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About The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (March 21, 1973)
Wednesday, march 21, 1973
lincoln, nebraska vol. 96, no. 91
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University lobbyist Ann Cambell . . . said the University still opposes fees elimination.
Pye-Soviet threat warms China
by Peter Anderson
A large buildup of Soviet troops along the
Sino-Soviet border is one of the main reasons that
U.S. -China relations have been improving recently,
according to Lucian W. Pye, professor of political
science at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Pye, an authority on Asian affairs was in China
during December and January as a member of the
Committee on U.S. -China Relations. He was at UNL
Monday and Tuesday as part of the Phi Beta Kappa
Visiting Scholar Program.
Although the Soviet build-up was not publicized
much, there was a distinct message from higher
officials that the Chinese are worried about the
mounting tension, Pye said.
There are more than 69 divisions currently
stationed along the Sino-Soviet border. That is more
than the number of troops based in western Europe,
He said the Chinese don't expect any major
conflicts with the Soviet Union until Mao Tse-Tung
Besides fearing the Soviets, the Chinese leadership
has been wary about the likelihood of a new leader
who would sell China out to the Soviet Union
because of a belief in a worldwide Marxist-Leninist
state, Pyo said.
Because of this fear, he said, the Chinese have
taken on an ironic feature: they are not really guided
by one particular ideology.
He said the expanding of relations of Japan and
the U.S. illustrates his point. Although the Chinese
deny any opportunistic ideas, the government deals
with their problems as they come. This has resulted in
warming up to the West, he said.
Lin Piao, one of China's political strong men, was
purged several years ago because of this same
opportunism, he explained.
In comparing the pre-1 949 China to the China that
he saw on his visit, Pye said he noticed that "the
bums, helpless and downtrodden" are gone, but the
people still live as they have for years.
The people live simple, well disciplined lives with
no luxuries at all, he said. To most workers, a bicycle
represents three month's earnings. He said, however,
that, food and rent are cheap.
To cope with its large population, China has
promoted crafts and hand labor to alleviate
unemployment. But he said these people neither help
nor hurt the economic situation.
Pye said that it's difficult to assess the economic
situation, but he suspects that there is a gradual
Part of this advancement may be because of
China's quota system which, unlike the Soviet
Union's, has a built-in over-fulfillment, he said. The
Soviet Union quotas are usually set high so that they
are very hard to meet, Pye explained.
The advantage of the Chinese system is that the
profits obtained from the surplus are split between
the locality and the central government, he said. It is
their own version of revenue sharing, he explained.
At one "show case" commune that Pye visited
there were seven hydroelectric generators, none of
which produced more than 150 kilowatts of
electricity. He said that one was used to power water
pumps for irrigation, mill rice and run a saw mill. For
the Chinese this was a large advancement, he said.
"The Chinese talk a lot about decentralization of
industry but I was impressed with the centralization,"
While the advance of industry is questionable, Pye
said that the general policy of China is not.
He said that the Chinese are very conservative
economically. In trading with other nations China
pays in full-never going into debt or having to
borrow. This corresponds to the fact that the Chinese
do not have any national debt, he said.
In addition to this, they are trying to remain as
self-sufficient as possible. They are trading with
several nations instead of becoming dependent on
one, Pye explained.
He also compared the U.S. and China views on
Taiwan. To the Chinese there really is no problem or
even a question in their minds whether they will
regain control over the island off their coast. The
sovereignty over the island is theirs, but that
approach doesn't solve the problem for Richard
Nixon, he said.
Pye said that so far the exchanges have centered
around the performing arts, but he expressed his
desire to emphasize more scholarly exchanges. He
also said that he is not "excessively optimistic about
long term visits to China." The Chinese prefer short
term tours and visits, he said.
A session concerning career
opportunities in the fields of home
economics and agriculture will be
held tonight in Agriculture Hall 31 1
and 312 from 7 to 9 p.m.
The session is the second in a
series sponsored by the East Union
Education Committee. The purpose
of the meeting is to acquaint
students with various career
opportunities, number and specific
types of jobs, salaries and other job
Representatives from 15
departments in the Colleges of
Agriculture and Home Economics
will provide career information.
These departments will be
represented: home economics,
agi iculture, engineering, agricultural
education, agricultural economics,
extension, food science and
technology, agronomy, wildlife
management, plant pathology,
natural resources, veterinary
science, poultry science,
information and animal science.
possible fee cut-off
by Steve Arvanette
The dispute over mandatory student fees took a
new twist Tuesday as Grand Island Sen. Ralph Kelly
revealed the University would not object to dropping
fees support for student government, campus
speakers, and student publications, including the
Kelly's statement came during an executive session
of the Legislature's Education Committee which will
partially determine the fate of Millard Sen. James
Dickinson's LB362. If enacted, the bill would stop all
fees except those for bond retirement.
The committee voted 5-2 to hold the bill and to
give Dickinson an opportunity to have an amendment
drafted which would end the collection of fees for
the three programs he mentioned.
Other fees programs such as bond retirements,
recreation and intramurals, the University Health
Center, and the basic operation of the Nebraska
Union would then be unaffected by the measure.
Contacted after the committee's meeting,
University lobbyist, Ann Campell, said no
commitment had been made by the University to
support such a bill.
The University administration still is opposed to
the Dickinson bill, she said.
The University earlier appeared to have reached a
compromise on the fees issue. Several state senators
stated two weeks ago that the University had agreed
to drop fees support for speakers.
Omaha Sen. George Syas, an opponent of fees
support for speakers, had drafted an amendment to
LB362 which would keep all fees but make them
subject to approval by a special committee of
administrators, faculty and students.
' The Syas amendment was scheduled to be acted
upon at last Thursday night's committee meeting.
Syas, however, was absent from the session and the
bill narrowly escaped a kill motion.
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Bill Freudenburg (pictured above), Unity and
Progress candidate for ASUN president, said Tuesday
he remains undecided whether he will call for a
recount of the presidential ballots.
The official results showed Freudenburg lost to
Get Off Your Apathy candidate Ann Henry by 1 1
votes. Fruedenburg was unavailable for comment
when the official results were announced Saturday.
He said that the cost of recounting, about $100,
was "quite a deterrent." He also said that he didn't
"want to create a lot of trouble, since the ASUN
president will have enough trouble as it is."
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