The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, April 20, 1966, Image 1

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APR 20 m
Wednesday, April 20, 1966
The Daily Nebraskan
Vol. 81, No. 95
Budget Committee Meets . . .
Tuition Hike 'Unnecessary
By Julie Morris
Senior Staff Writer
There will be no increase
in student tuition for the fall
semester, according to Jo
seph Soshnik, vice chancellor
for business and finance.
Soshnik said Tuesday that
a plan was agreed upon at a
meeting of the University Re
Rents and the Legislative
Budget Study Committee last
weekend that .will make a tui
tion Increase unnecessary.
As the budget situation now
shapes up, Soshnik said, there
will be no need to increase
tuition, to call a special Leg
islative session, to cut back
any University programs or
J-School Faculty Drafts
Statement Backing Hall
The School of Journalism
faculty is moving to publicly
support the appointment of
the school's resigning direc
tor, Dr. William Hall, to a
controversial directorship at
Ohio State University.
According to R. Neale Cop
pie, professor of journalism,
the faculty is drafting a state
ment in support of Hall's ap
pointment to be sent to the
president of Ohio State, No
vice G. Fawcett.
Copple said the faculty is
sending the statement direct
ly to Ohio State because the
school's newspaper, the Daily
Lantern, has twisted and dis
torted other statements re
leased by Hall in Lincoln.
Hall resigned his present
position last Thursday to ac
cept a .post as director of the
School of Journalism at Ohio
State in Columbus. His ap
pointment met with dissent
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HALL . . . supported by NU's School of Journalism faculty
Panhel Tables Motion Concerning
Changes In Grade Requirements
An amendment to raise the
minimum grade- requirement
for sororities to a 2.2 was ta
bled by Panhallenic Monday
to allow further investigation
of the matter.
The amendment was made
as the council was voting on
constitutional changes pro
posed by the constitution
Miss Madeline Girard, Pan
hellcnic director, suggested
during discussion of the
amendment that "if any av
erage is raised it should be
to make any changes in pre
sent salary adjustments that
were set by the 1965 Legis
lature. Supplemental Funds
To make up for the Univer
sity's $500,000 fund deficit, the
administration plans to ask
the 1967 Legislative session to
grant the University a supple
mental appropriation from
the state general fund soon
after the session begins in
In the meantime, Soshnik
continued, the University will
apply to the proper state
agencies for permission to
spend at a faster rate than
they were originally author
from nine of the 16 members
of the Ohio State journalism
faculty, from a group of stu
dents and from the Daily
The faculty who opposed
Hall's appointment were
largely supporters of the ap
pointment of the school's act
ing director, Paul Barton, to
the position. Barton was
named acting director on the
death of the school's former
director, George Kinzel.
Replying to the objections
of the Ohio State faculty, Hall
invited the Ohio teachers to
join him in a rebuilding pro
gram or to resign if they
felt they could not give full
Hall said he felt the situ
ation at the Ohio State jour
nalism school came about be
cause "many members of the
faculty have become so ob-
sophomores going through
Miss Girard said, "Fresh
men are already under
enough pressure, while sopho
more girls have had time to
Erma Winterer, president
of Panhellenic, advised that
the amendment be tabled un
til results of the all-women
and all-sorority averages
were compiled and studied.
The rush council of Panhel
lenic has decided to keep the
same rules for rushing that
ized to do by the Legislature
for the period Oct. 1 to Dec.
Expenditures at this time
would not be overspending,
Soshnik explained, because
the University already has
the money on hand. With a
supplemental appropriation,
he said, the amount spent
will average out at the end
of the current biennium.
If the University is not
granted a supplemental ap.
propriation, Soshnik said,
steps will be taken at that
time to cut back expenditures
so that money spent will still
average out.
The participants in the
sessed in their efforts to pre
serve the freedom of the
Lantern, which they consider
to be in jeopardy, that they've
missed many opportunities
for the development of a sol
id balanced graduate pro
gram." The L a n t e rn. Hall ex
plained, is a laboratory of the
School of Journalism at Ohio
State. Hall said that the fac
ulty who supported Barten
were mainly afraid that "any
one other than their candi
date would turn the Daily
Lantern into a house organ."
Hall said he expects to
"fight to preserve the free
dom of the Lantern from
pressures that might be ex
erted both by the administra
tion or by faculty."
'Hornet's Nest'
Hall expressed little sur
prise at the turmoil his ap
pointment created at Ohio
State. "When you prod a hor
net's nest you have to expect
to get stung," he said. Hall
added facetiously that he had
"wired the armed forces and
asked permission to be ad
mitted to special forces train
ing for guerilla warfare," be
fore he reports for the July
1 assignment.
The University School of
Journalism faculty, Hall
said, has met to discuss the
situation and will "take all
precautions to avoid the type
of emotional situation that
has developed at Ohio State."
The faculty, he said, is tak
ing all measures necessary
to assure that the transition
of directors here will be
"swift and orderly."
The School of Journalism
faculty has recommended all
three of the school's full pro
fessors for the directorship,
Hall said. Albert Book, Neale
Copple and Dr. Robert
Cranford will be considered
for the post, he said.
University policy is against
the appointment of an acting
director," Hall noted. He in
dicated that a permanent di
rector probably will be ap
pointed. 'Can And Will'
Hall has been on the Uni
versity staff for 10 years and
is known for having "built"
the School of Journalism. He
intends to make somewhat
the same renovation at Ohio
State that he did here.
"The situation at Ohio
State," he said, "differs but
slightly from the one I found
at Nebraska 10 years ago. I
rebuilt the Nebraska faculty
from scratch and I can do
it and will do it at Ohio
State if necessary," he said.
Hall said he accepted the
Cont. on page 6, col. 1
were in effect last year. A
morion was passed unani
mously to Include rush rules
in the Panhellenic booklet
sent to rushees during the
The rush council also re
ported that it has decided to
discontinue Omaha legacy
Miss Wintere announced
that the formal installation of
Delta Zeta on the University
campus will be held April 23
at the Nebraska Center.
meeting also generally agreed
that any final solution to the
University's budget problem
would have to be considered
by the Legislature in regular
The Board of Regents met
with the Legislative Budget
Study Committee several
times because the purpose of
the committee is to study
budget problems. The meet
ing was of a fact-finding na
ture, Soshnik stressed. The
Budget Study Committee has
no power alone to say how
the problem could be solved,
he said.
University officials have
also talked with Gov. Frank
Morrison concerning the
school's budget problem,
Soshnik noted. He said that
final permission to spend at
a faster than normal rate and
the approval for a supplemen
tal appropriation will have to
come from the governor.
Soshnik said that the Budg
et Study Committee will re
port its findings on the Uni
versity budget problem to the
Legislative Council in Novem
ber. When the University pre
sents its budget request to the
Legislature in January, the
Budget Study Committee will
also have examined the prob
lem and have information that
wall parallel the University's
information, which will give
theUniversitya strong
er case.
Another development that
came out of the meeting,
Soshnik noted, was a general
agreement and acceptance by
the parties that it is impos
sible now to say precisely
TWO ... of the three national officials from the U.S. Department of State who spoke
on campus Monday were John Maxwell Taylor, left, and Neil C. McManus.
Fight Against Communism Explained
By Dan Piller
Junior Staff Writer
Three officials from t h e
United States Department of
State explained the U n i t e d
States' strategy in the fight
against communism in world
"trouble spots" at a world
affairs seminar held Monday
in the Love Library Auditor
iu. The officials, John Maxwell
Taylor, Neil C. McManus, and
Joseph F. Christiano, are con
ducting the seminars in
schools and universities
around the country.
Although each man was
speaking about a different
area, the continuing theme of
their message was that while
the US. may experience tem
porary setbacks in the strug
gle against communism, pa
tience and persistence will
pay off in the long run.
The seminar was directed
by Dean S. Rugg, associate
professor of geography and a
former State Department of
ficial. Eastern Europe
Christiano, wrho is in the
Bureau of Economic Affairs
and an expert on eastern
Europe, discussed the eastern
European situation today.
"There are four evolution
ary elements in east Europe
today," said Christiano. "They
are: nationalism, internal lib
eralization, changing econom
ic thought and re-association
with the West."
Christiano continued,
"There is more private in
centive and catering to pub
lic opinion today. Their eco
nomic thinking is still garbed
in Marxism, but it is getting
farther and farther away
from the ideas of Marx."
Christiano also noted that
the Voice of America broad
what the fall enrollment of
the University will be. Any
further discussion of enroll,
ments for budget use will
have to be delayed until late
summer or early fall if an
accurate figure is to be ob
tained. Soshnik also noted that
more accurate enrollment fig
ures will be available for the
Legislative Budget Study
Committee's report in Novem
ber and this would make for
a stronger case. He added
there will be little problem
with enrollment figures as re
lated to the budget in Janu.
ary when a supplemental ap
propriation request will be
made because "then we'll
know the real enrollment fig
ure." The fund deficit now facing
the University came about
largely because of disparity
between projected enrollment
figures and the actual enroll
ment for the fall of 1966.
Sen. Richard Marvel, chair
man of the Budget Study
Committee, insisted at the
meeting that the University
"has to take it (the budget
problem) to the Administra
tive Services Department."
Soshnik said that the depart
ment does not need to be con
tacted until time to request
normal spending.
Whether the Administrative
Services Department is even
the right agency to contact
for this particular thing, is
not certain, Soshnik said. The
case may have to go to the
state auditor depending on
how the state statutes are
Vt ' -.:
casts are rarely jammed now,
and that a large number of
tourists are permitted to trav
el to and from Iron Curtain
More Tourists
"Year ago. these nations
wouldn't think of letting their
people visit the West, be
cause they simply wouldn't
return. Today they visit the
VP Vetoes 3-Man Team
Despite a request by ASUN presidential candidate Terry
Schaaf for a blanket endorsement cf his three-man execu
tive team, Vox Populi endorsed two of the three alone with
a separate second vice presidential candidate.
Schaaf had requested the endorsement of his candidacy
with Roger Doerr and Phil Boardman as first and second
vice presidential candidates, respectively. Instead, the party
endorsed Schaaf and Doerr, as well as Bob Samuelson for
second vice president.
At the Sunday night meeting, Vox Populi heard six of
the 10 candidates for ASUN executive offices explain their
"We are asking for something difiercnt than you were
probably anticipating," said Schaaf. "We want a joint en
dorsement, but we are running as a team whether or not
we receive it."
Mike Gottschalk pointed out later, however, that the
parly is not bound by previous affiliations and can endorse
whomever they wish.
Candidates who spoke before Vox Populi were Steve Ab
. bott and Schaaf, presidential candidates: Doerr, candidate
for first vice president; Boardman, Sarnuclson and Rich
Thompson, candidates for second vice president.
"We welcome the endorsement, but due to previous com
mitments, cannot be members of Vox Populi as such," said
Schaaf in regard to Vox Populi's endorsement of Samuelson
as second vice president rather than Boardman, Schaaf's
He explained that although he and Doerr gladly ac
cepted Vox Populi's endorsement, they would still be running
with Boardman, as the alliance had been formed previous
to Vox Populi's decision.
' "We bear the party no hard feelings for their choice,"
he added. ' It was theirs to make."
Schaaf continued that Doerr, Boardman and he would
be running on a separate platform from that of Vox Populi,
but that "the platforms may be similar in some respects."
to voung and
on which publications are being judged in the controversy
over whether or not they are obcenc.
Ruling Creates Basis
To Judge 'Obscene'
By Randy Irey
Junior Staff Writer
The recent Supreme Court
ruling on obscenity has cre
ated a new method for judg
ing whether or not a publica
tion is obscene.
Trior to this decision, the
basis for judging obscenity
was strictly on the publica
tion's subject matter. H o w
ever, as a result of the rul
ing, the publication can now
be judged also on the mar
keting and exploitation of the
works bv the publisher.
On March 21, 1966, the
court handed down decisions
on three cases dealing with
nations of western Europe and
then go back."
According to Christiano, the
U.S. policy in Eastern Europe
is to open as many lines of
communication as possible.
"Each country is treated by
the U.S. as a separate entity,
not just another member of
the communist bloc," he said.
"We can provide an alter
Cont. on page 4, col. 1
J7 t
deviates are two of the criteria
obscenity. In all, these cases
involved some 144 publica
tions. Decisions Interpreted
Just w-hat was the Court
saying in ruling on these
cases? Richard S. Harnsber
ger, University professor of
law. attempted to interpret
the decisions.
"It might be that the court
was saying: If you say in
your advertising the publica
tions are lewd, you can't deny
it when prosecuted for obscen
ity.' The opinion undoubtedly
will cause a good deal of hard
core pornography to be re
moved from the bookstands,"
he explained.
"The court appears to be
coming around to the position
that censorship should depend
upon the manner in which ma
terial is marketed and the
primary audience to which it
is sold. In other words, the
intrinsic nature of the mater
ials docs not have to be con
sidered independently of the
sellers' motives."
Fanny Hill
"For example, the court
held Fanny Hill was not ob
scene for an adult audience,
bul under the Ginzburg deci
sion, the result would undoubt
edly be different if a person
attempted to sell the same
book near a school building
to a primary audience of im
mature youngsters," he con
cluded. According to Jack lioilgers.
associate professor of politi
cal science, it is hard to tell
how these rulings will effect
(he production of publications
along the lines of those in
these cases.
"It is very difficult to lore-ca.-t
just what this ruling will
cause. As far as future court
decisions, each will be tried
independently of this ruling.
Jt is not the law, rather a
precedent to follow." R o ti
gers stated.
S28.000 Fine
Jn the best known of the
( ases. Ralph Ginzbui g's $28,
000 fine and five-year feder
al sentence was upheld by a
5 to 4 vote of the court. Ginz
burg was Hie publisher of
Eros. Liaison, and The House
wife's Handbook on Sclccthe
The Supreme t ourt found
thai the "leer of the sensu
alist" permeated the ader
tising for the three publica
tions. The Court announced a new
te.-t to be considered in ob
scenity cases when it said
that where the purveyor's sole
emphasis is on the sexually
provocative aspects of his pub
lications, the fact may be de
cisive in the determination of
Sexually Pnnocathe
The publications, according
to the court, were not sold to
a limited audience or for ther
apeutic or educational value;
rather, Ginzburg deliberately
emphasized the sexually pro
vocative aspects in order to
catch the salaciously disposed.
By a 6 to 3 vote, the Court
reversed the Massachusetts
ban on Fanny Hill. In its rul
ing, the court applied the test
from the case of Roth v.
United States.
Obscenity was defined in
the Roth case as follows:
"Whether to the average per
son, applying contemcorarv
i-uiumunuy bianaaras,
dominant theme of the
Cont. on page 3, coL 4