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About The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (April 11, 1956)
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Wednesdoy, April 11, 1956
Protecting Academic freedom
-The clarification of the Regents By-laws con
cerning academic privilege and tenure, reported
-upon to the Faculty Senate Tuesday is import
ant as a clear, well-defined protection' of aca
"Hemic freedom at the University.
Formerly, the By-law provision had been a
Tague, general statement of academic privilege
and tenure, which gave no legal rights to As
sociation of University Professors. -
In the case of a professor with academic ten
ure who terminated his services with the Uni
versity . . . "the Chancellor shall submit all
pertinent facts relating thereto to the Senate
Committee on Academic Privilege and receive
Under the new provision, which became effec
tive January 7, 1956, any person who thinks that
he has been unjustly released may receive
written charges and may receive a hearing be
fore the faculty senate committee on academic
The committee will then recommend action
to the Board of Regents. If the action of the
Board is at variance with the recommendation,
written opinions of the Board must be submitted
to all parties concerned.
This new provision, drawn up in accordance
with a resolution passed several years ago by
the American Association of Professors, not only
insures that a faculty member with tenure can
not lose his position without just cause bat also
clarifies and strengthens the cause of academic
freedom at the University.
It spells out a chain of command from the
Faculty Senate Committee to the Chancellor to
the Board of Regents which makes it imprac
tical and embarrassingly difficult to remove a
professor with tenure from his academic po
Even though his job and professional reputa
tion might be threatened by the influence of out
side pressures and special interests, as was the
case of E. N. Anderson in 1952, Clyde Mitchell
in 1953 and Bill Glassford this past fall.
Moreover, the new provision vests the AAUP
with the legal rights to recommend censure or
approval of administrative action regarding the
academic privilege and tenure of its professors.
Lastly, it defines the lines of authority by
which the policy of academic freedom adopted
by the Board of Regents in 1953 can be effec
tively preserved. '
Let's trust that this statement, which guaran
tees the rights of professional persons to publish
results of research and to express themselves
freely in the classroom, will never be en
dangered at the University of Nebraska. B.B.
Symbol Of Achievement
The announcement of the selection of Dr.
Harold Stokes as speaker for the 1956 Com
mencement exercises came as a relief to a
number of campus figures and perhaps as a
sore point to others.
This difference of opinion was not because of
the merits of Dr. Stokes, who is an outstanding
national figure in education, and an ex-member
of the University Administration. He is sure
to be well received by the graduating class and
others attending commencement.
The difference came through the general issue
of whether or not the University should have a
speaker at its commencements.
This issue first appeared this year in the
faculty-student committee on convocations. A
suggestion was made that the Commencement
speaker be done away with.
Reasons for this breaking of precedence
..centered for the most part around the theme of
speaker taking too much time at commence
jS&nt, and that "nobody listens to a speaker
-anyway." . ,
.Jlany graduating students seem to feel that
commencement should consist of nothing more
4han the presentation of diplomas in an orderly
planner, with no standing around in warm robes
and sitting in hot Coliseums.
This would reduce commencement to the
realm of the IBM machine and statistical sheet,
where diplomas would be spewed out of a great
educational machine to the clack of typewriter
keys instead of applause for a nationally-known
Commencement is the symbol of academic
achievement, toward which a student strives
during his tenure at the University.
A formal Commencement, complete with
speaker, robes and long winding files gives the
culmination of a student's academic career
more meaning, and makes the symbol perhaps
The Nebraskan feels that graduates of this
University are worthy of 'a commencement, for
the meaning the ceremony conveys if not for a
message a speaker's address might contain.
In Dr. Stokes the University has a fine speaker
for its 1956 graduates.
As long as a college education carries more
work and more merit than the rendering of an
academic mechanism, where students enter at
one end as freshmen and leave four years later
as "educated people," commencement and com
mencement speakers will have a place.
We have not yet become mechanical parts of
our rapidly-mechanizing civilization. F.T.D.
Challenge To All
-VHere is your opportunity to present the posi
4wa side of an abundant life, with a purpose..
385 are presenting not only a game, but God,
Oaf- only a code, but Christ, not only morals,
"But the Master, not only a rule book but the
Bible. The need is for a coach in life, accept
God and Christ, Code and program will follow."
"This is the challenge to athletes participating
in the Fellowship of Christian Athletes, a pro
gram which will soon take life on the campus.
Although it is a challenge for athletes, it is ap
plicable as a code for those who only watch
sports as it is applicable, for those who actively
Christianity is becoming an integral part in
the life of the business man and the housewife,
the student and the professor. The revival of
religious interest and participation is encom
passing men and women from all components
of life and living. Why not the athlete?
According to J. Edgar Hoover, "Juvenile de
linquency is largely the result of a lack of
spiritual emphasis in the home . . . The Sunday
Schools and churches have always been one of
the greatest bulwarks against crime and de
linquency." What is more logical than to join the other
main deterrent to juvenile delinquency, organ
ized and unorganized athletics and combine
these factors into one force.
Christianity is a way of life and It is rapidly
becoming a part of living for the athlete and
the spectator. S.J.
A Tradition Passes 1
The University Singers concert on April 17
will mark the conclusion of Dr. Arthur West
brook's career at the University.
Dr. Westbrook, who has become a University
tradition during his 17 years at the University,
wili undoubtedly be very much missed by the
Music School and the students who have worked
He has not only helped to build the prestige of
the University's Music School, but he has de
voted more of his time and energy to the in
dividual development of his students than seems
When Dr. Westbrook arrived at the University
in 1939, the Music School consisted of approxi
mately forty music majors. Now there are over
250 music majors enrolled. It is through the
additional efforts of Westbrook and men like
him that the Music School now enjoys its repu
tation of being "a good school."
He was also instrumental in the incorporation
of master's degree in music at the University.
Dr. Westbrook extended participation in music
and chorus activities in the University beyond
the boundaries of the music school to include
any interested student. He built the music de
partment enrollment until only English, a re
quired subject, has a larger number of students
It is this increased enrollment and the bene
fit of such experienced and intelligent directors
as Dr. Westbrook that make such worthwhile
University productions as "King David" which
featured Basil Rathbone, and "Jeanne D'Arc
Ati Bucher" possible.
This is only half the story of Dr. Westbrook's
career; the other half is intangible and difficult
to describe. It is best stated by a music stu
dent who said "... he is an integral part of
our lives ... he has blessed us with precious
gifts of the spirit and nothing can ever take
Men like Dr. Westbrook, who give of them
selves as extensively, are rare. They make the
trivia of busy-work and endless assignments of
college less grating; they create an atmosphere
which literally forces a student to learn all he
can with no unnatural strain.
The University is lucky to have such a man
as Westbrook; he will be sorely missed J.B.
Bermuda shorts have become standard wear
for University coeds. After their origin in the
mystic East, they migrated West, until even
the women of this rock-hewn prairie school go
about with dimpled knees exposed.
Apparently some girls never go without them.
On one of the coldest, most blustery days of
late winter, with the temperature near zero, a
naive junior man addressed a female friend,
remarking how "there won't be any Bermudas
now, for goodness' sake."
Without a word she shyly poked a Bermuda
clad frost-bitten leg from under her long tweed
coat, and then said, "oh no?"
Some people never give up. A rumor that
certain sand pits near Lincoln had been closed
sent a few efficient, fun-loving students into
plotting. , -
They emerged with plans to find friends who
have pilot's licenses, hire a plane, and fly about
the country marking down uncharted lakes and
sand pits for the weekend migrations.
- The Nebraskan
FIFTY-FIVE YEARS OLD wr. r o or mom to b printed, rcbrtiarjr 8, 19M
u i v Kntwed Meond clan matter mt tha Mt office la
Member: Associated Collegiate Press uoin, Neimaka, tut, "1 l"a,i
IntercolleBiate Press EDITORIAL STAFF
I f i? . 1. c , Editor Bnem Branum
E-ejfrsseafatives National Advertising Service, Editorial ro editor im iaiy
Incorporated Managing Editor San Mniea
Pushed at. Room 20, Student Union
Uttt K Cow Kditon Bob Cook, Arleiw Hrbek, Barb Sharp,
University of Nebraska - JLr .:.
Lincoln, Nebraska ' . a Editor wirnwi srum
Vh N . la p6!lhl Tnwdar, WedneMa and Nehraakai, Staff Writer Marjr MhrtlJy, J'lMj
Frlfia itntlnif ih tbl u, WS dsirtn vacation ! u. Walt Wore, hara Jonen, Monro I h
n m prlftd. and on lne is poMinhed during Reporter: Bob Ireland, Nanejr nelxmc, Marianne Tnrce-
Aua-OHt. t'F mU-m the Unlverelty of Nebraska under m, George Mover, Bob Martel, Bob lr, Walt Swller,
(tie (Mtdorlraitoa t Commute on fttudent Affair Judy Dawell, llck r'alroner.
an evi.jrv.i.m ef 8inl opinion. VuMru,m under RflKIVF!3 ST AITS'
jurtw'.HSon of ! SiuSMwmmSete on Btnden Pabll- BUbJJNfcSS ST Alt'
cation !. fa im tram Wtmtal fenorhip oa th "Maine Manage George Maden
pnH of the Kuberann.lt tb 7.! til l Bu.lne Manager Mirk Neft. Bill BedweM,
f Jiio fcwu'i or t l,aivrtt, w on Hi pan of an - ionla Hunt. Don Beck
rwnmn t.if llm l-nrwy. lb member of th tume " Dr'-
k.rafea r irMmtta repoBllte for wan tnel Circulation Manager Richard Hendrls
LITTLE MAN ON CAMPUS
by Dick Biblar
a--. . . - -n '.?ie i ian umssvrv
'MIND TAKING THAT NERVOUS 0OY NEXT?
The die-hard, bull-headed avoid
ance of reality in US Foreign Pol
icy has again reared its head to
antagonize and frustrate our
friends and allies; this time over
the time-worn subject of acknow
ledgement of Red China.
With the old argument of nega
tive public opinion, President Ei
senhower has again reiterated to
the world that we will not under
any condition acknowledge Red
The present government of China
has been the uncontested govern
ment of that country for the better
part of a decade. They are in ab
solute control, and the possibility
of the Formosa Nationalists ever
returning and unseating that gov
ernment is remote if not impos
sible. It seems inconceivable, but yet
it is true, that the government of
the tiny island .of Formosa is al
lowed to claim the seat in the
United Nations of a country on
- U v s r hot e o f
By BERNARD BARUCH
Diplomat and Statesman
If only the problems we had
to decide were just big and small
potatoes! But we must literally
think, think, think, all the time
and about everything.
Not only has our role in the
world changed so that the United
States has become the central de
cision point the think spot of the
free world, but our situation is
made all the more agonizing by
being neither at war nor at peace.
Virtually all our political and
economic institutions and habits
are conditioned to a sharp separa
tion between war and peace, as
between day and night.
Our Constitution, for example,
has operated to give the President
almost unlimited authority in
meeting any armed emergency but
to insure a return to legislative
authority when the war ended.
But what are to be the relations
of the President and the Congress
in the present uneasy twilight
which not an all-our war, certainly
is not a state of peace?
Will we know when to drop the
ways of peace for those of defense
and survival? If ever this country
is attacked and destroyed, it will
be in those "to little and too
late" months before we will have
been able to turn our gigantic pro
ductive power from peace to de
fense. To see that no enemy is
tempted to gamble on destroying
us with one lightning blitz, at
least seven adjustments must be
First, we must never give up
the hunt for peace and security
Second, we and our allies must
maintain a large enough military
force of immediate striking power
so that no potential aggressor will
be under any delusion that he
could attack us without suffering
Third, a far greater emphasis
than in the past must be put on
weapons in hand and in reserve
and less on the capacity to pro
duce those weapons.
Fourth, we and our allies must
devise an over-all, global strategy
for the whole of the peacemaking
in which each front is seen as
part of a whole.
Fifth, to devise this global strat
egy, balancing what must be done
abroad with wnat must be done
at home, there should be one over
all thinking body in the govern
ment, doing this and nothing else.
Sixth, we must organize ourselves
to see the peacemaking through.
Seventh, all the powers that
would be needed in case of an-
Today's "Challenge" was
written by Bernard M. Baruch,
world-famous diplomat and states
man. This column is an excerpt
from "A Philosophy For Our
Time," a collection of essays by
In a letter to The Nebraskan,
he said his philosophy on the
challenge to today's world could
best be found in this particular
other war emergency must be en
acted into law now on a standby
For more than thirty years, I
have fought vainly for such a
stand-by mobilization law." Some of
my friends have asked, "Why don't
you give it up?"
My reply has been that this is
the fight that must be won if our
civilization is to survive.
The test of any policy we lay
down and it is a test the Soviets
will beure to put us to will al
ways be our answers to one ques
tion: What are we willing to give up
to see that policy through? -
The time has come when those
who would be free must prove
that they actually can govern
The test is not one of faith but
of performance. It will not be
enough to demonstrate that we be
lieve in self-government. We must
succeed in making self-government
work, first by thinking our prob
lems through, and second, disci
plining ourselves to whatever ac
tions may be necessary.
LA aD Uses Discretion
I was afraid to write my usual
fire-breathing, sword-of-justice col
umn this week for fear of getting
acid thrown in my face. So I de
cided to look around for a worthy
successor for my column, a man
who can please and charm my
huge, avid public.
It is, of course, next to impos
sible now that H. L. Mencken
has died to find anyone of my
stature, with my rapier wit and
eagle eyes, my strong moral fiber
and my righteous zeal, my charm
ing savoir-faire and my happy way
with words. Nor with my modesty.
The nearest I ould come is with
Ron Martis, a veteran of many
wars who had the audacity to chal
lenge me in a battle of wits the
He has recovered enough to be
able to pen the following bit, or
namented by some discerning com
ments on my "good brow" and my
"unbowed head." This boy will go
places. , ,
"At last! I have a chance to be,
a crusader. Just what I have been
waiting for ever since I was a lad.
Being an impulsive fellow, I gath
ered all of my bile into one big
pile and prepared to hurl it at the
feet of the administration.
'But Henkle caught me just as
I was rushing up the steps to the
administration building. He shook
his somewhat beaten, but still un
bowed head, and said, "Discre
tion, my boy. You must be dis
creet." "It turns out that you don't just
rush headlong into this crusading
business. Fellows like Henkle
spent years practicing before they
could tear things up satisfactorily.
"They put in a lot of work per
fecting a genuinely surly disposition
and a passable outraged counten
ance. Henkle even fervors a pretty
good brow and pounds a fair
My Bootless Cries
"Once I get these things down
pat anyone who gets out of line
is in for Big Trouble.
"I've been shopping around for
worthy causes (all crusaders must
have a worthy cause) and I have
decided to start out with some
thing small and work my way up
"My very first mission is to be
rate whoever is in charge of the
campus grounds. Where are all
the "Please Keep off the Grass"
signs? Are you trying to spoil the
fun of people who are going to all
the trouble of tromping out the
lawns on campus?
"Lets get those signs out there
and give full satisfaction to these
people who painstakingly walk to
class the same way every day in
order to wear nice neat paths
across the lawns.
"After all, it takes a certain
amount of malicious effort for
these people to stray from the side
walks. Everyone knows that these
people get more enjoyment out of
doing things that they are asked
not to do, so make sure that they
have their fulfillment by getting
out those signs.
"So much for my first crusade.
Remember "Discretion is the
word for the day.
Those are the two weapons we
must rely on in this crucial battle
in man's long war to govern him
self. If that battle is lost, the
cause of self-government will sink
into eclipse not rise again until
after a new dark age of world
wide slavery has been undergone.
To sum up, on this vital issue
of man's ability to govern himself,
we must now either put up or be
whose soil it has not trod for al
most ten years.
It is allowed to claim the voice
of 450,000,000 people that it can
not speak for. What effect does this
have on the great mass of oriental
people as we woo their friendship,
that we refuse to acknowledge the
exis'-, government of those 450,
One of the big arguments against
Red China has been the possibil
ity of her ' veto on the Security
Council. What is the difference be
tween one veto or two from Com
This line of reasoning also re
fuses to take into account more
than one disagreement between
Russia and Red China, and the
fact that even our own government
realizes that Red China is a mere
satellite of the Soviet Union.
We have actively tried to come
to an understanding with the Red
Chinese government since the cap
itulation of the Nationalist Armies
and yet we hold forth recognition
of its existence.
This makes any understanding
with them impossible and our at
tempt appear quite asinine. Rec
ognition must be our first step to
wards peaceful relations.
One would think that our govern
ment could learn from experience
of the danger of not acknowledging
an existing government merely be
cause of its ideological structure.
Our failure to do so with Russia
not only strained 'relations with our
allies of that period but created a
tremendous feeling of animosity
between that government and ouri
that certainly has not been resol
ved. Idealism and dislike of an ideo
logy can be and are fine, but to
use it in place of realism and the
teachings of history and tradition
is foolhardy and outside the scops
of pure common sense.
(Author -Barefoot Boy rVttt Chttk," to.)
THE MANY LOVES
OF THORWALD DOCKSTADER
When Thorwald Dockstader sophomore, epicure, and sports
manfirst took up smoking, he did not simply xhoose the first
brand of cigarettes that came to hand. No, indeed! He did what
any sophomore, epicure, and sportsman would do: he sampled
several brands and then picked the gentlest, tastiest, most
thumpingly, wondrously, unfailingly pleasing: of all Philip
Morris, of corris !
Similarly, when Thorwald Dockstader took up girls, he did
not simply select the first one who came along-. No, indeed!
Thorwald sampled. He took out several Hkely girls and then ha
compared their charms and then he made his choice.
His first date was with an English lit major named Elizabeth
Barrett Grish, a wisp of a girl with luminous eyes and a soul
that shimmered with a pale, unearthly beauty. Trippingly,
trippingly, she walked with Thorwald upon the beach and sat
with him behind a windward dune and listened to a sea shell
and sighed sweetly and took out a little gold pencil and a little
morocco notebook and wrote a little poem:
will lie upon the shore,
1 will be a dreamer.
will feel the sea once more
Pounding on my femur.
Thorwald's second date was with a physical ed major named
Peaches Glendower, a broth of a girl with a ready smile and a
size 18 neck. She took Thorwald down to the cinder track where
they jogged around thirty or forty times to open up the pores.
&JrfQ tl&tr$ tO Vpftl Up WC fUt
Then they played four games of aquash, six sets of tennis, SS
holes of golf, nine innings of one-o-cat, four periods of rugger,
six chukkere of lacrosse, and a mile and a quarter of leap frog.
Then they worked out for a few hours on the parallel bars, the
flying rings, and the bongo board, and then went ten rounds
with the eight-ounce gloves. Then they had heaping bowls of
bran and whey, exchanged a manly handshake, and went home
to their respective whirlpool baths.
Thorwald's final date was with a golden-haired, creamy-browed,
green-eyed, red-lipped, full-calved girl named Totsi McEstway.
Totsi wag not majoring in anything. As she often said, "Gee
whilhkers, whet's college for anyhow - to fill your head full of
YOU?" ld faCtS' r discover the fining essence that is
Totsi started the evening with Thorwald at a luxurious res
taurant where she consumed her own weight in Cornish rock
hen. From there they went to a de luxe movie palace where Totsi
had popcorn with butter and a bag of chocolate covered raisins
- also with butter. Then they went to a costly ballroom and
cha-cha d till dawn, tipping the band' wildly all the while. Then
they went to a Chinese restaurant where Totsi, unable to deci
pher the large and baffling menu, solved her problem by order
ing one of everything. Then Thorwald took her to the women's
dorm boosted her in the window, and went downtown to wait
for the Morns Plan office to open.
While waiting, Thorwald thought over all of his girls and
came to a decision. "It is clear," said Thorwald, "that I am not
yet ready for girls." "It is equally clear," he continued, "that
a man needs a gentle companion, and who." he asked, "will be
my gentle companion?" "Why, PHILIP MORRIS, of corris,"
he answered. "Philip Morris will be my tender comrade, my
solace and my strength, my friend in adversity, my shelter in
vicissitude my boon and bosom buddy," and, so saying, Thor
wald lit a PHILIP MORRIS and was content eiL Z.
of triT ""7i imokc ring, together JcU Philip Morrih
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