The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, April 11, 1962, Image 1
UNIVERSITY OF NEBRj LIBRARY Inadequate Facilities APR II 1962 Disapfifova I 1 t To Close School By HAL BROWN Editor's note: This is the first article of a two-part series concerning the schools which the State Board of Education has ruled inadequate. Hal Brown tries to show what disap proval means, its part in the state educational sys tem, and the human side of the story in the towns where this takes place. Brother s' have stopped speaking to one another. Two members of the same family travel on different buses to attend school in the same town 14 miles away. Children who grew up to gether now are attending classes at four different high schools. Athletes are sought by three schools. Four Buses i A lie main vwv vi v v looks like a bus terminal every morning and night as four buses arrive to pick up and let off school children. This situation exists in Waterbury, a town of about 80 people in northeast Nebras ka. But it could describe many other small towns in Nebraska where the "State Board of Education has dis approved the school. Disapproved Citizens in 32 school districts across the state have heard that word in the past five years as the State Board of Education cracked down and placed these high schools on the non approved list. Disapproved A word that means different things to different people. To the State Board of Education, it is a tool to force schools with in adequate facilities to close. To the people in these school districts, it means problems, discussions, conflict a n d in many cases even heated argu ments. File Suit Disapproved Citizens of one town may decide to file s' to save its school from it. Another town may decide to operate the school on a non-approved basis. Another may decide to close the school and either redistrict or merely send the students to another school. Those who de cide to sue, such as Walton is now doing, are of primary interest to the State Board of Education in its attempt to move forward in reducing the number of high schools in the state. One official of the State De partment of Education ex plains that if the Board is up held by the courts, then many more schools in the state can expect to be disap proved. With the backing of the courts, the State Board of Education can be expected to step up the pace consider ably. Six schools have been disap proved during the past school year. They are Walton, Ong, Thayer, Salme, Max and Slockville. These six now are making the decision that others have made in the past At least eace P Editor's Note: This if the first in a series of four ar ticles on tbe Peace Corps. ' By JAN SACK "Once upon a time many years ago ..." Such a fairy tale tiginning is mo6t appropriate for telling the story of the Peace Corps. The Peace Corps celebrated its first birthday on March X, but the idea for an army of youth serving the world is so old that it would be hard to pinpoint the first governmental proposal of that type. One of tbe first suggestions for a "peace corps" came from some young World Federalists in 1919. Tbey advanced tbe idea for a peace force to be called Com munity Development Project. Later in tie summer of 1951, a convention of Stu dents for Democratic Actioa endorsed tbe idea to recruit members for Worldwide Community Development work. At about this same time Sen.- Jacob Javits of New York proposed that the United States recruit about a million young Americans for "an army of peace." This army, as Javits proposed, would be used to improve the stand ard of livicg throughout the world. Numerous Prposals There were other numerous proposals that an army of young people dedicated to the causes of peace help promote tbe standard of living abroad. Democratic Rep. Henry S. Reuss of Wisconsin helped further this cause after he made a trip to Cambodia in 1357. He was riding along a new highway in Cambodia when he asked his guide who used the road. The guide pointed to a barefoot Cambodian leading his water buf falo along the shoulder of the road. The road itself was empty as far as the eye could see. Reuss then asked himself, "How else might we (U.S.) have spent that money to serve more people?" When Reuss returned borne be decided to see what action could be taken to bumadze the foreign-aid pro gram. What Reuss had in inind was the creation of what be called the Point Four Youth Corps designed to restore idealism sucb as that displayed in tbe European Marshall Plan. This plan along with one submitted by Sen. Richard Neuberger of Oregon resulted in the passage of the Mutual Security Act in I860 which made $10,000 available for a study of the Point Four Youth Corps. Much of the concrete planning of the Peace Corps was based upon this program. Kennedy Endorses President John Kennedy first became conscious of one, Ong, now plans to con tinue as a non - approved school. Another, Walton, has filed suit. Close Doors And what is happening in the other schools, which may simply close their high school doors? Perhaps the same things are happening there as happened in Waterbury. For several weeks, the Waterbury students studied letters from each school in terested in them. The stu- dents studied the curriculum that was offered by each school. They talked with fellow students and delayed their de cisions waiting to see where the other students were go ing. As one parent pvt it, "They didn't make up their minds where to go until 30 minutes before the buses arrived in town." What technically happens when a school is disapproved? Taxpayers Affected When a school is disap proved by the State Board of Education, it is affected in three ways: (1) the school district must pay the free high school tuition tax levy which amounts to 10 mills in Waterbury's case, (2) the school loses the right to col lect free high school tutiton, without which most high schools could not operate, and (3) the school loses its state apportionment. The latter has little effect since the amount of money is very small. Nebraska's only state apportionment for edu cation comes from the sale of school lands. The three money reasons are of major interest to the taxpayer in the school district, but are of little interest to the students. But there are ways in which disapproval directly affects the student. One is through the school's athletic program. Athletic Attention Athletes in the Waterbury school, for example, received more attention than other stu dents as coaches from various schools tried to persuade the athletes to attend their school. But what would have hap pened to the athletes if the school had continued to oper ate on a non-approved basis? The constitution of the Ne braska School Activities As sociation (XSAA) states that any school on the non-approved list can not be a member of the Association and can not compete with any school that is a member of the Association. C. C. Thompson, executive secretary of NSAA, says this ruling would be strictly en forced. Non-Association Members "We would not say they cannot play basketball or foot ball, but they would be sus pended from the Association and this would certainly hurt their scheduling since nearly every school in the state is a (Continued on p. 3) Corps Vol. 75, No. 95 II H U a flu H V k. 7 L J I lilf IM : - 1 .. V-..' 1 f x i . i i - mm 'm t- V , f J r.,.. j",f -rv ' . if 1 i , - , Panhell Discusses 'No Room Rushing' By WENDY ROGERS Meeting for the first timelCarlson noted that "we hoPe in a round-table setuD with:10 do lt W ladies aSree new placards identifying the members, Panhellenfc Coun cil announced the tentative rush week schedule and de voted most of its session to discussion of proposed rush rule changes. Action on the proposed changes will come next week i at a sDecial meptin? timl 7 p.m., Tuesday, after dele-111 week- A gates have all reported thej Rushees, according to Sus proposals to their individual ie Moffitt, would be instruct houses led to report any infraction of The possible elimination rf'lhe "no room rush" policy, "room rush" dominated j Rushing Confined much floor ftlscussion. "All rushing, according to uutc W Lilt, l J j- change, Article VI, sub-sec tion 5, would be altered from: 'There will be no room rush- ing at the open house and the first set of six parties.", in read mnrolv- "TWp will i be no room rushing." Ladies' Agreement When delegate Marge Feese questioned enforce- Idea the peace corps concept in February tXQ when he asWd a question about Reuss proposals on the television panel show "College News Conference." Kennedy publicly endorsed the idea of a "peace corps" at the University of Michigan on October 14, 1960, when he challenged the 10,000 students listening with: "How many of you are willing to spend ten years in Africa or Latin America or Asia working for the U.S. and working for freedom?" Later as part of his campaign promise Kennedy said, "We are going to have to have the best Americans we can get to speak for our country abroad. I have sug gested having a peace corps of young men and women, who will be willing to spend two or three years of their lives as teachers and nurses, working in different coun tries which are backward and which are just beginning to develop, spreading life cause of freedom." Since March 1, 1961, this idea of having an army of young men and women serve the cause of humanity throughout the world is no longer an empty dream, but a driving reality. Twelve foreign countries throughout the world now have Peace Corps volunteers working within them and requests from 20 other nations have been received by R. Sargent Shriver, director of the Peace Corps, and bis associates. Three of the basic ideals of the Peace Corps are: To help the people of such countries and areas in meeting their needs for trained manpower. To help promote a better understanding of tbs American people on the part of tbe peoples served. To help promote a better understanding of other peoples on the part of the American people. Attitudes, Understanding This idea of the Peace Corps exists as importantly in the minds and attitudes of men as in its deeds and accomplishments. The attitudes and understanding cre ated by the Peace Corps are as significant as the par ticular bridges built, pupils taught or roads surveyed. Even though the Peace Corps has only started to perform its mission, it has made a profound impact in the minds of men. President Alberto Lleras Camargo of Colombia, one of the most respected statesmen in the Western Hemis phere, described the Peace Corps contribution as "... the finest way in which the United States could prove to the humble people of this and other lands that the primary purpose of its international aid program is to build a better life in all of the free world's villages and neighborhoods." . iment of the change, Jean ment. The house rush chairman and Panhellenic delegate would be responsible for en- forcement. within house' sne explained. Further, "Kailene (Senf), as president of Panhellenic, 111 PIain lhe e the rushees at the beginning of ine nroposea cnange, is w be done in living room areas. Another proposed change would alter Article III. See tion b of the rushing rules which reads- 'No high school E1H SnaiJ Oe aUOWeu Ul M- rority houses except sisters and daughters of members of the sorority,' and only out-of- ( Continued on Pg. 3) Is Old The Daily Nebraskan AWAITS OK New Dean Still Needs Dr. G. Robert Ross, the dean of student affairs at Ball State Teachers Col lege (Muncie, Ind.), will be recommenaea as the new dean of the Division of Stu dent Affairs, according to Chancellor Clifford Hardin. The recommendation will be acted upon by the Board of Regents meeting in Lincoln next Tuesday. University spokesmen noted that the Board s approval whould be iorthcoming. "Usually punishment is not a good learning process in disciplining students," said Dr. Ross in an exclusive in terview when he visited cam pus March 20. tie favors a professional counselor or psychiatrist handling of cases of student misconduct when emotional iactors are involved. "I am not sold on student tribunals recommending penalties for student misconduct" he noted Admits Failure When one man punished anomer, ne is admitting that ne nas tailed and does not understand his problem," Dr. Ross said. "Students only learn to be SCBC Lists Include 13 For Council fTA m inineen candidates from engineering, Arts and Sci ences. Teachers Business Ad ministration and Agriculture nave been slated bv the Stu dent Council Bettermen Com mittee (SCBC) for this year's aiuaeni umncil. ine candidates are: Arts and Sciences: Dennis Chris tie, Tom Kotouc, Jerri Olsen and Ann Wain. Engineering and Architecture: Jim Han sen, Rod Marshall and Dale Redman. Business Adminis tration: Bill Gunlicks. Agri culture: Frank Morrison and Sandy Brown. Teachers: Mike Barton, Judy Pearce and Cindy Tinan. Byron Almquist, chairman of the SCBC, noted that only one of the candidates slated was an independent. "Selections were made on the applicant's past contribu tions to the University, the impression he made before the interviewing board and his estimated potential to con-; tribute to the Student Coun-i cil as a member," said Aim quist. "Independent candi dates did show an excellent potential to contribute as Council members, but lacked tbe background and experi ence of those slated by the SCBC," said Almquist. Thirty-three of the 36 can didates who filed with the cu vision of Student Affairs by Saturday noon were inter viewed last week, plus five candidates who did not file after the interview. "Candidates slated by the SCBC will be brought togeth er to coordinate their cam paigns as a croup." said Almquist. A telephone campaign to Lincoln students will also be conducted by UNICORNS, the Lincoln Independents' organ ization, the week after Easter vacation. Nuclear Lecture Is Slaled Today Curtis Crawford will speak on "Sane Nuclear Policy" to day at 11 a.m. in the Student Union auditorium. Devoting full time to writ ing and lecturing on disarma ment and international af fairs, Crawford has filled more speaking engagements than any other lecturer in the United States since Janu ary 1960. Crawford is a 1945 gradu ate of the University of Chi cago and did graduate work in international relations, law, philosophy and theology. He is a Phi Beta Kappa and re ceived national debate hon ors. While in school Crawford was funding chairman of the Campus Student Federalists, and later lectured under the auspices of the Chicago Coun cil on Foreign Relations. of Student Approval mature, responsible citizens by being treated this way," he added. "If a drinking infraction in volves the individual student without affecting the rest of the community, someone should discuss the case with the student to determine whether or not an emotional factor is involved, or whether or not the student simply misjudged," he added. He concluded by noting that the primary interest of an ad ministrator is in education, not in punishment or rulings. NSA Views Expressing his views on the National Student Association, (NSA) he noted that Ball State had "pulled out of the NSA two months ago after four years of affiliation." "The decision to disaffiliate was based on careful study by students without college administration's domination or influence," he said. He said that students at Ball State felt that the NSA was over involved in nation al matters, and neglecting important academic decisions needed on the national level studies Dy aeans' groups show beyond doubt that there is no Communist influence in the National Student Associa tion, Dr. Ross added. Fraternity Potential "College fraternities have a tremendous potential," ne said, "Out we have a real job to show the public that fraternities are a successful RAM Starts Spring Day Participation A step towards organized competition for the annual Spring Day and a motion to put two constitutional amend ments on the general elec tion ticket highlighted Mon day's Residence Association RAM) meeting. RAM president Roger Dod son led a discussion of the in dependent houses participa tion in Spring Day. "Never before has Selleck been or ganized for the event and this year we are going to get en thused," stressed Dodson. "Let's go out and show the University that we are not apathetic." Intramural Director Henry Krous was named chairman of RAM Spring Day activ ities. A motion by Activities Di rector Dennis Tillman that two constitutional amend ments passed during the past weeks be put on the general election ballet was passed 11 to 9. Tbe admendments involved (1) scratching the pay of tbe publicity director and presi dent and putting the money mto a floating fund to be used for the benefit of RAM and (2) the election M bouse officers. The general election is billed for April 19. Four names were added to the bal lot through petitions. Max Nell and David Yan- nfy, both freshmen, are up tor the treasurer position. Raymond Emil, a sophomore, was added to the scholastic director ballot and another sophomore, Larry Porter, is up for social director. David Scholz, a junior in engineering, is still the only candidate for RAM president. Thursday is the deadline for petitions. False Identification Crackdown Planned A crackdown on the use of false identification by minors to obtain beer or-liquor took form as two ordinances were adopted Monday by the Lin coln City Council. One ordinance prohibits any person from loaning his driv er's license, birth certificate or other identification to a minor for use in obtaining or attempting to obtain alco holic liquor. The second provides for possible prosecution and pun ishment of anyone "who aids, to commit any offense" in violation of Lincoln's munici pal code. The need for stronger city legislation against false and borrowed identification was stressed in recent hearing. Wednesday, April 11, 1962 Affairs of Regents part of the University pro gram. Concerning student partici pation in the formation of University policy, Dr. Ross believes "students should par ticipate in policy formation only in defined areas." A native of Texas, he earned his bachelor of sci ence in agricultural econom ics in 1949 and his master's in sociology in 1950 from Tex as A and M College. He earned his doctorate degree in . psychology in 1955 from the University of Denver. The 34-year-old Dr. Ross will replace Dean J. P. Col bert as Dean of, Student Af fairs, effective July 1, 1962. Chancellor Hardin will rec ommend that Dean Colbert resume his teaching duties as professor of engineering me chanics. He has served as Dean of the Division of Stu dent Affairs since his ap pointment as the first dean in 1952 when the post was created. As Dean of the Division of Student Affairs, Dr. Ross will supervise all general relation ships between students and the University. Thus he will supervise the Student Affairs office, the Junior Division and Counseling Service, the University Examination Serv ice and Scholarships and Fi nancial Aids. He will be the liaison with student activities and organ izations, including the Stu dent Union, fraternities and sororities. Dr. Ross will also coordi nate the activities of the Uni versity Health Service (other than the medical aspect) with the housing, discipline, rec ords, foreign students and placement service division of the Student Affairs office. Chancellor Hardin noted that other activities, such as admissions and registrations may be included under the Division of Student Affairs, as recommended by the Glen ny Report. Dr. Ross has served as Dean of Student Affairs at Ball State Teacher's College since 1959. He has also served as Assist ant Dean of Students and as sistant professor of psycholo gy at the University of Den ver for three years. The initial selection of Dr. Ross was made by a five man advisory commmittee which made its recommendations to Chancellor Hardin. The com mittee included Dean A. C. Breckenridge, dean of facul ties, chairman; Lyle E. Young, Dr. E. Roger Wash burn, Mrs. Marion Nicker son and Dr. Lavon J. Sump tion. Party Plan Presented To Council A report on the advisability of the University having politi cal parties with platforms for goals was presented to the Student Council. This question and others pertaining to the role of the Council and other campus or ganizations in University life were discussed in a unique discussion with the major campus organizations. The discussion was spon sored by tbe Council activities committee a n d e r chairman Dave Scholz. Represented were AUF, Corn Cobs, Builders, Ag. Union, NIA, Red Cross, University 4-H, Young Demo crats, Intervarsity Christian Fellowship. "One student at the meet ing suggested a unique solu tion to our Student Council representative p r b 1 e m," pointed out Scholz. "He suggested that the Council arbitrarily divide the campus into living districts. The Council representative from that district would hold regular meetings with their constituents to explain and receive suggestions on Coun cil action.' "Our hope is that through this discussion and others like it in the future we can evalu ate the role of organizations on campus, suggest the dele tion or addition of certain ac tivities and move to strength en weak points in these organ izations," Witt concluded.