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Wednesday, may 3, 1972
lincoln, nebraska vol. 95, no. 106
tells of strategy
by Mick Moriarty
Copyright May 1972
The Daily Nebraskan has learned that what seemed to be a
dead-end political scandal in Nebraska presidential politics a
few weeks ago now appears to be every bit the scandal it was
cracked up to be. The scandal stems from a "stacked ballot"
charge made by McGovern leaders against Humphrey
supporters in Lincoln.
One of the prinicpal actors in the scandal is state Building
and Grounds' employe, Anna Kadavy of Lincoln. In the April
8 Lincoln Star, a Lincoln McGovern supporter, Ginger Luke,
charged that Kadavy admitted, in a phone conversation, that
Kadavy's boss (Clive Short, superintendent of state buildings
and grounds and a Humphrey supporter) talked four other
women employes and herself into running as delegates
committed to McGovern.
Apparently their purpose was to insure there would be so
many McGovern delegates that voters supporting McGovern
would not know for whom to vote. Also, the McGovern vote
would be diffused so badly that Humphrey would be assured
all the First Congressional District's eight delegates to the
Democratic National Convention.
Humphrey currently has eight delegate candidates running
in the First Congressional District. McGovern now has 22.
despite a well-publicized effort to limit the number to eight
through open caucuses.
Opinion analysis by author
When Short was contacted by the Star on April 8, he said
there was no stacking of the ballot on his part. He did say,
"But we're going to beat hell out of them (McGovern
delegates)." Short's wife, Ruth, is co-chairman of the Nebraska
When Kadavy was contacted by the Star on April 8, she
denied ever saying, "My boss talked us into it." She rejected
Luke's charge that she (Kadavy) had said her boss put her and
the other four women up to the maneuver.
The other four women are Vivian Bailey, Darlene Mock,
Freda Stroud and Ruby Reed.
A deeper probe into the affair has uncovered new evidence.
In a telephone interview on Thursday, April 27, lasting
nearly one and one-half hours, Anna Kadavy admitted that her
boss (Clive Short) was the main force behind her decision to
register as a McGovern delegate in the first district.
In the interview Kadavy admitted--to an individual who
claimed to be a disputes agent for the Democratic National
Party, a negotiator trying "to solve this mess out of court
before the McGovern people from Washington D.C, decide to
come to Lincoln for the purpose of prosecuting Kadavy and
the four other women "-that she and the four others were put
up to the delegate maneuver by her boss, Clive Short. She also
admitted Luke's statement (Kadavy's telling her, "My boss
put us up to it") was accurate.
However, Kadavy made it clear that she was still "awful
mad" about what she had originally said to Luke in their
"I was tired. I think I was sleeping. Oh, you know, I was
half-dopey (tired), and I guess I said what I didn't want to say.
I was so surprised. I just didn't expect the call," Kadavy said.
She continued: "I didn't want to say anything. I like my
boss-he's a nice guy and I wouldn't want to hurt him.
Q. "Hurt him? You mean so he'd lose his job?"
A. (Kadavy) "Yeah." !
Q. "Is that why you denied what you had said to Luke
when you talked to the Star reporter?"
A. "Yeah. I wish she (Luke) had never called me. Oh, I get
so upset. . ."
During the beginning of this interview, Kadavy first denied
ever reading about the affair. She further said she had never
heard of the charges by Ginger Luke.
Gradually though, she began to remember.
First she recalled someone named Ginger Luke had called
her. And after further questioning Kadavy finally admitted
that Luke's statements in the Lincoln Star were true. She also
remembered she had read the Lincoln Star story of April 8.
Someone gave the story to her at work, she recalled.
Turn to Page 7
I ft J I
offers open major
by Carol Stressor
If approved by the College of Arts and Sciences, a new
major will be offered next fall in American Studies stressing
independent study and a flexible curriculum.
About 120 U.S. colleges have American Studies majors.
Motivated by UNL faculty members, a student-faculty group
began planning a similar program over a year ago.
The progam for a B.A. with a major in American Studies
was approved in April by the Arts and Sciences College
Curriculum Committee. It will come before the University
Curriculum Committee Thursday for approval and before the
Arts and Sciences faculty May 12, according to Norman H.
Hostetler, English teacher and chairman of the American
Studies executive committee.
The new major is a different approach, Hostetler said. It
will provide a way to study American social and cultural
conditions through interdisciplinary classes, special topic
courses, work experience, other off-campus opportunities and
The student will develop "a coherent course of study that
suits his individual needs" with the help of an adviser
according to the program proposal. The student is free to
re-arrange his plans.
Some examples of American Studies concentrations are:
the study of minority groups, art (literature, painting, folklore,
music), urban problems and the colonial period.
The major requires completion of 30 hours. Four courses
totaling 16 hours are required to acquaint the student with
integrative work in American studies.
The student also must demonstrate competency in one or
more of these areas: humanities and fine arts, history, or
behavioral and social sciences. Familiarity with a non-English
speaking civilization or culture is required, not merely
The student will be evaluated in writing by his adviser, must
have the continuing consent of his adviser on the couse of
study and must complete a major project to demostrate
mastery of the chosen area of concentration.
One of the major purposes of the program is the
preparation of public school teachers. Teachers College is
waiting to see if the program is approved by Arts and Sciences
College, said Willis D. Moreland, professor of secondary
education and member of the American Studies policy
Teachers College can't develop an endorsement program
until the courses are available in Arts and Sciences, he said.
Students in secondary education could then use the same
courses offered in Arts and Sciences.
If approved by the faculty of Teachers College, the program
also mist be endorsed by the State Board of Education so that
graduating majors in Teachers College can receive state
certification, Moreland said.
The American Studies Policy Committee recommended
that the program be evaluated at the end of four years and
periodically thereafter. The committee estimated the program
will attract 30 majors by 1973 and about 100 at the end of the
Gierhan issues warning
on hard-sell operations
If someone dares you to be great for $2,000 you are
advised to contact an attorney before you sign any papers,
according to Ron Gierhan of Student Affairs.
Gierhan said representatives of Turner Enterprises have
been contacting UNL students about a self-improvement
course and Koscot Interplanetary, Inc., cosmetic-selling
These programs "have been the subject of litigation initiated
either by the attorney general or consumer protection agencies
in 30 states," according to the Council of Better Business
Gierhan has received one complaint from the parent of a
student who invested $2,000 in Dare to Be Great, Inc., which
is a self-motivation course, and several other inquiries into the
operations. He said salesmen use a "hard sell" approach.
In a report released in November 1971 the BBB "warns
all those who are about to make an investment in either of
these organizations to investigate thoroughly the company's
business reputation in their area."
The Pennsylvania attorney general commented on the
Turner Enterprises in a May 28, 1971, Life magazine article.
"The scope of fraud and misrepresentations and the amounts
of money being exacted from unsuspecting citizens ... is
enormous," he said.