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About The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (April 2, 1969)
THE DAILY NEBRASKAN
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 2, 1969
brand of racism
by Joanell Ackerman
Nebraskan Staff Writer
Racism in Brazil is different than
the variety of racism found in the
In Brazil, there are ghettos not
racial ghettos, but economic ghettos.
Blacks and whites live next door to
each other and Intermarry. All are
poor, very poor.
With .hese words, Prof. Gregory
Rabassa from Queens College at the
City Univenity of New York pointed
out his reasons for labeling as a myth
the notion that Brazil has good race
PREJUDICE Is found In the middle
and upper classes. This makes it dif
ficult for a black man with education
and ability to advance, Rabassa said
"Many educated Negro Brazilians
visiting the states envy their
American counterpart who can
become a lawyer, judge or professor.
This would be unheard of iu Brazil,"
Rabassa said in an interview last
Friday at the end of a two-day visit on
campus as a guest of the University's
Institute of Latin American Studies.
There are no black officers in the
Brazilian navy, he said, and very few
in the army.
UNTIL RECENTLY, no Negro was
allowed to represent Brazil in the
foreign service. Officials did not want
other nations "to think of Brazil as a
But money does have a way of
lightening the skin, he said.
'Brazilian society has a euphemism
for any black man who manages to
acquire wealth. He is called a dark
mulatto Instead of a Negro."
A CASE in pont is Brazil's current
national hero, Pele, which is one of the
world's greatest soccer players. Pele,
a Negro i3 honored everywhere he
goes in Brazil. His wife is Italian and
their daughter is listed in the registry
Besides' the fact that racism 4s more
pronounced among upper class
Brazilians and aimost non-existent
among the lower class, which seems
the opposite of American racism,
Rabbassa pointed out other dif
ferences. Brazilian Negroes are much closer
to the African culture and religion
than American Negroes are.
"THE AFRO movement among
blacks in the United States Is a
renalsaace a digging up of African
roots which died out long ago,"
There is no similar "Afro
movement" In Brazil because the
country's "whole culture is permeated
with African influences," he said,
citing the folklore; the samba, a
Brazilian dance with African origins;
and an annual poor people's festival
similar to the Mardi Gras, which
started with the black population, as
Negro Brazilians have two religions.
They go to Mass on Sunday and to the
candomble on Saturday nights.
THE CANDOMBLE is another
African survival. The cult is a mixture
of various Afro religions with an add
ed touch of Christianity. AU of the
African gods are identified with
Catholic saints. The ceremonies
strongly suggest the Afro influence.
One reason so much of the African
culture survived in Brazil was that
slave nations were not broken up as
they were in the United States,
"A black Brazilian is able to give
his African ancestiy. An American
IN BRAZIL, mulattoes are con
sidered separate from the Negro,
while the United States' definition of
Negro includes the mulatto.
Brazilian mulattoes are able to rise
much higher socially and
economically than Brazilians of pure
African descent, he said. The reason
goes back to slave times. European
plantation owners educated their
mulatto offspring and allowed them to
live in the city.
"Thus, the mulatto had more of a
chance to better himself from the
beginning," Rabassa said.
plans election strategy
Members and supporters of the Ne
braska Democratic Coalition are urged
to attend a meeting April 2 from 7-9
p.m. at Clare McPhee Elementary
School, 15th Streets.
The purpose of the meeting is to
discuss candidates for Lincoln City
Council, School Board, and Airport
Authority. The executive committee
of the coalition is considering forming
a Lincoln Better Government Com
mittee to endorse candidates in the
local non-partisan election.
Panelists vent black view
Continued from page 1
us right onto a reservation," he add
ed. "Help can be the first in a series
of steps towards control."
According to Wayne Williams,
whites should do something for blacks
before they expect to be accepted.
"I'm not Interested in working with
people who just want to talk," he
said. "Do something, and then come
to ma and I'll talk to you."
Blacks are suspicious of whites
because so many times in the past
when they have done anything for
black people it has been only for
reasons of exploitation, according to
Much of the program consisted of
random opinions voiced by members
of the audience and the panel.
"We understand white problems,"
according to one black student from
the audience. "We have lived under
your system and your institutions, I
have watched you, studied you,
mimicked you. I understand you
whereas you may never understand
"I was born In the South where
Eressures could have made me a Rap
rown or an Uncle Tom," Dor Wilson
told the audience. "But 1 became an
Whites have to accept blacks as
Individuals, Wilson added.
Whites have created the racial bar
rier, according to Lewis. They can
........ ,,. -ita;a but thev
restrict blacks to the ghetto.
"You have put the barrier there,"
he said. "It is up to blacks to remove
"Blacks don't want whites to come
to the ghetto to see what it is like;
they want to get out of it," Payne
said. "Why don t you take some black
kids out to Piedmont Instead of going
to the Near North Side."
Williams announced that the Afro
American Collegiate Society intends
to follow up Martin Luther King Week
with a drive to get tax free donations
sent to the Nebraska Foundation
where the money will go for financial
aid to black students in hopes of
greatly increasing the enrollment of
black students at the University.
A student asked the panel If blacks
desire an integrated Greek system.
Payne replied that blacks have
nothing against the Greek system but
"if we are accepted, we want to be
there not as a black person, but
because the Greek system thought it
beneficial to them to admit us."
Another student described racist
tendencies In a relative and asked
the panel how write racism should
"If whites can't understand blacks
they can't understand man,"
Drakeford said. "Then there Is no
hope for them.
"Whenever a racist begins to affect
others, he must be stopped whether
it is by persuasion, legal methods,
or a bullet."
Black enamel, diamond
nd 14 karat gold com
bine to give the trea
sured anliqu look.
Discrimination in schools is not a
problem because there is no public
The private schools are
predominantly white with a few
mulatto pupils because upper class
whites and mulattoes are the only
ones who can afford to educate their
children, he said.
"Though the university Is free, there
are few blacks and poor whites
enrolled," he added. College is not a
means of advancement for the
uneducated poor class because they
RABASSA'S specialty in Brazilian
literature. In 1967, he received the
National Book Award for his English
translations of Latin American
"The American black movement
has not greatly affected the Brazilian
Negroes yet," said Rabassa, "though
the writers are becoming more mili
tant." He finds that the handling of the
Negro is different in American
literature than it is in Brazilian.
"A NEGRO is just another
character in a Brazilian novel. But in
American literature, the Negro
character seems self-consciously
placed there by the white writer," he
The same is true in the movie in
dustry. Negroes play roles in
Brazilian movies which could be
played by either a black or white ac
tor. In American movies, the Negro
roles seem more self-consciously in
serted, he said.
"NEGRO writing today is more
militant than folkloric. However, the
protest movement may be creating a
folklore of its own and will be viewed
as such a few years from now," he
The study of Brazilian literature is
attracting more students When
Rabassa began, the field was
"virtually wide open."
One of the prerequisites is a
knowledge of Portuguese, the
language spoken in Brazil. Rabassa
says that wherever there is an
Institute of Latin American studies
such as the one at NU, students are
discovering Brazil and beginning to
study the language.
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 2
events in the Nebraska Union
Union Music Committee
Peace Corp Testing & Movie
Union Talks & Topics
Builders College Days & Tours
Union Trips & Tours
Martin Luther King Memorial Week
Free University Money & Banking
Seminar on the Disadvantaged Child,
Phi Chi Tteta
Student Action Front
7:30 p.m. t
Faculty Newcomers Club
Policies Control Committee
Sports Car Club
9:30 p.m.' -Kappa
Fellowship of Christian Athletes
deadline April 4
Students filing for ASUN
Senate, executive positions or
advisory boards must have
their applications turned into
the ASUN office by Friday,
Electoral com missioner
John McCollister said Tues
day the following seats,
based on a college apportion
ment are open for ASUN Sen
agriculture and home eco
nomics, four seats;
arts and sciences, eight
graduate and profession
al, seven seats;
teachers, eight seats.
All women filing for AWS
Congress, Court & Appeals
or Executive positions should
have their applications com
pleted and returned to the
AWS office Friday, April 4.
Take or Send
Toke a corsage home
with you for Easter.
Symbidium orchids, roses,
carnations. Prices $4 -$10.
Pick them up or have them
delivered to you Friday or Saturday.
We also wire flowers
anywhere for Easter.
127 Se, 13
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Enjoy Attractive -Surroundings
1230 South St.
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Code ratings Indicate a volun
tary rating given to the movi
by the motion picture industry:
(G) Suggested for GENERAL
audiences. IM) MATURE audi
ence (parent discretion ad
vised). (R) RESTRICTED Per
sona under 17 not admitted with
out parent or adult guardian.
(X) Persons under 17 not ad
CooperLincoln: 'Romeo Ju
liet.' (M) 7:00. 8:50. Sat k Sun
day 8:00. 4:30. 7:00. 9:33.
Varsity: 'Support Your Local
Sheriff. (G) 1:25. 3:23, 5:25.
. 7:25. 9:25.
Stuart: 'World of Fashion',
2:00. 4:20. 6:30, 8:50. 'Joanna',
8:25. 4:45, 7:00. 9:15.
Nebraska: 'Faces', 8:15, 4:45,
Stale: 'Swiss Family Robin
son', (G) 1:00, 3:42, 6:24, 9:06.
Joyo: 'Five Million Miles To
Earth', 7:20 only. 'Lost Contin
ent', 9:00 only.
84th & O: 'The Wrecking
Crew', 7:30. 'Anzio', 9:20. Last
complete show, 8:13.
Star-view: 'Lady In Cement',
(K) 7:30. 'Pretty Poison', (M)
9:20. 'Sweet Ride', (M) 11:00.
Dundee: 'Funny Girl', (G)
every eve at 8:OB. Wed., Sat k
Sun.. 8:00 & 8:00.
Cooper 70: The Shoes of The
Fisherman', G Every eve at
8:00; Wed.. Sat. Sun., 8:09
Indian mils: 'Ben-Hur' (G)
every eve at 8:00. Wed., Sat. It
Sun., 8:00 It 8:00.
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JAMES GARNER JOANHACKETT WALTER BRENNAN
.'SUPPORT YOUR LOCAL SHERIFF"
54th & 0 Street
'j'o!",,l"v n l
ACADEMY AWARD NOMINEE
Best Actor, ALAN ARKIN Best
Supporting Actress, SONDRA LOCKE.
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