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About The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (Jan. 15, 1987)
Thursday, January 15, 1987
By The Associated Press
Armas detate comtaes
Vance: Iranian arms sale strategy expensive mistake
WASHINGTON - Former Secretary
of Slate Cyrus Vance said Wednesday
the Reagan administration's decision
to secretly sell arms to Iran was an
expensive blunder that cost the United
States the trust of its allies.
While sources in and out of govern
ment said the State Department's chief
official on Central America had worked
closely with then-White House aide
Oliver L. North in controlling what the
administration says was private military
aid for Nicaraguan rebels, Vance ques
tioned the rationale for the arms sales.
"To be blunt, this great nation if
it is lo remain worthy of global leader
ship cannot again manage its foreign
relations as an amateur," said Vance,
leadoff witness for a series of Senate
Foreign Relations Committee hearings
on the policies behind the clandestine
Iran arms deal and the diversion of
some proceeds to the rebels, known as
Vance questioned the stated rationale
behind the arms initiative a concern
about possible Soviet encroachment
into the strategically vital Persian Gulf
area Such a possibility has always
existed, he said. Vance also said that
such a move is unlikely at a time when
the Soviet Union's chief priorities are
modernizing its economy and solving
domestic social problems.
In another development, a private
American source in the Contra aid
network, declining to be named publicly,
told The Associated Press that Elliott
Abrams, assistant secretary of state for
inter-American affairs, along with North
and the CIA officer in charge of the
Nicaraguan rebels, comprised a "triad"
who made all key decision on the
Contras, including American distri
bution of weapons from an allegedly
private aid network during a congress
ional ban on direct and indirect U.S.
government miliary assistance.
Besides North, who was fired Nov. 25
for his role in allegedly diverting
Iranian arms sales profits to aid the
Contras, the officials are Abrams and
the CIA officer now directing the Contra
operation, according to the sources
who insisted on anonymity. The CIA
officer belongs to the spy agency's
clandestine services, and The Associated
Press decided to withhold his name.
Sources said this trio oversaw the
air-resupply operation that included
the arms-laden cargo plane that was
flown by Eugene Hasenfus and shot
down over Nicaragua Oct. 5.
Assoc News Editors
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Pentagon budget boasts secret projects
WASHINGTON The Pentagon is asking Congress for an
estimated $25 billion for classified programs, much of it
going for radar-evading Stealth weapons and other high
tech projects, an analysis of the proposed fiscal 1988
defense budget shows.
The estimate is based on information provided by
Pentagon and congressional officials who spoke on
condition of anonymity, along with analyses by the private
Center for Defense information.
Those totals include some but not all the money
appropriated by Congress for intelligence activities by the
Central Intelligence Agency and other agencies. The total
CIA budget is not revealed.
Of the $312 billion President Reagan is seeking in
defense spending, the Air Force has at least $12.5 billion
worth of classified programs, according to the sources and
analyses. Many of them are identified in public budget
documents only by code names such as "Project Leo,"
"Bernie" or 'Tacit Rainbow."
The disproportionate amount given the Air Force reflects
the reliance on that service upon high technology such as
Stealth and its involvement in surveillance systems. The
Stealth program uses exotic involvement in surveillance
systems. The Stealth program uses exotic materials and
unusual designs to make planes and missiles difficult to
detect by radar.
The Air Force is developing a Stealth bomber with
deployment tentatively scheduled in the early 1990s, but
the service is also developing a Stealth fighter and the Navy
is working on carrier-based planes with similar capabilities,
the sources said.
WASHINGTON - Most state
and local taxes have become so
unfair that families making over
$500,000 a year pay a smaller
share of their income to the tax
collector than those living below
the poverty line, a study con
In two states Wyoming and
South Dakota the poor pay a
percentage of their income that
is four times as large as paid by
the rich, the study found. Fifteen
states tax the poor at a rate more
than double that applied to the
rich. In 10 states, the burden on
middle-income families is at least
twice what the rich pay.
"With very few exceptions,
state tax systems are shocking in
their inequity," Citizens for Tax
Justice said in releasing the study.
Citizens for Tax Justice used
the study to kick off a campaign
to rewrite state and local taxes
in the wake of federal overhaul.
The study listed three causes
for inequity: loopholes permitted
under the old federal law; states
inaction to periodically raise
personal exemptions, which are
of major benefit to lower-income
groups; and increasing reliance
on sales taxes, whose impact
falls most heavily on the poor.
Police arrest second employee
for New Year's hotel fire
SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico A Dupont
Plaza Hotel busboy was charged Wed
nesday with helping a maintenance
worker start the New Year's Eve fire
that killed 96 people at the luxury
; Both longtime hotel employees were
in custody on arson charges as investi
gators of the fire indicated more arrests
Armando Jimenez Rivera, a 28-year-old
bar busboy, was arrested Tuesday
and arraigned Wednesday on a charge
of arson in U.S. District Court. He was
accused of helping Hector Escudero
Aponte, 35, set fire to the hotel.
Jimenez Rivera provided Sterno-type
fuel that Escudero Aponte placed on a
pile of new furniture stacked along a
wall of the hotel's south ballroom, a
federal complaint alleged.
Escudero Aponte was charged in
federal court Tuesday with arson and in
Puerto Rico District Court with arson,
destruction of property and 96 counts
Train crewmen test positive for drugs
WASHINGTON Both crewmen of the Conrail locomotive that ran a
stop signal and slid into the path of a speeding Amtrak passenger train
were found to have maryuana in their system at the time of the accident,
federal investigators said Wednesday.
One source close to the investigation said the amounts of marijuana on
blood and urine samples taken from the two men within hours of the Jan. 4
accident near Baltimore were "substantial" and indicated possible
chronic or recent use of the drug.
Test on Conrail engineer Richard Gates and the brakeman, Edward
Cromwell, showed no evidence of alcohol in either of the men.
In addition to the 16 fatalities, 1 75 people were injured in the collision.
Don't Put Your Decision to
Buy Health Insurance on Ice.
Are you willing to gamble that you won't have any
medical bills during the school year?
Why not buy Student Health Insurance and decrease
your odds from financial disaster or illness or accident.
After February 28, 1987 all enrollments are FINAL!
Visit the Student Health Insurance Office at the Health
Center by Saturday, February 28. A Student Insurance
Representative is available to answer your questions
Monday through Friday. For more information call
P.O Box 809027
Dallas, Texas 75380
TUDcm inuaance company
Red M&Ms-make 11-year comeback
NEWARK, N.J. Red M&Ms, banished 11 years ago
because of misplaced concern over food dyes, are once
again taking their rightful place among the tan, brown,
yellow, orange and green.
The return of the red candies was prompted by a national
outcry that included thousands of letters to the manu
facturer and the formation of college campus societies, a
spokesman for the Hackettstown-based M&M-Mars said
A few stores already have the red ones in stock now, but
most won't carry them until February. About 20 percent of
the 100 million M&Ms made each day will be red, the
"It's great fun and it's part of America," said M&Ms
spokesman Hans Fiuczynski. "That's our best explanation"
for the popularity of red M&Ms, he said.
The company has received letters from World War II
veterans wnorememnerenren m&ms in i; rfltinnsanHfrmri Man vnttmnm ne i - ?
- - " " gunman vi uaiuiey muiugomery ocoii int. m
people who learned how to count in grammar school with PhilartoinVii-j "Ac o
- - yj - ....uv.jim, iw c iujai mixmo catci, i wciuuiuc iu
the candies, he said. cc.or. It cheers me up to eat a red M&M. I'm going out to buy
1 he candy, a hard round coating over a chocolate center, a package right now "
first was made in 1941. Red M&Ms were discontinued in 1976 because of
Correspondence surged during the past two Christmas "confusion and concern" over Red Dye No. 2, which was
seasons when M&M-Mars sold a limited number of packages banned by federal regulators as a health risk, said
of green and red candies for the holidays. Fiuczynski. Red M&Ms contained Red Dye Nos. 3 and 40,
I have loved them and I always missed them," said which are considered safe
. j , I f y-t:-- it -
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