The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, June 07, 1960, Image 1

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    Summer Sessions' Welcome
Students Told to Note Educational Extras
Welcoming students to the
1960 Summer Sessions, Chan
cellor Clifford M. Hardin
noted the "cumber of extras
which contribute to your gen
eral educational experience"
as well as the academic of
ferings. Frank E. Sorenson, direc
tor of Summer Sessions, pre
dicted that the Summer Sci
Eastern Institute would be
"of great interest" this sum
mer. .
"Of special interest," Sor
enson added, "'will be the
three World Affairs Previews
designed to focus on the So
viet Union, Africa and Ja
pan." Both men called the atten
tion of the students to the
Planetarium and the informal
educational opportunities of
fered by the Nebraska Union.
Attend All-State
The Chancellor continued,
"Of special interest, too, are
the many programs of the
All-Slate Fine Arts high
school students: concerts,
plavs, speech recitals and a
musical comedy. You are
cordially invited to attend
any or all of the All-State pro
grams during June."
According to Sorenson, "The
summer faculty of about 260
persons, including 10 dis
tinguished lecturers and con
sultants, will offer opportuni
ties in their classrooms for a
careful consideration of many
of today's most significant
developments and critical is
sues." He recommended also that
students visit the Nebraska
State Historical Society to
see its presentations of the
foundations of Nebraska his
tory. " V J 5.
Sincere Welcome
Chancellor Hardin c
eluded, "The welcome w
tend is a sincere one. We
are confident that you will
find the next few weeks re
warding in terms wf your edu
cational advancement, and
we wish you every success.
; art and sculpture displays in
1 Morrill Hall, the Mueller
ence institute and the r ar
Chancellor Hardin
Dr. Frank Sorenson
... -f
For Summer
Steadily Up
May Indicate
School Trend
Summer school students
are growing in number each
year, according to Dr. Frank
Sorenson, director of the sum
mer school program at the
University of Nebraska.
Enrollment at the Univer
sity summer sessions has in
creased from 2,951 in 1955 to
3,374 in 1959. The 1960 enroll
ment is expected to be around
And the summer student is
becoming younger tort
"Traditionally," Dr. Soren
son explained, "summer ses
sions were established to pro
vide additional training for
teachers and administrators,
often to qualify teachers for
certificates." '.
But the traditional teacher
student has been supplment
ed by two more learning
groups, he went on:
1. The undergraduate stu
dent, and, .
2. The graduate enroDment.
io graduate college as weO
as teacher1! college.
"We still have .to take cae
of the teachers and adminis
trators," Dr. Sorenson said,
"but summer session plan
ners recognize the desirabili
ty of keeping the University
plant attractive to students
as well."
Three main factors contrib
ute to the increase of stu
dents ia summer schools, ac
cording to Dr; Sorenson:
L Students realize the prac
ticality of finishing school as
soon at possible so that they
caa begin working or start a
2. Students often find it
difficult to secure summer
jobs, atd attend summer
school instead.
3. Students in some colleges,
such as engineering, are re
quired to take aa extra se
mester or year f work and
fine it easier to make np
some of the hours by attend-
Adventures in
SCIENCE: Scapegoat of Humanities or Death
.... i..j; 4. .,,J4 anunrfiirf tl3C
By Carroll Kraus
Whom do you admire more
a physicist who helped de
velop the atomic bomb or a
Pulitzer Prize-winning poet?
What would you say wauld
be the choice of most young
men between the professions
of research in chemistry and
teaching English?
If you answered the first
question the pbysidist and the
second chemical research,
you're probably giving the
same answers the majority
in the United States would
give with the same questions
posed to them.
Why? People like Univer
sity professor of English
Karl Shapiro think Ameri
cans are possessed by
somewhat of s science hys
teria. Writing in the June 9, 185B,
edition of The New Republic
for instance, Shapiro con
demned the present scientific
competition between . Russia
and the United States as a
game "liable to spell the end
Jones ... difference In
),T 0-
I. Jumii8aimn n i n mti ilwwwi iV
SIGNING UP As Summer Sessions stu
dents signed up for their classes the Coli
seum and Men's Phylsical Education
building were busy places. Here Dr. N. F.
Index to Inside Pages
THE NOT SO GOOD OLD DAYS Teachers' contracts
used to deal with many things not concerned with teach
ing or teaching ability. For some of the absurdities "mod
ern teachers escape see . . .
Pajre 2
Da2y Nebraskan has built a heritage of producing great
men and getting into big troubles. For the turbulent and
productive history see . . .
........ Page 3
Sessions students the Student Union has planned a full
schedule of entertainment. To learn what the Union has
in store for yon see . . .
Page 4
FOR SUMMER READING The University of Nebraska
library will provide weekly reading lists to be published
in The Summer Nebraskan. For this week's list see . .
Page 4
Nebraska has just completed Graduation Week End with
all of its graduation, alumni, and board of regents news.
For digests of these events
of all humanistic culture
throughout the world."
But scientists, such as Dr.
Robert Chasson, head of the
University department
of physics, feel that calling
science the culprit is rather
typical of the never-ending
search for a scapegoat to ex
plain problems.
It seems a paradox has de
veloped. Scientists, many
feel, rather than the human,
ists are being turned to for
Carroll Kraus, former edi
tor rf the Daily Nebraskan,
is a senior In the school of
journalism at the Univer
sity of Nebraska. Kraus
was recently chosen for
membership ia Kappa Tan
Alpha, journalism none
rary, and as a student has
Forked for the Lincoln
Jours aL
leadership in the future of the
world, even though the sci
entist has caught much of the
blame for producing trie
bombs that have increased
world tension.
Perhaps, as Chasson said,
it is because the image of
the scientist is a mysterious
one and because the things
that science does are dra
matic. Webster will tell you that
science is the systematic
knowledge of nature and the
physical world. Hence a
scientist Is a f?ci"iliiit in
science, especially the'
natural kind.
A humanist, on the other
hand, is a student of what
may be called human na
ture and human affairs
(hp humanities. The human
ities are such things as
language and literature,
philosophy and the fine
A third area might be de
fined. That is the area of the
social sciences which deals
with the structure of society
and the activity of its mem
bers. Social sciences include
history, economics, political
science, ana me me.
Scientific Youth
You might eet an idea of
the interest in science and
technology by talking to a 10-
vear-old: he s aot to be an
expert on rocketry, substitut
ing scientiiic 2 act lor ine
typical adventurous fiction of
the Huckleberry Finn type.
Many humanists feel tnat
this situation has resulted in
short-changing them and the
As the American Scholar
reporteo on March 16 of this
The past few years nave
witnessed a growing protest
amonf intellectual agamst
the scientific philosophy, and,
in narticular. aeainst the sci
entific study of "man. After a
generation of caretree
ascendance scientists s u d
denly find themselves under
attack from a band of mili
tant humanists who charge
tnat science is costing man
his humanity and giving him
little in return.
Public Wants Panaceas
This is a view that Dr.
Chasson describes thusly: the
public has a hard time put
ting the world situation "into
focus so they always look for
panaceas to explain every
thing." No area of gray
exists, he said; "everything
is either black or white."
This paradoxical bust and
mistrust of science and the
scientist probably centers
around two areas of thought:
Although the scientist has
made discoveries that have
led to development of super
i bombs, other discoveries
A Si..
"1 vW' '
"i t O -
Thorps (second from left), principal of
Teachers College High School, helps with
a problem.
They railed it SOcy's Reg
MissCatber contributed
See page 3
Shapiro . . . saved by a
have shortened "the average
oerson's work week and made
his life in general easier.,
Some humanists feel, how
ever, that the scientist
doesn't want the job of ' run
ning", the world, and is fall
ing back on the humanist
Stuart Cuthbertson, former
bead of the University of
Colorado department of mod
ern languages and literature,
made that point in a recent
issue of the Western Humani
ties Review.
He said, - ... it is the
nuclear scientist who exalts
the humanities by calling
upon all of us for help in
preventing the misuse of
the discoveries of sci
ence." Savrd bv a Thread
Prof. Shapiro charged
that, "In developing a nauon
of mechanics and super-me
chanics, we have been saved
from his toric nerdition (rum)
onlv bv a thin thread of re
ligion and by a still thinner
is - J
'Spotlight on
First Summer
The first special feature of
the 1960 Summer Sessions
will be a World Affairs Pre
view, "Spotlight on Russia."
The program will be present
ed by Nicholas DeWitt at 2
p.m. Tuesday, June 14, in
Love Library auditorium.
DeWitt is a research asso
ciate of the Office of Scien
tific Personnel of the Na
An Editorial
'Adventures in Thmkinsf
This is an invnarion to join the Summer Nebraskan
staff in adventures in relaxing, in reading, and, most im
portant, in thinking.
- To the staff, this will represent an adventure in news
papering. This editorial, if indeed it is one, may well be
the only formal editorial you will read in the Summer
Nebraskan. This does not mean that the staff lacks respect
for editorial opinion It means that this newspaper hopes
to devote its energies to what is called the depth ap
proach to news."
The staff feels that our summer reading audience
merits and w ants a newspaper that is stimulating. Neither
the word 'thinking" nor "depth" need mean stuHy."
To permit this type of newspaper, several changes
have been made in the structure of the Summer Nebras
kan. Former readers will note immediately that the paper
has been enlarged fiom a 5-column tabloid format to a
seven-column newtuaper offering approximately one
third more space. Taj staff has been increased to 2 full
time employees. Miss Mary Lou Reese as editor will be
responsible for the news columns. Miss Doneite Keys as
business manager win handle advertising and circulation.
Both are seniors completing internship requirements for
a Professional Certificate in Journalism.
As in past year? advisers for the Summer Nebras
kan will be faculty members of the University's School
of Journalism. The advirs this summer are Neale Cop
pie and Dr. William E. Hall.
The Summer Nebraska welcomes your comments and
criticisms. It invites your response to ideas discussed in
its stories. It inviies suggestions for attention to news
areas that might be overlooked.
The staff invites your full participation in what we
hope win be a pleasant summer reading and thinking"
thread of humane studies."
Shapiro said moral author
ity in America today is "all
but non-existent," claiming
"the scientific mind . . .
drove religion and the arts
into the wilderness."
As far as religion and sci
ence go, C. J. Ducasse, pro
fessor emeritus of pbilosphy
at Brown University, put
it, . . . what modern sci
ence has done has been to
clean out and dispose of some
of the myths that had no re
ligious functions, and that
only served to anaesthetize
unsatisfied scientific curio
sity." Tint in Hniflff SO. DUCaSSC
said, "science has cultivated
in man the habit of demana
ing evidence for the beliefs
be is asked to accept; and
this has led many persons to
reject the religious overbe
Iip'c imnlv because there
was no evidence for them."
Science and Education
Is education pro-science?
shanirn said. "In America
we have not yet reached the
point of scientilic govern
mont hut we have gone pret
ty far already in adopting
scientific education, i a e
.hniii eririrfltinnal bureauc-
racy, the whale quasiscientif
ic class of educationalists
with their punch cards ana
hnloeical batteries have
turned American education
into just another machine,
fin fhe noint of education,
however, a Lincoln scientist,
Dr. Emerson Jones, con
tended that the humanities
were far from lost.
Dr. Jones, assistant to the
director of Consumers Pub
lic Power District and a chief
scientist in the construction
of the Hallam atomic plant,
pointed out a difference in
Jones said be fell that
tional Research Council and
National Academy of Sci
ences in Washington. D.C
He has been an associate at
the Russian Research Cen
ter at Harvard University for
approximately 10 years.
He was bom in Kharkov,
Russia, and is a naturalized
citizen of the United States.
DeWitt is the author of two
the student scientist has
an ample opportunity t
broaden himself with a wide
range of coDege courses.
He agreed, however, that
the engineering stu
dent generally doesnt have
the same opportunity.
Prof. Chasson agreed with
this viewpoint, and decried
"crash operations" of edu
cating the engineer. He said
an engineer, like the sci
entist, needs to assimilate a
large body of knowledge dur
ing bis college years, and
can't touch a very broad
field in most four-year, technology-crammed
Science in Government
What about scientific gov
ernment? Jones agreed with charges
that science may have been
over emphasized here in re
cent years. But he added
that such really isn't the case
in American business.
For instance, he said,
America's transportation sys
tem could be quickly turned
to nothing but aviation in a
short time.
"But would the average
person want to take a heli
copter to get to Crete?" he
The consumer, he ex
plained, bas more of a
choice on what industry will
do with science than does
the taxpayer in what the
government does.
Physicist Chasson pointed
out that if government ae
tivitie concerned with sci
ence have been overbalanced,
it is hard to place the blame
on the scientist.
Businessmen, not human
isti or scientiti. control most
of the key portions in gov
ernment and even in sucn
groups as the Atomic Energy
Commission, be said.
Good Morning!
There are now only 44
days remaining In the 196
Summer Session.
books dealing with Soviet
Russia: Soviet Professional
Manpower Its Education,
Training and Supply, and Ed
ucation and Professional Em
ployment in the USSR. In ad
dition to publishing 16 arti
cles and two monographs,
De Witt has served as tech
nical director for the docu
mentary program "The Chal
lenge: Soviet Sciences' pro
duced by Westinghouse Ra
dio. De Witt win arrive at the
University June 10 to lecture
in the Department of Histo
ry and Princples of Educa
tion. He wiH speak at il
a.m. Friday, June 10, and at
11 a.m. and 1:30 to 2:30 p.m.
Monday, June 13.
The Second World Affairs
Preview, "Spotlight on Afri
ca." wO be presented by
John Furbay at 2 p.m. Mon
day, June 27. Furbay, a grad
uate of Ohio State University,
New York University, the
Sorbonne, and Yale, is a for
mer president of the College
of West Africa in Monrovia,
Liberia. He has also served
as education adviser to the
Liberian government
During his three years in
West Africa, he collected li
berian Tiatke artifacts which
are now on permanent exhi
bition in the American Mu
seum of Natural History in
New York.
He has worked as a syndi
cated newspaper columnist,
been guest lecturer at the
World Seminar in Geneva,
Switzerland, served as senior
specialist for the United
States Office of Education
and written five book.
The final World Affairs Pre
view, "Spotlight on Japan,"
Continued en Page 2
I What is the aMWBT tO
What is the answer to tha
science-humanities problem,
if it really does exists?
Prof. Shapiro suggested'
"all of this middle ground
between science and art, this
no-man's land called so clev
erly social sciences, is ground
that has to be cleared before
the humanities can get on
the march."
The Pulitzer Prize-winning
poet said. The ho- ,
inanities must, in fact, res
cue science from its un
comfortable position of au
thority, a position the true
scientist will gladly abdi
cate." The phsyics department
head called for more under
standing, understanding of
who scientists and humanists
are and what they do.
Chasson said the humanist
and the scientist "have to rely
on each other far complete
guidance of people m their
total lives."
And the public, he said.
can't deny one or the other.
4 - ." '"
V 7
Chasson . . . search for