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About The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (Sept. 25, 1967)
THE DAILY NEBRASKAN
Monday, September 25, 1967
The question of financial autonomy for
ASUN, even if the court found that ASUN
could borrow money without the approval
of the Board of Regents under the ASUN's
articles of incorporation, seems rather
While one may say that ASUN gets
its funds from University students, one
must also realize that those funds are col
lected by the University and not by ASUN.
But let's just imagine what might hap
pen if suddenly the University refused to
fork over the funds due ASUN.
Perhaps under a technicality, the Uni
versity would not be able to collect the
three dollars which is appropriated to
And then ASUN would be forced to
set up its own tax collection system which
would be nearly impossible to operate. For
instance, if a student refused to pay his
tax, contending that he did not want to be
a member of ASUN, what means are avail
able to force the student to pay this tax.
Certainly not imprisonment as on the na
The only way the student could be
forced to pay his share of the ASUN funds
is through the University.
And again we are back at the point
that the University really has control over
the funds of ASUN and what's more
ASUN is not financially autonomous.
The Nebraskan agrees that it would be
advantageous for ASUN to be able to bor
row money under its articles of incorpora
tion, and it would also hope that the court
would find it legally able to do so.
But if ASUN has the power to borrow
money, then it must also repay the bor
rowed money. And in order to do this it
must be able to get its funds from the Uni
versity tuition and fees.
It seems that there is little preventing
the University from holding back ASUN
funds; or at least refusing to collect them.
Even if the Regents were not able to veto
an ASUN request for a loan, they could
request the University to hold back ASUN's
funds or have the University refuse to col
And so ASUN still would be financial
ly dependent on the University even if it
were able to borrow money without Re
While the Nebraskan can see the de
sirability of ASUN being able to borrow
funds without Regents' approval, it can
also foresee problems which would make
the discussion of financial autonomy near
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Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNa
mara has made nine trips to Vietnam since
the United States found that country's
fate to be in its national interest.
The first trip was made in 1962, the
last about two weeks ago.
Each time McNamara has returned he
has reported the progress of the war, and
the record of those reports is an interest
ing and disconcerting testimony to the va
cillating public posture of our national lead
ership. In 1962 McNamara solemnly assured
the American people that "there is no
plan for introducing combat forces in South
Vietnam." He said he was tremendously
encouraged by progress in the war.
After his trip in September and Oc
tober of 1963, McNamara predicted that
the major military effort of the war would
be completed in 1965.
His optimism was as high following a
trip in December of 1963. "Excellent prog
ress" wtts his verdict In May, 1964.
Suddenly, in July, 1965, the McNamara
tune changed. "The over-all situation con
tinues to be serious," he said then.
By November, 1965, McNamara's op
timism had returned and he was able to
report that we had stopped losing the war.
After his trip in October of 1965, Mc
Namara said, "I see no reason to expect
any significant increase in the level or
tempo of operations in South Vietnam, nor
do I see any reason to believe that de
ployment of U.S. forces to that country
will change significantly in the future."
At that time there were 331,000 forces in
Vietnam. Now 466,000 troops are fighting
Following his latest trip the Secretary
was quoted by the British news agency
Reuters as saying more progress has been
made in the last nine months than in the
previous six years.
If you believe McNamara, we have
been making superlative progress for six
years, and the progress in the last nine
months has been superlative superlative.
From 1962 to 1965 we made "tremen
dous" and "excellent" progress, although
we presumably were losing all the while,
since McNamara wasn't able to say we
had stopped losing until November, 1965.
And we are apparently supposed to
believe that since 1965 we have been at
once not losing, making spectacular prog
ress and not winning the war in Vietnam,
something only American ingenuity could
Either McNamara is lying or this is
the damndest war we have ever fought,
Reprinted from the Minnesota Daily
July 28, 1967
TUC Eckuvto To Success
Tiu'g Twc ' Stains
TCMPbRRWLl OUT OF O&QEH
by At Spangler
If a man does not keep
pace with his compan
ions, perhaps it is because he
hears a different
Let him step to the
music which he hears,
Faculty Seeks Shared Decisions
By Collegiate Press Service
An effective system of governing institutions of ljigher
education should be built on the concept of "shared auth
ority" between the faculty and the administration, accord
ing to a task force of the American Association for High
The task force, in a report entitled "Faculty Partici
pation in Academic Governance," said American colleges
and universities should combat increased faculty ferment
by giving faculty members significant authority in the de
cision making processes.
In intensive studies of 28 public and six private insti
tutions of higher education, the task force found that "facul
ty unrest and demands for more effective representation
in the affairs of the college and university have reached
Admitting that many institutions have taken steps to
incressa faculty responsibility, the task force nevertheless
says, "We discovered enough problems to occupy genera
tions of Chancellors yet unborn."
The 67-page task force report says the main sources
of discontent are the faculty's desire to participate in the
determination of those policies that affect its professional
status and performance and in the establishment of com
plex, statewide systems of higher education that have
decreased local control over important campus issues.
The faculty voice should be the major voice in the
formulation of such policies as admissions standards, the
count of the curriculum, degree requirements, grading
standards, standards for academic freedom, standards for
student conduct and discipline, and procedures for the ap
pointment of department chairmen, deans and the presi
dent, the report says.
In addition, the task force says the faculty should have
"shared authority" in administrative policies, personnel
administration, economic matters, and public questions in
volving the role and functions of the institution.
Of the 34 institutions studied by the task force, only
25 per cent had a system of shared authority where both
the faculty and the administration enjoyed effective influ
ence over major decisions. However, the study was not
designed to provide a rross-sertion of American higher
educations. The task force studied institutions where there
were signs of impending major changes in the relationship
of the faculty and the administration.
The main centers of faculty discontent are in the
public junior colleges and the new or "emerging" four
year colleges and universities, the report said. The older
state colleges, the multiversities, were more likely to be
characterized by shared authority or faculty primacy.
"Junior college faculty members are no longer satis
fied with the passive role of teacher in a highly centralized
structure where control over educational policies and the
conditions of employment is lodged in the hands of the
boards and the head of the institution," the task force
In new or emerging four-year institutions, top adminis
trators often have a background in secondary education
with an authoritarian tradition of management inappropri
ate to colleges and universities, the report adds.
Economic factors, such as salary level and structure,
may contribute to faculty discontent, but appear to be of
secondary importance, the report says.
Tlie task force, a seven-member group composed of
professors from different disciplines and diverse institu
tions, voiced a strong preference for.tha academic sen
ate as a "model" for campus governance. In doing so, the
task force favored the "internal" governing pattern over
such "external" agencies as campus chapters of nation
al professional associations, like the American Association
of University Professors, or local affiliates of trade unions
or bargaining agencies.
But the report emphasizes 'that the mere establishment
of an organization identified as an academic senate will
not be sufficient to attain effective representation and
authority in making decisions.
The report also says Institutions of higher learning
should establish a formal appeals procedure to resolve dis
putes involving individual faculty members and the ad
ministration. Concerning strikes, the task force concluded "there are
no decisive reasons why the faculty shoud be denied the
opportunity to strike, in terms of either society's essen
tial needs for the long-run interests of the institution." But
the report says strikes can be justified only when sharing
of information by faculty and administration, appeals to
reason and the use of arbitrators or other neutral third
parties have all clearly failed to prevent or resolve a faculty-administrative
however measured or
One needn't look beyond
recent history to document
H. Rap Brown's claim that
"violence is as American
as cherry pie."
What is curious about his
remark, besides the anom
aly of his saying cherry pie,
is that it could have been
made to appear so out
rageous in a country whose
pacifists are investigated by
the FBI. After all. he was
only trying to be realistic,
and any social reformer
worth his salt knows that
the first rule of American
politics is "Be realistic!"
But t he times change,
and so does "reality." Just
two years ago, L.B.J, used
the civil rights slogan"We
shall overcome" in his
State of the Union Address.
Perhaps next time he'll get
up there and say, "black
Two years ago, writing
about the brutality of the
war in Vietnam, historain
Bernard Fall reported that
one million Vietnamese had
been nilled in the war with
the French. And in what
could be called t h e Amer
ican period, "the dead are
nearly a quarter million
with perhaps another half
million seriously maimed."
This is what the cynics of
our time have called
ing for peace."
But cynicism is what
happens to the idealist in a
country where he should
have known better. As
early as 1948, when he was
j u s t a congressman from
Texas, our president
warned that "without su
perior air power America is
a bound and throttled giant,
i m p o t e nt and easy prey to
any yellow dwarf with a
Earlier this month, the
"Detroit Free Press" pub
lished a special report on
the riots in their city. Much
to the chagrin of military
officials, it was found that
a great number of civilian
deaths were caused by ill
trained and trigger-happy
were having a riotous time
of their own killing a low
budget rat control bill, and
official America was look
ing for new A-ays to restore
law and order in our cities.
It was left to Diana Ross
of the Supremes, a product
of that Detroit ghetto,
to say "Stop! in the name
of love, before you break
my heart." Despite the
broken hearts, the beat still
Is it realistic to suppose
that when our country
calls for someone to defend
her ways, right or wrong,
more than a few of us will
say, "It aint me, babe."
Vol. , Ne. I Sept. 2S, 1M7
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donna u and tun period, by the ttwfenta of lha Unlverelty ot Nvkraeka
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... JE1IU'' "" GMi Manaini Editor Jack Toddi Newa Editor Cheryl Trltti
Went Newa Editor Alan PleaKinani Editorial Pate Aealatant Julia Mnrrii; Sporta
F.dilor Mark Gordon; Aaaiatanl S porta Editor Charlie Davieei Staff Wrltera. Dave
BuDtaia, Andy Corrlcan. Gary Gillm, Ed IccDoile. Dan Looker. Mirk Lowe.
Bherry MoQalfln. Jan Parka. Ton) Victor: Newt Aaalatant Kendra Newlandi Senior
Copy Editor Dirk Tejrtemnieri Copy Edltora. Lynn Gottachalk. Rarely Irry, Belay
Kenimore. Jim Evlnger, Jeaa Reyroidti Niihl Newt Aaaletani. Chrla lockwell;
Photofraphere Mike Hayraaa and Dan Ladely.
Buetneoa Manacer Glenn Frlendli National Adverbctnf Manager Roger Boye:
Production Manafer Charlee Banter: Secretary Janet Boatman: Bonkkeepini and
Claaalfleda Allan Brandt Stiberriptloi Manafer Jane Roan Circulation Manatrre
David Kovanauah and Gary Meyeri Sale Uaaafara Pan Croak, Katby DteiUi,
Riak lUaeak, Eta Millar aad tvayae Melee.
(By Getter GhamUee
America's long love affiar with violence has always
seemed over-ripe to Europeans. We cut the sex out of
their movies; they cut the sadism out of ours.' Every
culture has its own kick, right?) Three recent films of
varying quality mark once again our enchantment with
. guns, torture and good red blood.
"The Dirty Dozen" concerns itself with the training
of 12 criminal psychopaths by another psychopath so they
can efficiently slaughter hundreds of criminal psycho
paths. From the bayonet slowly pushed into a very nice
looking blonde (Is that what girls are for, Daddy?), to the
gasoline poured on a screaming crowd of men and women
trapped in a cellar before hand grenades are dropped on
them, it's good times all the way. It is slick, it is pro
fessional and it is marked by strong performances from
Charles Bronson, Lee Marvin and John Cassavetes.
"The Saint Valentine's Day Massacre," a cheap and
vulgar film, attempts to cop out on the real focus of in
terest (death and all) wtih a sleezy, tacked-on moral
(This has been a civic-minded warning against organized
crime), but blood is where it's at. From a nice shot of
Jason Robard beating two men to death with a baseball
bat, to a long scene of George Segal beating up a very
nice-looking blonde (Is that what girls are for, Daddy?),
to the anti-climatic machine gunning of the finale, we
are regailed with brutality.
There is absolutely nothing good that one can say
about this movie, save that one has seen it and thus does
not have to see it ever again.
"Bonnie and Clyde" is the last of our trilogy and by
far the best, for its director, Arthur Penn, seems to be
getting at some kind of truth about America. Clyde (beauti
fully portrayed by Warren Beatty) is just folks, a down
home boy, Li'l Abner in fact. Bonnie (played by Faye
Dunnaway) is his fitting counterpart. She is beautiful, al
most wistful and writes bad poetry on the side.
But there's a catch. Clyde, you see, is impotent. Yet
he is far too polite to beat up on her, even though she
is a very nice-looking blonde.
So what to do? Here Penn achieves genius, either by
luck or design. Clyde teaches Bonnie to shoot so she can
join in the fun. (That's what girls are for, Son.) Wonder
ful. And how happy it must make the National Rifle As
sociation. Once she has learned, they hit the road picking up
the damnest collection of American types since the Joads
made it to California in time to elect Ronald Reegan. Their
drive is right out of "Our Gang" (Spanky, I think), and
Clyde's brother is your typical hen-pecked killer ("For
God's sake, don't tell Blanche."). Ittis wife is a preacher's
daughter, who wonders ineptly how she got into all this
("We was Baptists."). Just folks.
Along the way, they kill a score or more, but it is
never planned, never intended, and surely Clyde's little-boy-caught-in-the-cookie-jar
smile will make it right. Ameri
cans may blunder, but our hearts are pure, our intentions
They wander aimlessaly along in an eternal present
tense, in search of nothing in particular, expecting noth
ing but the death they get. Americans not only have no
past, they have no future. It's always now for us.
At no point in the film is there the smallest thing that
Bonnie and Clyde should otherwise employ their time.
. ("What would you do if there was no one after us, if
we were clean?")
"I guess I"d do it all different. First I wouldn't do
jobs in the state where we lived "! They know they will
die, but everybody does. They are losers, but only be
cause the law, the rich, have more fire-power. Does Penn
realize what he is saying?
At any rate, he says it and he says it well. His
movie moves. It deals with action, and this is a shifting,
transient country, perhaps best captured in flight. The
cracker accents are absolutely right, the grizzled, depression-whipped
farmers stare hopelessly out at nothing at all.
The Flatt-Scruggs sound track kicks it on down the road.
And the end is a revelation, a minor miracle. After
hearing Bonnie's poem about their life and inevitable doom,
Clyde loses his impotence "You've made me somebody").
Only that's evil, messing around like that. So, of
course, they get butchered. And when they do. Penn shoots
the scene in agonizingly slow motion so that one can al
most count the thousand bullets chew them up into meat
and good red blood. Their bodies dance most gracefully
from the thousands shocks in the most lyrically beautiful
scene in the entire movie.
Every culture has its own kick, right?
A recent letter in the Rag
attacking my plea for a
"hidden female knee" com
pels me to answer in rebut
tal. The gentleman who wel
comed the distraction is
obviously of another color
than I. Moreover, those who
rally behind his cause are
no doubt in the majority.
His distraction-ridden way
of life is the easiest way
out. Surely he and others like
him will agree that it is
much easier to float from
interest to interest as soon
as the fascination of first
awareness fails to capture
attentions. Their emotional
and intellectual involvement
seldom rise above the pass
ing fancy phase.
My type chooses life of
concentration and devotion
to duty that will bring us
out of the Institutions of
higher learning positioned
above the willing victims of
distraction. Being in the
minority, however, my
views are only heard.
So, perhaps the short skirt
and dress and other distrac
tions will remain despite
our unheeded complaints.
The gentleman who held
my Rjea in contempt will
Conine to be distracted
right Into the middle-class
melting-pot. I for one choose
to live in a pot of a dif
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