The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, September 27, 1967, Page Page 2, Image 2
THE DAILY NEBRASKAN Editorials Commentary Page 2 Wednesday, September 27, 1967 gmRimtmniMmRnHimmtffltmffiimttfflHMm Rights Muddle CAMPUS OPINION: Don't Stereotype It all seemed so simple last April. Jilst pass the Student Bill of Rights and it would become part of the ASUN con stitution. Then full time could be devoted to its implmentation. But now the entire issue (if one can even see what it is) appears to be head ed for the death trap of entangling, drawn out legal battles. And who can be sure if ASUN will ever actually get down to the problem of implementation. And if they do many of those senators who would fight for its im plementation will have fallen by the way sidefed up with the legal technicalities. Senator Al Spangler is seeking a de claratory judgment from Student Court on whether Article 5b and another hous ing amendment sponsored by the Students for a Democratic Society are actually in conflict. Both were passed by student in :the general election last April. Article 5b provides that "Students have the right to an equitable role in the formulation of housing policy which al lows maximum individual choice. The : SDS-sponsored amendment provides that : "Each student shall have the right to choose his living environment." Thus, the purpose of the declaratory : judgementwould be to find out if the two amendments are actually in conflict. But what if they are? While the Ne : braskan is insure, what the court could do in such a case, it seems only reason able that the two amendments would have to be voted on again by the stu dents in another election which probably . would not be unt3 next April again stalling implementation. Now then, you think, at least by April we will have a Bill of Rights added to the ASUX constitution. Wrong. It seems there is also the legal ques tion of whether constitutional amendments can be added to the constitution without the approval of the Regents. ASUN President Dick Schulze cites the Preamble of the ASUN Constitution as a possible reason. The Preamble reads: "We. the stu dents of the University of Nebraska, with the consent of the Board of Regents, do hereby ordain and establish this consti tution for the administration of student government." Although it is still a legal question, that little phrase, "with the consent of the Board of Regents," could mean that the amendments are not amendments unless they are approved by the Board of Re gents. So back to the courts. Assuming the courts would find that the amendments could not be added with out the consent of the Regents and then assuming the Regents could allow the amendments to become a part of the Con stitution surely another lengthy battle the Bill of Rights still" would not be through the battle. Al Spangler assuming he were still around by this time would still want the Bill of Rights included as a part of Uni versity policy. Spangler might then ask Student Tri bunai back to the courts again for a writ of mandamus, asking that the ASUX executives do their jobs in getting the Bill of Rights included in official Univer sity policy. And so on ad infinitum. The legal en tanglements might go even further who knows. But while all this legal foolishness has been occurring, the Bill of Rights is still no closer to being implemented. The Bill of Rights will never mean a thing unless it is implemented. The Ne braskan. like the students, wish to see an end to lengthy court battles, and the im plementation of the Bill of Rights. Dear Editor: Date: Thursdav, Sept. 21. Time: Immediately fol lowing Hyde Park. Question: (By Daily Ne braskan staffer) What is your name? Answer: Don Sutton Question: Are you a mem ber of SDS? Answer: Xo. Question: Are you sure? (Eyeing my mustache and hairi Answer: Of course Urn sure, why do yeu think I said so? Reporter: Well, if you say so, I gvess you should know tooy, was she disap pointed). Caption under photo graph, Daily Nebraskan, Monday. Sept, 25: "Don Sut ton, a member of Students for a Democratic Socie ty. . Xow come on guys, what's going on, couldn't you find any SDS members with long hair? It's not that I really care that much about what you feel like saying about me, as long as you can at least play it straight! What I really object to is this stereotyping, in spite of the facts. There were sev eral SDS members who spoke Thursday who work hard all year and deserve recognition. Don't get me wrong, I'm not worried about the "taint of associa tion" with SDS because as far as I'm concerned, they're the only group on campus that talks straight, and I really appreciate that. (If you think I'm kidding, catch President George Oli vari at Hyde Park some time and compare him to ASUN President D 1 c k Schulze, or Dean Ross or Dean Snyder, l I simply ob ject to misplaced recogni tion and the twisting of facts made very clear, just to fit a stereotype. If you really want to have feltVtoVf TiiC Vftlbi!& 1 int wwwr :.xrx Your Chance Tm from Nebraska. I'd never have a chance." That too often has been the attitude of University of Nebraska students when they consider applying for a scholarship under the Fulbright-Hays Act, according to Dr. Roberto Esquenazi-Mayo. faculty advisor for the Fulbright scholarships and director of the Institute for Latin American and International Studies. And so they do not apply. But "this need not be the case. Dr. Esquenazi notes that one student he convinced to apply was the top-ranking candidate in the region and later went on to prove himself even further in studies under the Fulbright program. Students who apply for a Fulbright scholarship are not competing with pro fessors or instructors but are competing along with other graduating seniors. Eligibility requirements include good health. United States citizenship, a bach elor's degree and "language proficiency sufficient to communicate with the peo ple of the host country and to earn out the proposed study." The grants provide transforation, liv ing expenses and fees if the student were selected as one of the over 300 Fulbright scholars. The Nebraskan urges students to dis cuss the Fulbright program with Edward T. Pureell, special programs officer of the Office of Inter-American Programs, 2:30 p.m. Thursday in room 122, Lyman Hall. YouYe from Nebraska. And you do have a chance. Groovin' Sunday The local species of the flower children are holding a love-in Sunday and invit ing everyone to take part. that wide-open imitation means you re eligible so why not go out to Pioneers Park Sunday and see what a Jove-in is all about? A love-in is actually noth ing so much as it is a huge, day-long picnic. It can be thought - provoking, educa tional and unforgetable. Sunday's love-in wOl fea ture a rocking combo, folk singers, poetry readings, good fellowship, sunshine and a generally "groovin" time. The affair's organizers are urging love-iners to bring the traditiomal flower plus musical instruments, bells, candles, incense, kites and a picnic lunch and spend the day at the park. The love-in idea should be nothing new to Universirv The love-in idea should be nothing new to Universirv students or to the local com munity. The affairs were the rage last summer and the huge love-in gatherings in Griffith Park in Los Angeles and in New York City's Central Park were widely publiciz ed. The whole love-in move ment is merely an expan sion of the ' Gentle Thurs day" movement that was popular on college campuses last year. Simfliarly. the love-in idea shouldn't shock anyone. Aky vkKcj is fray a fnof fomfrN tz&uhm octet? ip ;T mfc l'1 SI some fun, why don't you send a reporter to interview "The Antelope Pavilion." a psycheledic band here at the U. We all have long hair! Just think of the fun you could have associating us with drugs because some people somewhere who take drugs have long hair :I don't suppose the fact that we dont means much.) There are a lot of us working for change in our own way mine is through music, others choose poli tics, others try drugs we are separate cats with sepa rate bags, so wake up or shut up Okay? The facts may indeed be duller than truth, but some of us appreciate them from time to tie. Don Sutton (Editor's Note: The Ne braskan apologizes to Mr. Sutton for the error in iden tification.) Easterners Gripe Dear Editor: Let us play a game where one has to use his imagina tion. Sometime take a stroll be tween the Plant Industry Building and C.Y. Thomp son Library- When you are taking this stroll look at the new East Campus Student Union Building now under construction. Should you actually see it you win the game because your imagination is better than most students. Would it not be better to build a new East Campus Union so the East Campus students could put their imaginative minds to better use? Robert E. Harris . . . And Gripe Dear Editor: A note from the Forgotten Campus where the n?w stu dent union isn't: The new East Campus Student Union must be be ing built very close to the City Union. It doesnt ap pear to be on the East Cam pus. I am told that the Big Brass say "no one on East Campus really cares." Is this also the reason the pre sent temporary quarters of the East Union are little more than storage space for City Union cast-offs? We do care. The wheel called East Campus is squeaking. Maybe the Ne braska Union Director Al len Bennett, in his distant ivory palace, is too far away to hear. I hope we can squeak loud enouch. WE WANT A NEW STUDENT UNION ON EAST CAMPUS. John Smith great deal concerning outside of Building. I take this praise the students on endeavors. of controversy the "art object" the Woods Art would like to opportunity to University art this semester's Vietnam Art? Dear Editor: Last spring there was a The latest art display is just north of the Union and can hardly be overlooked. The work and thought that must have gone into this exhibit is fantastic! What is most impressive is the use of actual men "working" on this display. The boards, torn-up con. crete and general chaotic atmosphere has a tremen dous effect on all who are fortunate enough to view it. And added to all of this is that final touch of genius a rustic squeaking crane! I ask you, is this not loo much for words? Struggl. ing art students of Nebras. ka University salute you. Art C Kraftsey Keally Great Dear Editor: In regard to Cater Chamblee's review of "Dr. Zhivago": To begin with, you brief critique of "Dr. Zhivago" was truely magnificent. The finesse with which you handled your article of Sept. 21 was simply flaw less. It is obvious that your talent as a film critic has matured to the point where it is unquestionable. For example: the time which was wasted on the landscape of the Urals and the Ukraine was inexcuse "able i trash): the manner in which the characters were handled was criminal. Only a slobbering sentimentalist would have felt any emotion when Lara and Zhivago parted for the last time. Anyone can see that a di rector who would employ such devices would definite ly be classified as a rook ie" As for the incomplete treatment of the Russian Revolution, the film editor was far too liberal with the scissors. They (Leon & Co.) should have definitely in eluded the entire (or even half) the Revolution. Ima gine the color, the splendor. In general, the ineptness exhibited by David Leon and Carol Ponti was nnfor giveable. Your brilliant abil ity to recognize and expose that which would otherwise have gone unnoticed will probably go unnoticed. But to those of us who truly know and understand the art of film direction and production, you will stand as a martyr. Rich Hilsabeck (Ediiflr'i Note: The following article was writtea by the nmner mhii Vietnamese minister for finance and ece omics whs was kept from running in the Sept 3 presi dential elections because be planned to rua on a peace platform.) By AU TRUOXG THANH Collegiate Press Sen-ice Vietnam is the typical example of a revolutionary war. The long duration of this war has enabled us to see the successive steps of an evolution through the different phases of a development which had been conditioned by internal and external circumstances. Up until now, all efforts made to end or escalate the war have proven ineffective. Violence, which is normal in a conventional war, has been used in vain. Pathetic appeals to stir up humanitarian feelings have been launched also in vain. Offers of assistance with the lure of material advantages also were not responded to as expected. All these attempts not only fail but also spread Popular Outcry Could End War Daily Nebraskan St 27, W7 rnjcmpre.: mm. evsm. n-am. m mnuuum m o rou m t utm rim. if MnM Aoneeafi CgBacia fnw. nxui AOiimv mm hnfa. tear. Ltaeaia. ka. mat. Si. nrtiinulm Vatm. czmtokui, sum wLTr CiV: ? "- rW Jmrk TJ: t Rn Or Tritt: i.:--.msIil"7vm: " - &r Our Omm: fH mm.ln 4rr ; Ed Wm. Cm Ummer, UkM ltm. trrj -.,,. ft. trm Vnr; Mcwi Aanxtmt Ktedrm Srtii femur er lr trrbnamr; Coor lWm. Ijrm OMurhalk. Bmr Im bin tu. itam Kcwi toanu, carta ModnwU: " ww rttmm f-nnaM: iMinnl Mwrtioftif Mum Unttr Bow: m -TaM i-wwi fivtr; frnjuy Jnm hMiunH; femkupiKB and I Vtmen. turn MOm aM tr Mate. a climate of mistrust, of discouragement and-or impotence in me iace ot me Gaily intensification of the war. NO ANALYSIS Why so? Because of the lack of time for an analj'sis of the facts with due consideration to the genuine opinions of the nationals of the country in which the war is being waged. It is now the right time to fill this gap and to find in a rational way an approach to the notion of peace within the context of a revolutionary war. First of all, let us analyze the factors which were at the start of a revolutionary war. The individual human being is at the bub of the revolutionary war and he had to be a native of the country where the revolutionary war is w aged. At the beginning one must use all possible resources in order to influence him psychologically so that be win grab the leaflets or weapons necessary to initiate the political and armed struggle. Propaganda tools used by human beings are but of minor importance, for a man driven by a powerful motivation can achieve a lot with very crude equipment indeed. The elements of motiva tion which a man possesses to fight for a liberation war are numerous but they can be enumerated in the follow ing order: the loss of national independence, dissatisfac tion due to social injustice, bad living conditions. If these components do not really exist, they must be fabricated as Heeded. OPPORTUNITY Generally speaking, it takes some time to start a revolutionary war because the simple and primitive peas antry can be politically transformed only under particular circumstances and with time. In practice, the circum stances the most conducive to a rapid and violent ex plosion of a revolutionary war can be found in the nega tive attitude of the colonial power which refuses to grant genuine independence to colonized people, a fact that crystallized the will for iiijervtiwi of the people. In hc case of Vietnam, the mechanism had been launched by the armed struggle to regain national indepen of development of the liberation war went on a self feeding system, because a war waged on a larger scale strengthens the factors found at the start of a revolutionary war. In effect, an ideological war with foreign intervection that follows the war for independence does worsen the thirst for national sovereignity. Also the war, in alienating the city folks from the farm ers more social injustic, creating at the same time among city folks a widening gap between war profiteers and war suffers and thus 22sr2vates a dangerous social imbalance NEGATIVE EFFECTS Finally the war and the destruction it entails, the exodus and displacement of people it creates, cause a steady deterioration of material living conditions and therefrom rise the resentment of people and their desire for a change of regime. Thus, if the movement of the revolutionary war en counters an opposition by its action, this opposition will be enhanced by a reaction as powerful as the force exerted by the movement itself; it in turn initiates a more violent opposition and starts to snowball. In this way. in the action and reaction int?rplay with the reciprocal feeding effect, a development process takes place inexor ably with the cumulative result and with no end in sight Two hypotheses are to e cosidered: EITHER the machinery opposing the revolutionary war is not strong enough and in the above-mentioned motion of crescendo, the time will surely come when that machinery will be overrun by what is called the general counterof f ensive. " OR the machinery opposing the revolutionary war is assisted from without In such a case, the interplay of actions and reactions win go on for a long tone unless in the prolonged course of events the fighting machine wears out If it does, the end will be that of the first hypothesis, or unless under horrible circumstances, it de cides to completely destroy the country where the war is being waged. Even in such a case, the revolutionary forces wiH not be wiped out as much, because as long as human beings are still moved by strong political moti vations the revolutionary war win go on. It win be a war of attrition, the end of which can only be seen in a world war. PEACE PLAN If the above analysis is correct, then we win have to deny the possibility of peace in the course of a revo lutionary war and let ourselves sink Into pessimism. But we feel that one possibility of peace and only one does exist. The approach to this peace being as fouows: We have said that the main factor in a revolntionaij war is the human being. That human being can perform prodigies when motivated by strong psychological incen tves which led him to political or armed struggle. If one can ever find a stronger psychological motivation which, under ci given conditions can neutralize tht others, then one can stop the war and move to peace. What must these conditions be? First of att, the war has to last long enough so that aspirations toward com plete national independence, social justice, and better living conditions win lose the attractive power they had at the outset of the struggle. It is also necessary that the interplay of actions and reactions reach a significant equilibrium where the revolutionary forces and their opponents can no longer negate, easily and quickly the final decision. DESIRED Within this precise context, the powerful psychological motivations which can effectively act on the human being is desire for peace. This desire for peace has to com from the populace and can be, as the need arises, ex cited and blown np to embrace as many people as pos sible. The birth of this desire amid an atmosphere of pro longed war, coupled with the fear of death, wO cut down or neutralize the effects of psychological motivations. With popular support without which evolutionary war is not possible now directed toward peace, the war itself win stop spreading and then' move downward. 1 Tfu 6 PPsing revolutionary war win also 5 fnrh0W SU1 oraWe conditions for nego tiations for a cese fire and for peace win prevaU. if r lon!uand PMvl 01 war Vietnam now finds - itself facing the above-mentioned conditions. The Vietna- as hole must be assisted to express them selves in favor of peace.