently accep
ted a research position in the Civil
Rights Division of the Department
of Justice in Washington D.C., her
immediate plans after graduation
include a seven-week "race" around
Tom LauderDaily Nebraskan
ficaries of their investment in higher
education. It is therefore reasonable to
expect them not taxpayers to
shoulder most of the costs," it was
stated in the White House's fiscal 1988
budget proposal. The administration
has suggested that the slack in student
aid be taken up by new, unsubsidized
loans at market rates with repayments
tied to income in later life. Students
would pay up to 15 percent of their
income per year in repayments..
Secretary of Education William J.
Bennett said the cuts will pressure
colleges to hold down tuition
increases. He blamed escalating tuition
on the government's willingness to
pick up part of the tab.
"We're very excited about this pro
See DEBT on 6
By Tammy Kaup
Associate News Editor
The UNL Student Court found Tues
day night that the ASUN Electoral
Commission can certify the March 1987
ASUN election even though the win
ning party, Unite, exceeded its cam
paign spending limit.
The commission certified the cam
paign Tuesday night before the hearing.
Mark Burchess, AIM party campaign
co-chairman, had asked the Student
Court to reverse the ASUN Student
Electoral Commission decision to cer
tify the election. The commission had
decided March 18 to certify the elec
tion if Unite met certain conditions.
Burchess said that the Student Court
should reverse the Electoral Commis
sion's decision because it was not in
line with its rules. He cited a rule
which states that: "To be certified as
winning an election a legitimate can
didate must not be found in violation of
commission regulations." Burchess said
that this rule meant that if any com
mission regulations were violated, the
winning candidate could not be certi
fied. Burchess also said that the Electoral
Commission had no precedence or
standards for sanctions.
Dan Hofmeister, of the Electoral
Commission, said that the word "egre
gious" was left out of the rule when it
He said that the Electoral Commis
sion rules also include several types of
sanctions the commission can impose
on a candidate or party found guilty cf
violating election rules.
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