The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, July 08, 1965, Image 1

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Summer Orientation
Ichool Gai
By Sandra Andersen
The summer program for
new students and their par
ents is an attempt to bridge
the gap between high school
and college by giving each
entering student a chance
for individual attention, ac
cording to Curtis Siemers,
cjiator of Student Ac-
This program was start
ed last summer under the
direction of G. Robert Ross,
Dean of Student Affairs. It
is to take the place of part
of the former New Student
Last year 1,200 future stu
dents were on campus dur
ing the summer for the or
ientation, and this year 2,000
or more are expected. Ac
cording to the Director of
Admissions, John Aronson,
"This program Is securely
established and will contin
ue to grow and change."
The future student and-or
his parents can start this
one and one-half day pro
gram on a Monday, Tues
day, Wednesday or Thurs
day, June 16 through Au
gust 5.
A group of 16 undergrad
uates or recent graduates
representing the University
conduct the tours of t h e
campus. Student represent
atives from the various col
leges and members of the
faculty and administration
conduct discussion groups
and seminars for the groups
of entering freshmen and
for the groups of parents.
During the session with rep
resentatives from the par
ticular college the new stu
dent will enter in the fall,
the student has a chance to
ask questions and perhaps
change his schedule of fall
"Careful planning of the
student representatives of
the colleges, the faculty and
the administration has con
tributed to the success of
this p r o g r a m," Siemers
"This program has been
effective in promoting a mu
tual understanding between
the parents and the admin
istration," according to Lee
Chatfield, Associate Dean of
Student Affairs and Direc
tor of Junior Division and
Counseling Service. He said
that the parents are often
amazed at the amount of
attention given to each stu
dent. Chatfield said that this
helps to counteract the ap
prehension the parent may
have about sending his son
or daughter to a school as
large as the University. He
learns that his child won't
become just a number.
"The parent has a more
confident, secure feeling
about the future of his
child," Chatfield said.
After attending one of
the sessions, "The parents
feel that they will be able to
be more understanding of
their sons' and daughters'
reactions, and the problems
that their children will face
while attending the Univer
sity of Nebraska," Aronson
kNi. Let all your things have
their places; Jet each
part of your business
have its time.
Ben Franklin
It's amazing how much
you can get done if you
don't care who gets the
Wednesday, July 8, 1965
Lincoln, Nebraska
No. 4
Emerging Nations Face
Expanding Population
The biggest problem in de
veloping nations in the Pacific
and many other areas of the
world as well, is the rapid
growth of population, accord'
ing to Walter Harris, an edu
cator from New Zealand.
Speaking for the World
Affairs Previews last Thurs
day, Harris explained that the
problem is exemplified by
Hong Kong. "If you were to
draw a circle eight miles
around the edge of Lincoln,
that would be the equivalent
of the area three and a half
million people occupy in Hong
Kong," he said.
In Japan, the problem is be
ing solved, somewhat, he said.
There they have decreased the
birth rate from 27 per 1,000
to 17 per 1,000. The death rate
there is seven per 1,000.
The population problem is
going beyond the moral as
pect, Harris said, and is over
shadowing the realm of poli
tics. "It is a matter of life
and death," he said.
Harris noted that though
food production is increasing,
it is still barely enough to
feed all the new mouths.
This problem exists in Red
China, too, according to Har
ris. There is a population of
700 million there, and it is in
creasing at a rate of 14 mil
lion per year. In 1940 the pop
ulation of Red China was 131
million. This is a 70 million
gain in 25 years, he noted.
In the expanding path of Red
China are other eastern na
tions, such as Indonesia, Har
ris said. In Indonesia there
is the problem of trying to
unify the people. "The people
there didn't even know what
the word 'Indonesian' meant
until Sukarno came along,"
Harris said.
Red China, next to the
United States, is the one na
tion in the world which is
emerging more than any oth
er nation, Harris said.
"At all times of the day,
you can see people doing their
exercises. There is a great
emphasis on fitness." Another
striking thing about Red
China is the fact that many
of the children are going to
school, Harris said.
"Just imagine 700 million
people physically fit and keen
on education. Red China is lit
erally bursting from the
seams," he said.
Speaking of Vietnam and
the coverage of it in Ameri
can newspapers, Harris asked
the audience, "How do you
get your information?" He
had clippings of overseas
news from the morning news
papers, and said it amounted ,
to an equivalent of four col- i
During his talk, Harris used j
a w orld map, pointing out the ;
various countries he was dis
cussing. He said that he did
not like the way most maps
are laid out, because they
give the impression that the
United States is on the other
side of the world from Red
China and the other nations in
the Pacific.
Finally, he began to point
into space on the right side of
the map when he was refer
ring to the United States, say
ing, "I refuse to have the
United States on the other
side of the world. You're our
Returning to his lecture,
Harris asked the question,
"With all these threats all
around in these countries,
what is the United States
to do?"
"You might say 'let it go',"
Harris said, "but do not forget
that the United States is not
'over there'; it's 'here'."
In Viet Nam today, there is
a situation parallel to that in
Korea fifteen years ago, he
said. "We have said that we
will help any country with
stand agression, and we are
even better equipped to give
this help now."
"There is a tendency to
want to avoid war," Harris
said. He added that "We learn
from history that we never
learn from history."
"We must meet aggression
where it occurs," he said. He
cited acts of aggression which
Summer Enrollment
Reaches New High
Summer session enrollment
at the University of Nebraska
passed the 5,100 figure and it
is anticipated that an all-time
high registration of 5,400 will
be established by the end of
the August session.
The previous summer ses
sion enrollment record was
set a year ago when 4,536
students were enrolled at the
close of registration, accord
ing to Registrar Floyd
Dr. Frank Sorenson, direc
tor of summer sessions, said
the concept of education the
year-round has been chiefly
responsible for the increased
enrollments. The final regis
trations will include those
attending the August session
and the three-week sessions
interspersed throughout the
The number of new high
school graduates enrolled this
summer will likely be larger
than the number enrolled in
any previous session, Dr. Sor
enson said.
More than 7,100 students of
all ages are engaged in
studies on the campus this
summer. In addition to regu
lar students, more than 2,000
Nebraska high school s t u -dents
are attending various
educational programs on the
Lincoln campuses. A total of
525 are enrolled at University
High School; 456 were in the
All-State High School
Course 396 in Boys State;
325 in Girls State; and 300 in
State 4-H Club Week.
Harris (right) poses with his "old buddy," Dr. Frank
Sorenson, director of summer sessions.
were not challenged, but later
developed into World Wars I
and II and the Korean War.
"If we should pull out of
Viet Nam, all of southeast
Asia would be lost to commu
nism," he said.
Harris said he attended the
20th birthday party for the
United Nations in San Fran
cisco recently where he noted
"unwarranted sadness."
"The United Nations has
actually achieved a great .deal j
in terms of saving lives, help-!
ing nations gain independence,
enhancing economic develop
ment and increasing educa
tional opportunities," he said.
"Our decisions now are not
for ourselves; they are for
our children and their chil
dren," he said.
Harris added that the world
must support the United Na
tions. Through reading, think
ing, talking to others and also j
building up good will, "war!
will become more unthink- j
able," he said.
Index To Inside Pages
rollment at the University is creating a need for more
and more dormitories. For the story of housing expan
sion, see
Page 2
at the University maintains an active, interested mem
bership around the country. For the story of the Associa
tion and its work, see
Page 3
combinations of mothers and daughters are attending
summer school together this summer. For this story, see..
Page 4
the Historical Society is excavating at a site near Falls
City, Nebraska this summer. For the story of an old In
dian tribe, see
Page 4
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I Warden Sigler: Nation Not 'Coddling' It's Criminals
EDITOR'S NOTE: The follow
ing story w as written by Rich
ard Patten as an assignment
in the a d v a n c e d reporting
class at the School of Journal
ism. By Richard Patten
Is the nation "coddling" its
V):.J;. ,WWWII.I m 0f, 1
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Carroll ... We're 'coddling' our criminal.
criminals? Are too many ob
viously guilty individuals
squirming through legal loop
holes to freedom and, often,
more crime:
One Lincoln official, Police
Chief Joseph Carroll, thinks
so. In a speech last semester
he lashed out at strict search-and-seizure
laws (particularly
involving automobiles) and
a U.S. Supreme Court ruling
that denial to grant a sus
pect's request for counsel dur
ing questioning is a violation
of rights guaranteed under the
6th Amendment to the Consti
tution. But another official, Mau
rice Sigler, State Penal Com
plex warden, disagrees.
He attributes the difference
of opinion to the fact that Car
roll faces criminals in a pre
punishment situation.
"He is the one who has to
eat hot lead" in such situa
tions, Sigler said.
There are a lot of men try
ing to get out of prison be
cause of the Supreme Court
ruling though, Sigler said.
The greatest number of
writs of habeas corpus pre
pared and submitted in a sin
gle week since the ruling was
"But we just mail them on
to the attorney general. Ac
tually it's his problem," Sig
ler said.
(Two such writs have been
successful so far, but one pris
oner r e f u s e d his freedom
when be learned that the fa
vorable ruling entitled him to
a new trial, not unconditional
Another issue certain to
arouse passion between those
who think the nation is too soft
on its criminals and those who
feel otherwise is capital pun
ishment. The warden, by his own
description no "bleeding
heart," is nevertheless against
capital punishment.
The issue is warming up
in Nebraska. Gov. Frank Mor
rison has announced that he
favors a bill introduced in the
Legislature bv Sen. John
Knight of Lincoln, which
would abolish the death pen
The bill is expected to gen
erate hot debate.
Speaking as a citizen and
not as warden, Sigler said he
is against the death penalty
because, as the man who has
to carry out executions, "my
emotions may outweigh my
Police officers, he said gen
erally favor the death penal
ty for the same reasons
they favor looser search-and-seizure
laws and a relaxing of
laws which tend to protect
Sigler said that policemen,
too, are letting their emotions
outweigh their judgment.
Sigler has "presided" (in
his terms) at 10 executions.
And his experience at o n e
execution indicates what
many feel is the greatest
danger of capital punishment;
executing the wrong man.
The incident occurred in
the South. Sigler said: "In
"In nine of the 10 executions
I was absolutely convinced
the man was guilty.
"In the tenth I wasn't sure.
He was a yong Negro, ac
cused of raping a white wom
an. When we put the hood
over his head before the exe
cution we asked him, as we
always do, if
thing to say.
"He said he did. He said, '
'I know I'll be dead in one
minute. But I did not rape
that woman.' "
The warden added:
"I don't ever want to have
to execute another man."
Only once since he's been
at Nebraska has Siller had
to carry out the death penal
ity. He presided at the exe
'cution of Charles Stark
weather, whose 1958 murder
spree took 11 lives.
Despite his opposition to
the death penalty, Sigler was
in favor of the Starkweather
"There are two choices
when you're dealing with
someone like that," Sigler
said. "You can execute him
or imprison him for life.
"If he gets life you must be
absolutely, 100 per cent sure
that he never goes free. Soci
ety cannot tolerate a man
like that in its midst. And in
order to be 100 per cent sure
he's have to be segregated
and left to rot."
Therefore, says Sigler, ex
ecution is the more humane of
the choices.
The warden doesn't believe
a capital punishment law de
ters capital crimes.
He said Nebraska's "sister
states" of North Dakota.
Michigan, Minnesota and Wis
consin have abolished the
death penalty "and their rate
of capital crime is no greater
than ours."
"Bleeding hearts" might
suggest that criminals are
emotionally ill, mentally dis
turbed individuals who can be
treated and sent back to sod-
he had any-, ety to live normal, productive
Sigler doesn't buy this view.
"Sure some of them are
sick. But there are sick peo
ple at the University of Ne
braska too.
(Continued page 2)
:. .... ; Ivi f
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Sigler . .
other man."
"I don't ever want to have to execute in-