The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, April 05, 1961, Page Page 2, Image 2

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    The Nebraskan
Wednesday, April 5, 195
Page 2
Interest in Douglas
From Any Angle
As most of you know, the first all-University Convo-
cation of the year will be held at 11 this morning. The I
University's Convocations Committee and the Student
Union's Talks and Topics Committee couldn't have made
a better or more timely choice than Justice . Douglas of
the U.S. Supreme Court I
- A noted lecturer and traveler, Justice Douglas has
written more than a half-dozen books, dealing with such
topics as the Supreme Court and great movements in
- political, social, religous and legal liberty.
His topic for the convocation will be "Democracy vs.
Communism in Asia." In the afternoon, he will answer
students' questions at a coffee hour in the Union. The time
for this affair has been set at 2:30.
If you can't find anything in the above biography that
. interests you enough to go to the convocation, possibly his
. stand on the House Committee on Un-American Activities,
as reflected in a recent Court vote, would help interest
you. 1
Several weeks ago the Supreme Court by a slim 5-to-4
decision upheld the convictions of the men, cited for con- I
tempt of Congress by HUAC. f
No matter what the reason, all of the students and
faculty of this campus should make a special effort to at-
tend the convocation. All classes will be dismissed during s
the 11 a.m. period, so there can not be any excuse from
that angle.
Conscience of a Liberal 1
By Steve Gage f
To reply to an "examin
... ation of" or, more bluntly,
an attack on views ex-
?ressed In the column of
He Daily Nebraskan
seems to have the adverse
effects of lending some no
bility to the remarks which
compose the mass of the
attack. Such is not the pur
pose of this column. To de
fend every word used by
my guest writers and my
self is not the purpose ei
ther. Certainly It may be said
that there were true state
ments made in those col
umns critical of mine;
' there is no disputing these
" facts. But certain unfair
and distorting generaliza-
', tions were made on the ba
sis of my last effort., It is
' only justice to those stu
dents involved in the ac-
' tual writing of the column
and to any student or fac-
. ulty member who, at least
: in part, endorsed the views
expressed to attempt to
clear away the cobwebs of
misinterpretation and lack
of understanding.
It might appear to any
reader at first to conclude
that any writing appear-
ing in any part of the arti
cle was integrally linked
with every other part, that
every part was implied by
or was implying every oth-
" er part. But to the reader
who did more than skim
the column there undoubt
. edly appeared a balance
and an independence of the
individual parts. The hasty
generalization drawn by
one of the readers, how
ever, which linked two sep
arate themes, independent
of each other, certainly
was not a compliment to
the rest of the readers. To
review the structural logic
of the article, I moved
' from the familiar "straw
t man" opening to the ob
' servation that prejudice
could be practiced on the
University campus, cer
. tainly not an original or de
batable thought.
After placing before the
readers -some pertinent
questions concerning the inter-relationships
world knowledge,, and cam
pus life, I then began the
introduction of my two
guest writers who proceeded
to discuss "culture" on the
campus, a theme chosen
independently of the pref
ace for its pertinacy in all
of our lives. My discussion
which followed the stu
dents' writing was, in part,
to introduce a step-in-the-right-direction,
a partial
solution to some of the
questions set forth through
out the rest of the column,
and, in part, to recognize
what I considered a sincere
and honest effort by two
Americans to strive for
more than a place at the
bridge table or one of the
more tangible forms of
campus activity recogni
tion. Moving on to etfier criti
Daily Nebraskan
Member Associated Collegiate Frew, International FreM
KepreteataUr: National AdrertiLnr Service, Incorporated
rBbllahei at: Eoon 81, Student Union, Lincoln, Nebraska.
Hth S
Telephone HE 2-7831, ext. 422S, 4228, 4227
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Af aw fctiiar turn tmrmt
cisms of the column, I
would like to comment on
the statement: "What the
critique failed to note is
that the very existence of
our culture facilities shows
an appreciation of them."
Here the mistake is antici
pated by Miss Froschheus
er when she states: " . . .
what is offered is appreci
ated by relatively few peo
ple . . ." (re: Conscience
of a Liberal, March 21).
Such views as expressed in
my column were not in
tended to criticize any of
the existing cultural facili
ties or any of those noble
souls who patronize them.
These views were pointed
toward those who do not
participate in any cultural
activities whatsoever and
who are critical of those
that do, and this group con
stitutes a large percentage
of the students. To propose
that every Nebraskan re
main solely within the
breadth of his own "heri
tage" seems to smack of
a "cultured" conceit ex
- pressed nowhere in my col
umn. And it would indeed
be an unfair criticism of
As mentioned earlier,
certain statements made
by a critical columnist had
a good deal of merit. In
deed improvements can be
cited as progress is more
or less inevitable under the
guidance of constructive
commentary, whether this
be called complaining or
liberalism. However, one
critic seemed to have ad
mitted to his own charge
of lack of understanding in
his attempt to point out the
"distasteful reference" to
Nebraska's football team.
To review, my statement
was "These are students
who will certainly not in
crease Nebraska's chances
to have again a winning
football but who will, by
speaking their opinions and
living their college lives,
add to all-important meet
ing of the four winds here
at Nebraska." I support
the Cornhuskers no less
than my critical colleague
and hope that no one else
misinterpreted this state
ment as an innuendo
against any of my more
athletically-favored friends.
Certainly a football . game
has become an integral
part of our tradition, but
must .a simple statement
suggesting the value of cer
tain students to the Uni
versity climate be miscon
strued to be a heresy
against the Cream and
To rest upon another
point, I would like to sec
ond the general notion that
people of the Midwest are
friendly and down to earth.
But 1 would like to press
home hard the fact that we
as students at the Univer
sity do not practice this tra
dition as much as we would
(Continued to page 4)
U.S. Policy Goals in Africa
Never Had A Chance Sevareid
By Eric Sevareid
It seems clear to this re
porter after a month back
in the United States that the
Congo business has rid
Americans of many of their
i 1 1 u sions
about Af
rica ,but by
no means
all of them.
a e still
American s
who want
to believe
that our
and offi
Li L
cial-policy hopes for Africa,
to keep the cold war out of
that continent and to pre
vent the Balkanization of
that continent, can be real
ized. Let us accept reality;
there was never a chance
for either aspiration. (
Since the acceptance of
reality is the beginning of
both wisdom and construc
tive action, we ought to be
glad, not sorry, that the
Congo is heading toward a
federalized structure at best
or more probably, a multi
nation area. A unified Congo
was never possible save in
Lumumba's wildest dreams.
Even the federalized Nige
ria may have to carve out
more quasi-independent
states within it, if it is not
to grow shaky under tribal
ist pressures.
Let us face further facts:
There is not going to be
a "United Africa," Nkru
mah's ambitions notwith
standing. There is not going to be
even a West African Feder
ation consequential in scope
and cohesive in action, not
for a long time to come.
Separate jealousies will out
weigh mutual interests. The
mutuality of color alone
loses its binding quality
where the white man with
draws. There are not going to be
any truly democratic parlia
mentary regimes in Black
Africa, not before decades
of intensive education
have passed, and probably
not then. The roots of vio
lence and strong-man rule
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y 8 2
are several thousand years
deep; political democracy
is an act of reason that
very few peoples have ever
successfully performed. It
took Western socialists
much too long to cease con
fusing left with east; let us
cease now confusing black
with democracy.
(Attorney General Ken-,
nedy pleaded on television
that we support "the peo
ple" in this age and not
their f arbitrary rulers. Sup
pose, for purposes of argu
ment, that a mass people's
revolt develops against
N k r u m a h's rule. What
would he want American
policy to be?)
Because the British have
carefully and successfully
turned over power to native
leaders in West Africa, let
us not assume they can
carry on the p r o c e s s in
Kenya or Rhodesia without
chaos and bloody violence.
Withdrawal of white power
from Black Africa is one
thing withdrawal from
Black-and-White Africa is a
totally different task.
Portugal has but a short
lease on her life in Angola.
Like Belgium, her own
strength is too limited; like
the Congo, Angola is too
vast an area, too jerry-built
in structure, to withstand
these "winds of change."
This is not going to be
the "century of Africa" as
Dag Hammarskjold has
been ' quoted as believing,
unless be is s p e a k i g
of Africa only as a center
of world trouble. I fail to
see bow those who speak
of Africa as coming to hold
the "balance of world
power" can make e v e n a
hypothetical case. Since Af
rica is, as a whole, under
populated, underdeveloped
and deeply riven by rival
ries, Jts physical immensity
makes for weakness not
strength. No potential, spe
cific power center there is
now forseeable, save pos
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sibly in Mediterranean Af
rica. Side by side with the
rapid and long overdue
march, of black Africans to
wards self-rule, however
dictatorial, and towards
achievement of this cen
tury's material blessings, I
am afraid that for years to
come we shall witness
many, many outbreaks of
what has to be called by
its accurate, if t e r r i b 1 e,
name: race war.
'Jazz '61' ,
To Liven
The Don Rice Workshop
Band will present "Jazz '61,"
a contemporary jazz concert
Saturday at 8:30 p.m. in the
Student Union Ballroom.
The Band consists exclus
iveiy of musicians from this
area, and has been described
as "four times better than
Jimmy Dorsey." Members
have played with such leading
bands as Stan Kenton and
Richard Maltby.
Highlighting the program
will be an American folk suite
arranged in contemporary
jazz idiom and a commentary
on jazz as a music art form.
The band includes John
Geslak Quartet from the Red
Lion in Omaha and vocalist
Nancy Stevens, who has re
corded an album to be re
leased soon. .
Advance tickets ire on sale
In the Program Office for 75
cents. All sororities are urged
to bring their legacies to
acquaint them with some of
the other phases of campus
Spring Day Meeting
AH Spring Day house rep
resentatives in charge' of
game entries for their house
will meet Friday at I p.m.
in the Student Union.
The meeting room will be
posted in the Union.
Around Our Campus
The department of Chem
ical Engineering, headed by
Prof. James H. Weber, is
not only one of the newest
fields of engineering study
but also, one of the most
The program in the de
partment is designed to pre
pare students for work in
the chemical process, the
petroleum, and petrochemi
cal industries, certain
phases of atomic energy
field, and for graduate
Graduate chemical engi
neers engage in a variety of
activities in the numerous
industries cited above.
Some of the more important
areas of work are produc
tion, sales, market develop
ment, process design t and
development, research, 'and
management. Natu
rally, there are a number
of chemical engineers in the
teaching profession.
Like other fields of engi
neering, chemical engineer
ing is an applied "art" and
science and our students
must have a g o o d founda
tion in the basic sciences,
chemistry and physics, as
well as mathematics and
English. This is true of all
engineering students, but
the chemical engineers, as
would be expected, must
have a much broader back
ground in chemistry. The
courses in chemical engi
neering follow those in the
basic sciences and involve
the study of the application
of principles learned pre
viously. The individual
courses offered by the De
partment cover such topics
as, material and energy bal
ances, fluid mechanics, heat
transfer, distillation, ab
sorption, thermodynamics,
kinetics process and proc
ess engineering economics.
We believe the best meth
od of keeping a good under
graduate program is to have
(Aih of "J Wat a Tten-aqt Dwarf, '!Tke Man
Lota of Dobie OiUit", tic.)
With tuition eosta spiralling ever upward, more and more under
graduate are investigating the student loan plan. If you are
one who is considering the "Learn Now, Pay Later"8vtein,yo
would do well first to study the case of Leonid Sigafoos.
Leonid, the son of an upholsterer in Straitened Circum
stances, Idaho, had his heart set on going to college, but his
father, alas, could not afford to send him. Leonid applied for
a Regente Scholarship, but his reading speed, alas, wa not
very rapid two words an hour and before he could finish the
first page of his test the Regents had closed their brief cases
grossly and gone home. Leonid then applied for an athletie
scholarship, but he had, alas, only a single athletic skill
balancing a stick on his chin and this, alas, aroused only
panging enthusiasm among the coaches.
a, lbtmumtt0r
And then, huzsuh, Ionid learned of the student loan piat
he could borrow money for his tuition and repay it in e&irf
monthly installments after he left school!
Happily Leonid enrolled in the Southeastern Idaho College
of Woodpulp and Restoration Drama and happily began a
college career that grew more happy year by year. Indeed, it
became altogether eotutic in his senior year because Leonid met
a coed named Salina J. Nem wit' hair like beaten gold and
eyes like two squirts of Lake Louise. Love gripped them in He
big moiht palm and they were betrothed on the Eve of St. Agne.
Happily they made plans to lie married the day after corn,
menccment plans, alas, that never were to come to fruition
because Leonid, alas, learned that Suliria, like himself, was it
college on a student loan, which meant that he had not onljT
to repay his own loan when he left school but also Salina's, nd
the job, alas, that was waiting for Ionid after graduation at
the Boise Raccoon Works simply did not pay enough(la, to
cover both their loans, plus rent and food and clothing.
Sick at heart, Leonid and Sulina sat down and lit Marlboro
Cigaretu and tried to find an answer to their problem and,
sure enough, they did ! I do not know whether or not Marlboro
Cigarettes helped them find an answer; all I know is that
Murllxros taste good and look good, and when tilings close iw
and a feller weds a friend and the world is black aa the pit front
pole to pole, it is a heap of conjort and satwfaction to be sure
that Marlboros will always provide the same unflagging pleas
ure, the same unstinting quality, in all times and climes and
onditions. That's all I know.
Leonid and Salina, I say, did find an answer-a very simpU
ne. If their student loans did not come due until they left
school, why, then they just wouldn't leave school! So affe-r
receiving their bachelor degrees, they re-enrolled and took
roasters degrees. After that they took doctors degrees, loads and
loads of them, until today Leonid and Salina, both aged 78, both
still in school, hold doctorates in Philosophy, Humane Utters,
Jurisprudence, Veterinary Medicine, Civil Engineering, Op
tometry, and Dewey Decimals. Their student loans, as of hut
January 1, amounted to a combined total of eighteen million
dollars, a sum which they probably would have found great
d.fficu ty in repaying had not the Department of the Interior
recently declared them a National Park
You rfon't need , .tudent Uxn-ju.t . cAmf.
L neu: Und of """""'
maker. offfartboro-thi unlllUred kinii..llt PhUtp MorrU
Commander, Hekomt aboard;
staff members engage in
research. Consequently, each
staff member in the Depart
ment has a number of re
search projects, Dr. Weber
said. These include studies
of diffusion in the laminar
flow region, the application
of ultrasonics to heat trans
fer, the continuous dissolu
tions of metals, liquid
phase reaction kinetics and
vapor-liquid equilibrium re
lationships. Chemical engineering, &
a profession, has for a num
ber of years been research
oriented. This is true be
cause most of the early
chemical engineers' were
trained as chemists a n"d
chemical engineering is a
rapidly changing and ex
panding field. The result of
this is that, on a per capita
basis, a greater number of
chemical engineers take ad
vanced study than any oth
er type of engineer.
Poli Sci Honorary '
Schedules Initiation
Pi Sigma Alpha, national
political science honor so
ciety, will meet tonight at
7:30 in room 325 at the Stu
dent Union.
According to adviser R. D.
Sloan, Jr., assistant profes
sor of political science, the
main business will include in
itiation of new members and
the election of officers.
Spring Day Workers
Students interested in
working on Spring Day
committees should sign the
interview sheet on the door
of the Student Council of
fice in the Student Union by
Friday noon.
Interviews for those ap
plying will be held Friday
afternoon beginning at 2
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