The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, February 19, 1962, Page Page 3, Image 3
ONlV.Xil'!Y Or N&UK .)::::::;: Monday, February 19, 1962 The Daily Nebraskan Page 3 Best Protection Is Get Behind Something . - r Nuclear War Poses Most Urgent Problem Today Editor'! note: This Is the first in leriei of depth reports concerning - civil defense by Dally Nebraskan staff writer, Karen tiunucks. By KAREN GUNLICKS One of the most, urgent problems facing our world to day is' the possibility of a nu clear war. Many people dis cuss and debate this situa tion, but few realize or know the facts. What is a nuclear - explo sion? A nuclear explosion is divided Into two phases the blast and the fallout. ' Nuclear Explosion , The blast of la nuclear ex plosion, includes a brilliant flash that lasts about a min ute. A quick burst of nuclear and heat radiation emerges from ground zero, the point of the explosion. The spurt of nuclear radiation (wavy lines extending from the fire ball) is called initial radia tion, or prompt radiation and kills within a mile or two. The heat rays (straight lines) can kill unprotected people up to 10 miles away and may start fires beyond that. The heat rays and ini tial radiation are followed by a blast wave which starts at more than 2,000 miles an hour, but loses much of its damaging force by about 10 miles out. When nuclear or incendi ary bombs strike a highly combustible city area, they can create a "fire storm" The rising , column of hoi gases draws in surrounding cool air, producing inward blowing winds that con' fine the fire storm to the blast damage area. Violent Wind As the violent wind, which comes with the blast, and the brilliant fireball rise . in: the sky, thousands of tons of earth, building materials, rocks and other forms of mat ter are pulverized, melted or vaporized and contaminated by the radioactive residue of pe explosion. A mushroom cloud is formed. A little lat er the material, condensing in the cold upper air like rain or snow, starts falling back to earth since it is heavier than air. It is carried wherever the winds may blow it. About five miles from the explo sion, the heavier particles- early fallout will reach the ground in half an hour. Twenty miles away, people may have nearly an hour to get ready, one hundred miles away, the fallout may not start for four to six hours All this early fallout, which carries the bulk of the radia tion danger, descends in less than 24 hours. The less dan gerous lighter particles de layed fallout might stay DR. LARRY LUSK, pianist, will appear in a faculty re cital Tuesday at 7:30 p.m. in the Union ballroom. His pro gram will include composi and Schubert. ' -tt MATHEMATICS, 3 P.M., Tuesday 209 Burnett. Profes sor H. O. Hartley of the Iowa State University statistics de? partmemV .director of the , Iowa State . University statis tics department, and director jf the, Iowa State Computing Center, will speak on "Prob lems in linear and nonlinear regression analysis." At 7:30 p.m. Tuesday, room 114 Burnett, Professor Hartley will give a more elementary lecture, "An introduction to linear programming." Inter ested students and faciltv are invited to attend. The evening session is a meeting of the Nebraska Chapter or uie American Statistical Associa tion. ....... -BlbTogyrp.m., Tuesday, 201 Bessev Hall. Dr. George W. Kelley (veterinary Sci ence) will discuss v"Cysticer cosis, A World Health Prob lem." , . , Spanish Club is sponsoring a discussion by Dr. Bernard Rosen of the sociology depart ment. The topic will be "Per sonality i and Economic Growth in Brazil." Tuesday at 7 p.m., room 345, Union, . . a a STUDENT COUNCIL AS SOCIATES will meet at 7:00 Tuesday in the Small Audi torium in the Union. The of ficial list of associates will be announced. Attendance is required. ft , ft ', THETA, SIGMA PHI will meet 6:30 p.m. tomorrow in Rag office. Speaker will be Miss Helen Green of the Fair bury Journal. She will show slides. NEBRASfCAN WANT ADS , potior v - Classified ads tor tha Daily Nebraskan must be entered two dajra in advance and must be paid (or in advance. Corrections will be made if errora are brought to our attention within 48 hours. LOST In Union, pair of nindanes. IS reward. GR 7-7081, Bob Pttcrsou. . Square golden wrist watch, black nylon band, loft on Friday In Stout Hall or on way to 17 A R., Reward. 1715 R, 432-409D. . Port Versaloc aUde rule. Lost In vicinity of Bancroft or Student Union. Reward. Phone 477-9171. v NURSERY Untverilty parents, Mialone Center Nurs ery. 2030 T, hours I a.m. to 5 30 p.m. , Breakfast and lunch, call 432-2392. JOBS Ideal part time Job for college man with car. Own hours. Phone 477-2367. As I See It... (Continued from Page 2) atives will defeat the re-, solution on the same grounds of "no support" and rightly so, If, on the other hand, students will even do no more than ap plaud those with whom they agree and hiss their opponents, the Council will be less likely to re ject the responsibility of NSA affiliation.-. It was significant that John Nolan said, "Debate over the NSA affiliation will set np a precedent in action and purpose for the Public Relations Com mittee." The Council must de cide whether to involve itself and the student body in national and in ternational issues, or to confine its interests to campus problems likd parking, and where the band sits. It will only re flect the attitude you and I, as the students it rep-a resents, express. aloft for months. The par ticles continue to give off radioactivity until they decay. The three main destructive effects of a nuclear explosion are heat, blast and fallout. The heat that a bomb pro duces is several 'million de grees much hotter than the temperature on the surface of the sun. This heat travels at the speed of light. A mega ton explosion could- kill an unshielded man eight miles from ground zero.1 A 20-mega-ton explosion could kill an un shielded man 20 miles away. It could glister , and cripple the bodies of unsheltered peopW well beyond that. Shock Waves The shock waves of a blast travel about 800 milesan hour Blast could destroy a brick building 9V4 miles ".f torn ground zero. The fallout fills the atmos-, phere, the air one breathes and attacks the vital organs of one's body with invisible radiation. However, since the air would be contaminated by radioactive fallout only to the extent that it CON TAINED FALLOUT PAR TICLES, me r e passage through the Mr of fallout, particles would not contam inate the air or any other material they happen to touch. "Nothing New" Radioactivity is nothing new. sun rays, sou ana x- rays expose one to radiation every day. but normal amounts of radiation are not dangerous. Only when radio activity is present in large amounts does it become dan gerous. It accumulates in the body. Fallout consists mainly ot gamma. RAYS and alpha and beta PARTICLES. Gamma rays, like X-rays, penetrate a person or other object. Those rays .which go completely through ones' body do not effect it. However, 'Occasionally, a ray will stop msme one s body and not go completely through. This is when it does its harm. Alpha and beta particles must be taken into the body by breathing or swallowing to cause any harm since an Alpha particle can penetrate only .004 inches of tissue and a beta particle only .2 inches of tissue. - Once inside the body, these rays and particles cause a neutral atom or molecule to pick up an electrical charge. Then the damafe occurs. This could cause the lose of hair, a cancer development, a mutation, a premature ag ing and shortening of life, mental effects, cataract in duction, slow healing of cuts and scratches . brittleness of Karen Gunlicks is a fresh man in Arts i and Science from Kearney, Nebr. She Is a mem ber of Kap pa Alpha T h e t a, an A WS and Student Union Worker, and a Stu dent Coun cil" Associ"1 ( ate. Miss Gunlick had a 6.9 aver age last semester and Is beginning- her first semester as a Nebraskan junior staff writer. ;;- v' " ' f 1 V 1 r L J nails, wasting away of the skn and sometimes deatn. The 'effects to future genera tions is yet to be discovered. Radiation Sickness ' Radiation sickness is neith er contagious nor infectious. Fallout radiation cannot make anything radioactive. Food and water that have been, exposed to fallout radia tion' are contaminated (only to the extent that they 'con tain fallout particles. Exposed food that may have particles on it can be made safe by washing, brushing or peeling. Fallout particles can be removed from water supplies by sedimentation or filtering. An - exposed" person is n o i himself radioactive,, nor do Meat-Producing Center Foreseen in Nebraska Imagine. Nebraska as the leading livestock center. The idea is not too far from real ity. "As the nation's nomilation center moves westward Ne braska should continue to have a ereat future .as one of the most important, if flat the most important uvestocK pro ducing states in the nation," said Dr. E. F. Frolik. -dean of the College of Agriculture. Dr. Frolik. sneaking to members of the Omaha Ro tarv Club, continued: "Ne braska has all the essentials for a successful and integrat ed meaj producing industry. "We have abundant grass land to the west cotroled with feed grain production and a large concentration of the meat-packing industry. "Livestock already is Ne braska's biggest industry," added Dr. Frolik. ."On Jan. 1, 1961, yie state Had aproxi mately 4.6 million head of beef cattle and calves. This total' was exceeded only by Texas and Iowa." Although Nebraska ranks high, Dr. Frolik feels that Nebraska s livestock industry can be much bigger. "Livestock, with- all its to fm wane AMMV MTK ...JiL...u.J 1 r -- kl If We all make miitaket . . . 0 f ERASE ITHOyT A' TRACE ON EATON'S CORRASABLE BOND ' a Don't meet your Waterloo at the (typewriter perfectly typed papers begin with Corrasabie! You can rub out typing errors with just an ordinary pencil eraser. It's that 8impleto erase without a trace on Corrasabie. Saves time, temper, and money 1 . Your choice of Corrasabie in b'ght, medium, heavy weights and Onion Skin in handy .100- sheet packets and 500 -sheet Yinm Onlv Eaton makes A Berkshire Typewriter Paper IATON PAPfeR CORPORATION I5ji PITTSFIELD, MASS. satellite business, offers a tremendous potential. W e don't have to go outside the state to seek this industry. It is here waiting to be de veloped," he emphasized. He added that the Ag Col lege is doing extensive research--hr breeding, nutrition and health of both cattle and hogs, to help develop this home industry. ' the things he touches become radioactive. He cannot effect anpther person unless he has radioactive fallout on his skin or clothing. This can be removed bh washing the skin and discarding the clothing. Certain precautions can be taken to prevent a high rate of mortality, especially in the delayed fallout areas. However, planning and know ledge of what do to are nec essary to make these pre cautions effective. ' . Beyond the 5-mile radius of total destruction, but still within range of the imme diate killing power of the bomb, one would have split seconds to save his life from the blast and fteat. He would have to act with instinctive speed to take cover behind whatever was at hand. In the country it might be a ditch or culvert. One should lie face down and stay there until the heat and blast waves have passed. In the city it might be a wall,' a building, or even a truck. Indoors it would be the floor (behind furniture or as close to an inside wall as possible.) The main idea is to GET BEHIND SOMETHING. Distance is a natural pro tection against fallout radia tion from external sources. As would be expected, the radiation exposure is less the farther away one is from the source of radiation. Thus, fallout on a roof 20 feet over one's - head will have less radiation exposure than the same amount of fall out on the same roof five feet over one's head. This is true because he radiation is reduced in intensity as it moves away from the point of origin. Time is also an important element in protection from excessive exposure to radia tion. Although the intensity of radiation following nuclear detonations is very high, the result of the natural process of radioactive decay causes this intensity to begin to de crease immediately. Intensities Decline Nevertheless, there can be rather large areas of high In tensity on the ground. The in tensities decline at such a rapid rate that at the end of a seven hour period the in tensity level is reduced to about 10 percent of the initial value. After a 48-hour period it is down to one percent. In two weeks the level would be about 0.1 percent of its ori ginal value. The most important potec tlon against fallout is shelter. Fallout radiation can pass through any material, but some of it is "absorbed" on thevay through. Thus, if suf ficient shielding is put be tween the individual and the fallout, the radiation which comes through will not b harmful. SPACE, MISSILE & JET PROJECTS AT DOUGLAS have created outstanding career opportunities for SCIENTISTS and ENGINEERS B.S. degrees or better Assignments include the following areas: Heat Transfer-relating to mis- sile and space vehicle structures Structures relating to cyclic loads, temperature effects, and the investigation of new materials, methods, products, etc Aerodynamics-relating to wind tunnel, research, stability and control Servo-Mechanisms-relating to all types of control problems Electronic Systems -relating to all types of guidance, detection, control and communications Propulsion relating to fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, dynamics, internal aerodynamics Environmental -relating to air conditioning, pressurization and oxygen systems Human Factors-analysis of environment affecting pilot and space crews, design of cockpit con soles, instrument panels and pilot equipment 1 . Get full information at INDIVIDUAL ON CAMPUS INTERVIEWS with a Douglas representative Monday, March 5 We urge you to make an appointment through J. P. Colbert, Uiairman, Committee on Occupational Placement. S. A. Amestoy, Staff Assistant to VP Engineering DOUGLAS AIRCRAFT COMPANY, INC. 3000 Ocean Park Blvd., Santa Monica, California An equal opportunity employer Solid State Physics-relating to metal surfaces and fatigue Space vehicle and weapon system studies-of all types, involving a vast range of scientific and engineering skills Career Cues: "The broader your knowledge, the greater your chance ' of success!" Edwin J. Ducayet, President Bell Helicopter Company "As I look back, graduating from college in the depth of the depression was a blessing In disguise. It was difficult to get a job, and even more difficult to hold it. It proved to me early in life that to succeed in business requires constant struggle.. "I found that the truly successful individual never stops learning, that a formal college education is the foundation on which we continue to build the knowledge and experi - fence required to get ahead. . "fiven in today's age of specialization, a man eventually reaches a point where breadth of knowledge is necessary. The engineer must understand accounting and marketing. The marketing man must know his product The financial man must be sympathetic to engineering development and sales programs. Management must have a working knowledge of all phases of the complex and highly com petitive business world. 'Therefore, even though specializing, a student should make his College curriculum as broad as possible, and diversify) his outside activities. Authoritative surveys have shown that only a small percentage of individuals end up in the field in which they specialized in college. "Widen your world. Broaden your interests right now. Since graduation from college I've discovered that those who are really succeeding today are the ones who do more and keep on learning from what they do. The broader your college interests are now the steadier your ladder of success tomorrowl" . j - I j ill L.L.LI JLTTIT- I - " "T." I " 1 I" I II J J I J """TTin m-mmm mmmm m,.'. i . x... mmmmmmmi i- - ' - 'A - Ml(MBISiiBsWiBB iMifcvij , 1 1 I I ! i -. JJ emu J " ss -s -k" .JLLjf ! - jf Mi! I f 1 7: vpr H ' ' J1 ; -M Idwin J. Ducoytt is president of f ' , 3" t ' -oS- tle world'i largest heli- , S'VjJ: copter manufacturing firms. His t ' tf company's products are used in , ' f S 1 .52 countries for multitude of : t " iics military and commercial ap- V - " f ' ' " plications. A resident of Fort A l X ') Worth, Texas, Ed has been a I jT) j$ i Camel smoker since his under- 7fLS I ' 'W'" graduate days itMlT. JtbJrfl I Smoking more now but enjoying it less?... change to Camel! Hairs a real ciaaretfe-Oif&H THE BEST TOBACCO MAKES THE BEST SMOKE Wliul-Silaa NorttiCtroUM " 1' '