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About The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (Jan. 31, 1972)
monday, january 31, 1972
lincoln, nebraska vol. 95, no. 60
by Sara Hinds v
The belief that people should control their own lives, not
just where they work, but in their schools, medical care and
police departments, was stressed by well-known author and
pediatrician, Dr. Benjamin Spock Friday.
"It really turns my stomach to see politicians say, 'now we
are getting somewhere,", Spock commented. "The People's
Party believes the present major political parties do not
represent the hopes of the people."
Spock is seeking support for the People's Party and his
presidential campaign on the People's Party ticket. The speech
at UNL was only one of several stops in Nebraska to urge
registered voters to sign petitions to get the People's Party on
, the 1972 Nebraskan presidential ballot.
"We ask not only for immediate withdrawal from Vietnam,
but all of Indo-China," Spock said. "I used to think
imperialism was justified, now I'm ready to recognize that we
are the largest imperialistic country and buying the distortion
of the foreign and domestic policies of other countries.
"We failed to make any progress in Vietnam because the
only Vietnamese with any patriotism are on the other side."
When asked about amnesty for draft dodgers Spock replied,
"Amnesty is not the right word, freed is better. Amnesty
implies that something wrong was done. We need to say "you
were right and we are ashamed of what we did."
Spock said the People's Party favored legalization of
"We would repeal all laws which make crimes where there
are no victims."
Spock said he was also in favor of repealing all laws making
untraditional sex illegal.
The problem with the economy, Spock said was that
industry is motivated only for maximum profits. Spock called
this "imperialistic with a serious maldistribution.
"We don't need more goods. We need to improve the
quality of life for all people."
He proposed a system of an elected local board of directors
including workers, government representatives and consumers.
"Workers must control their own lives. They must have a sense
"We are one of the most important countries the world has
ever seen. Yet, 25 per cent of the American people live below
the poverty level. The Scandanavian countries have legislated
Photo by Bill QanMl
poverty out. The United States is two or three times as well'
off as the Scandanavian countries. It is our indifference that
causes us to tolerate poverty."
Spock noted that the People's Party would alleviate
problems in racial and homosexual discrimination and medical
'The FBI doesn't understand anything about the United
States or the constitution," Spock quipped.
After an hour of speaking, the sun-tanned man, once
indicted and convicted for conspiracy to counsel evasion of
the draft, said, "This isn't the time for a revolution, we haven't
used enough of our political resources, that is why I'm running
4,716 names of Nebraskans are needed .from 19 different
counties in order to get on the Nebraska .ballot. This in
the Union, there will be a People's Party booth where
signatures will be collected.
Editor's note-Today the Daily
Nebraskan begins a series examining a
generation gap that is often overlooked.
The stories will examine the gap created
between our society and its elderly. In
addition, the stories will explore the way
in which aging, something we all will face,
is coped with.
Joining blacks and women in the call
for equal opportunity in employment,
the aged contend that mandatory
retirement at age 65 is discriminatory.
The 1S71 White House Conference on
Aging and the Nebraska Governor's
Conference on Aging recommend that
retirement be based on functional rather
than chronological age.
Although the younger generation may
argue that,' in this age of high
unemployment, the elderly must make
way for the young, the aged argue that
retirement at 65 may mean twenty years
of forced inactivity for talented people.
"If the product of a man has given his
national reputation, no one wins by
forcing him to retire if he's capable of
going on," said Lloyd D. Teale, associate
professor of Romance languages and
counselor in the College of Arts and
However, Teale, 66, said he's happy
with the University's retirement system.
At 65, a professor loses his tenure and is
eligible for a one-year special contract
which can be renewed for a total of three
years, or in some cases, over three years.
The professor must be recommended
by his department chairman, dean of
college and administration and must want
to continue on the staff, said Interim
Chancellor C. Peter Magrath.
The main consideration is whether the
individual can really contribute
something valuable to the staff, Magrath
said. He estimated there were about
20-25 professors under special contract.
"There should be a time toward the
end of a person's life when he's not in
this constant pressure," Teale said. "A
person deserves to do some things he has
created for retirement position."
There have been many cases where
professors retired by NU have been hired
by other universities until age 72,
according to information from the
emeriti association of retired NU
In years after retirement, other
professors have written books, worked
for the government or foreign companies
or have simply traveled.
However, there are other professors
who are spending the waning years of
their lives in extreme poverty, due in part
to meager pensions from the University,
according to Harald Hoick, president of
the emeriti association.
Until the University's retirement
system was changed in 1961, the
maximum pension a professor could
receive was $2,400 a year. Today there
are some 55 professors or their survivors
who retired under this old pension plan
ana some are living in poverty.
According to the emeriti association, a
chemistry professor who taught at the
University for 38 years receives $841 a
year and a mathematics professor who
taught for 44 years receives $969 a year.
There are many other examples of
professors who receive less than $1,000 a
year and only two receive the full $2,400
Some professors have supplemented
their incomes with royalties from
publications and by investments.
However, inflation and increasing
property and medical costs eat away at
savings once considered adequate.
Many faculty have recognized the
plight of their colleagues. An ad hoc
committee formed by Magrath, two years
ago identified two of the most needy
emeriti and made available to them
$2,100 from the Nebraska Foundation.
Effective Jan. 1 an additional $4,400
from the Nebraska Foundation DeBord
Fund was made available to provide
assistance to needy emeriti. A Faculty
Senate committee will determine
guidelines for dividing the available funds.
The emeriti aren't asking for charity
but for legislation which will provide
cost-of-living increases for those who
retired under the old pension plan,
according to Hoick.
LB 1414, introduced by State Sen.
Harold Moylan of Omaha would allow
retirement benefits of retired public
officers and employees to reflect changes
in the cost of living.
The Legislature's Constitutional
Revision Committee will hold a hearing
on the bill Feb. 3. The bill, if passed by
the Legislature, must be submitted to the
voters since it changes a constitutional
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