The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, July 11, 1961, Page Page 2, Image 2

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Summer Nebraskan
Tuesday, July 11, 196T
. Soiver of Gold
Spirit of People
State Ca
istorical Society Welcome Visitors
'Nebraska Place-Names' Tells
When a Crick Becomes a Stream
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. ' NEBRASKA STATE CAPITOL ..
A quick tour of the Nebras
ka State Capitol can be both
entertaining and informative.
In 20 minutes, one is im
pressed even awed by
the grandeur of the building.
This magnificent edifice,
built at a cost of $10 million
on a "pay-as-you-go" plan,
was completed in 1932. It is
rated by 500 of the world's
outstanding architects as the
4th most beautiful building in
the world.
Structurally, the building
stands 432 feet high, including
the well-known golden Sower
statue. Its length and width
are both 437 feet;, and the
grounds cover 4 square
blocks.
Capitol Commission
A Nebraska Capitol C o Ad
mission was appointed in 1919
to set up a competition to
choose architectural plans.
The winner of the competi
tion was Bertram Grosvenor
Goodhue.
Although thd state ' capitol
building was to be designed
after the national capitol,
Goodhue's radically different
plans won the unanimous ap
proval of the judges. . "
This building houses t h e
state's governmental officers,
with elected officers working
on the second floor and ap
pointed officers on the f i r s t
floor.
Over 1,800 people work at
the capitol, with about 50 dif
ferent state departments con
ducting business there.
The capitol has a complete
symbolic scheme worked out,
making it an artistic unit.
Around the outside of the
structure are engraved the
names of the counties in the
State.
Mosaics
Inside, the theme of the mo
saics, tile domes and ceilings
is the principle of man's life
as shown by his activities.
Imported stones and woods
exemplify the thought, are
and consideration that went
into the architectural master
piece. The height of the rotunda
to the beautiful dome is 112
feet, comparable to a 10-story
building. The observation tow
er which is located on the 14th
floor of the capitol is the same
height as a 22-story sky
scraper. The view from the
observation tower affords one
a magnificent vantage point
from which to scan the rolling
hills of Nebraska. . ...
Decoration of the capitol is
still not complete. Murals
were added in 1955, and ad
ditional murals are now being
planned.
Visitors
Tourists from all over come
to see the capitol. On one
day "jthe sgest,flegter might
include names ' of visitors
from Mexico, Michigan, Illi
nois,' California, Oregon, Tex
as and Oklahoma.
Guided tourS are available
Monday through Friday at 9,
10; 11 - ini the morning and. at
V2, 3, and. 845 in the after
noon! ; Then DbserraticD itawer
is open from 8:30 to 11:20 in
the morning and t: 15 to 4: 20
in the afternoon on ; week
days, n n n: t : ' : ,. , 'V.
The -tour begins with a
swing through the governor's
reception - room,- through the
beautiful -halls, a glance at one
of the four enclosed. gardens,
a view of the rotunda, a look
at the Unicameral and the old
Senate chambers. The trip is
concluded in the Supreme
Court Room.
In addition to the beauty of
the building, expert guides
supply detail and color mak
ing the tour informative as
well as entertaining. .
Most aptly describing the
capitol are the words from a
booklet, published in 1926 by
the Nebraska Capitol Com
mission .V.'.i'U-'.W'.'"
"The new Capitol of Ne
braska represents the most
vivid and. original concept
ever thought out' for the field
of American art. It is not only
a creation but it is an ex
pression, of Nebraska's; .put
pose and ideals."
Pool Ayailable ;
The Coliseum swimming
pool is available for women
students Monday through Fri
daylrpm 4-5p.nt. during the
summer. Suits and towels are
provided." for a 10 cent fee.
A swimming permit from
Student Health is required.
What have become of Enterprise and
Opportunity, Nebraska? How is Beatrice
pronounced? Was Ogallala an Indian tribe?
Why is Tecumseh named for an Ohio In
dian? When does a "crick" become a
stream or a river? What is the difference
between a hill and a buttc? What does
Dakota mean?
The answers to the what, where, why
and how of Nebraska names are given in
the book, Nebraska Place-Naines by Lil
lian L. Fltzpatrick, recently published by
the University of Nebraska Press.
According to this book, towns and coun
ties In Nebraska are named for everything
ranging from village sayings to cattle
brands, from famous scientists to Indian
legends.
The five distinct classifications of Ne
braska place names are:
(1) those named after local geographical
features,
(2) those named after people,
(3) those given foreign names,
, (4) those given Indian names and words,
(5) those named for miscellaneous
things.
Geographic
Towns named after local geographic
features are in the majority. Newman
Grove received its name from a grove of
cottonwoods owned by Newman Warren.'
Just outside the village of Table Rock
."is a peculiar, large, flat-topped rock
shaped like a table.
Scottsbluff is named from a ridge or
bluff which had been named for a moun-
taineer, Hiram Scott, whose body was
found at the foot of the bluff.
Also in this category are towns named
for animals and flowers which once
abounded around their present sites.
"Beaver City is located on a river where
scores of beavers lived; Primrose and
Roseland were once fields of wild roses,
Many places are named after people
; the founding fathers, the first post-master,
railroad officials, or nationally or interna
tionally famous people. -
. HuXleJ- carries the name of the English
1 biologist, Thomas Huxley. Horace in,
Greeley County, honors Horace Greeley
who is credited with the saying, "Go West
'young man' and grow up with the coun-
. try.".. ;',...
. Strang was named for A.L. Strang, a
. local business man who presented the city
with a windmill which, served as a source
of water for many years.
Foreign Places
Many names have been transferred from
foreign places. Immigrants from Czecho
slovakia settled in east-central Nebraska
and called their village Prague after the
capital of their home country.
Dannebrog was labeled in honor of the
Danish flag.
Farwell'was originally called Posen by
its Polish inhabitants. Later, when the
Danish people began to outnumber the
Poles, the name was changed to Fanvell,
a p'ay on a l)?n!s!i word for goodbye mean
ing "goodbye Posen".
Indian words and legends have -had a
Sreat influence in Nebraska names. Oma
ha has a very significant meaning of
'"Upstream stream, upstream people, or
above all others upon a stream." This
showed the tribe's social standing.
Wives Wept
French explorers called what is today .
"Weeping Water'- "L'Eau qui. Pleure."
which means "the water that weeps." Ah
Indian legend told of the abduction of the
beautiful daughter of a chief by a neighbor
ing tribe. Inthe pursuit many were killed.
The wives of the dead warriors wept so
long that their tears were said to have
formed a river.
, An early settler, Isaac Pollard, chose
the name Nehawka , because it was an
Indian name easy to pronounce although
its meaning "rustling water" had nothing .
to do with the village.
Nebraska has a number of original or
coined, names which show ingenuity and
imagination. Macy is the shortened form
of the original name, Omaha Agency.
Enola is the backwards spelling (with the
first letter dropped) of the name of its
founder, T. J. Malone.
An old German immigrant who lived in
the northeast corner of the state used to
answer all questions with, "Why not?"
The children and later the adults took up
the saying. When it became time to name
the town someone quipped, "Why not call
it Whynot?" The idea caught on, and we
now have Wynot, Nebraska.
Two factions battled over a railroad
station site. The side which won named
the place, Winside.
HOrsefoot and Keystone are two towns
bearing cattle brand names.
Future
The future of a town was sometiaes con
sidered in choosing a name. Magnet was
so named because it was to "draw people
toward the town as the magnet stone
draws iron." Banner County was to be
come the banner or leading county, while
Garden County was to be a "garden spot.''
The junction city of Alliance was so
named because it would be near the head
of an alphabetical list of the;towns of the
state. ;
The name of one town, is a mistake. The '
people on the north fork of the Elkhorn
River decided to call their town Nctr'fork,
When the post office department received
this name they thought it had been mis
spelled so chcanged it to Norfolk.
And the name of Nebraska Itself comes
from the Indian word "Nibthaska" which
means "fat water "t-the broad flat water
of the Platte River which crosses the
state.
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X
NEBRASKA STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY
The next time you're walk
ing west on R Street on your
way to the Union, stop and
take a look at the modern,
two-story structure directly
east of it.
Inscribed on the front of
the building are the words,
"The spirit of a people lives
in its history. Here open to
all is the history of this peo
ple." "This people" means Ne
braskans. Although Nebraskans as a
rule spend little time dwelling
on the merits of their home
state, much less describing
them to others, we do possess
a heritage that is as interest
ing and exciting as that of
many of our more outspoken
neighbors.
The Nebraska State His
torical Society is just the
place to discover this heri
tage. The amount of informa
tion available there is almost
overwhelming to the firs t-
time visitor and the continual
changes provide something
new each time for the fre
quent visitor.
Panorama
Immediately upon entering
the first floor foyer of the
building, the visitor is greeted
with a panoramic view of Ne
braska. By means of displays
arranged chronologically and
viewed through curved glass
panels, the history of Nebras
ka unfolds, beginning with
Folsom man, who lived here
almost 10,000 years ago, con
tinuing through the plains
Indians, the coming of t h e
white man, the first settle
ments, the era of the Nebras
ka cattlemen, and the recent
progress in conservation, ir
rigation and crop improve
ment. The remaining two galleries
on the first floor are elabor
ations of the panels in the
foyer.
The Indian gallery traces
Indian culture in Nebraska
from the arrival of the noma
dic hunter from Siberia to the
tragedy of Wounded Knee
(the end of the great India'n
tribes in Nebraska) in 1890.
Here the visitor can see
how various plains Indians-
Cheyenne, Pawnee, Oto, Ara
pahoe, Omaha and others
cooked their food, buried their
dead, and fought their wars,
as well as what the Indian
brave wore to war and how
the young maiden dressed to
successfully catch the eye of
the brave.
Showmen Display
There are also displays of
the cavalrymen, the buffalo
hunters and Nebraska's first
showmen Buffalo Bill Cody
and Omaha Charlie Bristol.
The land was the magnet!
which attracted settlers to!
this country of monotonous
prairie and climatic extremes.
The Pioneer Gallery shows
where these first settlers
came from, who they were,
how they came and how they
lived afier they had arrived.
Three-dimensional displavs
depict the Indian tradin? in
the general store and the" lire
of the Nebraska cowboy.
TJtere are also displavs of
early Nebraskans' clothes,
household furnishings and
schools, as well as pictures
and information about Nebras
ka's first towns, the establish
ment of the University and a
display of famous Nebraskans
in the fields of business, en
tertainment, sports and poli
tics. As in the Indian Gallery the
Pioneer Gallery presents a
complete and chronological
picture of the white settlers'
development in Nebraska
ranging from a display of
Fort Atkinson in 1819 to the
military installations at LAFB
in 1960.
The basement of the His
torical Society houses Collec
tors' Lane, a series of ex
hibits of items such as glass
ware, guns, knives, dolls and
china, commonly collected by
hobby enthusiasts.
Part of the second floor is
devoted to complete replicas
of four period rooms in Ne
braska: a colonial bedroom,
a parlor, the interior of a sod
house and an average living
room around the turn of the
century.
Library
The remainder of the sec
ond floor is occupied by an
excellent reference library
composed of books, manu
scripts, archives, newspapers,
genealogical materials and
photographs related to t h e
history of Nebraska and the
West.
According to Dr. John B.
White, director of the library
and archives, the Historical
Society Collection contains ap
proximately 45,000 books: 26.
000 bound volumes of Nebras
ka newspapers, including an
additional 6000 feet of micro
film and newspapers dating
from 1854 on; 75,000 photos of
Nebraska scenes; and hun
dreds of thousands of other
manuscripts.
Among these are the offi
cial correspondence of all of
the recent governors of Ne
braska, the papers of Senator
Hugh Butler and the official
documents and diaries of J.
Sterling Morton.
On merely one of the six
different levels of stacks in
the library, it is possible to
una imormaiion ranging trom
the 1892 edition of the e-
braska Farmer to the blue-
Continued on Page 4
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