The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, September 28, 1960, Image 1

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crp 28 I960
'Finland: Policy Victim, Not Creator9 Says Anderson
By Nancy Whitford
lwo goals were set by his
tory protessor. Dr. Aibin T
Anderson, during his recently
completed research tour of
Anderson, who travelled un
der a Faculty Summer Re-
search Fellowship and a
grant from the Inter-Univer
sity Committee on Travel,
attempted to learn wheth
er Finland faced any alterna
tives under Russia's World
War II demands and to make
personal contact with the peo
ple ot these nations.
The first month of the tour
was spent in Bonn, Germany,
where Dr. Anderson studied
Russian-German-Finnish re-
laticns during World War IL
The Russian demands on
Finland included claims for
territory, bases, and a treaty
of mutual assistance, Ander
son said.
Whea Finland refused, she
was attacked and defeated.
After peace was ebtaised in
1948, war brake out 2 gala in
1841 as Germany attacked the
Soviet Union with Finland la
beled ro-beEigereDi, Ander
son explained.
"Although the research has
not yet been completed," Dr.
Anderson said, "the results so
far indicate that small pow
ers, such as Finland, are the
victims, rather than the cre
ators of policy."
The German archives
where Anderson studied con
tain data on all the important
aspects of 20th century his
tory, and are now open and
available toapprovedre-
searchers, he said.
Gaining entry into neighbor
ing Czechoslovakia and Soviet
Russia proved a bit more dif
ficult though, Anderson add
Twice whea driving to the
Czechoslovakia!! border, An
derson and his wife fond
themselves at the end of the
road. Entry could be gained
by travelling 59 miles farther
dowa the border, they were
At the Russian border
movies were taken of their
entry and they were asked to
drive the car over an open
pit for inspection from all
Despite the inconven
iences, we were always treat
ed courteously," Anderson
During the 3,500 mile tour
of Russia, the Andersons saw
the people at work on collec
tive farms, industrial instal
lations and in Communist
party centers and at play on
the beaches of Yalta near the
Black Sea.
"The Soviet people were
'most charming' when re
laxed, but on the whole we
were regarded with reserve
and as objects of cariosity,"
Anderson observed.
Anderson believes that a
major cause for the inability
to communicate lay in his
less-then-perfect command of
the Russian language.
Although he was unable to
observe the Russian educa
tional system at work during
the summer. Anderson at
tempted to talk with the stu
dents who were products of
the system.
Anderson said they fall into
three classes, which include
the "firmly committed,"
those "still seeking truth,"
and the "cynical"
"The largest number ap
pear to be in the second cate
gory, indicating that the So
viet mind is not yet complete
ly closed," he said.
Views of the Russian agri
culture indicate the wheat
crap is good bat spotty in
places and that the corn is
much poorer than in the Unit
ed States.
Large crowded fruit or
chards are located in the
southern part of the country,
according to Anderson.
The rural people, said An
derson, were much more
poorly dressed and lacked
many of the advantages pos
sessed by their urban neigh
bors. Fanners
He believes this may indi
cate that the Russian farm
ers, who provide the greatest
basis for the country's wealth,
are themselves unable to
share as fully in the results.
Despite difficulties in com
munication, he believes the
idea of a "New Soviet Man"
is largely a myth and that al
though they have faced hard
ships, the people have re
tained the basically human
Attempts to purchase books
and historical materials for
Love Memorial Library were
temporarily stymied when
Anderson learned the people
would take only other books
in exchange rather than mon
ey. Thie is because they are
granted only a very limited
amount of money to pur
chase western books, he ex
plained. At present, campus
library officials are attempt
ing to solve the problem by
setting up such a book ex
change. Correspondence
Travel to Finland yielded
further research material
when Anderson conferred
with former Finnish Minister
to Sweden, C. A. Gripenberg,
and was granted access to
his war-time correspondence.
In Sweden, he was among
the 3,000 persons, from both
communist and free-world
countries, attending the an
nual Congress of Historians.
As a grand finale, the An-
dersons travelled to Rome for
their "vacation" and a chance
to view the Summer
Vol. 74, No. 8
I Lincoln, Nebraska
Wednesday, September 28, 1960
ps Donate 128 Eyes to Blind
KK Candidates
Due to a eonfiki in sched
uling, all Prince Kosmet
candidate names must be
be subn. ed to Mike MQrey
at the Beta Tbeia Pi house
by 12 aooa Thursday.
Interviews will be held
Sunday at 1:30 in the Stu
dent Union and wiU be con
darted by the Mortar
Derby Day
W kite Cross Capers
Adds Calorie Event
Some 375 sorority pledges
will compete this Saturday in
Ihe seventh annual Sigma Chi
Derby Day.
Derby Day wiU be held an
the morning prior to the Iowa
State football game. The ac
tivities wiD begin with a par
ade tip 16th Street past Hie
Women Eesidence HaH and
dowa E Street past the Stu
dent Union.
The events wfl1 start at 8:00
a.m. oa the mall la front of
ihe Coliseum and should be
finished by II a.m.. according
to Derby Day chairman Bar
ney Owens.
Owens said Tuesday that the
addition of two mystery
events should make competi-
tioa more interesting and
spirited than that of the past
Contest Bepea
The chugging contesi, the
pole race, the broom race,
and the fish and egg contest
will all be used again this
The calorie contest, aa
added event, was designed
with the larger girl in mind,
according to Owens.
Miss Derby Day vSl again
be selected by some members
of the faculty and ether quali
fied judges.
Master of ceremonies for
Ihe while cross capers is
boose president, Bill Paxtoa.
Miss Derby Day will again
he presented with a trophy.
The Sigs have purchased two
new traveling trophies for the
first and second place houses.
KSVS Broadcasts
Resume in October
'KNUS win be back on the
air Oct Z, reported Jim
Kaea, program director.
As of yet all plans and pro
grams ha ve not been com
pleted, but it is expected that
the station will be piped into
both dorms and the (organized
In May
Glass Installation
Xears Completion
Construction on the Ne
braska Center for tootinuing
Education boomed this sum
mer as an estimated 5 per
cent of the new building is
now completed.
This compares with less
than per cent thai bad been
completed in May when
classes were dismissed, said
Verner Meyers, chairman of
the building project Favor
able weather during most -of
the summer enabled construc
tion workers to complete
much of the frame, work of
the building.
Beside the frame work,
employees have also com
pleted most of the brick lay
ing and the glass instaQatiwa
ss well as masonry a the
Doors and the steps. Boa
Steinauer is the superinten
dent of the building project
and 121 employees work
under his supervision.
These erevs art working on
the beating, sewer and water
systems in the youth wing.
Steinauer said he roof was,
completed and that 89 peri
cent of the glass bad been in
stalled in the three story
youth area.
On the nine-story a J alt
wing, brick layers are work
ing oa the top story which
Should be completed by the
middle of October.
In the last two weeks the
old Extension Anne was ren
novated and the area it occu
pied is being leveled and
graded for a parking area,
said Steinauer.
Plans for the final comple
tion have not been definitely
set said Steinauer. "But with
favorable weather the Ne
braska Center should be done
by late spring-"
Two New Plays
Cast at Theater
Tryouts for two new plays
wis be held in the Laboratory
Theatre, 201 Temple Building.
Dr. Joseph Baldwin, director
of the University Theater,
has announced.
The tryouts, for all students
interested in acting, win be
held Wednesday from 4-S and
7-9 p .m.
The new plays, written by
University students, are "A
Home for Grandma," by Opal
Palmer and " An Act of Kind
ness." by James Baker, a
staff artist at EDOM-TV.
The plays win be presented
in the Arena Theatre Friday
and Saturday, October 21 and
Mrs. Palmer win direct "A
Home for Grandma," and
Sam Gossage win head "An
Act of Kindness." Mrs. Pal
mer and Gossage are grad
uate students in Speech and
Dramatic Art i
no 71
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t roMitiiT.rmiMiirinD-.Miinniiiw.Mnim.iiHt- - 4f"t- fm' tr. . - .4 TfTffO 1
New Nebraska Center
Consfructioa continues a the Nebraska
Center for continuing Education before the
winter months set in. Almost two-thirds of
the building is completed.
Art Gallery Plans
In Final Stages
Blueprints for the Sheldon
Memorial Art Galleries have
progressed to the final work
ing stage, according to Ver-j
non Meyers, director of the
division of plant planning and
"We plan to award con
tracts toward the end of
I960," said Mr. Meyers. If
the weather is nice, we hope
to have the construction un
derway this winter.
huide the Nebraskan
SfriclJy Partisan
Another in the series of articles about the Democratic party
and their campaign....... .................... Editorial Paige.
Star of ihe Week
Archie Cobb is picked by the Daily Nebraskan as this week's
outstanding athlete... Page 3.
Social Column
Pinning and engagement announcements flourished during
the past week,... .............................. .Page 4.
Staplelon Pessimistic
Iowa State's grid coach expresses pessimism about Satur
day's contest wiUi Nebraska. .Page 3.
Special Classes Designed
To Correct Difficulties
By Donna AsMemaa
The speech department is
helping more than sirty stu
dents a semester (that have
special speech difficulties.
These students are select
ed on the basis of the re
sults of a speech lest given is
conjunction with stadeat
health examinations.
Students with special diffi
culties are divided Into two
classes, which are stadeat
groups and individual confer
ence groups.
People doing mdiviauai
work; are helped with distor
tion problems, problems in
articulation, pitch and tone of
voice or stuttering.
Correctionist Aids
These students report from
one to three times a week to
work with a speech correc
tionist This correctioniBt may
be an undergraduate working
under faculty supervision
or a specialist a graduate
student an speech therapy or
one of the staff members.
The staff members work
with special problems. Dr.
Wiley works with those who
stutter, and ProL Adams with
those whs hsve speech diffi
culties connected wits a cleft
palate condition.
This speech clinic is a sup
plementary service to any
student on campus, which is
available oa a no fee basis.
Students whose speech isn't
quite adequate are urged ts
participate in student classes.
These classes are Speech It
which is fundamentals of oral
communication, training,
voice and diction. Speech f,
105, or tm.
Special Sections
The speech department also
has special sections ol Speech
9 and 11 for foreign students.
These sections, tanght by Dr.
Cj'preansen, are designed to
help the foreign student un
derstand and use spoken Eng
lish so that he may better
understand instructors and
students and be better under
stood by them.
The speech department al&e
does diagnostic and therapy
work with people outside of
the University. Persons of all
ages with special difficulty
ranging from pre-school to
adults, are helped by this department
A total of 64 pairs of eyes were donated
to the Nebraska Lions Club eye bank by mem
bers of Sigma Phi Epsllon fraternity this week
in order that others might see.
The 100 cooperation with the Nebraska
Lions Club eye bank marked what the Sig Eps
hope to be the start of an all-University drive.
Representatives j
From to is Beginning we
are going to branch out and
send representatives to oth
er interested groups on cam
pus," Lloyd Wade, co-chairman
of the drive said.
Wade went on to stress
that the drive for more dona
tions is not an official cam
pus organization. It is strict
ly for the good of the blind."
Lincoln Lion's Club officials
and Wade explained that any
one who pledges bis eyes
may break ihe pledge at any
time be wishes during his life
time. There is no money in
volved for acy donation.
In order for eves to be use
ful for transplantation, a
physician must get to a do
nor within three hours after
Crib Gadget
Helps Cut
Eating Line
Requires Education
Of Customers
Customer training coupled
with new facilities may well
provide the fastest service
yet at the Student Union Crib
according to foods manager,
Allen Erause.
A speaker system installed
recently near the door of the
Union enables customers to
order as they enter so their
food will be ready as they
reach the counter.
The mala difficulty with
this ty pe of service is that
the easterners must be
trained t use it properly,
said Kraase.
For example, the speaker is
to be need only for ordering
hot and cold sandwiches ra
ther than fountain items such
as malts. The person order
ing should push the button
and hold it an the time while
speaking, be emphasized. The
button should be released for
an ans wer.
One Order Only
Many persons order a ham-
Jjurger and then decide to add
french fries when they get to
the counter. Eaters should de
cide beforehand what they
want and avoid changing their
minds, as weH as avoid or
dering items not on the menu
board, Krause said.
Aa additional railing to be
installed sear the grill line
will enable eaters to bypass
the sandwich line to b t a I a
(jukker fountain service.
Two additional hamburger
grills to be added to the
kitchen area wiH increase
hamburger service by SO per
cent Krause noted.
The new grills, in addition
to adding more area, will
maintain more even cooking
temperatures to speed tip
sen ke, be said. j
The "new speedy service" ,
is providing problems of its;
own, though, Krause ob
served, i
For the first time this year,
the service has been so fast
that there has been a wait-:
ing line at the cashier's stand.'
he dies. If this is accomp
lished, the Highway Patrol or
the Civil Air Patrol will quick
ly transport the eyes to the
eye bank at the University
hospital in Omaha.
The donated eyes are then
checked immediately to de
tect any defects or diseases
in them. If the eyes are
okayed, they are put into re
frigeration for later trans
planting. The immediate objectives
of the "sight conservation'
program according to offi
cials of the Lincoln Lions
Club are:
L "Aa effective public ia
formatioa program which
will result ia as large a
namber f donors as possi
ble. It requires UJfiQ do
aors t supply 109 pair of
eyes per year.
2. "Placing an eye bank
kit in every possible stra
tegy area.
3. "Developing a weH-ia-formed
public so that pros
pective donors and their
families, doctors, morat
ciass and ethers will know
what to do, bow to do it,
and whea to do it to assure
sncccessfid corneal and vi
treous transplants for those
h need them.
4. "Developing prevention
of blindness and rehabilita
tion for the blind.
5. "Providing leader dogs
for those who seed them.'
Unfortunately, not all trans
plantations can help blind
people to see. Only one out of
five such operations help the
blind to see, Dick Sievers, as
sistant zone chairman and
Jim Skala, deputy district
governor of the Nebraska
Lion's Club explained.
Wade said that any inter
ested person, persons or
group should contact Mm or
Joe KozknsEki at the Sig Ep
He added that it is a 'volun
tary, humanitary effort and
that no pressure will be ex
erted to get members with
out their consent
"It was a great feeling
when I pledged my eyes,
Wade said. "When 1 stopped
to reaDy think what it must
be like to be blind, I had no
doubt that I had done the
right thing.
Faculty Homecoming din
ner, speaker. Chancellor
C. M. Hardin, 8:35 p.m, Stu
dent Union ballroom.
Ag executive board meet
ing, 7 p.m., T.V. room Ag
Student Council meeting, 4
p.m.. Student Union
IFC meeting, 7 p.m., Stn
der Onion
Ag Union coffee hour, 7
Young Republicans, 7:39,
Student Union
PanheUenic style show, 2
p.m. and 4 p.m., Stadeat
Theta Sigma Phi, 4 p.m.
Student Union
YWCA cabinet meeting, S
p.m., Student Union
u U