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About The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (Nov. 12, 1986)
Wednesday, November 12, 1986
By The Associated Press
iiiperocDWOT siims talks
U.S.: Geneva negotiations most productive ever
GENEVA The chief American
negotiator said the round of nuclear
arms talks that ends Wednesday has
been the most productive so far, partly
because of "phenomenal agreements"
reached at the U.S.-Soviet summit in
Max Kampelman said the basis for
the Reykjavik agreements between
President Reagan and Soviet leader
Mikhail S. Gorbachev was laid in pre
vious sessions of the Geneva talks,
which began March 12, 1985.
Kampelman said American and
Soviet negotiators made progress at
the sixth round in all three fields
covered in Geneva: medium-range mis
siles; long-range, or strategic, nuclear
weapons, and space and defense sys
tems. In an interview Tuesday with The
Associated Press, the U.S. delegation
Chief said: "The agreements in Reyk
javik as translated here have narrowed
the gap between us. We still have a gap
to narrow further, and we will have
serious significant differences of opin
ion, and differences of interest.
"But when I look at the round and
see all that has been accomplished
here I have to say this is the most
productive round we've had."
The United States feels an arms con
trol agreement could be reached in the
next year if each side makes a serious
effort, he said. Both Washington and
Moscow have brought new proposals to
Geneva since the summit Oct. 11-12.
Agreement is nearest on medium
range missiles, Kampelman said, not
ing that Reagan and Gorbachev agreed
to eliminate them in Europe and retain
100 warheads each on U.S. and Soviet
"This means in effect a 100 percent
reduction in Soviet SS-20s in Europe
and an 80 percent reduction of Soviet
SS-20s in Asia," he said, calling that a
"very significant agreement."
Soviet negotiators have made an
important move in the defense and
space area by proposing at Geneva that
the 1 972 anti-ballistic missile treaty be
observed for only 10 years, Kampelman
said. The Kremlin previously had in
sisted on 15-20 years.
Washington has offered to abide by
the treaty for five years, he said.
Negotiators have agreed to cut arse
nals of strategic weapons in half, the
American negotiator said, because of a
Soviet decision at Reykjavik not to
Insist that U.S. bombers based In Europe
be included In the count.
Agreement has been reached on
overall limits for strategic offensive
missiles of 6,000 warheads and 1,000
launchers, but no decision has been
made on whether to impose "sub
limits" on different types of weapons,
OMAHA Without fanfare
and with its future still in doubt,
the MX nuclear missile has been
moved from the drawing board
and testing pad to operational
status in a remote Wyoming Mis
Strategic Air Command offi
cials say the first four MX mis
siles have now been activated
and stand poised for launch at
F.E. Warren Air Force Base, sur
rounded by the older Minuteman
missiles that currently form the
heart of America's land-based
intercontinental ballistic missile
As a result, the land-based leg
of America's nuclear triad for
the first time ever includes a
missile that by itself can boost
10 warheads at once toward the
Soviet Union. By comparison, the
Minuteman carries no more than
The Soviet Union, with more
than 300 SS-18 missiles deployed,
has long had a land-based mis
sile capable of carrying 10 war
The four MX missiles on.
alert are among the filQ(g
10 scheduled for actiktisr by
late next month to meet what
the Air Force calls "Initial Oper
ational Capability" for the new
Two French hostages freed;
return safely to France
PARIS Two Frenchmen freed by
Shiite Moslem kidnappers after months
of captivity in Lebanon came home
Tuesday and were greeted by Premier
Jacques Chirac, who thanked Syria for
helping arrange the release.
Camille Sontag, 85, and Marcel Cou
dari, 54, were released in west Beirut
Monday night and turned over to French
envoys in Damascus, Syria, less than 12
Coudari, when asked if he had news
of other French hostages, replied: "No.
But 1 can tell you that things will
happen soon." Asked if he was certain,
Coudari said: "Well, yes, more or less."
He told reporters, citing "a pretty
official source," that French hostage
Michel Seurat apparently had died of
natural causes. The pro-Iranian Shiite
Moslem group Islamic Jihad announced
March 5 that he had been killed.
Coudari said Sontag was held in an
underground prison in south Beirut
with five other Western captives.
According to Coudari, Sontag did
not know whether Americans were
among the other prisoners. Six Ameri
cans are among the missing.
The group that held Coudari and
Sontag, the Revolutionary Justice
Organization, also claimed it kidnapped
Americans Frank Reed and Edward
Conservatives publish book
on prison alternatives
WASHINGTON Confronted with
spiraling costs and crowding in U.S.
prisons, a group of conservative scho
lars and politicians is advocating
alternatives to prison like restitution,
community service, and even beatings.
There was wide agreement on reserv
ing expensive prison space for violent
criminals and putting those who com
mit non violent property crimes to work,
often outside prision, to repay their
"The traditional conservative view
is: Lock 'em up and throw away the
key'," Patrick B. McGuigan, co-editor of
the. book, "Crime and Punishment in
Modern America," said in an interview.
"Leftists have talked for years about
opening up the jails. Here are some
conservatives who say: "Don't just let
them go, but here are some possible
paths out of increasing crowding and
an increasing burden on the taxpay
ers'," McGuigan added.
"Penal imprisonment is not always
an appropriate punishment for certain
types of criminal offenses," they wrote,
adding that their proposal "reflects
dissatisfaction with American prisons,
which are critically overcrowded, waste .
millions of tax dollars, and do little to
rehabilitate the hundreds of thousands
of prisoners currently incarcerated."
Poll: People want to work, not retire
LINCOLN A recent poll indicated that Nebraskans apparently want
the right to work as long as they possibly can.
The Lincoln Star poll of 449 registered voters showed that only 20
percent favor mandatory retirement, while 74 percent are opposed to a
mandatory retirement age and six percent have no opinion.
Statistics show that Nebraskans tend to live longer than the average
Results of the poll, conducted Oct. 26 through 29, indicate that a
majority of Nebraskans apparently concur with action taken by Congress
Oct. 17, which outlawed most mandatory retirement effective Jan. 1.
The new legislation amends the Age Discrimination in Employment Act
of 1967, which initially prohibited people from being required to retire
before the age of 65, but later was amended to raise the mandatory age to
The poll showed that younger people more strongly oppose mandatory
retirement than older people.
LITTLE ROCK, Ark. An Indian skull that was scheduled to be
auctioned Tuesday as part of a large artifact collection was removed from
the sale list after an Indian group complained.
"It is definitely pulled and will not be sold," said Shirley Martin of
Dalton Dailey and Associates, an auctioneering firm. The company was
hired to sell the Indian artifact collection of Sam Spikes, 51, a Little Rock
insurance agent who pleaded guilty last month to cocaine distribution.
"Particularly, what caught us was the idea that somebody was going to
sell a skull," Paul Austin, director of the American Indian Center of
Arkansas, said Monday. "It looks like most of the stuff this guy's got is
from a grave."
Dan Littlefield, director of the American Native Press Archives at the
University of Arkansas, said Arkansas has no laws against disturbing
Indian burial sites.
MADISON, Wis. People calling the Madison Telefun Line over the
weekend to find out what was happening in the city found themselves
listening to a dial-a-porn recording instead.
Police said Monday they are trying to find the practical joker who
changed the Greater Madison Convention and Visitor's Bureau message
from an entertainment agenda to an erotic message from a woman.
Bureau employees set a tape-recorded message to play after 5 p.m.
Friday, but found the erotic message Monday morning.
Police said someone may have discovered a code that allows bureau
employees to call and update the message and substituted a recording
from a dial-a-porn service.
Explosions hit Paris office buildings
PARIS Bombs exploded at three Paris office buildings almost
simultaneously early Tuesday, wounding one person and damaging the
structure, fire officials said.
Direct Action, an extreme left-wing group, reportedly said it set off the
blasts at the headquarters of the automaker Peugeot and at the multistory
Manhattan Tower and the Total Tower because of their commerical links
with the white-controlled government of South Africa.
Police said the first bomb blast occurred at about 1 a.m. (8 p.m. CST) at
the Peugeot building, just west of the Arc de Triomphe. Firemen reported
one person was slightly wounded and the building was severely damaged.
The explosions at the two towers, both at the suburban office complex
La Defense west of downtown Paris, followed moments later. Fire officials
said damage at the Total Tower was heavy but slight at the Manhattan
Tower, and that there were no injuries. The two structures, which are each
about 40 stories tall, are some distance apart in the huge La Defense
Further details on the explosions were not immediately available.
Both Total, a petroleum company, and Peugeot have business dealings
in South Africa
Assoc. News Editors
Copy Desk Chief
Arts & Entertain
Night News Editors
Todd vrtn Kampen
Catholic bishop-elect moderates to group
WASHINGTON America's Roman Catholic
bishops, beating back a challenge by conservative
prelates,, elected twa Midwestern moderates Tues
day to lead their national organization for the next
three years. .
The group's new president, Archbishop John L.
May of St. Louis, spoke almost immediately of "a
great need for healing" among Catholics who are
chafing under church rules that some see as too
rigid in the 20th century.
However, May's comments made it clear that he
and others in the National Conference of Catholic
Bishops weren't about to push for any revolt against
"We are members of the universal C.aihnKo
- ' w wv -WWAftVAAU
Church," he said at a brief news conference. "We
are pledged as bishops to work in unity with the
visible symbol of unity who is the Holy Father, the
"And we will do it, our healing, in that . way.
There's no other way we can," he said.
Still, election of May and of Cincinnati Archbi
shop Daniel Pilarczyk as vice president suggested a
continuaton of the activist bent of the bishops'
conference a stance that has been unpopular
with some high Vatican officials who see all church
authority as emanating from Rome.
Conservative bishops made a strong push for
Boston Cardinal Bernard Law. However, a majority of
the bishops, many of whom are upset over this year's
Vatican disciplining of liberal Seattle Archbishop
Raymond Hunthausen, defeated Law, who has been
outspoken in defense of the Vatican's action in that
and other cases.
Many of the nearly 300 bishops attending the
conference met behind closed doors all Tuesday
afternoon, thrashing out the Hunthausen case and
trying to decide what, if any, public response to
A spokesman for Hunthausen said the archbi
shop would have no comment until the session is
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Manufacturer: Lava LavaLites oozing back into style
z-JTZOAGO The Lava Lite, that undulating
tsrL.:' Jty stalty associate with the psychedelic bus,
S a -iitback into popularity, the manufacturer
Actually. Lava Lites never went" out of style
among the middle Americans who buy most of them,
acrGlngtojiYimplex Inteimtionaie, maker of
-Tes:ilncreaed'sharDly In recent years?
a boom that Lava-Simplex President John Mundy
attributes to the same generation that has made
The Monkees and paisley-print clothes vogue again.
- "I have heard that 4he college kids are very
interested in the product now,' Mundy said "at the
company's Chicago headquarters.""! think thefeare
a lot of kids who've never seen them. They're 18 and
1 A J 1 . .
iw ana nave never seen a Lava Lite.
For those who missed them the first time around,
Lava Lites are electric lamps that somewhat resem
ble clear, 17-inch-tall beer bottles.
A 40-watt bulb in the metal base illuminates the
iiviyidlycplored liquid inside and heats a shiny,
it"eunceblob of waxy material at the bottom. As
"-tte colored blob warms and melts, it rises and falls
in slow motion through the liquid.
"Everybody puts it on top. of the television,"
Mundy said. "That's the classic place."
- "I remember it well," said the 40-year-old Mundy -
- t'L in colUge when the Lavalite came out in
1965. A store down th'e street had two Lava Lites in
the window going 24 hours a day. You couldn't walk
down that street without stooDins? and staring at
He said he couldn't afford to spend $25 on what
then struck him as a "frivolous" oddity, and never
dreamed that one day he'd be making Lava Lites,
which now sell for $45 to $55.
Mundy said he joined the company in 1978, two
years after his father-in-law, Lawrence Haggerty,
bought it from founders Alolph Wertheimer and
Hyram Spector, who have since died.'
Wertheimer and Spector began making Lava
Lites in 1885 after acquiring the manufacturing
rights from inventor Craven Walker of Bath, Eng
land, who called them Astro Lites, Mundy said.
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