The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, October 25, 1962, Image 1

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Khjjtshchev Charges U.S. Risking Nuclear War
.PemierNUuta Khrushchev j the message to Kennedy did
has sent "a message" WTres'iiwt'ijontain any pecuk- pi tr
pher Bertrand Russell in an
crisis from becoming a nu
clear war.
In the message he said that
the '"Soviet Union would msjke I the im justified actions" of the
so Tzsh decisiosf" s? a ' United States. He Tobafch' re
sult of the crisis. i j ferred to Washington's deci
"The Soviet Union will hoi sion to halt all further off en
allow itself to be provoked by sive arms to Cuba and its
demand that present nuclear
tled. "We will do everything
which depends on ns to pre-
vent the launching of a war.1
Khrnchrhf? said.
He said that once the United
States has begun agression a
summit meeting would be im
possible and useless.
ident Kennedy charging that
the U.S. blockade of Cuba ran
a risk of setting off an all
out nuclear war.
According to official sources
posal for a summit confer
Khrushchev did, however,
call for a conference in a
message to British philoso
fj 1 9 "1 X X JTM. f X I X X
Professors Differ
On Cuban Situation
Esquenazi Supports Quarantine;
Terms It 'Only Measure Leff
Three University professors,
Dr. Roberto Esquenazi, Dr.
David F. Trask and Arthur
"Winter, expressed varied opin
ions on the Cuban crisis when
interviewed by the Daily
Nebraskan yesterday.
Dr. Roberto Esquenazi
Mayo, associate professor of
romance languages, expressed
that "The Cuban crisis is one
more link of the world de
signs of communism. Berlin,
India, Viet Naum, etc., are
all part of the same general
offensive of the Soviet Union
and her satellites."
In Dr. Esquenazi's opinion,
President Kennedy has tak-
Esquenazi To Speak
Cuban-born Dr. Roberts
Eswuenazi-Mayo will speak
on the Cuban crisis today
at 12:15 p.m., at the Corn
husker Hotel. Dr. Esquen
azi, associate professor of
Tomance languages at the
University, will address the
foreign language section of
the Nebraska State Educa
tion Association. The public
is invited.
en the only measure left at
the present moment for any
self-respecting nation.
The fact that the unanimous
backing in Latin America that
the U.S. received proves be
yond any doubt that the Latin
Americans are together with
the U.S. at the present time,
he said.
"Of course it is hard for
any one of us to foresee what
the final results will be, but
the security of the nation and
Western Hemisphere, in my
opinion, required the meas
ures taken by the U.S. gov
ernment, he stated.
"We have seen the reaction
of the Cubans in Miami 'vol
unteering and showing their
willingness to defend their
homeland since this is no
longer an internal problem of
Cuba, but is the concern of
anyone who is sincerely op
posed to communism and at
the same time favors a free
society with opportunity for
all," said Dr. Esquenazi.
The Cubans, in his opinion,
have for quite some time
shown their determination to
free their country from So
viet domination. Certainly the
U.S. cannot forget that the
other areas in the world are
running the same risks of
being mastered by the So
viets. "This showdown had to
come sooner or later," he
"The United States had bet
ter 'eat crow' and admit it
made the wrong move in the
Cuban situation before it's too
late," said Dr. David F.
Trask, assistant professor of
The move on the part of
the U.S. to blockade ships
bringing arms to Cuba has
created many adverse conse
quences, said the professor.
Crisis Stirs Students
To Serious Thinking
Nebraskan Staff Writer
"It should have been done a year ago," stormed a
student in regard to the Cuban situation.
Students all over campuB are very conscious of the
threat of war. When the announcement was first made,
girls in the dorm panicked. Many called home to receive
consolation from their parents. The girls gathered in
little groups all over the dorm to talk about the latest
developments. They were switching radio knobs from
music to news an unusual act. Dorm girls have re
laxed a lot now that it appears that the Russians are
backing down. ,Tr
Student Tom Kotouc said, "I see no reason for U.S.
citizens to become panicky over the blockade since there
have been blockades of other nations before. The ques
tion is how the blockade will affect the ability to work
with the Latin American and other newly-independent
nations and encourage them to resist communism. In
other words, are the small nations going to view the
blockade as anything other than an act of imperialism
and colonialism?"
Jack Clark, pharmacy college, said, "The thing
that worrys me is that the Navy Reserve outfit in Kansas
might be called up. They might decide they need help
with electrical work. Something's always going wrong
with a radar set or a radio and I can fix it so I may
not be mixing organic compounds in Chem. 117 much
"We at least found out who our friends are," said
Pat Carlson. "There are too many wishy-washy nations
and this is making them show their hand."
Most of the students appear to be getting over their
panic and realizing that this is a reality which must
be discussed with a cool head. There is very little apathy
on the campus as all ears strain to receive the latest
news from radios and television sets. ,
It has aroused tremendous
suspicions among the new na
tions of the world by ranging
the U.S. policy against the so
cial revolutions of the devel
oping nations.
A majority of the Cubans
are behind Castro and resent
the move on the part of the
United States, continued
Trask. The U.S. has failed to
recognize and accept the so
cial revolutions in Cuba and
other small nations. It ought
to adopt a broad strategy de
signed not to interfere with
the social revolution but rath
er to shape and direct it in
whatever ways are feasible.
What alternative did the
U.S. have? Dr. Trask ex
plained that he thought the
most logical thing would have
been to send the Russians a
confidential ultimatum de
manding that the building be
stopped and warn them that
if it did not, a blockade
would take effect.
What are the Russians most
likely to do now?
Dr. Trask predicted that
they will probably concede on
the Cuban situation but will
apply pressure in other parts
of the world where our mili
tary advantage is not so great
places such as Korea and
The Cuban situation gives
the Russians a chance to
point out the errors of the
U.S. to neutral countries and
to our allies, thus damaging
U.S. prestige in these coun
tries. "We have given the Rus
sians a great diplomatic op
portunity that will enable
them to gain favor and sup
port among the developing
nations undergoing social rev
olutions, and one that will al
low them to operate efficient
ly in underniining the west
ern alliance, he said.
The professor also thought
it possible that Russia will
use this incident as an ex
cuse to gracefully withdraw
from the United Nations.
"I deem our policy both il
legal and immoral a viola
tion of legal treaty obliga
tions as well as abstract dem
ocratic principle," concluded
the professor.
Another politicial science
professor, Arthur Winter said,
"I'm inclined to think that
Khrushchev is in a quandry
and his proposal for a sum
mit conference is 6imply the
most convenient dodge to get
away from the embarrassing
situation which we put
him in."
Winter said that he was
happy that America has fi
nally taken a dr' "e stand
on the situation. said it
was the first time -dice 1945
that the U.S. has taken the
initiative to do anything.
"In the past we were usual
ly found with out pants down.
iumbling around trying to
find some way to react to
communist outrages."
Khrushchev, he said, doesn't
want war any more than
we do.
Vol. 76, No. 24
udent Council
1 WO
Nebraskan Staff Writer
Student Council defeated a
resolution yesterday that it
advocate "a rapid demise of
Huskie Husker and the return
of the heretofore traditional
Corncob Man."
Steve Christensen intro
duced the motion because of
many adverse comments he
had heard about the new Ne
braska symbol.
Stressing that the students
give the new symbol a chance
were Council members Den
nis Christy and Roger Stork.
Stork concluded that the
businessmen and people from
out of the state really do like
the name and because of this
new symbol and spirit the
Lincoln businessmen are pro
moting the Yell Contest.
A resolution introduced by
Hansen was passed that es
tablishes periodical meetings
between Student Council and
Dean G. Robert Ross and oth
er Division of Student Af
fairs Administration officials
whom Dean Ros6 deems nec
essary. This will be known as
the Council Roundtable and is
to provide a closer associa
tion between the Student
Council and the Administra
A resolution that "Student
Council censor Steve Chris
tensen (his statement) for his
unwise, unfair, and apparent
ly thouthless statement"
(which was quoted in the
Daily Nebrakan) moved by
Jim Hansen was not second-
Christensen moved that the
Administration issue a public
statement as to their position,
recommendations, and find
ings regarding arrests and
detentions, both lawful and
unlawful, of University stu
dents by Municipal Police.
Dave Smith amended Chris
tensen's motion to include a
statement of where the juris
dictions of the city and cam
pus police are. The amend
ment and resolution were
both passed.
Student Council passed a
motion to delete Sections 2
and 3 from the resolution
concerning a letter to Colo
rado regarding the firing of
the student newspaper editor
for a story against Sen. Bar
ry Goldwater.
Resulting from current hap
penings, the sections deleted
commended the president of
the University of Colorado for
his action supporting the edi
tor and disapproving Sen.
Goldwater's condemnation of
freedom of the press.
Christenuen then moved to
table the motion in its amend
ed form and it was passed.
Breckenridge, Vice-Chancellor
and Dean of Faculties and
Dean Ross sent the letter
shown on page three to Coun
cil President Don Burt giving
the reason for no official mi
gration. Dennis Christy moved that
a special committee be estab
lished to work with the Ad
ministration to attempt to
find a mutually agreeable ar
rangement for migration in
the 1903-64 school year and
that it report to Student Coun
cil within two months. It was
Torch Parade
Sweeps Lincoln
A torchlight parade, spon
sored by the University Young
Republicans, (YR's), will
sweep down '0' Street to
Pershing Auditorium tonight
at 7.
Students wishing to partici
pate should meet at Seaton
headquarters, 1100 'O Street.
All paraphernalia will be pro
vided, and "grubbies" may be
worn, said Steve Stastny,
YR President.
The Daily Nebraskon
Politicians Debate
Yell Entries
Due Today
Today is the last chance
for students to enter the
Corn Cobs' new Yell Contest
with $150 in prizes.
The winner of the contest
will receive flOO and the
runner-up will receive $50.
Any one desiring to enter
the contest should fill out
the blank which is in to
day's Daily Nebraskan and
take it to Wes Grady at
3601 Apple Street
Winners will be an
nounced at the Homecom
ing Rally and in the Daily
Will Speak Tuesday
Sanford Advocates
Education Changes
Daily Nebraskan Reporter
Dr. Nevitt Sanford, editor
of The American College, a
book which, according to Dr.
Gerken, chairman 0fthe Uni
versity Counseling " Service,
may influence the patterns of
United States education for
several decades, will speak
in the Student Union Ball
room on Tuesday at 10 a.m.
Sanford, who has studied
higher education from many
angles, feels that education in
America must become more
liberal and must place a
greater stress on the develop
ment of the total personality
of the individual.
At 3 p.m. on Tuesday San
ford will be at the Nebraska
Center for an informal dis
cussion with graduate stu
dents and University staff
Council Selects 114
For Revised Group
The associates for the cur
rent Student Council year
have been announced by Sue
Moffitt, chairman of the pro
gram. A total of 114 students par
ticipated in the weekend in
terviews, and t9 were chosen
to assist council members in
their work.
The new non-voting mem
bers of Student Council will
work on various committees
and projects which the Coun
cil sponsors throughout the
year. It is hoped the program
will provide training for fu
ture Council members.
The new associates include;
Steve Willett, Del Phillips,
John Lydick, Steve Bramer,
Nancy Alden, Ron Y 0 u n g,
Jane Benda, Kermit Brash
ear, Gus Shaw, Karen Mil
ler, Janice Woelfle, Judy
Johnson, Jean Probasco, Mik
Jeffrey, Karen Watts, Cliff
Hardin, Liz Ryan, Jeane An
derson, Marty Andre, Tom
Crester, Jo Lee Hirnisek,
Gary Fick, Mike Batken,
Richard Halbert, Tom Kert,
Don Benson, Jan Chuikehank,
Rolland Nichols, Jerry Owen
and Glenn Korff.
Fred Boelts, Doug Thorn,
Lynette Loescher, Brad Ur
fesch, Arnie Peterson, Carol
Brri'k, Dick Jorgensen, Mike
Gottschalk.-Bob Faiieng, Jan
Rohlfsen, Lynn Farris, Fred
Waltemade, Greg Brokma,
Dallas Likens, Frank
Partsch, Bert Aerni, Bill
Ahlstrand, Rosalee Pleis.
Jane Yost, Jim Anderson,
Mike Patterson, Segrid Hoce
kal, Kay Christensen, Mary
Cumberland, Twilla Sutton,
Gary Liess, Sharon Morris
sey, Jim Klimes and Mary
Lee Jepsen have also been
selected to serve for the
coming year.
Gerdes, Boyles Talk
On Reapportionment
Nebraskan Staff Writer
Should the reapportionment of the Senate of Nebraska
be based on political .compromise or do the citizens of the
state have a constitutional right to equal representation?
This was the question under consideration as Pat Boyles,
Mayor of Lincoln, and George Gerdes, state senator, debated
the reapportionment issue.
The object of. the debate is proposition seven to be pre
sented to the voters of the state on the November ballot. The
amendment to the constitution provides that reapportionment
shall give some representation weight according to area.
Gerdes, speaking for the amendment, commented, -"There
must exist some provision by which the minority can be
Continuing, he pointed out, "The proposition giving sole
His main objection to mod
ern American education is its
"failure to develop human
personalities and potentials."
Society, he feels, is respon
sible for developing children
and youth, not through the
school of hard knocks but by
providing experiences which
are deeply challenging at a
point of individual readiness.
WTiy, he asks, should stu
dents be expected to merely
absorb material? Separating
the intellect from the person
ality is unintelligent, serves
no educational aim, and is
vicious in encouraging the
notion that "if one takes it
upon himself to be a student
he cannot at the same time
be a human being."
Dr. S a n f 0 r d also feels a
sympathy for administrators.
In a speech given last March
at the National Conference of
Education, he stated "It
would be a fine thing if col
lege presidents could be he
roes. If they cannot be, what
with all the shopping, house
keeping and trouble shooting
they have to do, they must
at the least behave so con
sistently with our basic val
ues that they can be ignored,
or taken for granted by stu
dents on the assumption that
all is well. College presidents
have to be wise and just
and good men without expect
ing, or getting, any credit for
Dr. Sanford hopes for a
general advance of knowl
edge, progress in profession
al schools, more research to
outline programs for progress
and indicate failure of present
programs, enlightened public
criticism, and, most of all,
"peroration on value for the
individual and for the use of
intelligence in the quality of
Dr. Sanford, who is the Di
rector of the Institute for the
Study of Human Problems of
Stanford University, is com
ing to the University of Ne
braska as a part of the na
tional meeting of college and
university counselors.
His visit is supported by the
Convocations Committee and
the Research Council.
Folsons Increase
Painting Reward
Mr. and Mrs. Arnot Folson
have added $300 reward to
the $200 already offered by
the Nebraska Art Association
for information leading to the
recovery of valuable paint
ings stolen from Morrill Hall.
Junior IFC Selects
Scott as President
Members of the Junior In
terfraternity Council (Jr.
IFC) selected officers Tues
day night in the Student
They are: president, Brent
Scott, Delta Upsilon; vice
president, Shelly Krizelman,
Sigma Alpha Mu; secretary,
and treasurer, Ron Gouchen
our, Acacia.
Thursday, October 25, 1962
weight to area is recognized
in most other states, and even
in the Federal government."
Gerdes explained, "We can
not return to a two house leg
islature to solve the problem.
The constitution of Nebraska
requires that all legislative
houses be based solely on
"In 1925 the state was bas
ically rural, bow it is more
urban, Gerdes said. "Anoth
er problem concerns the boun
daries for redistricting,' Ger
des continued, "It cannot be
argued that county lines are
the only practical lines to fol
low." "Basing redisricting solely
on "population would necessi
tate crossing county lines and
splitting counties into differ
ent districts, Gerdes ex
plained. Concluding, Gerdes said,
"Legislation is basically the
art of compromise. It was in
this spirit the amendment
passed the Senate."
Boyles Objects
Mayor Pat Boyles strongly
objected to Gerdes' argu
ments. "Legislative reprsen
tation is not the art of com
promise but rather a basic
constitutional right."
"It is not constitutionally
fair that 39 of the people in
this state have a controlling
majority in the legislature,"
he argued.
"I have strong persona
feelings that I should have a
full vote for my state senator
not just a one-third vote,
Boyles confined.
Further explaining his
stand "The citizens of Omaha
demand an equal voice in the
legislature as a matter of
'Doesn't Apply Here'
"The fact that consideration
of area is grven to states in
the national government does
not applv to the individual
state legislatures," Boyles
said. "The Federal constitu
tion was written to give equal
representation to sovereign
states joined in union, 'ihe
state legislatures do not rep
resent sovereign bodies they
have complete control over
the functions of the counties,
unlike the federal govern
ment's relationship to the in
dividual states."
In replying to the question
whether area should be given
any weight, Boyles quipped,
"I recognize the right of peo
ple to be represented, but not
at the expense of others
which the current proposal on
the November ballot
would do.'
"Most of the people, prob
lems, and money comes from
the eastern part of the state.
Why can't they have propor
tionate representation?" ques
tioned Boyles.
'Welfare of State'
In commenting on the sen
ators' accomplishments dur
ing the last legislative ses
sion concerning reapportion
ment, Boyles commented,
"The state senate should be
composed of men who have
the welfare of the state at
heart, and not just represent
the people who they repre
Thus, according to these
two gentlemen, those who fa
vor the amendment feel that
it was all the legislature
would pass and therefore a
legislative compromise.
The opponents of the
amendment feel that no com
promise can be accepted.
U.S. Faults
Cuban Student Tells
Radio Havana Views
Nebraskan Staff Writer
"Kennedy is going crazy.
He has been completely in
fluenced by the power hit
country possesses and "wants
to use it," is one of the state
ments heard by Tony Rod
riguez on Radio Havana.
Rodriguez is a University
sophomore from Cuba and
has been following the Cuban
situation very closely over the
Havana radio. Castro and
Khrushchev lave been issu
ing many statements and
opinions, which are quite
different from what is known
to be true to the Cuban people
concerning the present situa
Rodriguez pointed out that
in all speeches to which he
has listened the United
States has been continually
called the aggressor.
Castro once mentioned that
the United States has taken
aggressive moves against Cu
ba "on the land, in the air,
and on the sea.' Castro then
stated that Cubans have nev
er taken an aggressive posi
tion; they have been con
tinually on the defensive
against "Pirate Kennedy".
Rodriguez noted that one of
Castro s favorite terms for
President Kennedy is "Pi
rate. In an address to the Cuban
people, Khrushchev stated
that Russia was sending arms
into Cuba only to "protect the
people against the Yankee
Imperialists,1 noted Rodri- -guez.
Rodriguez said that anoth
er often repeated statement
of Castro's, which is obvious
ly not true, is that '"The
United States is imagining
things. There are no offensive
weapons in Cuba.
According to Rodriguez, Cas
tro also has stated that the
American people do not feel
the same way about aggres
sion that their government
does, and revolution is bound
to take place soon.
When asked how the Cuban
students on campus feel
about the situation, Rodriguez
stated, "The Cuban group
has never felt that the United
States should risk war over
Cuba only. War should be
risked only for the safety of
the whole hemisphere.
"It now appears that with
the offensive weapon build-up
in Cuba, the safety of the
whole hemisphere is endang
ered, and President Kennedy
has taken the right step," he
CD System
Now Here
An air raid warning sys
tem has been installed on the
top of Bancroft Hall, accord
ing to a civil defense repre
sentative. A siren increasing and di
minishing in pitch means to
take cover immediately. A
monotone siren means to
evacuate immediately. Uni
versity evacuation routes are
Highway six or "O" Street
west to Seward.
For cover, use the base
ment or a hall in the middle
of the building. Stay as far
away from windows as possi
1. Take cover
2. lroi to the floor.
3. Cover your faoe.
4. lx not roan outaide.
5. Avoid toot) and water Id open con
tainer. 6. Uo not apread ronton.
1. How to flaw lire.
2. How to take aanitary precaution.
3. Home fiuraini.
1. Battery radio toned to & or 1240
2. Blanket!.
3. fcciuipment to diepoae of waate.
4. Flashlight with ireab battened.
5. Firat aid
6. Two wwk aupvly cf food. Bottietf "wa
ter, and pork and toeana are auueated.
7. Rope, noae, anovel and Jmcaeta m
Blasting Will Begin;
Parking Is Eliminated
Captain Eugene Masters of
the Campus Police issued a
statement that students
should discontinue parking
under the 10th Street -viaduct
for a few weeks.
Masters said that sand
blasting will begin within the
week, as a preparation for
painting the viaduct, and
cars could easily be