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About The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (Nov. 14, 1969)
T" n n
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1969
VOL. 93, NO. 34
'Conspiracy' of Chicago officials
an equal cause of riots: pacifist
by Gary Seacrest
Nebraskan Staff Writer
A conspiracy of Chicago officials
was just as responsible for the
violence that occurred at the 1968
Democratic Convention as the leaders
of the peace movement, a co
chairman of the group that planned
the demonstrations said Thursday.
John Liljenstolpe, co-chairman of
the Chicago Peace Council and a
ministerial intern in Lincoln, said,
"There were two conspiracies in
Chicago and only one is being tried
"The Walker Report gives an ac
curate picture of demonstrations in
Chicago and is right in assigning most
Psychology 182 studies the behavior
)f black and white people in relation
to each other.
Dr. David Levine, Psychology
department chairman and originator
of the course, said that it arose from
the need to clarify psychologist's
views on black-white relations.
"There has been a lot of misun
derstanding in the media about what
psychologists are saying on the topic
of black psychological development
and black-white relations," he con
tinued. He said that material offered in the
course is offered in other psychology
courses. "This course puts the
material in one place and perhaps
goes into it in more depth," he con
tinued. Stolen receipts
to be replaced
.Details have been released con
cerning the plans of the 19 70
CORNHUSKER to recover part of the
stolen yearbook sales revenue.
Bob Thacker, yearbook editor, said
Thursday that receipt books have
been checked and a list has been
compiled of those people whose money
was in the safe.
"Each of those individuals will be
receiving a letter in the mail con
cerning procedures." Thacker said.
"Only those people who receive letters
need be concerned, and no ono will
have to pay double for his yearbook.
Thacker did stress however it is
Imperative that all students are
careful to retain their receipts.
"Because of the unfortunate events
of the past few weeks, we will be
very firm in insisting thut you have
your receipt when picking up the book
in May," lie said.
It is not all right for young people to "play", with drugs the way they often do, says Carl J. Peter, Uni
versity curator of Health Sciences.
of the blame for the violence to the
improper response of the police," he
The pacifist Liljenstolpe said there
was no conspiracy of the leaders of
the National Mobilization Committee
to end the War in Vietnam to incite
violent demonstrations in Chicago.
He said the only conspiracy of the
committee was to organize a large
and effective peaceful demonstration
against the war.
Liljenstolpe, who was present dur
ing the National Mobilization Com
mittee's meetings during the
Democratic Convention, said no plans
for violence were drawn up. He said
the leaders of the committee went
Levine said that while
was in preparation last
discussed it extensively
Robert Williams, National
of the Association of Black
Wayne Williams, past president of
the Afro-American Collegiate Society,
also discussed the course with Levine,
he continued. "There was a good deal
of Black input into the course."
He added that the course might fit
into a projected Black Studios cur
riculum. Levine said the course applies what
psychologists have learned in other
areas to help in understanding the
attitudes of black people toward
whites and vice versa.
"It is necessary to teach students
how psychologists reached the con
clusions they are using," he con
tinued. "In this way they are able
to evaluate the conclusions to see if
they are justified."
Levine continued that because of
the necessity to cover extensive
background material he will not be
able to cover everything he had
originally hoped. "The problem here
is in deciding what to cut out," he
He said that students have indicated
they want to spend more time on
the causes of white prejudice toward
blacks. They would also like to spend
more time studying the development
of black people's self-concept, Levine
He commented that the course is
very relevant to modern society.
"This is the most difficult course
I have ever taught," he said. "It also'
requires more preparation than any
other course I've taught."
Ho said that the course was added
after spring pre-registration and is
still not listed in the University Course
catalogue. It will be offered for the
second time in the spring semester.
Levine explained the course com
bines lecture and discussion in its
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to great lengths to make sure the
demonstrations were peaceful.
However, some of the leaders were
guilty of making ambiguous
statements that led to much
misunderstanding about their inten
tions, according to Liljenstolpe.
"Some of these ambiguous
statements are now being used
against the leaders in the trial of
the Chicago Eight."
Own planning -
The ministerial intern stressed the
fact that the Yippies in Chicago did
their own planning and were not in
volved in the planning of the National
He said most of the McCarthy stu
dent followers in Chicago joined in
the peaceful demonstrations planned
by the Mobilization Committee.
Liljenstolpe was critical of the'
Chicago police for two reasons.
"First, they were acting on orders
to disperse the crowds and to avoid
mass arrests," he said. "This meant
they had to use violent tactics to
disperse the crowds. Secondly, the
police were not able to maintain their
The leadership of the demonstra
tions were in.ent on avoiding violence,
he added. However, there were many
people there who believed in self
defense when attacked by a charging
line of policemen. ,
Liljenstolpe said most of the
demonstrators were peaceful, but the
verbal abuse of demonstrators against
police did not help the situation. But
he added, "If the police conducted
themselves like the National Guard,
then there would not have been as
Liljenstolpe stated that he was sorry
Another Live-In on Omaha's Near
North Side is being sponsored by the
United Methodist Student Center Dec.
The program provides a two-day ex
posure to the problems, emotions and
struggles of inner city and ghetto life.
Participants live at the Urban
Studies Center at 25th and Evans.
The format includes dialogue with
speakers who are leaders of the black
and white communities or who work
with city government or rehabilita
Participants will leave from the
Student Center. 640 N. 16th, at 4:30
p.m. Friday, Dec. 5, and return to
Lincoln by 5 p.m. on Sunday.
Cots are provided but each person
needs to bring a bed roll or sleeping
bag and personal items. Informal
dress is appropriate.
The $16 registration cost covers all
meals and speaker fees. Deadline for
registering is Friday, Nov. 21, and
at least $tl should accompany the registration.
the peaceful demonstrations i n
Chicago failed, but that he wouldn't
apologize for his role in the
demonstrations. "Without people like
myself planning the demonstrations,
the violence would have been far
Liljenstolpe contends that those
people who think the Moratorium is
encouraging the Communists are giv
ing the Moratorium too much credit.
"The NLF and North Vietnam will
continue their policy despite anti-war
demonstrations in the United States."
He also added that the United States
will continue their "same policy
despite the anti-war movement."
Will be peace
"I'm convinced that as long as the
Saigon government exists there will
be no peace. And the Nixon ad
ministration will maintain the Saigon
government with its narrow political
base, he said.
Liljenstolpe has come into contact
with many Buddhists from South
Vietnam because of his connection
with the Fellowship of Reconciliation,
a pacifist organization. He said the
vast majority of South Vietnamese
who want peace are the real "silent
He doubts if there would be a blood
bath in South Vietnam if the U.S.
withdrew immedeiately. He cited the
fact that the NLF is a coalition and
the only thing holding it together is
the war against a common enemy.
-Liljenstolpe . said that if the present
Saigon regime fell from power, the
other peaceful factions in the country
could make peace with the Com
munists. Liljenstolpe favors an orderly rapid
withdrawal of American troops, giving
those South Vietnamese who want to
leave with the U.S. the means to do
Martin: 'Mental breakdowns
are few among NU students'
Many seniors facing the traumatic
experience of leaving the "college
womb and getting out in the world"
seek psychiatric help, according to
Dr. Louis Martin, director of the
University's mental health unit.
However, his cases are nearly equally
distributed among academic age
Martin termed college students "a
pretty healthy age group." He said
serious breakdowns are few about 10
each year out of 20,000 students.
Although suicide is one of the leading
causes of death in the college-age
group, Martin said nobody has suc
ceeded here since he took the job
two and one-half years ago, but "there
have been several attempts."
Breakdowns and attempted suicides
account for about five per cent of
the mental health unit's business, but
Martin said another 20 per cent or
90 students have serious personality
hang-ups that could, and sometimes
do lead to mental illness.
In crisis situations, when a
psychiatrist is not on duty, the Health
Center can contact a mental health
staffer, 'Martin said. He said
Nebraska's mental health unit offers
more extensive services than do most
other universities where one part-time
'People too up-tight,
by Diane Wanck
Nebraskan Staff Writer
Drugs are not the real problem to
day, but the "drug problem problem"
is, according to Carl J. Peter.
University of Nebraska curator of
Peter will deliver a speech Sundav
at 3 p.m. in Room 20 of Morrill Hall
on "Drugs and Our Changing Socie
ty." The speech will be the first of
the Nebraska State Museum's Curator
The difficulty with the drug pro
blem, Peter said Thursday, is that
people are "too up-tit;ht. too anxious."
He said the establishment believes
alcohol to be right, and the anti
establishment believes their drugs
(LSI), marijuana, etc.) to bo right.
"The establishment is Just as guilty,"
Peter believes it Is possible that
drugs will one day be as acceptable
as alcohol is today.
"If proven harmless, and if they
are used properly, In the proper
amounts, under proper supervision,
there would be nothing wrong with
it." he said.
It's not all right for young people
today to "play" with drugs the way
they often do, he said. "Today we
know very Utile about drugs," he ad
dd. "For example, we have just
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John Liljenstolpe, co-chairman of the group that planned morato
rium demonstrations in Chicago in October, blamed city offi
cials and ambiguous statements by demonstration leaders as the
cause of Loop riots.
psychiatrist is usually employed.
Martin is also a staff member at
the Nebraska State Hospital, but he
spends most of his time as the
University's only full-time
psychiatrist. He and his staff of six
consulting psychiatrists handle
between 400 and 500 cases a year.
About 75 per cent of these cases con
sist of "growing up" problems such
as uncertainty about values and roles,
homesickness, studies and breaking
up with boy and girl friends.
The University adds special strains
and stresses, he said, although all
environments contribute to social and
mental problems. Going to college is
a way of prolonging adolescence, ac
cording to the psychiatrist.
Nebraska's mental health laws are
medieval, according to Martin.
A law concerning sex psycopaths
recently passed by the Unicameral
was "a gut reaction to fear," he
remarked. The law authorized one
half million dollars for increased
security in housing sex offenders at
the State Hospital. It came as a result
of a sex offense committed last sum
mer by a State Hospital escapee who
had been committed for a sex crime,
according to Martin.
"We cry for money for mental
found the active ingredient in mari
juana, and we will be getting some
at the Nebraska Psychiatric Institute
"We are just getting additional
study reoorts on LSD. We have found
out that LSD does damage man,
particularly in the structure of the
skull and in the aborted fetuses of
women who have taken LSD."
Optic nerves have been severed to
prove that LSD is truly a
hallucinatory drug, according to
Peter, and there is a definite "cross
over" in the senses when it is taken.
For example, a visual stimuli will
react in an auditory way when Ii5
react in an auditory was when LSD
"We are finding out a lot about
drugs we've never known because
drugs are being used in a different
wav than they've ever been used
before," said Peter.
Peter asserts drugs shouldn't be
played around with until all side ef
fects and any possible damages are
studied, experimented with and known
The Ironic thing, he said. Is that
prescribed drugs are the main drugs
abused. He said that doctors w ill often
prescribe a habit-forming drug to a
n.Vient. who will not take It n
health,'.' he said, "and the legislature
spends one-half million dollars on
security for three dozen sex offenders
who are mostly passive and not
The psychiatrist also criticized the
Omaha World-Herald for "backing a
scare campaign" and "giving only one
point of view."
The laws for committing the men
tally ill or those suspected to be ill
"do not protect the rights of the in
dividual and don't place effective
obligations on the state to give ade
quate treatment," Mar:in continued.
Commitment is done by County
Mental Health Boards. Board
members are the Clerk of the District
Court, an appointed lawyer and a
doctor who is not necessarily a
Martin recommends that the laws
be changed to insure better pro
fessional diagnosis of cases, greater
protection of individual r.ghts, better
treatment and a way to appeal a
County Board's commitment decision
currently no appeal procedure ex
ists. Part of Martin's activities includes
speeches to community groups
because the public is just as unin
formed about mental health as the
legislature, he said.
directed, and the doctors often don't
do anything about it.
What determines whether or not an
individual will use drugs, Peter said,
is their personality, the availability
of the drugs and the peer group's
attitudes for or against using drugs.
"This is true today, and was true
a hundred years ago." he said.
"Chloroform, laughing gas. and ether
parties were th0 big thing in the late
moo's and early l!KK)'s. Harvard and
Cambridge students used the term
mind-expanding' to describe the ex
perience, so the term isn't new
"There is an allure for drugs to
day," said Peter, "because it's a good
way for a young person to strike back
at and get rid of his parents' world.
Drugs scare parents more than
"A young person must first and
foremost be aware that it is Illegal.
I believe the federal laws are too
severe against drug users. Nebraska
has made a surprising step ahead with
the passage of LB 2. which considers
first possession as a misdemeanor,"
Peter also believes there should be
a 24-hour assistance for people who
have drug hang-ups. or anv hang-up.
Something like this may be started
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