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About The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (Feb. 5, 1975)
Low fat diets cut down risk of heart disease
Coronary heart disease is the number one cause of
death in the United States. The most common form
of adult heart disease.it occurs when the heart's main
arteries have artherosclerotic deposits and the normal'
blood flow of the heart is impaired. Atherosclerosis
which is often called "hardening of the arteries, in
volves a thickening and narrowing of the arteries, and
is the cause of most heart attacks and strokes. The
deposit of fat, cholesterol, and other materials in the
inner layer of the arterial wall interferes with the nor
mal blood flow and the nourishment of the tissues.
There are a number of factors related to the cause
of heart disease. Some of these risk factors cannot be
changed such as sex (men have more heart attacks
than women), age and inherited traits. Other factors
may be difficult to adjust, such as underlying disease,
stress and personality traits. Diet, .high blood
pressure, smoking and exercise are alterable risk
factors. In well-documented studies, no populations
consuming a low saturated fat diet have an
appreciable amount of 'coronary disease. In the
United States, where diets generally are high in
saturated fats, the three major risk factors in
coronary disease are high blood cholesterol levels,
high blood pressure (hypertension) and cigarette
smoking. Study data provide evidence enough to
encourage the general population to take action in
altering diet as a means of prevention in continuing
increase of coronary heart disease.
The American Heart Association (AHA) offers
several recommendations on diets. First, calorie
intake should be adjusted to achieve and maintain
ideal body weight. Second, reduce intake of calories
from fat. Most Americans now consume 40-45 of
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You Don't have to go Downtown
to get a HAIRSTYLE
their total calories from fat. The AHA recommends
that no more than 35 of dietary calorics be from fat
sources. Of this amount less than 10 should be from
saturated fatty acid sources.
A third recommendation is a substantial reduction
in dietary cholesterol. Other suggestions include using
complex natural carbohydrates, such as vegetables,
fruits, and cereals rather than refined sugar to replace
the calories that result from reduction of fat intake
and that excessive salt intake be avoided.
Sauces & Pickles
To interpret these recommendations into changes
you make in your eating habits, here are some
-To control intake of cholesterol - rich foods, eat
no more than three egg yolks a week. This includes
eggs used in cooking. Alternatives are using egg whites
or products which are lower in cholesterol but higher
in price than eggs. Also limit intake of shellfish and
organ meats which are moderately high in cholesterol.
-Use lean meats such as fish, chicken, turkey and
veal more often than beef, lamb and pork. Choose
lean cuts of meat, trim visible fat before cooking and
discard the fat that cooks out of the meat. When
choosing hamburger look for medium to deep color
that shows a low fat content (light pink color shows
that excess fat has been ground in with the meat).
Restrict use of luncheon and variety meats such as
sausage, salami and frankfruters which all have a lu'gh
fat content. Use cooking methods that help to
remove fat, like baking, broiling, roasting and
-Use polyunsaturated vegetable oils for cooking
(they have cholesterol lowering properties). Safflower
oil is the most polyunsaturated and soybean, corn
and cotton seed oils follow in descending order. When
purchasing margarine read the label and choose one
which lists a liquid vegetable oil as the first ingredient
followed by one or more partially hydrogenated
vegetable oils. Some hydrogenation is necessary to
give margarine a hardened consistency but too much
hydrogenation will reduce the polyunsaturated
product to a saturated one. Tub margarines tend to
be more polyunsaturated than stick margarines, since
they do not hold a stick form. Diet margarines
contain water and provide about half the amount of
fat found in most margarines. They are usable for
seasoning or spreads but are not suited to cooking,
because of their high water content.
-Select fat-free or low-fat dairy products like skim
milk, low-fat milk, evaporated skim milk, nonfat dry
milk and buttermilk. Also choose cheeses made from
skim milk which are low fat and high in protein.
Examples of these are dry cottage cheese and ricotta.
Parmesan cheese, mozarella and Port du Salur are
made from partially skimmed milk.
If you are interested in learning more about heart
disease and your eating habits, I suggest two books.
The Prudent Diet by Bennett Simon is available in
paperback at the bookstores, and Tlie American
Heart Association Cookbook will be available in a few
weeks. Ruthe Eshleman, a co-author of the Heart
Association book is an Associate Professor in the
UNL Department of Foods and Nutrition.
Brel alive, well at Playhouse
NEBRASKA UNION BARBER SHOP
or just walk in
Lower level... Student Union
Wonder Where I
College Kids go
on Sunday Nights?
By Susan Edwards
The bittersweet songs of Jacques Brel are alive
and doing well in a Community Playhouse
Gallery production playing Feb. 6-9 and 14-1 6 at
8 p.m. Student tickets cost $2.
The off-Broadway show, Jacques Brel is Alive
and Well in Paris, directed by George Churley, is
a tight collection of 25 of Brel's songs.
The performers are all University students:
graduate in theater Nan Berghel, graduate in
Political science Dave Landis, junior theater
major Missy Critchfield, theater graduate Alan
Nielsen, and junior music major Laurie Edwards,
who is accompanist.
Nielsen, who is also musical director of the
show, is working while on a Fellowship
sponsored jointly by the University and
Although the production exemplifies the
newer concept of plotlesssolid music theater,
like Hair or Godspell, each song is a play within
The challenge in directing the show, Churley
said, is in interpreting each song and then
creating character, conflict, and suspense within
the time limits of one song.
It's important, he said, to not let any business
or directing concept stand in the way of the
music. Everything is simplified.
Berghel describes the songs as cyclical, with
each piece fitting closeiy with the next to create
an overall mood and comment on life. Many of
the songs seem bitter or sad, she said.
Although the themes of Brel's songs "range
from bitter sailors and old women to the
inconsistencies of love, they all view women
definitely from a man's point of view, Breghel
Belgium-born Jacques Brel gained fame in
Left Bank Parisian cabarets and bars in the early
1960's. He accompanied his own music with
American avant grade theater groups became
interested in Brel and began translating his songs.
Eric Blau and Mort Shuman adapted and
translated the songs to produce Jacques Brel is
The show opened in New York at Greenwich
Village's Village Gate and stayed five years. It has
opened to responsive audiences, according to
reviews, since that time.
Brel's dark ballads became popular, Blau said,
when artists like Bob Dylan stressed the lyrics of
The London Observer described Brel's music
as hard to hum, with razor sharp timing and
intense lyrics-no cloying romanticism.
The paper also described him as "anti-clerical,
anti-militarist, anti-bourgeois-a man who attacks
humbug and bigotry."
Although the Gallery set is a simple platform,
the audience is grouped around small tables and
provided with wine and cheese to create a cafe
GAM and FN
. , sb mi i an J""? : V
. T T w ... 1 J .
25 miles west
of Lincoln on
ALL YOUR FAVORITE BEVERAGES
STEAKS, SHRJMP, CHICKEN
and his Guitar 8-1 2 p.m. Saturday
BEER AND LIQUOR ON SUNDAY
Daily and Weekly prizes on all pins Free Badges
I Free tee shirts for $6 purchase of game tickets
Thanks for a tremendous Grand Opening.
Because of your response, all pins will remain
3 plays for 25 Thru Feb.
1 1 It t r IV 'W HVi TP
OPENING FEB Ttli
Upper level (Hush Menagerie
Turquio Jewelry, Leather Goods,
Pottery, Candle, Jewelry, Clogs,
Earring and Lots Mori;!
s-Hr-TTmmmm. .". ',4
Hours: 11:30-5:30 M-F
Sat. 10.30-4:00 Eve. by appoint
134 N. 14th St Lincoln, Nbrack
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Wednesday, february 5, 1975
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