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About The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (Sept. 29, 1959)
Page 2 . The Daily Nebraskon
jO T 1 1 No Tuilion
Comparisons inevitable Iran, USSR Student
Leads Privileged Life
Terry Mitchem's description of student
life and college customs in the Soviet
Union again brings to mind the panic
which has swept our country periodically
since Sputnik I climbed into the skies.
The tale of an education system where
all the gifted receive an education, where
those who on the basis of tests cannot face
the rigors of university training are
weeded out 'ahead of time must seem like
a realized dream to a registrar. And to
the student, the thought that it would not
be necessary, to work your way througfh
college, but instead could spend summers
in sports, sounds equally appealing.
On the surface, that is.
Under the surface the raw fact is still
that choice has been left out of this pic
ture. The system, not the individual, ranks
first, last and in between.
While the students may be a privileged
class, they are nevertheless a directed
class. While professors are accorded the
highest of honors, and scientists rank
close to the God the Communists abne
gate, still these professors lack the one
element which compensates for the rela
tively low prestige and salary scales our
purveyors of the knowledge possess. That
is the right to express opinion. Opinion,
interpretation, disagreement with the
present system these are the things
which an instructor in the supposedly
superb Soviet school complex cannot
Barring the antics of a few witch-hunters
within the past decade, the American
college still remains the bulwark of free
expression of opinion. The McCarthys pass
away at least they have in the part. The
Consider the case of traditionally Re
publican Nebraska, the "buckle of the
Well, it has happened. The date Monday
was Sept. 28. .
If our calculations aren't completely
off, Christmas normally falls on the 25th
of December, or thereabouts. Simple sub
traction leaves a three month and three
days gap between the days.
But is the 28th of September too early
to put out Chirstmas stockings, decora
tions, cards, stationery, candles, et cetera
ad infinitum. Nup.
Too bad about Halloween. Not only must
it compete with the preparations for
Homecoming (and the question of the year
is "Gads! How do you make a portrait of
a Sooner in a house decoration") but it
must share upcoming honors with Thanks
giving and Christmas as well.
The ludicrous possibilities of a Home
coming celebration which falls on Trick
or Treat Day should be readily imagined.
The graveyard the Theta's built last year
was a year ahead of time.
' Some cynic has even suggested that the
ladies of the black masques and the gentle
men of the red robes would be right in
season and costumed for a little trick or
treating. Perhaps the refreshments so
gleaned could be presented to the Sooner
team in hopes of an encore of their last
Just kidding fellows. We think our guys
can win without any outside assistance.
Bible belt." Within our ivy cloister for
years has been an active group of working
party Democrats. In the classrooms today,
men who call themselves athiests teach
Baptists and Methodists.
Were it any other way were they not
allowed on the faculties because of these
dissenting opinions, perhaps then we could
look around and say, "Yes, we have a
poor system of higher education."
But receiving a solid foundation in "the
basics" as the Soviets unquestionably do,
cannct replace receiving the other basic
the ability to weigh and to judge, to ab
sorb a pocketful of varying viewpoints and
to sift them into one opinion yourself.
This is the glory of our system.
The better education in science, in
math, in languages this is the glory of
Looking from within the classroom, it
seems that our universities, at least this
one, could "get tougher." It could, as
some of the individual departments are
already doing, abandon spoon-feeding and
adopt a more rigorous program.
This isn't to say, as many critics have
done, "cut out the frills." Rather, it is to
say, make these frill courses more com
prehensive. Dig deeper into the subject.
Assume that the student is capable of
more effort, more original thinking. He is.
And if we may adopt one of the sugges
tions contained in Dr. James B. Conant's
report on the American High school, we
would suggest less reliance on multiple
guess and true and false examinations.
An educated man must be able to ex
press himself or his education is only half
useful. The English department does not
have sole responsibility for educating a
student who can clearly, fully and logic
ally express himself. What is the use of
learning about the economic doctrines of
Bentham, St. Simon, Veblen, Smith and
all the others if the questions on the exam
is going to pinpoint only one small seg
ment of these ideas? Especially if after
this one exam, one never need recall the
theories again why bother?
No, our system is not perfect But the
fact that we can air our criticism, can
print our comments as we have done here,
place ours in a different plane from that
of the USSR.
Frill courses, objective tests, professors
who don't change exams from year to .
year, sections with 100 persons in them
and all we'd still choose ours any day.'
At least any day when we had our wits
Hold On, There
Wait, Halt, Stop, Do Not, we repeat Do
Not dash down to the corner delicatessen
and snap up a quick bargain to send your
father for father's day next Sunday.
It's not that we're against fathers or
anything like that but Fathers day (as has
been pointed out by many of our fans)
usually falls in June.
The only explanation for the anonymous
little antic that appeared on yesterdays
editorial page suggesting quick action in
time for fathers day is that it wasn't there
when we last saw the paper, it wasn't on
the page proof.
Your guess is as good as ours.
If you have already bought your father
a present in a fit of panic, we hope you
selected something that will keep till
On the Other Hand
The fight for women's rights has just
' A cummer spent in Nebraska City work
ing on that city's daily newspaper has
made me realize that, far from won,
WUIllCU 11&U10 U6 JUSb rMf.(:.ifaa
I had been there nearly
two months when my boss
came un with what I m1
thought was probably the
most exciting idea since I ,s tJp
turned zl ne wouia sena "-r
me with the highway pa- , " " '
trol to do a story on their
Fully expecting to see Sondra
several robberies, mur
ders and gang wars, I leaped at the sug
gestion to see life at its very ebb.
The letter went off to the highway pa
trol and several weeks of silence fol
lowed. Questions to patrolmen at the week
ly court proved futile, with nothing but
horrified expressions and non-commital
Then at last the news arrived, in the
form of a rather sheepish looking patrol
man who informed us that a girl could
absolutely not ride with the patrol.
Protesting loudly that my rights as a
citizen of the United States were being
violated, I began to recite the various con
stitutional amendments protecting the
freedom of the press.
But to no avail. It seems that these free
doms only apply if you are of the male
But why, I demanded. I would be quiet,
stay out of the way and not scream no
matter what happened.
"No. Girls in patrolmen's cars cause
scandals," he explained.
Sitting down abruptly on this answer, I
said I would wear a big sign saying "Girl
reporter working on news story".
"No. This would still cause talk among
people who were driving down the high
way and could not read the sign," he
I would disguise myself as a boy so that
only those arrested would know I was a
girl and I would tell them the reason I
"No. Absolutely not. Not under any cir
cumstances. Out of the question.
But I protested, what happens
you arrest a woman?
Then came the clincher.
"We try not to," he said.
Women criminals in Nebraska
have a field day!
SIXTT-KIXE YEARS OLD
WSmtimi Associated Collegiate Press, Inter
Representative: National Advertising- Serv
Published t: Eoom 20, Student Union
14th & B
TelrpHnne 1-7131. ext. 4225. 4226, 4227
, The Tmll JlebratsVea I pnMlstK Monday. Tnesdae.
VAedMriar i riant dart the heol year, eaoent
iwm waulon crem iwrlon. tv ariideate '
Vmmnttr o jwehraaao mirter the authorization of tne
CernmlMM Mi ftoent Afra-tr u rspreeslnn of to
nt opinion, fnhltrntina under the Jurisdiction of too
ftabeammltte on Muden rahllnrtlMM hll be
from editorial eeeewriililn n the part of the Huhrnm
sMttee or on the part of mur member of the faculty of
Mm Uaifflirsily, r sue u at any person outald
the rmverslty. The member of the lmlly Nebraska
otaff are personally responsible for what they say, or
do, or re to he piloted. February- 8. 1S56.
Nubaeriptlon rate ar, $3 pr semester or 15 for the
filtered second elana matter at the nuat nffle
In Lineal a, Nebraska, under the art of August 4. 1I2.
Fdltnr Diana Maxwell
Manaclnc Editor Carroll kraus
News Mltor Sondra Whalea
KnnrW Editor Hal Brown
Ml'ht Editor J"hn Hoerner
Copy Editor John floerner. fcnndra Laaker.
Staff Writer. Jacque Jamoek, Karen l,co.
Jr. Staff Writer Mike Mliroy, Ana Moyer
Ruslne Manager Stan Kaiman
Assistant Business Manager Tva rerimson. (.H
(.rady. f'harlene (.me
Circulation Manager : .. -Doug i auagaaul
This I the trroad la a scries r article by Terry Mltoheoi. a Jua
graduate of the University, who spent 60 day thi past iimnxt Murine
the Soviet 1'nlon. Poland and rtrrhnslovakta a a member of a ttadent
Mention. Today' article, aa told t staff member Hera Frotiavseo, deal
aita Universities and Indent life.
By Terry Mitchem
The student of the Soviet Union is held in great esteem
by the people, and propaganda constantly lauds the stu
dents. In the Soviet Union there is no such thing as working
your way through college or working after school for lunch
money. Students seem to be a privileged class who use
their summer vacation to rest, or who spend their spare
time in sports or in activities of the KOMSOMOL, the
Young Communist League.
We visited the University of Moscow, the University
of Leningrad, Kharkov Institute for Railway Engineers',
the Pediatrics Institute in Leningrad and the Kiev Poly
technic Institute, comparable to Georgia Tech in this
I also spent 18 days living with students in a camp
along the Dnieper River in the Ukraine.
There is no tuition for students attending institutes of
higher learning in the USSR. Eighty-five per cent of the
students receive stipends of sufficent amount for board,
room, books and spending money. These stipends are
granted to all except those who are children of high govern
mental officials and thus do not need financial aid.
However, 51 per cent of the students in the USSR are
girls. At Kiev Polytech, 40 per cent of the enrollment are
girls, compared to 20 girls at Georgia Tech.
Since education and economy is rigidly planned, a cer
tain number of students must be available for every field
each year. For example, the government may decide that
they will need 10,000 engineers by 1965, so they plan the
Students enter college after graduating from middle
school which lasts 10 years. A general background for a
middle school student would consist of five years of lan
guage, three years of trigonometry, algebra, chemistry and
physics, Marxism and four years ojf general math.
The Soviet college student goes to school about five
and a half years. They are in class 17-18 weeks in the fall
with a two to three week exam period followed by a two
week vacation. In the spring they attend class for 16 weeks
and have the same length exams followed,by summer vaca
They attend class six days a week, spending six hours
in class and labs each day for a total of 36 hours per week.
They have hardly any liberal education, only in dialectic
and historic materialism.
However, they have all read from a very wide list of
"American literature, mostly the same things; Dreiser,
Saroyan, Hemingway, Twain and anything they can get
their hands on by Paul Robson.
The Soviets want to know what we've read of Russian
literature. None of them have read Dr. Zhivago. "We don't
want to read it," they say. "The Nobel Prize is political.
Sweden gave it to Pasternak at the insistence of the United
States. It is not socialist realism and is not typical of the
Soviet Union," they add.
(More on Soviet education in the third of this series.)
By George Moyer
Now I know how it feels the Bogey man. Humphrey
J gttf " 1
action to save
to stand at ground zero.
Last week Jim Roman
and Bob Blair really took
this column over the jumps.
not to un
d e rstand
d e struc
tion of the
t e m but
To rephrase a potshot
that Mr. Roman teems
fond of; not only, do you
have to spend time reading
books (law or ROTC) but
you have to read them
carefully before comment
ing critically. That goes for
this column too.
Reams and tons have
been written about the new
Nebraska (Student) Union.'
(I still like that word stu
dent in there. It reminds
people who paid for the
But no matter how much
one writes, it seems there
is always something new to
be discovered about the
For instance, the Union's
film committee, so ably
handled last year by John
West, is building on the
strong foundation ei-'
tablished by that worthy
to bring University s t -dents
Dome of the best in
Hollywood entertainment in
the last 20 years.
Gail Gray, this year's
chairman, and her assist
ant, Jane Mahoney, have
' already offered patrons
something new in the way
of Union film service.
In addition to the excel
lent Foreign Film Society
program and the free Sun
day night movie, the com
mittee is also offering a
free double feature in the
small basement auditorium
Friday and Saturday nights.
Last Saturday, "The
Clown", Red Skelton's bid
for an Academy Award,
and "The Asphalt Jungle",
the picture which launched
Marilyn Monroe's career,
shared the bill.
"Jungle" was the detective-mystery
done from the
gangst ers standpoint a n d
done right. It was a prime
example of the outstanding
For instance, next week
liogart, will appear in
"Deadline USA" along
with Basil Rathbone in the
original Sherlock Holmes
But the best is yet to
come get this it doesn't
cost anything to see these
pictures. And the theatre
in which they are shown
will match any in the mid
west for comfort and acous
tics. What a pleasant way to
spend an evening! Just get
a date, take your ID card
. and trot off to the free Un
ion movie. You'll even have
money left for a beer aft
erward Thought for the week:
What this newspaper
needs is a few more edi
torials and columns on
' T.,0cHnv September 29, 1959
A Few Words . .
Of a Kind
One of the more ironic
signs of our times is posted
on the shelf of a library
in a Lincoln grade School,
it's message: "Don't
what he or
s i d ered
h o n o
tions, yet I
cannot help but regard the
sign with disgust.
Perhaps the fear of torn
pages or dirty covers
prompted the posting of the
declaration. I don't know. I
do know that the love of
books requires a multitude
of fingerprinted pages and
slightly beaten book covers.
Mind you, I do not en
courage shoddy handling of
books, and keep a sharp eye
on anyone who turns a page
in the most worn of my
flock of paperbacks. Also,
the loss of one of my books
upsets me nearly as much
as a silly quarrel with a
Many books, in fact, I
HA! NOiO. YOU VIE MNE IT!
NOOTYOOVE BiJOKfN A I AMP,
RAME (TON BUT YJDgsaF!
MAYBE I C60U)
count as close friends. How
else could I meet with the
wit and wisdom of such
keen-minded men as Rus
sell, Mencken, Thomas,
Shakespeare, Durant, Vol.
taire, et. al? How easily,
though, they become my
friends when I meet them
between the covers of
I am no great devonrer
of literature, and sit in awe
before the well-read man.
Many times I feel spurred
to gallop through stacks of
books that ought not to be
left unreal, and map out
lists of classics through
which to travel. Unfortu
nately, other things usually
unhorse me along the way.
There are times, however,
when I do find my way into
a play or novel or book of
poems. Frequently, I
emerge intoxicated by the
sweep of the author's ideas
or masterful writing. Cer
tainly there are few books
which I have not been the
better for reading, which
have not in someway wid
ened my horizons.
This world is nearly brim
ful of dull, correct people.
I'm convinced that the dull,
ness of many may be at
tributed to little signs
thev've posted in their
minds which read: "Don't
Touch The Books."
It's saddening to see some
of these dull, correct people
even go so far as to post
printed signs with this mes
sage in school libraries. Not
that elementary school chil
dren read many great books,
just that one's hunger for
books is best when it begins
early and ends late. Dis
couraging the handling of
books for cleanliness sake
is, to me, a major sin.
There would probably be
much less dullness in the
lot of us if we were able
to echo the report of Dylan
"My education was the
liberty I had to read indis
criminately and all the
time, with my eyes hanging
out. I never could have
dreamt there were such goings-on,
such ice-blasts of
words, such love and sense
and terror and humbug,
such and so many blinding
lights breaking across the
just awaking wits and
splashing all over the
pages . . ."
My message? Simply that
I wish the school would
change its sign to read:
"Touch These Books With
Care And Wonder."
start 24.00 and up
1918 "O" St.
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11. One of the
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10. Bcfnoning of
14. What Kooia
IB. It's just south
of the border
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40. Kind of pitch
in the ball park
41. ' Avar
42. Beene pt
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1. Island famed
for native girls
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7. More than
two couples .
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10. Baker or
lit. Time of the 20'
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20. Scarlett gal
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88. Sheridan' Bob
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