The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, February 29, 1956, Page Page 2, Image 2

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THE NEBRASKAN
Wednesday, February 29, 1955
Ncbraskar. Editorials:
fieftvesn iro Iffernafives
.In his first Montgomery lecture Monday eve
. nlng, Dr. Albert Noyes, dean of the Graduate
. College at Rochester University, pointed up
many of the difficulties in our present loyalty
security program for government officials.
A former consultant to the Atomic Energy
Commission, Noyes said that scientists have
probably suffered more from security alarms
than any other class of persons. The merest
rumor, he continues, that so-and-so is not reli
able or has subscribed to a leftist magazine or
has belonged to a liberal organization may cost
him bis job.
. "Small wonder," he says, "that some persons
cringe at the mere thought of accepting govern
ment , . , the damage done by certain congres
sional committees , . , has been very real . . .
the persons responsible for this damage are the
real subversives today."
One problem, in Noyes' speech and in most
of the discussion about loyalty and security,
seems to be dominant:
Whether it is more important to protect the
state against the treason and incompetence of
its citizens or to protect its civil servants from
suspicion, calumny and baseless accusations?
In other words, should those who follow a
foreign ideology be outlawed, or should we try
to protect the internal peace and cohesion of
our own society?
The difficulty, it seems, in recent years is
that public opinion, and especially the attitude
of the government, has favored disregarding one
or the other, usually the latter for the former.
Cases in point are the withdrawal of Dr.
Oppenheimer's security, the dismissal of John
Patton Davies after many hearings and vindi
cations, the Ladejinsky case with its embarrass
ing conflict among the Departments of Agricul
ture and State and the Foreign Operations Ad
ministration and the perplexing case of Linus
Pauling (described elsewhere in Nebraskan news
columns), who, until he was asked to receive
the Nobel prize in Sweden, was unable to get
passport papers because of security reasons.
It is rather obvious that the problem is not a
matter of choosing dogmatically between the
two alternatives of protecting the state from
treason or the civil servant from unwarranted
suspicions; it is rather a matter of trying to
carry them both out.
We must never, in ferreting out traitors,
actual or potential, or security risks, real or
imaginary, neglect the just and reasonable re
lations of our citizens or destroy the foundations
of confidence which a civil servant, and especi
ally a scientist, must have in his ability and his
right to speak his own mind.
The same care must be taken to protect the
right of the citizen to dissent as is tak?n to
suppress the conspiratorial or rebellious activi
ties of the subversive.
And this is the sort of thing of which Noyes
speaks when he says that the future of science
and technology in America "depends above all
other things on sound government practices."
B. B.
Opportunities
The 1956 edition of the Coed Follies is over.
The winners, of course, are very happy and
those who didn't win are at least glad to say
that they were picked to perform. There are
tvelve new beauty queen candidates, and a girl
who suddenly finds herself "Ideal Nebraska
Coed."
Hunted
Every four years a great madness descends
upon the more-or-less adult population of the
United States. It makes men haggard and shifty
of eye, their clothing torn and their jowls
unshaven.
It makes the women crafty and clever and
puts new tricks in their bags of intuition.
It is not, sadly enough, the relatively calm
political scene which is referred to; it is that
curse of manhood known as Leap Year.
From some points of view, Leap Year seems
to be a fine and noble institution. No more will
men leap to their feet when a lady enters a
room. No more will they stumble over one
another in panting eagerness to help a lady off
with her coat or light her cigarette. No more
will they hock their cuff links to buy genuine
imitation skunk stoles for the woman of their'
choice.
Instead, the bait is in the other trap. Man is
the hunted, instead of the hunted. Instead of
roaming the allys, hungry, gaunt and free, he
lies helpless and fat in his new social order,
ripe for the axe.
It is a sad, tragic thing. And the boys like
it. F. T. D.
As far as anyone can see, Coed Follies is
over until next winter. It is already being for
gotten. One thing, however, came out of this year's
show that merits particular notice. It was a
quote from The Nebraskan's reviewer, Ellie
Guilliatt, who said, "the presentation revealed
a vast, untapped potential of talent on the Uni
versity campus."
This idea may seem a little startling at first,
but after consideration a good deal of truth
emerges. There is talent on this campus that no
one knows about until a show like Coed Follies,
the Kosmet Klub Fall Review or a Union talent
presentation comes along.
The unfortunate feature of this truth is that
there are too few outlets for this talent.
This problem can be applied in more avenues
than the theater. Conspicuously absent are a
campus humor magazine or a literary supple
ment where budding writers can vent their
talents of a student-written play or sketch being
presented anywhere on the campus.
It is because of this that institutions like the
University Theater, the lab plays, Masquers,
Cosmopolitan Club variety show, Kosmet Klub,
Coed Follies and the Union shows should be
lauded for the opportunities they can offer for
student talent.
Something more must be added. F. T. D.
From The Slot-
HlI ' BSS1SSI
By SAM JENSEN
Managing Editor
t Editor's Bote: Following is
; '-e first of a series of columns
I f Knraskaa staff members,
which will be divorced from
regular editorial content be
cause of their p r t a a I
nature.)
Tims Magazine, in a recent
issue, reported an interesting
article concerning Religious
Emphasis Week at the Uni
versity of Mississippi and what
seems to be a very strange
relationship between religion
and "The $84,000 Question."
It seems that the Rev. Alvin
Kershaw of Oxford, Ohio,
winner of $32,000 on the na
tion's iavorite give away TV
program, was one of the fea
tured speakers on the pro
gram. A state senator asked that
tea Episcopalian rector's in
vitation be revoked since part
of tht winnings from the pro
gram had been designated for
the National Association for
the Advancement of Colored
People.
Briefly, this is what hap
pened after the senator's
revelation:
The Rer. Mr. Kershaw wrote
to The Mississippian, University-student
newspaper, stating
that ha had contributed to the
NAACP because "I am con
vinced tha core of religious
faith is love of God and neigh-bor."
Chancellor J. D. Williams
told the Rev. Mr. Kershaw
that it would be best if ha
didn't attend Religious Em
phasis Week, a national pro
gram similar to the one being
held at the University this
week. His topic for the week
was to be "Religion and
Drama."
After this announcement,
another speaker refused to
participate in the program.
Morris B. King, Jr., chairman
of the sociology department,
then handed in his resignation.
A professor of political sci
ence announced his resignation
at Mississippi State College
two days after King's state
ment. The state house of rep
resentatives labeled the two
faculty members "misguided
reformers" and recommended
that heads of state-supported
colleges "prevent subversive
influences from infiltrating our
institutions." Governor James
Coleman acquiesced.
The remaining five out of
state speakers then announced
that they would not be present
for the week's program. The
committee on arrangements
extended Invitations to speak
to five Oxford, Miss., clergy
men who, according to the
Jackson Daily News, would
not be "spewing poison into
the minds of our young
people."
The five ministers respect
fully declined. Religious Em
phasis Week then became
three days of meditation and
prayer.
It isn't likely that the Rev.
Mr. Kershaw, who bears a
strong resemblance to Wally
Cox, had any premonition that
his appearance on ."The
$64,000 Question" would lead
to such a torrent of muck
raking and dirty wash. That
all the many and confused
happenings appear inconsistent
with the aims of a Religious
Emphasis Week is quite ap
parent. Perhaps, we have been miss
ing something. Many of us
have been judging and con
demning the outbursts in
southern states concerning
racial integration in schools.
Perhaps, we should, instead,
be content that Religious Em
basis Week is coming to the
University and that the speak
ersof all faiths will speak
and no one will question their
personal beliefs or affiliations.
Professor King, in his resig
nation statement, said that the
university administration is
"no longer able to defend the
freedom of thought, inquiry
and speech which are essential
for higher education to
flourish."
It is entirely possible that
higher education at the Uni
versity of Mississippi does not
exist and it is just as possible
that Religious Emphasis Week
at University, Missi s s i p p i,
would have little or no true
meaning.
Tho SMebroskan
FXTTY-rrVE TEARS OLD
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The Challenge
Peferson Emphasizes National Defense
(Continued from Pg. 1)
tons of TNT added greatly to the
problems of civil defense, but it
did not alter the basic concepts of
the program. Duck-and-cover
shelter was still a sound pre
cept. Then in November, 1952, the
United States detonated a thermo
nuclear device at Eniwetok Atoll
in the Pacific, a device many times
as powerful as the Hiroshima
bomb, and civil defense found it
necessary to add a new dimension
to its planning: the use of lateral
space evacuation.
We added the concept of evacu
ation because there was no other
answer to a bomb that explodes
with the power of, say, 20,000,000
tons of TNT, resulting in death to
everyone and complete destruction
to everything within a radius of
five miles of the point of burst.
There is no shelter that offers
protection from that kind of wea
pon. To ask people in probable tar
get areas to stay where they are
ll.Oo
II 11 I -
, Man f oi nnnamni;
Ia kU Baudelaire Bust
rWIWalaWiw-wyrt(t s-'
? )
R3
As Keeper of the Public Mor
als, I have a demanding job and
nobody's going to cheat me out
of condemning scurrility.
If the Library people think they
can escape my wrath by quickly
slipping in a bunch of sharks or
dolphins or whatever-they-are for
that bust of that lewd man, Baud
elaire, they've got another think
poming.
I never trusted the Library. It
se?ms to be an entirely super
fluous institution to me. I've
hphted several small fires in there,
but-some do-gooder always puts
them out.
Now I've got them where I want
them.
Several weeks ago I whipped
into the Humanities Reading Room
to slip back some of the books
I had lowered out the window four
My Bootless Cries
weeks before and I came across
this statue of the French poet,
Baudelaire, done by some sculp
tor named Rodin.
Well, I wasn't born yesterday;
I'd read about them French poets
and I was shocked. In the first
place, it is remarkable to me
that anyone would devote time to
sculpt Baudelaire.
I don't know who this Rodin is,
but I don't think I ever want him
to come over to my house. I
imagine he is one of them artist
fellers and they are even , worse
than French poets.
But he's probably not worse than
Baudelaire. I imagine that who
ever set up that obscene display
had a quiet chuckle to himself,
believing fully that no one would
know who Baudelaire was, or, if
they knew the scandal of him,
they would snicker softly and tod
dle off.
Not me, boy.
I know Baudelaire wrote lewdly
and often. He had a salacious mind
and covered up his obscenity by
writine in a foreien laneuaee.
French. He drank too much ab
sinthe and kept a mistress named
Jeanne Duval, if you can imagine
that.
The word is that Baudelaire,
who was very poor, used to make
whiskey-money by peddling "feel
thee peectures" to NROTC students
on cruise. He certainly picked up
a dime wherever he could.
Eventually, he became so crazy
that he forgot his own name and
would have to copy it with tedious
care from the covers of his own
books. When he saw his face in
the mirror, he would bow to it
gravely as if it were a stranger.
This is the kind of fellow the
people at Love Library put up as
LBtlerip
Technology
To The Editor:
A recent "letterip" stated that
increased consumption of farm
products is not possible and that
increased technology is the real
villain in the present farm surplus
problem This letter gives several
false impressions.
Most people do realize that bet
ter techniques are making it easier
to produce the same amounts with
less labor. This does create the
problem of reducing the farm pop
ulation, which is no small prob
lem in itself, nor can it be ac
complished in a short time.
We must remember, though,
that no matter what the farm
population is, we still have the
same land resources better
technology is just letting fewer
peoole do a better job.
Considering, then, our rapidly
improving technology, a very dras
tic reduction in crop acres will
be necessary to reduce produc
tion. No sensible -person can ex
pect the farmer to make such a
radical change in a short time,
nor would they expect it of any
other segment of our economy.
However, in the near future a
partial answer to the surplus prob
lem can come from Increased con
sumption. Granted the fact that
people have a limited stomach
size and that international trade
is difficult, we still have limited
new markets in the United States.
This market is in the area of
the low income groups, including
old age assistance group, slum ar
eas and possibly certain other
areas (especially Southern) in the
United States.
I hope this letter has at least
served the purpose of indicating
the complexity of the problem
and the necessity of careful study
ot any approach to the problem.
William G. Tomek
an example for the youth of today.
And worse, I understand from a
high administrative source that
thy used to have a statue of a
nude woman in the first floor hall
way of the Library.
I wish I'd seen that.
So I could condemn ft, of course.
and seek shelter from such a wea
pon is to consign them to death.
We in civil defense have to ir
sist, over and over, that there are
no "pat" solutions to the problems
we face. We say that, under the
threat of nuclear warfare, evacu
ation is the best method available
to save enough people with the
skills necessary for our nation to
fight back and survive.
We do not sa it is the only ans
wer. Shelter plans will still be
needed for those who cannot evac
uate, or for those who are located
far enough from assumed target
points to make shelter's feasible
means of protection and most
important, when there is insuffi
cient warning.
Even along evacuation routes we
may need shelters to protect
against one of the newer CD pro
blems: radioactive fallout from
thermonuclear explosions a us
ually invisible "dust" which can
be carried by the winds many
miles from the point of explosion,
and which in sufficient concentra
tion can be lethal.
Meanwhile, we are working to
step up the civil defense program.
Congress this year appropriated
$10,000,000 to FCDA for survival
plan studies in the nation's crit
ical target areas studies that
will result in plans lor evacua
tion, shelter and welfare and
agreements and contracts are now
being drawn up for those studies
with a number of States and cities.
We are constantly improving civ.
il defense tools. Recently, for ex.
ample, FCDA has made available
to States, cities and counties, fed.
eral matching funds for the pur.
chase of helicopters which will fill
a number of roles in carrying out
mobile civil defense activities.
We are continuing and expanding
our program of civil defense re
search, working with the univer
sities and other research centers
in our nation.
And always we are attempting
to bring a knowledge of the na
ture of the threat and some of tha
answers to it before the millions
of Americans who should, and
must, become concerned enough to
do something about it.
The cynics sometimes refer to
civil defense as, "The story no
body wants to hear."
I am finding that more and mora
people are wanting to hear the
story, wanting to find out what they
can do. Their ranks are growing.
My concern is that they grow
fast enough.
msmmxmmi
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