The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, April 04, 1968, Page Page 2, Image 2

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    THE DAILY NEBRASKAN
Editorials
Commentary
Page 2
Thursday, April 4, 1968
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Youth takes on
the 'over 30V
The "over 30" generation across four conti
nents in recent months has been witnessing its
youth assuming a new role. Youth has always yelled
very loudly but most of its parts have been Jn the
chorus lines, and sometime? not even there.
But it is beginning to appear that this is the
year that youth acquires a lead role in guiding the
world's course. Almost every major country In Eu
rope and many in Asia and South America, are
hearing rumblings 'n the ranks of the young adults.
Since January these rumblings have gained fantas
tic momentum.
Leadership in the Czechoslovakia!! Communist
Party recently underwent change largely because
of student protests demanding new freedom and
"widest possible democratization."
The Polish government has been bludgeon
ed by massive student protests against government
speech.
Some news analysts have said the students' pro
tests signal a power struggle within the Communist
Party there.
In Spain the University of Madrid was closed
after clashes between police and students, who are
fighting for educational reforms and more free,
dom.
Universities in Egypt are now open after being
;; closed a few weeks ago because of the 150,000 Egyp
tian students who have been rioting for democracy
.freedom of the press and abolition of the Egyptian
- - National Assembly and the Arab Socialist Union.
Italian students have been demonstrating for
student power and newer teaching methods at the
' universities. Their actions were not ignored as leg
- lslation has been proposed by Italy's coalition gov
ernment which attempts to meet most of the stu
" dents demands.
In Chile students ended a 145-day strike after
the government made some concessions to the stu
dents' demands that educational reforms be intro
duced. In the United States only a minority of stu
dents have been actively protesting the draft and
the war in Vietnam or storming the capital calling
for educational and governmental reforms but the
number is growing.
American youth's greatest power, this year,
however, lies in its ability to be a determining fac
tor in electing the next president of the United
States whether or not these young adults are of
voting age.
Some of the presidential candidates are offer
ing plausible remedies for the disillusionment that
so many youth adults are suffering.
And the candidates are directly appealing to
the youth and asking for their active support, a
plea which never has been so strongly urged until
this year.
Many "over 30" adults are smiling knowingly
at college students exhaustive efforts during the
primaries and think it will be their vote and not
the unitversity's student's political button which
will elect the next president of the United Sates.
The college students here, as in other parts of
the world, may have the last smile. They are just
beginning to realize the power that their initiative
and drive can achieve.
In the United States this spectacular enthus
iasm is electing university students' presidential
choice in the primaries and this drive will have a
more powerful influence on the voting outcomes
next fall than many adults wish to concede.
Cheryl Tritt
The rise and fall
Citizens of Rome:
I have come from Athens, my native city, not
only to learn about your customs and try to reach
a better understanding of your conviction and mo
tivations, but also to bring you the concerned feel
ings of my fellow citizens. I will not talk to you
as a judge but merely as the descendant of once
successful empire builders.
As you know, Athens had once ruled over a
large area of what has become your immense Em
pire. The decline of our might is now complete
and the renown of our City does no longer rely
upon the strength of our armies and fleets. The
prestige of our writers, philosophers, artists and
craftsman, however, has survived the decline of
our territorial and economical domination.
Today, I wast you to use these eyes of mine,
which I have tried to keep objective, and to look
around you, at your City and at the world; a world
that so many of you still prefer and pretend to
ignore while new forces are building np Inside ag
well as outside your Empire which will eventually
destroy you and the life you have established for
yourself over the years.
Look through my eyes and you will wonder,
like I do, how long will it take before a Spartacus
leads those you have enslaved in the very walls
of your city into a bloody revolt which, although
it may fail to free them from slavery, will gravely
endanger youf own previous liberty.
Look through my eyes and you will wonder,
like I do, how long your legions, scattered around
the world which you call civilized, will resist the
growing pressure of the pagan barbarians who
have determined to put an end to your economical
and military domonation.
I have come from Athens, once your friend and
ally, where the children used to grow up, like I
did, in the love of your greatness and the respect
of your ideals. Athens, the city one of the writers
called "radious, generous and just." The same wri
ter who wroie in one of bis philosophical essays
"What you be the meaning of being free if It was
not to be just" Athens, where children have learn
ed to look elsewhere for ideals and respect.
In the light of our past mistakes I cannot con
demn you. All I can do is hope that the Roman
Empire will not fall from the same mistakes which
have destroyed ours. That the citizens of Rome
will soon wake up from their frightful nightmare,
stop spending their lives between the excitement
of brutal games and the warmwaters of their bath
tubs; that after havug taken so much from the
world, Rome will start giving some of the wealth
she has for so long wasted and that, by doing
so, she will prevent the coming about of a new
dark age.
Bernard Durand
'ss( 'r'Mm'im'm """""" v"
Sajlon.O Ship of State."
Joseph Alsop
The grisly routine continues
South Vietnam Maj. Gen.
P. K. Mearns, commander of
the war-hardened U.S. 25th
Division, is a tough, sardonic,
professional soldier, not given
to excessive enthusiasm. As
we walked to the helicopter
in the bright, early afternoon,
he was downright bleak:
"Doubt we'll see a damned
thing," he remarkedglumly.
"From Tet until five days
ago, my people and the ARVN
(South Vietnamese Army)
had no trouble getting a fight
every day of the week. But
now the other side seems to
have gone back into the wood
work maybe because he
was losing nearly a hundred
men a day in my divisional
area alone, which is a hell of
a lot of men when you think
about it. This looks like the
start of a quiet, quiet time."
At the outset, the general's
forecast seemed to be con
firmed. Here we put down to
see a battalion resting and
bathing In the sunshine, af
ter some days of almost fruit
less search. There we drop
ped in on a cavalry unit, with
much of Its grim armor made
to seem near-home lik, be
cause washing festooned the
tanks and APCs. But when we
took to the air again, we had
not gained altitude before the
ugly scenes of war showed on
the horizon.
It is something that one
does not forget, to see a bat
tle from a chopper. A strong
Viet Cong unit it turned
out to be the Cu Chi local
force battalion had dug
the new trench lines, the bunk
ers, the spider holes were
easily traced as the general's
helicopter endlessly circled.
Here the 2nd Battalion of
the 14th U.S. Infantry Regi
ment, call sign "Dragon,"
had run upon the Viet Cong
in another routine search. Al
pha, Bravo and Charley com
panies were moving across
the rice stubble, in a perpet
ual crackle of small fire. And
now the helicopter gunships,
now the fighter bombers, now
the artillery, poured all their
terrible weight of metal into
the enemy positions.
The smokes were every co
lor, from the black of the big
bombs to the poison yellow,
violet and red that our men
used to mark their positions.
The air chatter was the Strang
est feature, between 'Darons
Six" and "Alpha Six" or
"Bravo Six," between "War
rior" and "Zulu," between
"Blaster" and "Dragon Six."
For in the heat of battle
and it was a very hot fight,
indeed these exotically
named personages exchanged
their mysterious remarks in
the most perfectly flat Ameri
can tones, never sounding
tense, although verging on en
thusiasm when something was
buttoned up, and one said 'af
firmative" and the other re
plied 'real fine."
"A bit more support
wouldn't do any harm," said
the general and called the 3rd
Battalion of the 4th Cavalry
from its tranquil washing.
Looking like mechanical
beetles from the a i r, six
flame-throwing APCs limber
ed out of the cavalry camp
toward the scene of the en
gagement. The third assault was made
just before dusk fell, when
the APCs had arrived with a
new, particularly lively con
versationalist, "Romeo 31."
Before ttie assault, the APCs'
long jets of bright vermllllon
fire covered the enemy posi
tion, and some of the Viet
Cong broke and ran. The gen
eral's helicopter asked "Dra
gon Six" for permission to
open fire. The door gunner,
Spec. P. E. Clark, who looked
as though he ought to have
b"nn In high school, took quiet
ai it the tiny figures stumb
lib desperately through the
rice stubble.
'I got two," he said, ac
curately and laconically. But
now the chopper's gas was all
but gone, and we had to head
home to the divisional base
camp. Next morning, we
went out again to the battal
ion command post. The final
breakthrough had occurred at
10 p.m. and the sweep through
the enemy position had con
tinued until long after mid
night. Everywhere, soldiers
were sleeping. Yet "Dragon
Six," the battalion comman
der, Lt. Col. Alfred M. Bracy,
was still at work after two
hours' sleep.
As so often, with the men
of our new professional army,
'Dragon Six" in the flesh ap
peared to have come straight
from central casting a wiry,
ramrod erect man, with
white-blond hair against a
deep-bronze tan, wholly in
charge of himself and the sit
uation despite the. fatigue
lines deeply etched Into his
young face. He told the gen
eral the story of his battle,
shortly and quietly, as though
it were all in the day's work,
except when he said this out
fit or that had been 'out-'
standing." He had lost 11
men; and the Cu Chi local
force battalion had lost 87,
including Spec. Clark's two.
"Maybe they're sot quite In
the woodwork yet,'' said
Gen. Means, at we returned
to the helicopter. And he wis
bang right; for enly a few
kilometers away, the smokes
of war plumed up again; and
this time it was an even big
ger show, with ARVN ele
ments and 'Mohawk' the
4th Battalion ef she 23rd Reg
iment tangling with Impor
tant elements of the 272nd
Regiment f the Sih Viet Cong
Division.
It was also a much rough
er, longer show, cruel, hard
fighting for the men on the
ground, and not wholly lack
ing hairy moments even in the
Air. Once, in fact, the gener
al's chopper all but ran into
an upward-zooming fighter;
and twice lt received sharp
bursts of ground fire, swerv
ing and bucking in response
like a bee-stung bronco. (This,
by the way, turns out rather
surprisingly to be the unique
instantaneous cure for a middle-aged
summer cold; the
abrupt adrenalin flow no doubt
does the trick.)
In this fight, 32 of our men
fell, an the already battered
272nd Regiment lost above
240. So it was not really a
very quiet time.
Yippee a new confrontation
Chicago (CPS) With the
entry of Eugene McCarthy
and Robert Kennedy into the
race for the democratic pres
idential nomination, general
interest in the Chicago con
vention this summer grows
each day.
But the New Left interest
in the convention was born
long before the race for the
nomination gained this sem
blance of conflict.
Debate within the New
Left over whether or not to
go to Chicago to demonstrate
and' what forms the demon
strations should take has
been going on for tome time.
At least one group, the newly
formed Youth Internatioanl
Party (YIP) will definitely
be in attendance.
The rw party, popularly
known as the Yippees, has
an officn in New York and is
setting one up ih Chicago's
Grant Park. "The New Left
invented the teach-in, the hip
pies invented the live-in and
the Yippees have invented
the "do-in," he says.
Each day a pot will be
passed for money with which
to buy food; there will be
bands (Country Joe and The
Fish, Arlo Guthrie, the Fugs
among others), Timothy
Leary. Allen Ginsburg, and
many others have indicated
that they wiH attend; the
Beatles have been invited.
The Yippees will hold a press
conference announcing an
end to the war, will nomi
nate a pig made of vegeta
bles for the president and eat
him.
The Yippees' Idea Is the
demonstration of a cultural
revolution, the 1 1 1 u s t r a
tion the community is possi
ble, even in Chicago, and the
Introduction to a new and
healthier style of life. The
Yippees admit no way of es
timating how many of their
people will be in attendance,
but estimates range from 75,
000 to half a million and
more.
Other groups of the New
Left have been opposing a
mass confrontation in Chica
go largely on a political level
somewhat apart from the
substance of the Yippee ap
proach. Mike Spiegel and
Jeff Jones of Students for a
Democratic Society argued
recently in a position paper
on alternatives to the mass
confrontation that such activi
ties were not only unneces
sarily physically dangerous,
but might well be turned
against the radicals by John
son forces or might be used
by the liberal peace forces
of Robert Kennedy and Eu
gene McCarthy.
Jones and Spiegel argue
that it would be politically
safer as well as more pro
ductive to concentrate on
draft issues rather than re
moving the radical base to
a mass Chicago confronta
tion. Their approach basical
ly would ask organizers to
stay home to work on draft
resistance and to promote
local political issues, trying
them into the national Demo
cratic party organizing ma
munities around the country
to coincide with the conven
tion. If the style and rhetoric el
the Yippee and the Jones
Spiegel arguments seem far
apart it is because they are.
The hippie movement and the
SDS-type of mass-based radi
cal pontics are alike in their
challenge to established
American power and culture.
Their constituencies, how
ever, are quite a bit diffe
rent. They are not, moreover,
the only constituencies to be
represented in a radical chal
lenge to the Democratic con
vention. In December the na
tional Mobilization Commit
tee initiated a number of
meetings toward planning for
the summer, out of which
emerged a loosely-structured
committee which has planned
a large-scale convention to
take place this weekend near
Chicago.
. The meeting will involve a .
white and parallel black
set of conferences involving,
according to Reanie Davis,
a Chicago organizer and one
of the committee members,
from 250 to 300 people. Lead
ers of such group as Wom
en's Strike for Peace, Studsnt
Mobilization, SDS, SNCC and
many others (including YIP)
will be in attendance to dis
cuss tactics for the summer.
Whether a unified group tac
tic will emerge Is not clear.
What It clear is that the
city of Chicago may be brac
ing for the worst. The mid
western megalopolis, com
plete with Ita filthy sir aad
water, Ugh political machine,
aad, perhaps moat relevant
of all for this summer, its
large and bitter Mack ghet
to", Is bracing for the worst.
An attempt hy a fecal sheriff
to establish a civilian "riot
posse" hat been pretty much
squelched by the courts, but
the chemical mace hat been
approved for itandard use by
the Chicago police.
Many Chlcagoant doubt
Hint Uttm pint.- T-i-l.
will grant the anti-war
forces permission to use
Grant Park. But, at YIP
leader Rubin hat asked,
"with hundreds of thousands
of us, what can they do?"
A good question, though
probably not the most im
portant one to be asked about
either Chicago or this summer.-
Th rl question is
what Ihe various elements of
the radical left, black and
white, political and anti politi
cal, are going to do and how
many people they will be
able to reach.
Al Spangler
Military victory:
we have no right
It is pretty clear, from Kennedy's remarks last
week, that the National Liberation Front and the
North Vietnamese have made respectable anti-war
politics possible in this eountry by winning the
war in Vietnam. No tilter at windmills, Bobby let
ut know where it's at.
Strange
Day
Of course, Kennedy comes on at first as our
generation'! idealist politician, the man who will
turn this country around toward a "new day."
But when someone in the audience last week sug
gested, rather cruely, that the proper way to end
the war is to "bomb Hanoi," did Kennedy tell the
lad that we haven't any right to do that?
No. What he laid, at that juncture, wat that
he wished we could end this war militarily, the
way we ended World War II, but that we can't.
He pointed out that we are bombing Hanoi, and
It't doing no good. The "new spirit" it to reminis
cent of the old.
As far as he goes, Kennedy it right - we can't
win thlt war militarily, unless winning It means
killing most of the Vietnamese people, in the way
that saving a village 1tai come to mean ita de
ttruction. But the real issue is whether the United States
has the right to try to win the war at all, and this
is an issue we will not hear Kennedy discuss, at
least directly- He assumes that we do have the
right to be there. Our military presence in Viet
nam will be called a "mistake," not an injustice.
It was thus no surprise to discover, during the
questioning period after his speech, that Kennedy
disagrees with the findings of the National Advis
ory Commission on Civil Disorders. The coun
try's racial troubles are not due to white racism,
he told us. This is what many of us wanted to
hear. Just as we don't want to hear that our gov
ernment is committing an injustice in Vietnam, we
don't want to be called racists. And we weren't.
Is every body happy?
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Campus Opinion
Dear Editor,
I write in answer to the opinions expressed by
the editorial in the April 3 issue of the Daily Ne
braskan. I find it sad that you neglected to think
about and consider several basic facts.
One of these facts is that the editorial while
pointing out that "no matter how liberalized the
ROTC program becomes" it does not "help foster
the university's basic ideal of free inquiry," does
not indicate that some individuals pursue ROTC
as part of their own "Ideal of free inquiry."
Another fact is that an "easy and cheap" ROTC
program saves the American taxpayer money:
that an "easy and cheap" ROTC program provides
interested students with a method of learning many
basic, organizational skills; that an "easy and
cheap" ROTC program offers diversification to an
educational system of ten-times termed restrictive;
that an "easy and cheap" ROTC program provides
intelligent, educated officers to this nation's army,
a defense mechanism recognized by the loudest war
"doves" as a necessity to the country'! future;
that an "easy and cheap" ROTC program adds to
a man's college education is the tame manner as
speech, home economics, journalism or any other
'specialty" school of learning.
Another basic fact is that these young, educa
ted officers constitute a liberalizing part of today's
armed forces. These officers, because they are
taught in a non-military environment and, as a
result, are able to associate with even the most
radical, far-out factions of society, instill a love
of country and an understanding of its social var
tables in the military that I fear would be lost in a
strictly military-orientated training ground. I fear
that the editorial expouses the establishment of a
military clique oriented only In military ways that
would prove quite harmful to society.
Jim Belmont
Dear Editor:
OPUS DILECn
Oh, you're tousle-halred, good looking,
That's why we're In love with you
Pretty Bobby, pretty Bobby
You're a hit with teeny-boppers
And a million mothers, too.
Pretty Bobby, pretty Bobby
It doesn't matter that your politic!
Are strictly second-hand,
Or your speeches don't tay much about
The things for which you stand,
And the castles that you conjure up
Are built upon the tend.
WE THINK YOU'RE GRAND!
It't that charming BAAaton accent
That we're all attracted to
Oh pretty Bobby of mine.
E. F. Roberts
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