The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, November 01, 1967, Page Page 2, Image 2

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    THE DAILY NEBRASKAN
Editorials
Commentary
Wednesday, November 1, 1967
Page 2
ie War Proles
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The rising tide of second thoughts
about the war in Vietnam may soon be
washed away by a backlash against re
cent "peace" demonstrations.
Throughout the nation it had appeared
that a number of Congressmen, including
Sens. Stuart Symington of Missouri and
Thurston Morton of Kentucky, and several
large newspapers The Atlanta Constitu
. tion and the Miami Herald were having
second thoughts about the war in Vietnam.
But with the increasing incidence of
peace demonstrations many of which
were not very peaceful it is apparent
that the American public, which, too, was
beginning to doubt the Vietnam War, is
now beginning to swing back into whole
hearted support of the war.
Public demonstrations both in support
of the servicemen in Vietnam and of the
American Vietnam policy are drawing huge
crowds across the country. And the num
ber of such demonstrations is increasing.
What then is causing this backlash?
It seems that many Americans are
willing to go along with demonstrations
as a right provided under the Constitution.
But they are not willing to go along with
the violence and law-breaking that accom
panies many of the peace demonstrations.
There are those who participate in the
demonstrations who maintain that the vio
lence is one-sided only the law enforce
ment officials are violent. But the evidence
seems to say something much different.
Perhaps one such piece of evidence is
a story written by Ruth Rohrer. a journa
lism senior, for the University Daily Kan
san. Miss Rohrer was in Washington, D.C.
and observed the march on the Pentagon.
She reported: "Twenty-seven persons
were injured by late afternoon; one news
man was clubbed to the ground by dem
onstrators when he tried to get inside
the Pentagon to the press room; troops
were taunted, spat upon; tear gas was
used (by both sides, they said); obsceni
ties were yelled and written upon walls
and sidewalks; vegetables, water bottles,
and rocks were thrown at the troops and
at the massive building housing the na
tion's defense nerve center.
"Windows were broken and, as dark
ness approached, parking stakes were torn
up to build bonfires. At one point, a large
group of flower children simultaneously
relieved their biological urges in a sym
bolic gesture on the Pentagon lawn.
"It became an endurance test be
tween the troops and the demonstrators.
All thoughts of peace must surely have
been gone long before.
"My sympathy was with the troops,
who exhibited an incredible amount of pa
tience throughout the afternoon and eve
ning, with those participants who had
sincerely believed that the event was to
be an effort for peace and with Ameri
can citizens who hears some of the most
beautiful words and concepts in the Eng
lish language used to justify the ugliness
of the day."
Likewise there seemed to be a se
vere disregard for the fact in the Wash
ington demonstration.
Demonstrators contend that the dem
onstrations crowd was over 250,000. Yet
veteran UPI reporter Merriamn Smith
noted that police and reporters, who are
accustomed to crowds, thought 50,000 was
generous.
The demonstrators contended that the
discrepancy in crowd estimates was due
to "hawk" publishers and fear of John
son, Smith said.
The UPI reporter also told of one
reporter who spent the night in the Pen
tagon parking lot with the demonstrators.
Smith quotes the reporter as saying:
"I was there the whole damned night,
outside with you people, and what you're
describing (about the press and defecting
troops) is pure fiction it never hap
pened." The UPI reporter also points out a
case where a demonstration leader asked
for witnesses to the defections to prepare
a tape recording for submission to Wash
ington and New York newspapers.
But none of the witnesses was will
ing to do so.
Thus, the American people are be
ginning to become disgusted with protes
tors' total lack of regard for the facts
and their lack of regard for the laws of
this nation.
And this disgust is no better echoed
than in the college newspapers almost
all of them the first to grant students the
right to protest.
Thus the Minnesota Daily editorial
izes: "Massive civil disobedience is a
desperate and often effective form of so
cial protest. But if not religiously dedi
cated to non-violence it provides the op
portunity for far stronger police or mili
tary forces to destroy the protest.
"The New Left represent extreme po
litical elements the leadership readily
admits to having some (although very
few) Communists and Communist sym
pathizers in their midst. Their presence
in the movement makes responsible dis
sent, particularly among outspoken mem
bers of Congress, immeasurably more
difficult.
"Furthermore, anti-war sympathies
have gained dramatically among the na
tion's electorate lately. But when highly
publicized violence is associated with the
movement, that wide-spread support is
jeopardized.
"Perhaps the peace movement in
America declared war against itself last
week."
Similarly the Daily Illini talked about
the new violent leadership of the peace
demonstrations:
"They are slowly squeezing out the
people opposed to violence, and they are
discrediting the work of those who still
believe the way to a solution is through
peaceful actions.
"The revolutionaries aren't as in
terested in stopping the war as they are
in stopping this country. Their hero is
Che Guevara who was anything but a
peaceful man. And their goals are to over
throw the entire system in America."
There are those who contend that vio
lence is necessary to get some action on
a question such as the Vietnam war.
But these individual seem to think
that a complete change is going to haphen
overnight. And that is not the way it hap
pens. Change is slow, and that change
was apparent if one observed newspaper
editorials and some members of Congress.
But that change apparently was not
fast enough for the violence advocates of
the peace movement. And so they have
resorted to violence.
And now that small, but growing, tide
of opposition to the Vietnam war (which
the peace movement wanted so badly)
may very well be erased by the back
lash created by the peace movement's
violence.
By Dan Dickmeyer
I thought sure that this year if I let
my hair curl over my ears, scuffed up my
Hush-Puppies some more, and wore my
"Johnson is a no-mind" button that those
nice young men would leave me alone. Just
to be sure as I passed through the Union
on the way to the New Left security
"womb" behind the Crib I pressed my
body close to the wall.
"Please, God," I prayed, "don't let
me have to resort to violence." The rising
voices screamed over my head as I
passed the first booth. "Protect me, dear
God."
And then . . . zap . . I was hit . . .
for the twenty-first time this year. A hand
grabbed my arm, another tore at my belt
loops, restraining me, and another jammed
a fistful of paper into my mouth. A polite
voice said: "Oh, excuse me, would you
like to buy a ticket to Kosmic Klan."
"Oh, God, wherr lid I go wrong," I
mumbled under my breath, as I proceeded
a few more steps. Someone threw their
body at my legs nd then I was hit with
a flame thrower and a polite voice said:
"Oh, excuse us, would you like to . . ."
"All right you capitalistic money grub
bers what did you ever do for this
campus or me?" I lashed into them.
"Oh, excuse us," they retorted paci
fistically (darn them) "but we are accom
plice ng the purpose of self -perpetuation."
"Everyone knows there isn't such a
thing as perpetual motion,' I said.
"We have disproved that," the head
Kleagle of the Klan said, again politely.
"We sell tickets to raise money to buy
"fealk U write obscene things on buildings
and sidewalks to advertise our shows
which culturally enrich the Lincoln com
munity to make a name so we can sell
more tickets . . ."
"Have you ever just given any of your
money or time away, hippie-like, say to
a poverty area, a scholarship or an or
phanage." "Excuse us, would you like to buy a
ticket to . . the Kleagle retorted me
chanistically. "Hah, I never did think you guys had
anymore purpose than a group with just
one more 'K' in its initials. The analogy is
clear. These so-callad workers are victims
of your racist tactics trying to buy their
freedom into your upper-class society by
selling tickets and shining shoes."
Sobbing, the two Klan workers stand
ing beside the Klan Kleagle released their
grip, and looked me in the eyes. "Yes, suh,
it's true. Emancipate us. Take this chalk
from our hands and free us from the
Kleagles.
I had been too crueL After all, they
could not do anything about their basically
subservient nature. I reassured them:
"Rest easy, chil'en, your redeemer is
coming Saturday night in the form of the
guardian of morals the Lincoln Police
force. The Kosmic Klan production will
be raided under authority of the re-activated
1936 statute prohibiting the wearing
of apparel of the opposite sex in public
places. When the Kleagle's give their leg
shots they'll be arrested and you'll be
freed."
"Praise de Lawd," said the workers
and bowed to kiss my feet and straighten
my peace button.
Demonstrations Rack Nation9 s Campuses
Collegiate Press Service
Students on seven cam
puses made it a rough week
for recruiters from the
armed services and for oth
er organizations connected
with the military.
The sit-ins and other pro
tests are almost all over
now, but the promise of dis
ciplinary action against pro
testers on most of the cam
puses may provide the next
source of controversy.
Dow Chemical Company
recruiters, catalysts for the
massive protests at the Uni
versity of Wisconsin last
week, figured in three of
this week's sit-ins: that at
Harvard and those at the
Universities of Illinois and
Minnesota.
Other targets for demon
strations were: the Navy re
cruiter at Oberlin College in
Ohio; the CIA recruiter at
the University of Colorado;
a center for classified re
search at Princeton Uni
versity and a conference of
defense contractors in De
troit. Students for a Democra
tic Society (SDS) members
figured to some extent in all
the protests, but not all
protests were organized by
the SDS.
On three campuses
Princeton, Oberlin and
Wayne State in Detroit
police were brought from
outside to deal with the stu
dents. Although it was the
appearance of city police on
the University of Wisconsin
campus that brought thou
sands of otherwise uncom
mitted students into the pro
test there, the police did not
have the same effect this
week.
On one campus Illinois
the protests achieved their
immediate goal. After 200 of
them sat-in in the doorway
and corridor outside the of
fice where Dow was recruit
ing, the administration can
celled the company's re
cruiting program there. Ac
cording to a university "
spokesman, the action was
taken "to avoid possible
bodily injury and destruc
tion of property."
DEFENSE CONFERENCE
In the Detroit protest,
there was a brief outbreak
of violence on Wednesday.
The students, returning for
a second day to protest
against the Fourth Annual
Defense and Government
Procurement Conference (in
which businessmen heard
Army and Air Force of
ficers tell them "how to
keep your share of defense
business") tried to enter
the building, where the con
ference was being held,
from the rear.
They scuffled with police
there and with some of the
businessmen attending the
conference. One demonstra
tor was arrested, bringing
the total number of arrests
for the two days to 14.
Certainly the best organ
ized protest was the one at
Oberlin, where students
knew well before hand
which day the Nacy recruit
er was to arrive. Some of
them drove out to the edge
of town Thursday to meet
him and escort him to the
campus. There more than
100 students surrounded his
car and kept him trapped in
side for about four hours.
When the recruiter finally
tried to drive his way out
of his predicament, he suc
ceeded only in ramming a
newsman's car behind his.
His was finally freed when
local police and firemen
drove the demonstrators
away with tear-gas and wa
ter sprayed from fire hoses.
Following is a resume of
what occurred at four of the
campuses: - ,
SDS AT HARVARD
At Harvard, bout 300
Harvard and Radcliffe stu
dents sat-in 'in the chemis
try building outside the Dow
recruiters' office. Accord
ing to one observer, the re
cruiter "was effectively im
prisoned there."
The protest was organized
by SDS and had originally
SDS Sparks Most Campus Protests
(Editor's Note: The following is an opin
ion analysis of last week's nationwide cam
pus war protests)
By Richard Anthony
Collegiate Press
On the face of it, the wave of pro
tests against recruiters and military proj
ects that has swept college campuses in
the past two weeks would appear to be a
direct outgrowth of the Oct 21 Mobiliza
tion. In fact, however, the two are con
nected only in the sense that, both, are
working against U.S. military undertakings.
The timing of the protests is largely
a result of the fact that Dow Chemical
and Armed Forces recruiters have been
on the campuses where the protests have
occurred.
As to the reason for the protest, if
there is any, one event that may be -singled
out as their cause it is not the Mobiliza
tion but the Students for a Democratic
Society (SDS) national convention last
July.
At that convention delegates decided
to direct their efforts this year toward re
ducing military involvement on the uni
versity campuses. The idea of making this
effort did not originate at the convention.
As Mike Spiegel, national secretary of the
organization, admits, "We really decided
after the fact. There was a lot of this
kind of activity going on last year on
various campuses."
It is also true that SDS has not been
the sole impetus behind each of the cam
pus protests of the past two weeks. On
the other hand, SDS members have been
involved to some extent in all of them
and have organized some of them.
At the convention the politics voted on
did not include tactical questions., Accord
ing to Spiegel, questions of strategy and
tactics are left up to the individual SDS
chapters. It was probably inevitable that
the tactics would be in the direction of
sit-ins, however, because SDS has stressed
the need for militant action against mili
tary involvement on campuses.
Spiegel said that militant action has
been emphasized because past protests
have shown it to be the most successful
method of raising the issues that SDS
wants to raise among university people at
large.
"When students are willing to take
militant action," says Spiegel, "Other peo
ple on campus see that this group takes
its goals very seriously and then they
start to think about the problems involved."
Another result of militant action has
been the increased use of outside police,
as in the protests at the University of
Wisconsin and at Brooklyn College. For
SDS the introduction of the police can be
advantageous but it is not always an un
mixed blessing. According to Spiegel it can
turn the controversy away from the ques-.
tion of military involvement on campuses
to that of police brutality. "We think the
issue of civil liberties tends to obfuscate
the real issues," says Spiegel.
As for the question of the recruiters'
freedom of speech. SDS says the freedom
is not at issue, the issues being rather
whether universities and their students
should contribute to the country's military
efforts. It is the freedom of speech issue,
however, that is the sticking point for the
National Student Association (NSA). Al
Milano. an NSA national staff member,
says that the organization supports free
dom of speech on campus for recruiters as
for anyone else.
As a result of NSA's freedom of speech
stand, the organization has been obliged to
steer clear of some of the recent protests.
Although NSA representatives aided stu
dent protest leaders at Brooklyn College
and at Wisconsin, they could not assist at
Harvard or at Oberlin, where students.,
blocked off the recruiters from inter- -viewees.
"We understand the frustrations that
lead students to these kinds of protests," .
Milano says, "but we have to be consis
tent about free speech. What we are urg
ing is that students be given a voice in
things like who recruits on campus."
For the present, however, NSA will
probably not be able to take a hand in
many of the protests that seem bound to
occur. There are, according to one SDS
estimate, approximately 900 colleges and
universities that have Defense Department
of CIA grants and many of those will be
the targets of protests during the coming
year.
Whatever comes out of the year, there .
is little question that SDS will emerge as
the most-hated student organization in the
country's history with most of the ill- -will
coming from two sources the fed
eral government and college and univer
sity administrators.
been planned as a picketing
demonstration outside the
building. When demonstra
tors arrived Wednesday
morning, however, the pro
test became a sit-in.
About 450 students, in
cluding the heads of two
major undergraduate politi
cal bodies, have turned in
their "bursar's cards to ex
press complicity with the
protest. A meeting of all
members of the faculty had
been tentatively scheduled"
for Tuesday, to decide on
disciplinary action for the
protestors.
At the University of Min
nesota, about 40 students
jammed onto the entrance
of the placement office to
protest the presence of a
Dow recruiter there Tues
day. Some of the students slept
in a room near the presi
dent's office through the
night. Others held a hunger
strike that lasted until the
Dow recruiter left Thurs
day. No disciplinary action is
planned against the Minne
sota protestors.
AT PRINCETON
At Princeton 50 students
blocked the entrance to a
building where the Institute
for Defense analysis branch
is housed. When the stu
dents refused to move away
from the door and let em
ployees in, 30 of them were
arrested.
Doug Seaton, a leader of
the SDS chapter at Prince
ton, said protests in other
forms would continue.
At the University of Colo
rado, 30 students choked
the entrance to the place
ment center where a CIA
representative was recruit
ing. Their protest came
close to breaking into a fist
fight with about 50 students
who said they wanted to get
in to see the recruiter, but
campus police and a facul
ty member calmed the two
groups.
The protestors, most of
them members of SDS, had
earlier tried to get the CIA
recruiter to leave voluntari
ly. One of the protestors ex
plained why his group had
chosen to use civil disboedi
ence tactics: "Because we
feel-dishonesty, secrecy and
totalitarian tactics have
nothing to contribute to the
educational enterprise, we
are protesting their use of
our campus facilities."
CAMPUS OPINION: Woe To You, Senate
Dear Editor:
MIDST the rumor of
tainted lives
One in the crowd was
seen to strive.
HE needed not ferocoius
note
providing but a humble
throat.
TIS of grace and good 1
sing.
TRUTH be summoned
take the wing !
Hail PARTY FOR NEW
POLITICS, new King of Stu
dent Power! But wait PNP
some of us in the ASUN
Trojan horse see our ears.
According to the Nebraskan
(Sept. 27) one of you
quipped, "Only about five
senators ever say anything
and the others listen well."
Well, a few of us are silent
for a purpose that purpose
being the lack of a reason
to speak.
The issues that Senate
has concerned Itself with
this year needed few of the
comments a couple of Sen
ate's "orators" felt neces
sary. The constituents may
be laughing at Senate, but
a few senators are laughing
too!
Senate needs issues and
some "speaking" senators
need finesse, tact and
sense. The Mickey Mouse
in Senate comes not from
the silently cognizant Sudzy
Welps', but from the re
peatedly unnecessary com
ments by the Skill Phlo
win's. The Silent Several there
fore plea for definite mo
tions from our constituents.
Cough them up and they
will be regurgitated on the
Senate floor.
It had been hoped this
first "Camelot" would be
comical, for after all Sen
ate, among other things, is
comical. If Camelot appears
ridiculous as it may to
many, it is because that
which it strongly believes
in is seen in the same light.
If little merit comes from
one encounter, can't much
more come from several. A
hope at least must exist
the question: Who will pro
vide itr Good luck PNP !
Camelot
For Good
Dear Editor:
My guy volunteered for
the military service in Jan
uary, 1967. On Oct 17 he
was killed in action while
serving as a paratrooper.
He was proud to serve his
country. Yes, there are
still MEN who love their
country love it enough to
sacrifice their precious
lives for it. The violence of
war, not of his own choos
ing, closed life's open door
for him in a moment of bat
tle. Why did he die, such a
young man, only 20 years
old?
Did be die for these so
called "American patriots"
who are protesting, rioting
and demonstrating against
the draft and the Vietnam
war? Those energetic
BOYS should use their
energy for better purposes.
My . guy was proud of
America and what it stands
for and he died fighting for
his beliefs.
"Greater love hath no
man than this, that he lay
down his life for his
friends."
Was his young life
wasted? Maybe my guy
was young, but his lifetime
was not wasted. A life can
not be measured by h o w
long he lived it; it was how
he lived it.
He had much to live for,
but he also had a lot to die
for.
And I'll stand behind my
friends and his friends and
continue to give them the
support I gave him.
Sue Miller
Rubber Stamp
Dear Editor:
Recent letters from
Greeks in defense of t h e
present rush system (such
as Steve Burns' letter of
Oct 25) all seem vaguely
to apply but avoid many
important factors. Since I
am sure Mr. Burns and col
leagues will not agree with
various aspects of this
letter, I feel I should qual
ify myself for this response
by pointing out that I spent
four years as a Greek and
am now president of my
fraternity alumni.
We can only analyze what
the Greek system means in
terms of total education in
which a personality
emerges from the constant
dictation of parental au
thority to become a unique
individual with new fears,
hopes and ambitions, based
not on dictation, but rath
er on his own unique ex
periences and newly ac
quired attitudes.
That fact, as stated by
Mr. Burns and so many
others, that "as a fra
ternity pledge I find I have
n,o choice but to 6tudy" ex
presses the most insidious
characteristic of the Greek
system. It is not easy to
adjust to one's new sur
roundings, new faces and
new responsibilities.
It is far easier to retreat
to the security of a high
er authority upon whom one
can depend to dictate his
responsibilities for him. ac
quaint him with new faces
and provide for him h i s
new surroundings. When
this happens, facing the
"big bad university" may
seem no longer a difficulty
because in reality it has
never been faced, and the
prospect of facing it h a s'
vanished.
Greeks seem often to
apologize for their greater
attributes, one of which is
the opportunity for social
experience. Mr. Burns'
statement that "... social
life ... is put in its place
very properly for the
pledge" depicts the true
form of the present Greek .
parentis-sibling system. M '
only social experience could
be seen, with the obligation
to 6tudy, as an individual's
responsibility, then social
activity becomes part of the
individual's growth and in
so doing becomes as im-:
portant to total education
as does studying, with no
apologies needed!
In spite of all this the
Greeks have much to offer
and in my opinion the ad
vantages probably out
weigh the disadvantages tor
most individuals. What
most Greeks on this cam
pus fail to realize is that
their hope lies in pledging,
individuals who will alter
the rubber stamp of fra
ternal conformism instead
of conforming to it.
Deferred rush appears to
be an attempt to discour
age the Greek system on a
financial basis with no real
thought of improving it.
Any one suffering frcm the
illusion that Greeks can be
changed from without hag
never been within.
Terrenee L. Eggerlchs
(The Nebraskan reserves
the right to condense let
ters. Unsigned letters will
not be printed.)
Dafly Nebraskan
Vol. 1. No. M
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