The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, March 25, 1965, Image 1

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Photo By Kip Rirschback
mentator Elie Abel spoke yesterday to students on the
"United States and Southeast Asia," in the Nebraska Union
Abel Calls Negotiation
'Doubtful' In Viet Nam
By Priscilla Mulling
Senior Staff Writer
We are in a war in Viet Nam, but it is hard to know
just what kind of war it is, according to Elie Abel, NBC's
State Department Correspondent.
Abel quoted a World War II slogan. '"Know your en
emy!" and said that such a slogan could very well help
us today in Viet Nam.
There are four kinds of war which the Viet Nam situa
tion conld be categorized as. he said.
First is the civil war. There has been a civil war going
on within South Viet Nam since 1954, with hit and run
raids and assassinations by the Communists. This has
been going on with weapons supplied from outside coun
tries, he said.
Weapons for one side have been supplied by the Unit
ed States, he said, while weapons for the other side are
a mixture from several Communist countries. However,
Abel pointed out, many anti-communists have been killed
with captured American weapons.
The second kind of war Abel mentioned is that be
tween two neighboring states North and South Viet Nam.
The one state is definitely communistic, and "in our opin
ion" they are Communists, he said. However, they are
also nationalists.
Outpost of Freedom
In the South there is no clear political program, he
said. We tend to call the South an "outpost of the free
world," but we carry it to the point of "hypocrisy and
It is a dictatorship a military dictatorship today
ami "free" only in the sense that it is anti-Communist,
he said. "
Seeking Hegemony
The third way of looking at the war is in terms of
China's attempts at expansion in Southeast Asia. The Chi
nese are seeking a hegemony, or leadership over the oth
er nations, he said.
Abel said that the fourth way of viewing the war is
in terms of an effort by a wing of world Communism
to spread the Communist doctrines.
There is a tendency for us to view the war in terms
of nly one of these faces of war, according to Abel.
Speaking of President Johnson's actions in Viet Nam
since Feb. 7, he said that Johnson had merely "changed
the ground rules." He said that by sending ground forces
into South Viet Nam, bombers into North Viet Nam and
by supplying gas to the South Vietnamese, Johnson was
doing something he "could have done months ago."
Involvement Expanded
Our commitment to Viet Nam goes back 10 years to
the Eisenhower administration, he said, but tmtil 1961 our
involvement was "rather marginal." President Kennedy
tried to expand the scope of our involvement, but "we
were careful to stress that those soldiers sent Ik were
to train and advise, not to fight."
The prediction then was that these soldiers would be
sent home by the end of 1965, he said, but this prediction
does not seem to be materializing. "The more we send in,
the bolder becomes the resistance."
The "barefoot fighters" are now more formidable
than they formerly seemed. They are now willing to come
right out and fight in battalion form.
Negotiation Doubtful
Abel said he doubted the possibility of negotiating our
way out of the Viet Nam situation. He pointed out that
neutralization was attempted in Laos, but despite the sign
ing of the Geneva Agreement of 1962, peace didn't actual
ly come about.
"What reason is there to believe that neutralization Is
the magic answer?" Abel asked. In Viet Nam the situa
tion is similar to that of Laos, and the North Vietnamese
"don't take our commitment seriously."
Johnson has bombed and will continue to do so in the
thought that Communist resistance will give in. However,
Abel pointed out, the Viet Cong forces haven't given in.
He said that if there should ever be a settlement, we
would seem to be abandoning our cause of stopping Chi
nese expansion in Southeast Asia.
Peaceful Co-existence
Speaking of peaceful co-existence, Abel said that the
Communists seem to be willing to give up the use of
nuclear weapons, but still insist on being able to continue
fighting "liberation wars" such as the one in Viet Nam.
Were they to give up their claim to the right to fight such
wars, they would appear to be abandoning their goal of
spreading Communism over the world.
Viet Nam is a testing ground, Abel said, just as Ber
lin in 1948 and Cuba in 1962 were testing grounds. How
ever, he said, the Russians got the message that we
meant business in those two instances. The Chinese and
the North Vietnamese "cling to the notion that they can
get away with hanging on."
"It takes two sides to negotiate," Abel said. "Unless
tny hearing is bad, the Communists haven't made any
sounds that they want to negotiate. Everything is going
'Just dandy in their opinion."
Abel said that Moscow and Peking are not sure yet
how to react to the steadily increased bombings. They
have given warnings to the United States, but their warn
ings pertained to things "we never planned to do."
"We must assume that somewhere there is a trip-wire.
If we keep going North, the war will undoubtedly widen.
But Johnson says he doesn't want to widen the war."
"We face a period of great tension and insecurity,"
Abel said. There is a danger of a land war in Asia such
as there was in Korea, and "very few American soldiers
have a stomach for that."
He said we would probably get some warning ahead
of time if the ground war were to begin to materialize.
"I hope our government has its ear to the ground and
will catch such a warning!"
UmHe Civil -Heights Wwh
By Wayne Krenscher
Junior Staff Writer
Racial discrimination and
civil rights were the main top
ics of discussion and decision
at Student Council yesterday.
The Council passed two mo
tions concerning these prob
lems of discrimination and
civil rights on the Universi
ty campus.
The first motion recom
mended that all housing listed
on the University's approved
housing lists be required to
sign a statement saying that
they will rent to any person
regardless of race.
The second motion provided
for the formation of a Civil
Rights Committee under Stu
dent Council to help correlate
all the other organizations and
persons on campus interested
in civil rights.
Larry Frolik, chairman of
the Public Issues Committee,
reported that Negroes and
foreign students had many
problems in finding housing
off campus because of racial
Frolik said that the housing
lists which the University pro
vides students who need off
campus housing do not stipu
late whether the landlords will
accept Negroes and all other
races or not. As a result, he
pointed out, the Negro student
often finds himself in the em
barrassing position of having
a landlord turn him down be
cause of his race.
He said that this problem
was especially serious because
a large percentage of the hous
ing available will not accept
the Negro.
"The problem of off campus
housing," Frolik said, "f o r
the Negro is very aggravating
and the University at the pres
ent time is taking no pains to
Obasi Onuoha. foreign stu
dent representative to the
Council, said in the past there
has been an understanding
that University recommended
housing would not discrimi
nate, but that it had never
been enforced.
G. Robert Ross, dean of Stu
dent Affairs, told Student
Council that up until this
time the only service that the
University could make as far
as off campus housing was
concerned was to compile the
lists and make them available
to students.
"But," he said, "we are now
in a transition period and are
trying to clearly define what
exactly the off campus hous
ing policy is."
"In the past," he said, "if
students reported they had
been turned down because of
of race by a certain landlord,
we took that house off the
He pointed out that a thing
of this type is hard to regu
late because most owners and
renters feel they exercise the
right to turn renters down and
the problem is to decide on
what basis the room was de
nied. Also he said that it was
a problem because the Uni
versity, due to the large en
rollment and a definite space
problem, had to ask landlords
for this service.
"It's hard to ask someone
to open their home and then
give conditions," he said.
He said he knew of eight to
stances last year where stu
dents had been refused be
cause of race and thus the
housing was removed from
the lists.
Ross said that the Univer
sity would study Student Coun
cil's recommendation care
fully. Barbara Winn, a Negro stu
dent at the University, ques
tioned the University's effi
ciency in taking houses off
the list which discriminated
between students.
She said that When she first
came to Nebraska many
houses on the lists would not
rent to her and that she com
plained to the University, but
that a while later when she
came back and looked at the
lists the discriminating houses
were still there.
Ross admitted that perhaps
the University wasn't always
as efficient or prompt as it
should be in removing housing
Vol. 80, No. 104
The Daily Nebraskan
Thursday, March 25, 1965
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Photo By Kiv Hlntchtech
S'O PANIC . . . University student Bob Byington participates in an activity familiar to campusites awak
ening to the snow blanket which enveloped us yesterday.
IFC Accepts New Criteria
For Gamma Gamma Honor
Six criteria for an IFC hon
or, Gamma Gamma, were
accepted last night by the In
terfraternity Council. Several
fraternity men will be honored
during Greek Week in April.
The criteria include:
"This honor shall be known
as Gamma Gamma.
"The purpose shall be to
recognize and encourage out
standing participation by
members of the University
Greek System in all phases
of Greek life.
"Those men eligible shall be
senior members of the fra
ternity system who have made
outstanding contributions ben
eficial to their fraternity, the
Interfraternity Council and
the entire Greek System.
"Those men honored shall
be chosen by the Interfrater
nity Council Executive Com
mittee, and its .faculty advis
ors from individual fraternity
"Those honored shall be
recognized during Greek
Week. They shall receive a
Certificate and shall have
their names engraved upon a
plaque to be placed in the In
terfraternity Council office.
"Not more than one per cent
of those in the fraternity sys
tem shall be recognized."
In a discussion prececding
the vote. Council members de
bated whether or not this was
to be an honor or an honor
ary. Larry Frolik, Beta Thcta
Pi, told the Council that if this
was to be an honorary, the
Council should not rush Into
it without a good structure for
such an organization.
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bers until next year, but this
. -i . r - i . . .t
was aeieaieu.
Buzz M a d s o n. president,
pointed out that as it stands
now, this is to be an honor,
not an honorary.
In a Pledge Education Com
mittee report on pledge train
ing, Dan Isman, Delta Tan
Delta, told the Council that
the report had been formu
lated out of the responses of
22 fraternity houses to a list
of questionnaires.
Eight points were made in
the report.
1) The majority of pledge
trainers work closely with
their pledge classes.
2) There is a problem of ac
tives sometimes trying to ex
ert tneir superiority unnec
essarily. The piedge, if he is
looked down on too much,
may de-pledgc.
3) Pledges saw no u s e in
physical training. Seventy five
per cent of the houses re
sponding reported that in modern-day
pledge training, the
mental training program was
of more use.
4) Pledge sneaks and study
halls were considered valu
able. 5) Fifty per cent of the
pledges responding considered
pledge functions useless.
6) Pledges disliked the idea
of being re-pledges.
7) The pledge father-son pro
gram was deemed not useful.
Isman said that the Commit
tee would look into this mat
ter and try to improve the
8) The ideal active, in the
eyes of the pledges, was a stu
dent who studies hard, has a
good social life, is in some
campus activities and is re
spected by his active broth
ers. Following the report, Mad
son said that such reports can
not be completely accurate,
but should be considered for
their worth in bettering t h e
Scholarship Committee
Chairman John Cosier told the
Council that interview times
for the sophomore scholarship
applicants are posted on the
IFC door. Applicants must
sign up for interviews.
Cosier also asked each house
representative to check their
houses for volunteers for the
tutoring program next year.
More tutors are needed in the
areas of English, German,
French, Business Organization
and biology. The areas of
chemistry, zoology and Span
ish are already filled up, he
said. The program is sched
uled to begin the second week
of school next year.
The Council also accepted
an amendment to the IFC by
laws, calling for a Publica
tions Committee. The commit
tee will be appointed at the
discretion of the president,
and will be in charge of all
IFC publications.
This would be classified as
a special committee, Madson
said, with a publications chair
man heading the committee.
Serving in an advisory capac
ity will be the rush book edi
tor. Don Pont, Sigma Phi Epsi
lon, was named to the newly
created Health and Recrea
tion Committee by Madson.
Madson told the Council that
he had received complaints
that some illegal rushing had
been rlone hy t,hrep houses,
and he planned to check into
this "wildcat rushing."
Guitar Concert Tonight
By Fabulous Romeros
The Fabulous Romeros, an
extraordinary classical guitar
ensemble, will appear in con
cert in the Nebraska Union
Ballroom tonight at 7 and 9
Free tickets may be picked
up at the main desk of the
Nebraska Union.
Mancini Concert
Tomorrow Night
The composer of the Peter
Gunn theme, Henry Mancini,
will present his orchestra in
concert tomorrow evening at
Pershing Auditorium.
Receipts may be purchased
at Nebraska Union, and must
then be taken to Pershing to
get the actual ticket.
Mancmi's music has proved
quite popular, having sold
more than three million alb
ums in the past three years.
He received three Oscars
since 1961 for his musical
The success of Peter Gunn
was repeated by Mancini in
his production of Mr. Lucky.
Some of Mancini's other suc
cesses include "Moon River,"
"Breakfast at Tiffany's,"
"Days of Wine and Roses"
and "Charade."
Builders To Pick
Student Professor
The announcement of a Uni
versity Student Professor will
be made soon. Selection will
be based on methods of teach
ing and personal guidance.
The winner will be chosen
from the top four candidates
presented to the Builders Ex
ecutive Council, which is
made up of representatives of
eleven campus organizations.
All organizations on the
campus were contacted and
were asked to contribute as
much as nossible toward the
"Student Professorship."
Tho?e contributing will re
ceive a certificate of appreci
ation and will be placed on the
honor rool which will be dis
played in the Union.
The person selected will be
acknowledged at a convoca
tion this spring, when he will
be awarded $500.
The Builders Advisory meet
ing will be held Saturday at
9:30 in 232 Nebraska Union.
The Executive Council meet
ing will be April 3, at 9.30 in
the Pawnee Room of tine
I Union.
that wouldn't rent to Negroes.
The second motion providing
for a Civil Rights Committee
under Council which will help
correlate organizations and
persons interested in civil
rights at the University was
suggested by Ross.
Ross said that many stu
dents on campus bad ques
tions, concerns and problems
concerning civil rights, but
that at the present time there
was no one place where these
people could air their con
cerns and considerations.
He pointed out that this
committee would not neces
sarily have to be one that
takes action on issues, but one
that receives concerns and
complaints from students and
organizations and helps them
work together for solutions.
For instance, he said, that
if next year some Negro stu
dent can't find housing be
cause of discrimination, this
committee will give him a def
inite place to take his prob
"This committee," Ross
said, "will be able to bring
all the forces of the institu
tion together to work on a
specific problem."
Ross explained that the
Council would have to decide
for itself exactly what the
committee should do.
Other business at the meet
ing concerned the election of
a junior to meet with Gov.
Morrison, the future Student
Council elections and changes
in the final examinations peri
od. Kent Neumeister was elec
ted by the Council to attend
the Governor's Prayer Break
fast. They will discuss Uni
versity problems with the gov
ernor and discuss the possi
bility of starting a similar
breakfast meeting at the Uni
versity. Bob Kerry announced the
filing schedule for the future
Student Senate election.
He said that students may
pick np applications in the
Student Affairs office starting
Apr. 1 and that they all must
be filed by Apr. 10 at noon.
On Apr. 15 there will be a
meeting of the candidates and
May 5 will be the general
Kerry said that the only re
quirements for Student Sen
ate are that a candidate be
a regularly enrolled student at
the University and that he
have a 5.0 average. Candi
dates for president and vice
president must have com
pleted 27 hours at the Uni
versity. There will be one represen
tative for every 35(1 students,
be pointed out. They will in
clude nine from Arts and
Sciences, five from English,
seven from graduate school,
seven from Teachers College.
fonr from business education
and three from agriculture.
Skip Soiref said that the
Faculty Committee will pre
sent three suggestions to the
Faculty Senate for changes in
the final exam period.
He said these changes were
needed because of the in
crease in enrollment and the
many departments who want
ed unit exams.
The first plan would cut the
exam period from the present
eight day schedule to five
days and decrease the time
of the tests from three hours
to two.
The second plan would in
crease the period to ten days
with the same three hour
The last plan would do away
with the final exam period
completely and let those
teachers who want to, give
finals when they want.
Soiref said that the Faculty
Committee would recommend
the ten day plan which would
only allow two tests a day
per student while the first
plan would allow three tests
a day per student.
Matches for the fourth
round of Quii. Bowl double
elimination will be held to
night at Nebraska Union.
Matches include The Olds
versus Beta Theta Pi I at
7 p.m.; Alpha Gamma Rho
versus Clco at 7:25; Delta
Tau Delta versus Gamma
Phi Beta I at 7:50; Theta Xi
I versus Four Frosto at 8:15.
Sigma Alpha Mu versus
Piper Hall at 8:40; and Bes
sey Beasts versus Beta Thcta
Pi Pledges at 9:05.
Teams in the first three
matches must check hi by
7 p.m. All other teams must
check in by 8 p.m.