The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, November 01, 1961, Image 1

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    NOV 1 1961
The World in
By Nancy Whitford
Latin America needs a
crash program to develop
its cultural, economic and
educational goals. Both
North and South America
alike must help, advises
Dr. Roberto Esquenazi-Ma-yo,
associate professor of
romance languages.
Esquenazi said he views
the many-sided problems of
Latin America from both
internal and hemispheric
dimensions, but noted that
some of the countries have
made more social-economic
progress than others.
"The internal solution is
that we must awaken the
Latin American people to
the realization that the best
way to improve their social
and economic status is by
(Editor's note: Benitez'
remarks were made to a
University political science
class on Latin American
government. He spoke to the
class during a visit to this
Calls Cuba
"Castro has made state
ments which prove he is def
initely a satellite of the So
viet Union. This is shown by
his (Castro's) vote in the
United Nations and his insist
ence that he is a Marxist and
Cuba is a 'Socialist' coun
try," commented Dr. Roberto
Esquenazi-Mayo, . a native of
Cuba who, is teaching Span
ish at the University.
"It is not that we despise
social reforms, . but Castro
hasn't established any social
reforms," Esquenazi ex
plained. Esquenazi cited these in
stances: In April Castro killed
Sorie Marin, the man who
.vrote the Agrarian reform
law. Castro himself has not
given land titles to the peas
ants. Many peasant workers are
leaving Cuba because they
have not received the bene
1 its promised.
Castro has a very
efficient police system based
on the Soviet experience of
Necessities are scarce:
families have to wait in line
as long as 12 hours to get a
couple of pounds of meat per
week, gasoline is of the worst
kind, there is a lack of an
esthesia for use in hospitals.
AUF Queen
Held Nov. 2
Candidates for All Univer
sity Fund Activities Queen
will be interviewed Thursday
in the Student Union. Room
number will be posted.
The schedule is:
7:00 Diane Armour, AWS
7:05 Joana Baugher, IWA
7:10 Joyce Bauman, Ag
7:15 Del Rae Beerman, Ag
7:20-Connie Cochrane, YWCA
7:25 Nancy Erikson, Red
7:30 Kathie Farner, Tassels
'7:35 Maureen Folick, Union
7:40 Sue Hovik, Rag
7:45 Judy Jasperson, YWCA
7:50 Linda Lucking, Corn
husker 7:55 Susan Salter, Union
8:00 Builders candidates
8 10 Marilyn Severin, IWA
8:15 Billie Spies, Tassels
8:20 Jane Tenhulzen, Corn-
8-25-Carla Tortora, WAA
8 30-Kathryn Vollmer, AWS
Focus .
America Needs 'Crash9
working in a free society.
"We must awaken the
lower classes of Latin
America especially to the
fact that the promises of
demagogues never come
true as in the examples of
Cuba and central Europe,"
Esquenazi said.
Broken Promises
"Castro, for instance, has
not given the people of Cu
ba the industrial machin
ery and consumer goods he
promised, and the goods
which have been given are
not of the quality the peo
ple were told to expect.
The danger now though
is not only what is happen
ing in Cuba, but that the
people of other Latin Amer
ican countries will follow
Castro as a saviour,' Esque
nazi said.
campus during October. Es
quenazi's comments were
given at an interview yes
terday with the Daily Ne
braskan. The two viewpoints
are presented here for stu
dent comparison.)
Cuba Forced
To Red Line
"Castro is a definite type of
political leader rather than
the theoretical concept of a
Communist, said Jaime Beni
tez, the Chancellor of the Uni
versity of Puerto Rico.
"The United State's worst
blunder has been its absurd
i obsession with Castro, and the
American press has been very
effective in promoting him,"
Benitez said.
"The U.S. has no business
trying to create the image of
human dignity as long as it
continues to print sensational
news articles. By presenting
ourselves as an example to
mankind, it behooves us (the
U.S.) to effectively demon
strate the truths of the theory.
"I donbt if Castro is a Com
munist, but he finds himself
committed to the line of ap
proach which is definitely
Communistic. Batista had the
cooperation of Communists
also," Benitez said.
What is the reason for Cas
tro's incredible behavior with
the Cubans? "He has a
strange personality perhaps
close to that of Huey Long."
What is anti-Americanism?
"The normal irritations with
blatant power and historical
assessments which blame the
U.S. for everything wrong in
Latin America." -
"Cuba is an example of how
a well organized articulate-minority
can lick a majority
which lacks leadership. There
was no organized group to im
plement social reforms, but
the Communists have the an
swers for every problem,"
Benitez concluded.
Teachers Meeting
All potential teachers who
will graduate ia February,
June, or August, 1962, are
asked to meet Thursday at
4 p.m. in Love Library Au
ditorium, according to Dr.
Wesley Meierhenry, coordi
nator of the teacher place
ment division.
The registration pro
cedure and the functions of
the department will be ex
plained. Registration ma
terial for placement will be
distributed and students will
have the opportunity to
meet and talk with the
placement division staff.
Music Fraternity
Presents Concert
Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia,
professional men's music fra
ternity, will present its an
nual fall concert Thursday at
7:30 p.m. in the Union ball
room. The concert will consist of
seven choral numbers direct
ed by Calvin Carlson. They
are: "Let All My Life Be
Music," "Sweet Agnes,"
"Waters Ripple and Flow,"
"Good Night," "A Song for
Peace," "Dedication," and
"Spirit of Orpheus."
The officers of the 51 mem
ber organization are Larry
Hoepfinger, president; Robert
Person, vice president; Rob
ert Nelson, secretary; and Du
ane Stehlik, treasurer. Facul
ty advisor is Prof. Wesley
"There are problems of
a great increase in popu
lation in Latin America, un
even distribution of wealth
and lack of proper educa
tional and health facilities
will have to be solved.
"Because demagogues
are very active and have a
sense of direction of under
mining these people, there
is a chance the demagogue
will be followed by de
fault." Vol. 75, No. 26
English Tops Grad Schools
By Sue Hovik
In the last four years the
graduate enrollment of t h e
English department has trip
led so that now it has the
largest enrollment of any
graduate school on campus.
(First and semester respec
The figures are as follows:
1958-59, 26 and 28; 1959-60, 37
and 34; 1960-61, 49 and 54;
and 1961-62, 75.
Miss Evelyn Ripa, assistant
to the Dean of Graduate col
lege, said that the total grad
uate enrollment is now 1,135,
an increase of 123. This is
divided between 906 men and
229 women. Miss Ripa report
ed that the graduate enroll
ment has gone up about one
hundred students a year.
Paul Olson, associate pro
fessor of English department,
said that five of the gradu
ate students were on Nation
al Defense Act Fellowships.
The government gives these
funds to graduate schools
who have high quality.
The students come from as
far as Washington, Oregon,
Rhode Island, Japan and the
Netherlands. One has done
graduate work at Oxford and
two girls have studied at
Johns Hopkins university and
in England on a Fullbright
Big Eight's Best
Olson said that this depart
ment is the best English de
partment in the Big Eight and
estimated that it has the larg
est number of graduate stu
The main reason for not
expanding previously is that
although the College had a
Rating Sheets Due
Homecoming chairmen
must have their evaluation
sheets in the Innocents'
mailbox in the Student Un
ion by noon, Friday. Failure
to do so will disqualify the
displays for which no evalu
ation sheet has been submitted.
Stuff, Pound
With only 50 hours left un
til the judging of the home
coming displays, all partici
pating organizations are bus
ily working to complete their
individual displays. .
Some of the traditional hu
morous aspects of the build
ing of the homecoming dis
plays are similar to those of
previous years. The Alpha
Phi's are trying to figure out
how to make the legs in their
Can Can dancer's skirts look
like legs; the Alpha Chi's
can't figure how to get their
bird in its tree; the AOPi's
don't know how they are go
ing to be able to get the head
on the 17-foot body of their
The girls aren't the only
ones who are having difficul
ty with their displays, the
Beta's just can't get the Jay
hawk to fly and have yet to
build the giant 25-foot El
wood. The Sigma Nu's cards
for their card section were
mixed up and read," Wel
come Ja j hawks" on one side
and "Stomp the Alums" on
the other.
And last, but not least are
the Phi Delt's who as of yes
terday had not begun their
giant task of building their
entry in this year's Home
coming displays.
The themes for the men's
houses and halls are:
Acacia I dreamed I
Esquenazi said various
portions of Latin America
need new tax systems, land
reform and a redistribution
of wealth.
He cited the Punta- del
Este conference held in Ur
uguay this summer as a
"good start" toward pro
moting these goals from the
hemispheric level.
Under the agreements of
this conference, some $20
billion in aid, "from for
good graduate faculty they
didn't encourage students to!
take their PhD's at Nebras-i
ka until about four or five;
years ago. ;
The department felt that;
major research should be
done at institutions which
had the facilities and faculty
to devote to a good PhD pro
gram. If Nebraska opened
one they would spread their
faculty and facilities too thin.
Olson said that there was a
good MA program with a few
students, but there was no
systematic effort to expand.
In the 1930's a man who
had a PhD in Englislr would
almost always end up without
employment due to the lack
of demand for English teach
ers. Demand Increase
When the increase in de
mand came, the English de
partment felt that its staff
was competent enough to di
i rect a graduate program. The
I TTniiTDrcitv qIci a ttnrA
I -u l:i t u
Olson compared the library
as being to scholars in hu
inanities what the laboratory
is to the scholars in sciences.
He commended the library
for buying wisely considering
the amount -of funds availa
Olson said that one of the
convenient things that aids
graduates in humanities at
universities with limited funds
is the development of micro
film series of rare books.
The University recently
purchased such a series of aU
the books printed from the
advent of printing to 1660 in
England for $18,000 which is
about 25 cents a book.
The University English de
partment has attracted con
siderable attention in the
field of English due U the
two journals printed here.
These are, College English
the professional iournal with
the largest circulation, and
rraine scnooner, the oldest
serious literary magazine m
the country. These all tend to
chalked the Jayhawks in my
Maiden-form Bra; Alpha Ga
ma Rho Flush the Jay
hawks; Alpha Gamma Sigma
Huskers Shoot the Moon;
Alpha Tau Omega Husk
er Bowl Featuring: The Flint-
1 'A
Doing a better job of building than the plays. Pictured above, Alpha Xi Delta
workers on the various jobs around cam- workers (from left) Judy Skinner, Peggy
pus, sorority and fraternity workers pitch, Juker and Lana Clough were too busy to
in on putting up their Homecoming dis- notice the photographer.
eign private enterprise,
mostly U.S. business," is
slated to flow into Latin
American countries during
the next ten years, provid
ed the - recipient countries
show they are using the
money wisely and doing
something to benefit them
selves. A few of the more spe
cific goals are to "provide
decent homes, agrarian re
form, wipe out illiteracy,
provide fair wages and sat
The Nebraskan
enhance the recommendations
of the department, said Ol
son. ,
Olson said that the depart
ment also has the good for
tune to have own its staff
men who have been nation
ally well-known for many
years and it is lucky to get
young men who are produc
tive scholars and who are be
coming rapidly well known.
Olson cited the publishing
down by members of the
faculty as an example. From
1953-60 twenty books, one
hundred articles, and many
short stores and poems. The
consequence of all this is that
the development of scholarly
prestige of the faculty at
tracts students.
Some of the problems , of
the English graduate depart
ment are obtaining money,
research facilities, and more
staff members who are pre
pared to direct graduate stu
dents. Olson said that the
staff is the same as it was
when the enrollment was
down. This puts a heavier
burden on the teacher be
cause a great part of the
Homecoming Schedule
As the week progresses the intensity of Homecoming
preparations increase. Tassels, one of the primary co
ordinating organizations for the Homecoming festivities,
have devised a schedule which will help keep the events
of the weekend in the right order:
6-9 p.m. Homecoming Queen Election. All students
are eligible to vote if they present their
identification cards at the voting booth.
7 p.m. Bonfire rally to be held west of. the football
The Homecoming Queen finalists will be presented at
the rally.
11 a.m.-l p.m. House displays in operation.
12 noon Queen's Luncheon at Hotel Cornhusker.
I p.m. Nebraska-Kansas football game. Half-time
ceremony featuring the presentation of the
1961 Homecoming Queen and her attendants.
9 p.m. Homecoming dance spotlighting Les Elgart
and his orchestra. The Queen will be pre
sented during the band's Intermission and the
house displays awards will also be present
ed at this time.
Only 50 Hours Left
Beta Sigma Psi Forecast:
Come on Elwood, Punt . . .
The Jayhawks; Delta Sigma
Phi Scare the Jayhawks
White; Delta Sigma Pi Corn
husker Pet Shop; Delta Up-
if ' It ' " I
isfactory working condi
tions, reform tax laws,
guarantee price stability
and stimulate private en
terprise." "To assume we can get
out of danger from the
communists by making an
agreement with them if
they (the communists) win
is false. The communists
have proved beyond a doubt
they have no mercy when
in power.
"Latin America has to
! graduate work has to be in
dividually tutored.
Another problem centers
around the question of "what
kind of a graduate school
should we be?" Olson said
that there are a variety of
functions which aren't always
consistent. The various pur
poses are high school teach
ers, small colleges in the re
gion and students who want
to teach in major state uni
versities. The question is
whether to train them to be
excellent teachers or, to be
Another problem is the area
of advanced research in the
nature and structure of t h e
English language. Most grad
uate schools don't give train
ing in this area. Nebraska
has some graduate students
teaching freshmen English to
gain experience and knowl
edge in this field.
Olson also said thai Nebras
ka suffers geographically be
cause it is a state supported
school and gives preference
to state students rather than
out of state students. Olson
says he is trying to accept
silon Scare the Jays.
Farmhouse Pluck the
Jayhawks; Kappa Sigma NU
Twister Skins Jayhawks; 'Phi
Delta Theta . Bury 'em;
Phi Gamma Delta Zap the
Jayhawks; Pi Kappa Phi
t a i
. mimiii
I V A I 1 ..
r n r t J 1 "
realize it must not confuse
the genuine aspirations for
social reform with the pro
nouncements of a dema
gogue." "The individual student,"
concluded Dr. Esquenazi,
"can help the situation by
studying the culture, his
tory and literature of the
Latin American countries,
by learning the backgr-md
of inter-American relations
and by having a clear idea
of the issues involved."
Wednesday, Nov. 1, 1961
students from different geo
graphical, social and cultur
al backgrounds.
Olson concluded by saying
that the department's en
hanced scholarly reputation
brought the expansion in en
rollment which caused some
growing pains.
Plans Near
For Dance
"Plans for the homecoming
dance featuring Les Elgart
and his 'Sophisticed Swing'
are almost complete," said
Ron Gould, vice-president of
Corn Cobs Tuesday.
"Our goal for student-alum
attendance is 2,000 with the
majority of ' tickets al
ready sold," he added.
Gould, who will be master
of ceremonies at the dance,
will share the spotlight with
a member of Tassels, who
will introduce the homecom
ing queen and her attend
ants. Al Plummer, display chair
man of Innocents, will pre
sent the six winners of the
sorority and fraternity home
coming displays at intermis
Les Elgart, featured as
America's favorite Band of
1960, will be returning to the
University after his enthusi
astic reception at the 1959
Military Ball.
Elgart, who turned down a
number of offers to play pro
fessional baseball after his
high school graduation, has
been recognized as the "trum
pet players' trumpet player."
With arrangements by
Charles Albertine, Elgart's
'Sophisticated Swing' is un
ique in the recording world
with its emphasis on guitar
and sax, creating an unusual
ly wide range of dynamics
and color.
Lick 'em; Sigma Alpha Ep
silon Shoot 'em Down;
Sigma Alpha Mu Bury the
Hawks in Stalks.
Sigma Phi Epsilon Well
Done Huskers; Theta Chi
Concentration; Theta Xi
J-Hawk Jinxed by Big Red
Sphinx; Sclleck Quadrangle
Borbecue those Birds.
Cornhusker Co-op Jay
hawks Shot Down; Burr Hall
Recipe for Victory; Jay
hawks Well-Beaten.
Women's themes include:
Alpha Chi Omega Bye
bye Birdie; Alpha Omicron
Pi Double, Double, Toil
and Trouble; Jayhawks Burn
and Cauldron Bubble; Alpha
Phi We Can, Can the Jay
hawks; Alpha XI Delta Let's
a Salt 'em.
Chi Omega Shock'em off
the Field; Delta Delta Delta
Treat'em rough; Delta Gam
ma Hottest Brand Going;
Gamma Phi Beta They Au
tumn Fall; Kappa Alpha The
ta Send'em Back Where
They Came From; Kappa Del-to-NU's
gift to KU.
Kappa Kappa Gamma
We're Armed for Victory; PI
Beta Phi We're Expecting
Victory; Sigma Delta Tau
Fry Those Jayhawks; Sigma
Kappa Lock'em Up; Zeta
Tau Alpha Huskers' Dive,
Stop Jayhawks' Soar; Wom
en's Residence Hall Who
plucked the Jayhawks.
I.D. REQUIRED - - - 9:00-6:00