The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, September 25, 1961, Image 1
DIVERSITY OF NEB ! BW1H Vol. 75, No. 5 The Nebraskan Monday, September 25, 1961 Peace Coras I urn Officer Visit N Karen Long to Teach Phillipine Pupils By Ann Moyer After six weeks of rigorous educational and physical training at Pennsylvania, State University, Nebraska's first Peace Corpswoman, Karen Long, is awaiting the official con firmation of her assignment to the Philippine Islands where she will spend two years working in the Peace Corps pro gram. Miss Long, who tentatively plans to leave San Francisco for the islands on Oct. 9, cited the most impressive lesson of the training program as, "the extreme conscientiousness of the volunteers and the trainers In the program toward the purpose and success of the Peace Corps program." - When asked what she felt the true purpose of the program was, Miss Long referred to President Kennedy's statement made in regard to the project: "Ask not what your country can do for you but what you can do for It." Training Course There were originally 157 persons representing 44 statesJ undergoing training at Penn State. One hundred fifty-five of them completed the train ing course. Of this number between 135-140 of them will proceed to the Philippines to work for two years in the barrios (small villages) of the islands. The other trainees who completed the program at Penn State but will not continue to the Philippines wiP be dropped due to the results of physical, psycholog ical or security check results. Miss Long explained that during the entire six weeks training period each corps man underwent continuous ex amination in these three fields. Almost perfect health is required she said. The psychological examinations were largely to determine the reaction of a prospective corpsman to the constantly changing evnironment and conditions which he m a y face. Security checks were handled by the FBI who made contact with former em ployees, friends and acquaint ances of each of the persons in the program. Average Age The group included three married coupes, and one cou ple in their fifties. Miss Long said there was no maximum age limit in the corp but that the average age of the entire group was 23. About one half of them are 1961 college grad uates,, one third 1960 gradu ates and the remainder from earlier classes. "The extensive talent and leadership qualities displayed bv all of the Corpsmen was amazing," she said. Many persons have questioned the maturity of a group so young, Miss Lang commented. "How ever, I feel that there is no uncertainty about the matur ity and capability of t h e s e corpsmen who are not screened from the program." Classes Miss Long described a day of classes as beginning at 8 a.m. and continuing until 8:30 p.m. six days a week with exams every other Sun day. In addition to regular class time and lectures each course included an extensive outside reading list. The course of study Included Eng lish, first aid, linguistics, sci ence, world politics, physical conditioning, Philippine stud ies and Amercan studies. Four Filippino nationals studying in American schools outside of Penn State took part in the educational pro gram and taught the corps men a great deal about Filip pino culture. Miss Long said that a former NU professor, Dr. Joe Zaffaroni, was one of the favorite instructors of the group. Training Program The training program also included survival instruction. Each weekend -a group of from 25-29 students took a field trip to nearby Stone Valley where they became fa miliar with survival tech niques. Some of the things they learned included how to start a fire with a flint and steel, how to catch fish with equipment improvised from a young sapling, ' grasshopper bait, and a sharp thorn and how to hve in a pup tent. The final test of the sur vival training came when the instructor took the girls Into the woods and left them alone to find their way back by means of a compass and a man of the area. The only other equipment they had with them at tne time were machetes and canteens. Sudden Changes -One of the most valuable lessons which Miss .Long learned was the value of easy adaptability to sudden chan ges. She said, "I never plan beyond the hour because you never are sure what may arise," She cited the biggest change she will face as the differ ence in culture. "The women of the islands are put on ped estals," she explained. "They are in charge of all money matters and handle all the fi nancial business of the family-" Distribution Miss Long explained that one of the greatest problems of the Peace Corps was de ciding upon the distribution of its members among the vil lages. It has still not been decided if Peace Corps men and women will work together in the same village. She did say that she would live in a Nepa hut with four other girls but did not yet know the names of her roommates. Each corps member was al lowed to list his preference for roommates but actual assignments would not be an nounced until arrival in the Philippines. Upon arrival in the islands the corpsmen will go to the University of the Philippine College of Agriculture for five weeks of further training be fore receiving their village as signments. Miss Long said they would be there for the November election which would give them an insight into the political mechanism of the country. Aid Teachers From the Ag College the corpsmen will proceed to their assigned villages. Miss Long will work as an aid to the teachers of the Philippine grade schools and will also work on community develop ment projects. She explained that each corpsman had in dividual projects which he would introduce if the idea was adabtable to the particu lar community. For instance, one corpsman has saved a large variety of seeds and plans to start an experimen tal crop program. Miss Long would like to work with the island's 4-H Clubs. y Each member of the corps receives a list of 100 Items which the Peace Corps will supply ranging from ball point pens to an English bicycle. In addition each will receive a monthly allowance compar able to a Filippino family in- (Continued on Page 4) Ag Campus Dell Boasts Sparkling Facilities By Sue Hovik "Now if I can just balance the tray in one hand while I get out my billfold with the other ..." Ag students will no longer have to worry about de veloping this skill because a tray rail was just one of the many new improvements made in the newly remod eled Dell on Ag campus. $15,000 Cost Robert Barnes, Assistant Director of the Student Union on city campus, stated that the improvements cost $15,000. This was taken out of the Ag Union reserve funds which is collected from student activity fees. T The Dell area received a new counter, vinyl asphalt tile on the floor, and ceiling to floor drapes on the north wall. The new ceiling is made of 7,200 feet of rope. Ta bles and chairs have replaced the booths. They are now set up for 120 people compared to the 80 they could serve before the remodeling, said Barnes. .New Equipment . . . The kitchen received many new pieces of equipment. -These pieces included a shake-mix machine, icebox, grills, french fryers, ovens, stoves, and a deep freeze. A refrig erated salad unit and facilities for washing garbage cans were two pieces the kitchen had not had before, according, to Barnes. v Food service will be similar to that in the Crib hot sandwiches, hamburgers, salads, desserts, and soft drinks. ' . Opens Tuesday The tentative opening is scheduled for Tuesday, but an open house will be held Sept. 29, from' 8:30-11:30 p.m. at the "Aggie Royale Round-up" which will fea ture a. ."special" of a half price on coffee. Ag campus faculty will be in the reception line, and all students, Ag and city, are invited. The open house will also feature a short movie in the TV room, punch and cookies, and a dance with Bill Albers dance band. . ' ! nil. j1" VV , filler PEACE CORPS WOMAN Nebraska's first woman participant in the Peace Corps and a University of Nebraska' graduate, Karen Long, visited the campus on Saturday. She is shown at a reception in her honor at the Alpha Xi Delta house. Regents OK A4ttractie' Funded Retirement Plan By Nancy Whitford A funded retirement pro gram approved Saturday by the Board of Regents has sev eral attractive benefits for the faculty, University and the state . say teachers and administrators. . The non-profit Teachers In-1 surance and Annuity Assn. was chosen to administer the program which became effec tive Sept 1. Faculty and staff members will contribute six percent of their salary and the University, a maximum of nine percent including So cial Security. Walter Militzer, dean of the College of Arts and Sciences, said this type of program is being done all over the coun try and will aid the Univer sity in recruiting new fac ulty. "It is also a planned pro gram which enables both the University and the employee to contribute," he said. Pre viously, employees did not contribute and were required to be working at the Univer sity immediately prior to re tirement to obtain the retire ment funds. Higher Income Curtis Elliott, professor of economics and insurance, said the plan will give faculty and staff "much more assurance of a higher retirement in come." One instructor noted a drawback which may fce espe cially felt by younger em ployees who have not yet reached their peak salary range..' . . . , , "It is unfortunate the . re tirement plan Comes at a time when pay increases will not match the outlay of funds required for a teacher to con tribute to the plan," said Campbell McConnell, associ ate professor of economics. "There should be an option enabling teachers to contri bute as much as they want to instead of the required six percent. Many teachers who received slight income raises will just break eveu," McCon nell said. "Pay-As-You-Go" The pay-as-you-go basis pre vents shifting the burden to future generations and gives the University a good com petitive basis for attracting faculty, according to Cecil Vanderzee, professor of chem istry and chairman of t h e Faculty Senate committee on retirement and insurance. The program includes all University faculty and staff members 30 years of age or over with at least one year of service. Earlier this year, the Leg islature earmarked $900,000 to pay for the state's half of the plan. The state's share must be invested in fixed annuities, (Continued on Page 4) Give Two workmen do a Maypole-type prance as they string up 7,200 feet of rope which when completed will be the new ceiling for the sparkling new Dell on Ag. campus. Public Relations Director Plans Corps Examination By Bob Nye James Gibson, assistant director of public relations for the Peace Corps, met Friday with Dean Adam Brecken ridge and the Extension Com- Dr. Judd Addresses Students Former Graduate To Appear Friday Representative Walter H. Judd, Republican from Min nesota and a graduate of the University, will speak at the Student Union ballroom Fri day at 11 a.m. Judd, who keynoted the 1960 national Republican conven tion, received his B. A. de gree from the University in 1920 and graduate from NU medical school in 1923. He was a member of Phi Beta Kappa scholastic honorary and received the University's 1945 Distinguished Service award. A native of Rising City, N e bra ska, Dr. Judd served 10 years as a C o n g r e -g a t i onalist medical mis sionary in China but was forced to leave China u i 1 Judd in the face of Japanese mili tary advances and Chinese Communist party pressures. During the years 1939-40, he lectured throughout the U.S. in an attempt to rouse Americans to the menace of Japanese military expansion and the threat to world peace. Judd was elected to Con gress in 1942 and has served continuously since then. He is a member of the Commit tee on Foreign Affairs. In 1951 he served as the Con gressional delegate to the Council of Europe in France and also was the Congres sional representative at the World Health Assembly of the World Health Organization held in Geneva in 1950 and in Minnesota in 1958. Judd also served as U. S. delegate to the UN General Assembly in 1957 and was the delegate to the conference on peaceful uses of atomic en ergy in Geneva, 1958. Judd's appearance at the Union is sponsored "by the Union talks and topics com mittee. 'm Enough Rope --"tr - ' ry i 4 i . VTVii-:..:ysr' VB: VV J:.: 1 . J.",. I mittee on Policy for the Uni versity of Nebraska. Gibson was here in or der to establish the procedure for the examinations to be L given on Oct. 7 in Lincoln and the purpose and necessity of the Peace Corps." Application blanks may be obtained from Dean Breck ridge. Gibson said the greatest need at present is for men and women with agricultural backgrounds and skills. The Peace Corps has already had to suspend one program be cause of the lack of qualified people with a general farm ing background. In explaining the job of the Peace Corpsmen he said that they do specific jobs with an emphasis on teaching. These volunteers transmit skills to the people in order that they may help themselves. Living Standards Gibson added that the Peace Corpsmen must be prepared for many shocks. One of these is the living standards which they will be forced to accept. Another problem these corpsmen will be confronted with is that of ideology and professional agitators planted to deter them. Mr. Gibson said that they will not be fighting Commu nism as such, but that many students in these countries have been indoctrinated in Marxist theory. To combat this the training given to corpsmen consists of study of Marxism and the American way of life and traditions. . The United States Informa tion Agency (USIA) gives lec tures to the corpsmen on the "Conflict of Ideologies' and "Answering the Critic." Village Square When asked why so many Americans were either apa thetic or opposed to the Peace Corps, Mr. Gibson said, "Peo ple don't look beyond the vil lage square and try to under stand the other parts of the world." He said of the Peace Corps that it is "foreign aid in re verse." Money is spent on Americans who in turn give their talents and labor away. He stated that race and creed are not factors in deter mining the selection of Peace Corps volunteers. He went on to say that ". . . every effort is being made to keep the Peace Corps apolitical." At present there are 600 men and women who have completed training and "the plans are to have 1,000 by this December; 2,700 by June of '62 and 5,700 by September of '62. Ten Projects There are 10 projects under way at present They are lo- if J "1TTlHTIT(niiiiii.u.. . -j-jr! The remodeling which began this summer at a cost of $15,000 will be complete and the Dell ready for business Tuesday and a Grand Opening Friday. cated in Nigeria, Philippines, New Guinea, Tanganika, In dia, East and West Pakistan and St. Lucia of the West In dies Federation. AnnSavidge Queen Entry Ann Savidge will represent the University in a queen contest at the centennial meeting of the American Roy al Livestock Horse Show in Kansas City, Mo., Oct. 5-7. Miss Savidge, a sophomore, was selected by a student committee of five and J. P. Colbert, dean of Student Af fairs. The committee included Steve Gage, Student Council president; Nancy Tederman, president of Mortar Board; Jeanne Garner, president of Associated Women Students (AWS) ; Roy Arnold, president of Innocents Society; and Norm Beatty, editor of the Daily Nebraskan. Candidates in the contest will come from iand grant col leges sending livestock, wool or meat judging teams to American Royal in addition to aU Big Eight schools. Selection of the candidate was made from all the major beauty queen finalists of the 1960-61 school year. Miss Savidge is an English and journalism major with a history minor. Jler- ambition is to go into courtroom law. Activities include being a Corn husker section editor, a mem ber of Delta Gamma social sorority and one of six beauty queens in the 1961 Miss Corn, husker contest. Expenses for the trip to Kansas City will be shared by the Chancellor's office and the american royal queen contest. Art Historian Lectures Today Prof. E. H. Gombrich, di rector of the Warburg Insti tute of the University of Lon don will speak at a public lecture today at 8 p.m. in Love Library Auditorium. Gombrich, one of the lead ing historians of art, has written "The Story of Art" and "Art and Illusion." Born in Vienna, he studied art history under Julis von Schlosser. He was professor of fine art of Oxford and Dura-ing-Lawrence professor of art at University College, London. Gombrich's topic will be: "Theory and Observation in the Work of Leonardo Da Vin ci." He will also give an in formal lecture Tuesday at 11 a.m. in the Morrill Hall audi torium. His lecture is co-sponsored by the convocations commit tee and the art department. Corn Cobs Plan MajoretteCoiitest Corn Cobs are sponsoring a Miss Majorette contest for non-professional baton twirl ers. The contest will be held at the pep rally next Friday night preceding the band day jame. There may be one contest ant from each organized liv ing unit on campus. The en tries will be judged on cos tume, performance, looks and audience appeal. To enter, the contestants must be near the steps of the patio on the north side of the Student Union at 7 p.m. in costume and with their baton. A trophy will be presented to the first place winner. Ag Y to Sponsor Freshman Round Up The Ag YMCA-YWCA will sponsor a Freshman Round Up Tuesday night in the Ag Union at. 7. There will be a short pro gram including fellowship and worship, according to Lyle Wright, YMCA public rela tions chairman.