The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, July 17, 1962, Page Page Two, Image 2

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Page Two
Summer Nebraskan
Tuesday, July 17, 1962
A Look at Farty Politics on
By STEPHEN LOUGH
Editor's note: This story.
by Stephen Lough, deals with
party politics in the Big!
Eight schools.
ft is based on interviews
with leaders of campus politi
cal groups in the Big Eight,
interviews with heads of vari
ous college departments and
a survey of over 300 college
students. The story gives
some indicators that may
help answer questions that
have been asked about the
future voter on the Midwest
ern college campus.
Lough wrote the article In
the University's depth report
ing class. It is being rerun in
the Nebraskan for the bene
fit of those summer session
students who have not had an
opportunity to read it.
National political leaders
all claim him. Party spokes
men woo him. It's the rage
to write about him.
Who?
The fledgling voter on the
nation's college campuses. In
the Midwest much attention
focuses on the Big 8 Colo
rado, Oklahoma, Oklahomadents contacted seem to in-
Editorial Comment
Truman Library Fascinating,
Truman Visit Disappointing
The Harry S. Truman Library and its historical muse
um were fascinating. Documents and letters in the hand
writings of every United States president from George
Washington to Dwight D. Fisenhower were both interesting
and informative. An interested student could find answers
to many questions by studying the numerous displays. And
it's a good thing, for most of
tion and answer session with former president Harry i.
Truman could have been learned at Love Memorial Li
brary. An aging Mr. Truman entered the stage of the auditori
um of the Truman Library. He welcomed members of the
University of Nebraska Political Science 20 class, and told
them he was expecting very intelligent questions from such
an intelligent group.
Ignoring a list of prepared questions sent by the group
.prior to their visit, the former chief executive asked for
questions from the floor. He answered the questions smil
ingly and usually with a brusque humor. But for most of
the questions, his answers didn't offer much in the way of
his own personal opinions he merely referred the students
to the Constitution, to history books, or to his memoirs.
For example, in answer to a question about his ieelings
as to whether or not prayers should be said in our public
schools, Truman answered, "Read the first amendment to
the Constitution," with no further comment.
When asked what presidents he would name as the
most outstanding, Truman answered that there, are five or
six "Read my memoirs."
Mr. Truman was asked how he felt the farm surplus
problem could be alleviated. His answer?"Read the Bran
nan plan; I endorsed it."
Truman stressed that the students would have to decide
for themselves the answers to many questions. That's fine,
but what was actually hoped for by the students, -after a
busride of nearly seven hours, was Truman's own personal
opinions in answer to the questions. To find out, one would
need to spend hours in a library reading the documents to
which he referred, and from them to infer what Truman's
own answers to the questions would be.
Mr. Truman was down-to-earth, smiling, and humorous.
He sometimes answered questions with a humor that bor
dered on the sarcastic. A lull in the interrogating by the
students, who had expected their prepared question sheet to
be answered, more than once brought a "don't be backward
ask questions" comment from Truman.
He strongly and appropriately encouraged -questions,
but, on the other hand, stifled the questions of some with
such comments as "If you'd read your history book, you
wouldn't have to ask me that" and "Well, young man,
you've already asked five or six questions, but go ahead
anyway." '
When there were apparently no further questions, the
former president closed the meeting with words that were
not new to students that the future of the country is up to
its young people.
Ruthann Chubbuck
( Editor
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State, Kansas, Kansas State,
Nebraska, Missouri and Iowa
State. What is the political
profile of this future voter of
mid-America?
Interviews with his campus
political group leaders, a sur
vey of the membership of his
organizations, and the opin
ions of his instructors indi
cate: 1. Conservative activity is
on the rise with the organi
zation of at least five con
servative groups on Big 8
campuses within the past
vear.
2. There is increased politi
cal activity on the campuses,
but not necessarily an in
increase in numbers. As one
professor put it, "more noise
from the same people."
3. Students will accept a
political label Republican,
Democrat, Conservative, Lib
eralbut most of them won't
accept all of the philosophies
for which that label is gen
erally believed to stand. For
example, 30 out of 35 mem
bers of two conservative
groups were for low tariffs.
4. A majority of tne stu
what was learned from a ques-'
herit their politics, despite
the often-popular theory that
Junior comes down to college
and switches political parties.
But, though they may inherit
their party, most of them
don't inherit straight tickets.
5. Grown-up politicos at the
national level don't seem to
know much about their bud
ding counterparts at the cam
pus level. Young Republicans
on the campus are not even
organized nationally, and
Democrats at national head
quarters confess; to lack of
such specific information as
names of campus Young
Democrat presidents.,
These indications are the
result of:
Interviews of leaders (22
in all) of every Big 8 campus
political group that could be
discovered and contacted.
Interviews with most of
the heads of political science,
history, and economics de
partments on, all eight cam
puses. Because of varying de
partmental organization, the
total was 21. In some in
stances the department heads
referred to other professors
in their department whom
they felt were more informed.
A survey of more than
300 students, most of whom
are enough interested in poli
tics to belong to a campus
political group.
The leaders and professors
were contacted in person or
by telephone. The Survey
was conducted by mail with
student leaders passing out
questionaires to their group
members.
These were the sources.
Their opinions could not add
up to answers in clear-cut
blacks and whites. But their
answers could provide indica
tions indications that help
answer questions being asked
about the future voter on Mid
western college campuses:
Is there an increase in po
litical activity among the stu
dents? Apparently, yes. A majori
ty of the professors and stu
dent leaders indicated that
they felt there was an in
crease in political activity.
Most thought the increase
was slight at the present
time, but would pick up as
the elections move nearer.
However, those at Kansas
University Disagreed.
Both student leaders and pro
Summer
An account of the uniform
resistance doctrine to the Su
preme Court's ruling on seg
regated schools, .Virginia's
Massive Resistance, by Ben
jamin Muse, acknowledges
that liberal forces do exist m
Virginia and the South. The
uniform resistance doctrine
was masterminded by Sena
tor Harry Byrd Sr.'s politi
cal machine in Virginia,
Other books for summer
reading, by the staff of Love
Library, include:
The Science of Dreams,
Edwin Diamond. A highly in
teresting account of the sci
entific efforts which have
been made to determine "the
stuff dreams are made of,"
from the ancient Egyptians
to modern experimentation
with electronic monitoring de
vices. Psychology, philosophy
and modern technical meth
ods are combined to form a
book which will interest any
one who is at all curious
about this much-disputed and
little understood subject.
The Ruling Servants; Bu
reaucracy in Russian, France
and Britain?, Erich Strauss.
An attempt to give a bal
anced view of the rise of bu
reaucracy in the State and its
effect on the distribution of
power in political bodies.
More than half of the book
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fessors feel there is a general
nir nf anathv towards Doli-
tics. Philip M. Rice, chair
man of the department of
political science and history,
said, "Students at Kansas
State are unpolitical-minded."
What is the cause of this
increased political activity?
Those who feel there is an
increase think that the stu
dents have a greater aware
ness of the issues than they
have had in the past. They
attributed this awareness to
the gravity of the interna
tional situation.
Is this increase in num
bers? Carl Schneider axting
chairman of the department
University of Nebraska an
swered the quesition this way:
In the Young Republican
nrtranizations a greater num
ber of students favored low
tariffs over high ones. Sev-M-ini
were satisfied with the
present tariff or didn't give
an flnsw6i
Pmial numbers of -Young
Ronnhlirans favored more
federal aid to education as
opposed federal aid. A few
were pleased with the
nrpspnt aid. A large share of
the conservative groups had
no objection to extended: so
cial security provided it was
done on a voluntary basis.
In every case a majority
of the members of the Young
TiPTTinfTflt organization were
consistent with the policies
of the Kennedy administra
tion. However, there were
manv students among these
organizations whose answers
were inconsistent witn tne
label they had given them
selves. For example:
A Missouri Youne Demo
crat tagged himself a liberal
Democrat but he wanted less
federal aid to education, less
power for the executive and
less coverage under social
security.
Another liberal Democrat
at Missouri wanted high tar
iffs, less executive powers,
and was against federal med
ical care for the aged.
A liberal Democrat at Ok
lahoma State wanted less
executive power, less social
security coverage and was
against medical care for the
aged.
A Young Democrat at Kan
sas State tagged herself a
conservative but voted
Bookshelf
comprises surveys of the po
litical evolution of Russia,
France and Great Britain.
Third Programme (Radio
program), Rival Theories of
Cosmology. Three leading sci
entists, Bondi, Lyttleton and
Bonner, present arguments
supporting the three general
ly accepted but basically con
flicting theories of the nature
of the universe, and discuss
various aspects of the theo
ries. Basing the book on a
1959 BBC series, the authors
have clarified and amplified
their original talks, while re
taining the same content
Skyline, a Reporter's Remi
niscence of the 1920's, Gene
Fowler. Damon Runyon fig
ures largely in this book on
the great and near-great who
lived and made history during
the years Fowler dubbed "a
carnival ... of mass make
believe." The American Short Story
in the Twenties, Austin
Wright. The author examines
the work of the five dominant
short story writers of the
twenties: Anderson, Fitzger
short story writers of the
the work of the five dominant
aid, Hemingway, Faulkner
and Katherine Aime Porter,
contrasting and comparing it
with the work of predecessors.
Regular readers of Satur
day Review are probably fa
miliar with the writings of
John Ciardi, the American
poet and critic. His column,
Manner of Speaking, deserves
mention for the freedom with
which Ciardi approaches his
subject. Not confined to poet
ry, he has recently discussed
censorship of books and the
execution of Eichmann. Ciar
di has a unique ability to
puncture fallacies and bend
egos.
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straight liberal ticket on
questions about tariffs, fed
eral aid to education, execu
tive powers, social security,
and federal medical care for
the aged
Many other students who
tagged themselves as conser
vatives voiced liberal opin
ions on three or four of the
issues.
A Young Conservative at
the University of Missouri
snirl that the entire snrinl
(security program should be
abolished then added that
Kennedy's federal medical
care for the rged was i
good idea.
On a visit to the Univer
sity of Nebraska, Senator
Barry Goldwater was asked
to comment on these statls
tics. He said that these stu
dents simply were not what
fthev called themselves. He
said he failed to understand
how anybody could abolish
social security and support
federal medical care for the
aged.
The students contacted
didn't seem to have a pat
definition for Republican
Democrat, conservative or
liberal. A student at Iowa
State and one at Kansas
State defined the Republican
nartv as liberal and the
Democratic party as conserv
ative.
A student at the Univer
sity of Nebraska called the
Democrats conservatives ana
the Republicans reactionary.
Several students said both
parties are liberal. Another
defined both as reactionary.
The president of one Young
Renublican organization in
the Big 8 said, "Our organ
ization definitely follows the
conservative trend. We are
followers of the George Nor
ris philosophy." The late
Senator George Norris of Ne
braska might not have
agreed. He wrote an auto
biography entitled "Fighting
Liberal."
Will students cross party
lines when they vote?
Seventv-seven percent of
the students interviewed in
all political groups combined
said that they would spin
their ballot in a general elec
tion if they did not like their
own candidate.
Do students inherit their
politics from their parents?
In every political group,
with the exception .of the
Young Republicans at the
University of Nebraska, a
majority had the same politi
cal philosophy as their par
ents. Every proiessor ana
student leader interviewed
agreed that students inherit
their politics.
Where do the campus po-
UNICORNS
Planslncludc
Record Hop
The University of Nebras
ka Independent Cornhuskers
(UNICORNS) will hold a rec
ord hop this Saturday from
8-11:30 p.m. in the Selleck
Quadrangle TV room. Anyone
is invited to attend, especial
ly those interested in learning
more about UNICORNS, ac
cording to Byron Almquist,
vice president.
The co-educational organi
zation was formed last fall
for "the person who lives at
home and often feels left out
of University activities," Alm-
ouist said.
He explained that belonging
to UNICORNS gives commut
ers a chance to feel more
identified with the University
and to participate in intra-
murals. Spring Day ana otn-
er such functions which ar.
usually entered by organize J
groups, mainly ureeK nouses
or independent living units.
UNICORNS plans to have
organized social functions and
activities during the school
year to help Lincoln students
get acquainted with other stu
dents on campus.
Other plans of the organiza
tion include holding activity
orientations for new students
to Inform them about Uni
versity activity organizations,
and to set up communica
tions between UNICORNS and
the independent living groups.
g
Htlcal groups fit In with the
senior party?
The Young Democrats on
the campus claim to be a
part of the national organiza
tion. But a telephone call to
the college director at Demo
cratic National Headquarters
in Washington, D.C. produced
the name of the president of
only one Young Democrat
club in the Big 8. The re
spective clubs on each campus
carried on no correspondence
with each other. .The presi
dent of one club did not know
the names of any of the presi
dents of the other clubs. How
ever, the Young Democrats
do appear to be in the or
ganization of the party within
Gflch stdtc
The Young Republicans on
the campus don't even claim
organization on a " national
level. They extend only to
the state level. As was the
case with the Young Demo
crats, the Young Republican
leaders did not know each
other and apparently carried
on no correspondence.
The only way campus lead
ers of any political faith could
be found was through the
campus newspaper at each
school.
What do these students feel
is the political philosophy of
their parents?
There were no surprises in
the answer to that one. It
made no difference what the
professed political faith of the
student. Of those who had a
clear-cut opinion, they be
lieved by a whopping, top
heavy majority that politi
cally Mom and Dad are
"Conservative."
"There is more discussion,
but I don't think it involves
more students."
A majority of the others
interviewed echoed Schnei
der's sentiments with the ex
ception of those at the Uni
versity of Colorado. All of the
individuals interviewed there
feel that the Increase is in
numbers as well as activity
per capita.
Membership figures ob
tained from some of the 16
Young Democrat and Young
Republican organizations sup
port the view that there is no
increase in numbers. Of the
membership figures avail
able, only the Young Repub
licans at the University of
Colorado show an increase.
That organization had 169
members last year compared
with 358 for this year. The
Young Democrats at the Uni
versity of Nebraska and Ok
lahoma State have maintained
a
steady membership the
last two years.
Other figures are:
1M14I lMt-fl
Karnes Younc Demo
crat 202 330
Kansas State Younc
Republicans . over 400 over 600
Missouri Youne Demo
crats MO MO
Colorado Youne Demo
crat m IN
Turkey's Aiaiurk University
Holds First Commencement
The first class of students
were graduated this past
week from Ataturk Univer
sity, just seven years after
the University of Nebraska
agreed to assist the Turkish
government in building a sis
ter institution from the
ground up.
One hundred two students
were in the first graduating
class. The ceremonies at Er
zurum were highlighted by
the participation of Nebras
kans. Ninety-five students re
ceived degrees from the Fac
ulty of Agriculture and seven
from the Faculty of Letters
and Science.
Dr. Marvel L. Baker, dean
of the University d Nebraska
mission in Turkey, was the
commencement speaker. Oth
Originally
19.95 to 22.95.,
Most of these groups had
records that go back only for
a year which was a presiden
tial election year. Therefore,
observers point out that mem
bership would naturally 'be
greater last year than it is
this year.
Is there Increased conserva
tive activity?
Definitely, yes. Within the
last year, at least five con
servative groups have organ,
ized on Big 8 campuses. Iowa
State, Kansas and Kansas
State have organized Young
Americans for Freedom
(YAF) chapters. Missouri
now has a Young Conserva
tive club. These clubs haa
between 25 and 50 members.
Bruce Vanderburg, one Cf six
students organizing a YAF
chapter at the University of
Oklahoma, says he expects to
get 1,000 members in his or
ganization. Nearly all of the professors
and student leaders inter
viewed feel there is an in
crease in conservatism. They
feel that the presence of Sen
ator Barry Goldwater, the
recognized leader of the con
servative movement, was
largely responsible for the ac
tivity and that opposition to
policies of the Kennedy ad
ministration also added coal
to the fire.
Is there liberal activity?
Glenn B. Hawkins, chair
man of the department of po
litical science at Oklahoma
State, said, "I think students
are far more liberal than they
were 10 or 20 years ago on
almost every issue," Hawk
ins can find support at every
Big 8 university that there is
more liberal activity but not
in large proportions.
Most professors and stu
dents feel that there is an
increase in activity on both
the conservative and liberal
sides, but the liberals are not
as pronounced in their ac
tions and are becoming ac
tive only because they must
combat the rising tide of con
servatism. Two groups whose title in
cludes the word socialist were
reported. One was a Fabian
Socialist group at the Univer
sity of Missouri. The other
was a Young People's Social
ist League (YPSL) at the
University of Colorado. Thom
as Milstein, president of the
YPSL at Colorado said that
his chapter is the second larg
est west of the Mississippi
River. He estimated he had
50 to 80 members.
Do the students follow the
general stereotype of a liber
al or a conservative philos
ophy on issues?
Apparently not. In every
case a majority of the mem
bers of four conservative or
ganizations voted in favor of
low tariffs. Low tariffs are
generally recognized as a lib
eral approach.
er Nebraska participants
were Dr. B. N. Grecnberg of
York, a University of Nebras
ka regent; Dean Elvln F.
Frollk, Dr. Franklin El
dridge, and Jason Webster,
all of the University's Col
lege of Agriculture; and Hal
Allen of David City, associ
ate chief advisor of the Ne
braska Mission.
The University of Nebraska
helped found Ataturk Univer
sity, located only a short dis
tance from the Russian bor
der in eastern Turkey. The
original survey work was
done in 1954 between the
United States government
and the Turkish government.
Work then started at Ankara
University and with plans for
founding Ataturk University
in 1955.
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