The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, March 24, 1954, Page Page 2, Image 2

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    -MJH
Wednesday, March 24, 1954
Page 2
THE NEBRASKAN
EDITORIAL PAGE
LITTLE MAN on campus
by Dick tibur The Student Forum
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'Five llor Years . .
Senate investigations, McCarthy, hearings
and the Secretary of the Army have eaten
up miles of newspaper copy, thousands of
radio words and hours of reader and lis
tener time. Although investigations have
come under heavy fire and been defended
with equal vigor, the general American
reading and listening public has not been
able to draw definite conclusions. If some
thing is really amiss or to what extent gov
ernment is being infiltrated has not been
determined but officials are busy making
threats and counter-threats among them
selves. However, Americana have had a good
look at the ways government officials and
legislators "handle" that capricious element
publlo opinion.
Roy Cohn, special investigator for Sen.
McCarthy's committee, "made one statement
that stuck in the reader's memory. Cohn
said, according to Time magazine, "He (Mc
Carthy) has five more years in the Senate
A Question Of Goals
What is the highest goal that we set for
ourselves? Most students would agree that
the goal would be a composite of freedom
from fear, anxiety and care.
These freedoms compose Webster's defi
nition of security. But the Question is
what does It mean to the student, and how
can he attempt to attain it?
The students main aim in college is the
attainment of knowledge which will enable
him to find satisfactory employment so that
he can live comfortably and securely when
he graduates Irom college. His parents are
sending him with the hope that he won't
have to go through the struggle that they
did in their first attempts to attain a com
fortable living. They may say that they
want their children to have security with
out having tq go through the school of hard
knocks to get it
But does security come as easily as that?
Will the person with a college education be
guaranteed security on a silver plater when
he is graduated?
Can this goal even be reached? Perhaps
a more modern definition of security would
be "What you ' have after you slit your
throat" In that case, we should envy those
long-gone fathers of our country. They
have, after all, reached the real security.
Every aspect of life carries an element of
insecurity, therefore, the complete meaning
of the world could only be fulfilled after
death.
However, it is a part of our upbringing
to work all our lives for this highest step on
the ladder of happiness or success. Yet with
each small goal accomplished, there is still
another higher and more unattainable rung
just ahead.
We humans are never satisfied. Espe
cially those1 of us who are college students.
We may own 1954 Cadillac convertibles and
think that we have reached the ultimate in
happiness. Yet there is always something
else that would make us completely happy
.if we just had it. Perhaps that extra some
thing which would be the recipe for perfect
happiness would be a roomful of cashmeres
or a summer vacation in Europe.
Let's face it, absolute security is unattain
able. What we can attain, however, is a
sense of security. We can feel secure in our
relations with others, in satisfaction in
the work we do and through our contribu
tions to society and the security of others.
G. H.
Will Never Work
Safety on the highways is a never-ending
problem, treated by most students by
most driver, in fact as a casual principle
which should be observed but which they
have no serious intentions of really adher
ing to.
Safety campaigns have been endless;
road signs are profuse. Highways are well
designed; common road courtesy demands
consideration of the other car. And yet
traffic death tolls mount every year.
But hope never dies in the human ani
mal, and still another proposal has been sug
gested to help curb the rate of traffic acci
dents. The president of the Automobile
Safety Association has proposed that cars
be designed on the order of city line busses
and milk and delivery trucks, with the driver
perched out ahead of the front wheels.
This new arrangement would eliminate
the left-fender and engine-front blind spots
of modern car styles. Also, the driver, pro
jected beyond the body of the car, will lose
that complacent sense of protection he feels
when installed behind a formidable hood.
The driver would be able to see better,
and his psychological insecurity would alert
him to the dangers of a collision.
The more one thinks about the idea the
sounder it seems, but there is one insur
mountable objection. Cars nowadays are
chosen for style, not safety.
Or, who wants to drive a bread-truck
besides a baker, that is. M. H.
and they like him a lot in Wisconsin." He
went on to say that McCarthy would
weather the current storm without danger
of losing his seat in the Senate, his public
reputation or his popularity in his home
state, regardles of the opposition building up
against him and his methods.
If nothing else, Cohn's statement can
serve as a guide post to the American pub
lic, especially college students who have had
concentrated doses of the current Army
Committee debate.
First, the public is something that must
be kept happy and made to feel important
by appeals and special news bulletins cen
tered around replies and denouncements, etc.
Second, a charge, though it may carry
grave consequences, can be weathered if the
person on the receiving end has enough
time in office or power to allow the public
to forget.
Third, sectionalism in the United States
is a definite, positive control or factor in
politics. Though the rest of the country
may be up in arms to do away with an
elected official, the home state or constitu
ency has the final say on his political fu
ture. Voters can elect a man hated by
everyone else; they may defeat a man gen
erally conceded elsewhere to be necessary
in the House or the Senate.
Cohn's statement is galling to many public-minded
citizens and. responsible voters
throughout the United States for two gen
eral reasons.
First, it is so completely and terribly
true. McCarthy will weather this storm
without losing his seat in the Senate.. His
committee, though it may have to "adjust"
its methods, will continue to function. Es
sentially, he will continue business as usual.
Second, the statement shows a contempt
for public opinion and action. Cohn, who
has been called a "bright boy" by both Mc
Carthy and his enemies, is secure and knows
it because the American public will forget
the issue's real importance, if not the fact
McCarthy ever had a disagreement with the
Secretary of the Army. They can be re
minded, but the incident will not assume
the same importance five years from now
as it holds today.
The fact remains that McCarthy has in
curred the wrath of many, who though they
did not favor. his methods, were willing to
go along with what he was trying to do.
Now, even these persons are becoming mem
bers of the steadily expanding anti-McCarthy
group. And yet Roy Cohn, a man
whose fate is intimately bound up with
McCarthy, poo-poos those who feel that
McCarthy is in danger. He may be whis
tling in the dark, but his statement carries
'more weight than theatrical braveness.
Wrong or right, McCarthy's actions have
stirred up public indignation and dissatis
faction, but he doesn't have to worry he
has five more years and the public forgets
Quickly T. W.
Margin Notes
Strange Request
Many strange requests have been printed
in The Nebraskan, but there is one story
currently in the news that is a real corker.
It seems the Coed Counselors have in
vited girls, with special qualifications, to
apply for a position known as p "Big Sister."
Certainly, this is a fine ihing for any
girl to do.
But one begins to wonder if the Coed
Counselors haven't tackled a project just a
little bit too large when they attempt to
radically change normal biological forces of
nature. The question should be asked:
"Since when do girls apply for a position of
a "Big Sister."
Whot Hoppen?
Spring has arrived. Downslips have been
out long enough so that everyone has had
time to rationalize his inadequacies. Blue
Monday is over, and the campus seems to
have pulled through another weekend.
Everything is going according to schedule
with one exception.
Tuesday afternoon, the office of The Ne
braskan was so quiet that the copy editors
could actually hear a pencil drop. (The test
was made, and the sound was heard rever
berating throughout the entire office.)
Something must be wrong amidst the
otherwise normal University. As a rule,
along aobut 3:30 p.m. one can't hear a per
son screaming next to him, let alone the
drop of a pencil
This writer is completely lost for an ex
planation for this phenomenon. Surely
spring cannot be this potent.
Maybe Rose-Colored Ones?'
Over 5 nillion pairs of glasses are sold
annually in the United States.
It seems funny, then, how blind we can
all be at times.
J Jul Tkbha&kui,
FIFTY-THIRD YEAB
Member: Associated Collegiate Press
Advertising representative: National Advertising Service, Inc.
420 Madison Ave., New York 17. New York
Aha Kstmcliaa H PBblbd trf tha atnoaaM af tha EOtTOXLaX BTAIT
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nw ami mplnUmt oiy. Aeeordlnt to Artleta II f the .nana HO
I r-Lam awamlina utodent pubitractnni and admtnlatrrad Editorial Par Edltar ..Tea Waodward
' hi tli Beard af rutiiinationa, "It to the darlamd potlrr . Manarlnf Edltar Jmm Barrlm
f tia Board that publication under tU turtodktttaa hxU v . r .
fca tam tram editorial aanannhia oa too pan of taa 2"? rSL "imi'itaia." ' ni.wrJKV
tMard, mr an taa Bart af aa member of U faaaltr of topT dttat inner Carman. Dick FeUman,
t-n ! Rrst7, but tka nonhm af tba ataff at Tba Marl anna Haaaaa. Graca Hurry
T,.?2.JZ?.. "?-" , M Sport Edltar Gary r randan
M it est mWexa raw, I aaaiird. Stasia copr it fix BErOKTBKo
aert. Published on Tneadar, WaAneadar and Friday rVrerl Derp. Harriot Itwrf, Ladrraoa Hwttiar, Jaek
daring tba aenool raar, except mention and examination Praadaen, WlUlametta Death, Barbara Eleke. Mania
nerlotia. Ona uwoe anhlfeoed during tba month af An MJekelaan. Sara Jenien, Barbara Clark, Granny Warren.
ut aactt raar by tba imvpralty of Nebraska under tba ,
esMnristaa at tba Committee of Student FnMlrattoaa. BUSINESS STa.ro
..tared "" elaea natter at tba Foal Of flea tat BnalneM Manager.......... , Sana Stank)
i4ia, Kebraakn, onder Act of Oagreea, Mama, S, Aaf't Bnainow Manager Chat Singer, Doraa Jacob,
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"It's a material quite popular with the faculty, sir A 'tweed
is SUPPOSED to look baggy."
The Challenge
Writer Thought, Worked;
Fruits Of labor1 Below
By KEN R. KELLER
Tom Woodward, a young man
I have come to know quite well
from his semi-annual appear
ances before the Committee on
Student Publications, telephoned
me the other day to ask whether
I would write "A Challenge" for
The Nebraskan. I said I would.
I said that because I was not
thinking. If I had been thinking,
I would have asked him, "What's
a Challenge?"
Some railroad has a train, or
used to have a train, named
"The Challenger." For a time I
thought I might write about that
Then I figured Tom wouldn't
like it So I had to ret up and get
the dictionary. It was quite an
experience.
In the first place, it has only
been in the fleeting years since
I left college and, believe me,
that's quite a fleet that I have
come to bother with a dictionary
at all. And being forced into
looking into one even now by a
mere strip of a Nebraskan staff
member such as Tom who is
only about 2 and one-half axe
handles high with a weight of
about 13 stone, was not to my
liking.
a
And, second, the way the dic
tionary goes about dealing with
challenge is ' remarkable. For
example, the dictionary doesn't
just say something like: "with
an r' added a challenge is a
good name for a train." Oh no.
It says, and I quote, "challenge
(chal'eng;-inj;119), n. bracket
.ME. chalenge claim, accusation,
challenge, fr. OF. chalenge, chal
onge, claim, accusation, contest
fr. chalengier, chalongier. See
CHALLENGE, v.; CALUMNY,
end bracket."
I submit if anybody thinks a
grant-in-aid program is not jus
tified, just let them look that
over.
I'll meet you half way. That
"ME." means Middle English
(ho-ho to the mechanical en
gineers!), and the "OF." means
Old French. But you tell me
what "-inj;119" means. If it's
how many Indians Custer faced,
I'm dead.
a
Now, let's consider the mean
ings; abbreviated, of course.
1. An accusation; reproach;
objection. Obs. (Just when you
think you have something right
off the bat they tell you to for
get it; it's obsolete.)
2. An invitation to engage in
a contest or controversy; a de
fiance; specif., a summons to
fight (Woodward wants a fight
yet!)
3. A claim; a demand of a
right Obs.
4. (a) Act of calling to ac
count, (b) Act of calling in ques
tion. . .
5. An exception to a person as
not legally qualified to vote. It
must be made when the ballot is
offered. U.S.
6. Hunting. The opening and
crying of hounds at first finding
the scent
7. Law. A formal exception
taken to a juror or jurors.
8. Mil. Act of a sentry in
questioning.
a a
AH right There we have it
Woodward has asked me to:
1. Accuse or reproach or ob
ject to somebody or something.
I won't do it. "What chance has
an inexperienced accuser got
these days? The job's already
filled.
2. Engage in a fight. No
thanks.
3. Make a claim. I already did.
The Government of the United
States owes me $1.63 income tax
refund.
4. Call somebody to account.
For what?
5. Take exception to some
body as not legally qualified to
vote. Oh, come now, Tom. .
6. Bay like the hunting
hounds.
7. Reject some juror. I don't
even know any jurors.
Dear Mr. Woodward:
It is with considerable regret
that I must tell you I do not feel
qualified to write "A Challenge."
I think one of the greatest needs
of our day is to recapture, or just
capture, some method of com
municating with each other
even In English.
By BERT BISHOP
People are always remarking
that the proper business of ed
ucation is citizenship. What
seems to escape the attention of
these casual philosophers is that
there are well-educated Fascists,
Communists, Monarchists,
thieves and murderers as well
as enlightened model citizens.
However great a blow it may
be to the Russians and their
Marxian art (culture, learning,
knowledge, etc.), as well as to
those of us who would like to
make Americanism an interna
tional synonym for wisdom, the
business of education is peculi
arly non-political and non-national.
It is no more proper (or prof
itable) for the professional pa
triot to determine the curricu
lum in a school than it is for a
professor of biology to tell a
blacksmith how to sharpen a
plow. There are different worlds,
with different rules to govern
them. But because they are sep
arate, they are not necessarily
antagonistic, as many are quick
to suppose.
We in the United States be
lieve that the general form of
government of our country is, the
inevitable result of the free
choice of enlightened men. We
believe that, wherever intelligent
people should gather with the
hope of establishing a govern
ment freedom and benevolence
will result This belief Is some
thing completely apart from na
tional pride and stems not from
indoctrination but from wisdom
and judgment.
a o
The belief indicates a funda
mental respect for man's ability
to reason not only with facts and
situations, but also with ideas
and ideals. It is this belief which
resulted in a government allow
ing all men to participate, in
confidence that more than chaos
would result.
In this are of brainwashing
there are those who seem to
have lost this confidence in
man's ability to think. They
preach a different doctrine .
that man is fundamentally stupid
and needs a strong hand to guide
his actions.
They advocate either a com
plete change in government form
so that the citizenry will not lead
itself into disaster, or, more
often, a subtle shift in the edu
cation of the citizenry so that It
will learn by rote what, before,
it was allowed to discover for
Itself.
The strength of our nation has
been the complete trust we have
had in its principles and pur
poses. Whenever we seek to
tamper with our system of edu
cation to insure a slant toward
our own position, we are admit
ting that we do not trust either
man or the obvious right in our
governmental system as it was
conceived.
It is admittedly more expedi
ent to condition youth instead of
to furnish it knowhedre to make
Its own decisions. But expedi
ency Is the moral standard of
'despotism, and has no more
business governing what we do
than any other tyrannical prin
ciple, no matter how effective.
As a consequence, liberal ed
ucation will continue to seek its
own ends, confident the result
will just as certainly, If not as
quickly or directly, be good citi
zenship in the educated.
00
It will do so in spite of efforts
made to censor, coerce, frighten
or blackmail it to do otherwise.
And, at the end of the next two
hundred years, it will look back
upon the neuroses and paranoia
of this age with the same curi
osity with which it now looks
upon the wrinkles in the history
of two hundred years ago. This
is its greatness.
from Syracuse
Brain Thief, High Pressure
Student Types Condemned
r
(Thu article aepeered ttrel la Tba Itallr
Kaiaaa and b reprinted treat the Miami
Rarrkane. Both of thM aewioaoori re.
rioted the atorr front the cellea new,
aeper at ByracaM.)
Speaking on "How to Win
Friends and Influence Deans,"
a Syracuse professor listed com
mon faults of college students.
"We always have the time
hog," he said, meaning, "the stu
dent who takes up time the rest
of the class should have."
Also condemned were "weep
ing willows" who were said to
appear about mid-term and those
students who try to "high pres
sure" the instructors. "We have
next the brain theives," he said.
"They are those who cheat on
exams. I do not know anything
that makes the professor madder
' than this."
A girl who tries to talk her boy
friend into buying her a silk
nightgown usually ends up with
her boy friend trying to talk her
out of it
a a
Lucy "Oh, Percy, you're too
slow."
Percival "I'm afraid I don't
grasp you."
Lucy "Yes, that's Just the
trouble."
a a
Bill "What are you wearing a
letter on your sweater for? You
aren't supposed to wear a letter
unless you have made the team."
Millie "Well?"
The Syracuse professor also
mentioned the heckling student
"One type is the one who thinks
he or she is being cute. The
other is the student who asks
questions by starting from noth
ing mentally."
University
Bulletin Board
WEDNESDAY ,
Dr. Gerrett Bevelander Den- .
tistry Lecture, 2 p.m., Bessey
Hall Auditorium, and 3:45 p.m.,
Andrews 301.
ASME Meeting, 7:15, Richards
Lab.
Provost Corps, 7:30 p.m., Mili
tary and Naval Science Building.
THURSDAY
E rural Munter Lecture, 7:30
p.m., Ag Engineering Building.
Moot Court Finals, 7:15 p.m..
Supreme Court Hearing Room,
State Capitol.
FRIDAY
Orchesls Sprinr Prorram, 8:11
p.m.. Grant Memorial Hall.
Dr. Gerrett Bevelander, Den
tristy Lecture, 3 p.m., Andrews
Hall.
' SATURDAY
All-Sports Day, all day, Coli
seum and Stadium. v
Orcheiis Spring Prorram, :15,
Grant Memorial Hall.
Audubon Series, 8 p.m.. Love
Library Auditorium.
SUNDAY
Omicron Epsilon Pi Monthly
Meeting, Colonial Cup, 7 p.m.
Elections
Exchange Copy A Student View Of
Direct Primaries Threaten Necessary Parly Discipline
According to Sen. Paul H.
Douglas, "There is a knock on
the door of the smoke-filled
room." The people want to come
in and take a hand in the selec
tion tf candidates for presiden
tial nomination and thereby re
duce the power of the political
bosses who gather in the back
rooms at national conventions to
determine who will be the nom
inees in the Presidential cam
paigns. For many years plans have
been advocated for the reform
of the presidential nominating
procedure. The reform programs
started as a part of the progres
sive movement for popular con
trol of government in the early
SOth century.
In 1951-1952 a flurry of en
thusiasm for the extension of the
Presidential primary system to
all the states occured. In sessions
of the 80th, 81st and 82nd Con
gresses, Sen. George Smathers of
Florida presented proposals for
a constitutional amendment in
this regard. These proposals were
designed to prevent nomination
by the traditional conventional
system and to bind the parties
in their choice of nominees in
line with the preference of the
people as expressed in a national
primary.
In 1953 Sen. Paul H. Douglas
introduced iifio the Senate Joint
Resolution Number 2570 which
was simultaneously introduced
into the House of Representa
tives by Representative Charles
Bennett The provisions of the
resolution include the following:
The Attorney-General is au
thorized to enter into agreements
with the states to hold presi
dential primaries of the two ma
jor parties.
The Federal Government will
meet the primary expenses up
to a maximum of twenty cents
per vote.
State and local governments
will conduct the elections and
utilize their registration and
election facilities, but a share of
the costs will be borne by the
Federal Government
The bill will preserve the
freedom of the prospective can
didates to withdraw.
The results of the primary will
not be binding upon the con
vention. In support of this resolution,
Senator Douglas stated: ". . .
the proposal of this bill is in line
with the historic trend to
broaden the opportunities of the
people to take part in the nomi
nation and election of Presi
dential and Congressional candi
dates. It seeks to offer the states
help in meeting the costs of the
primaries and .to encourage ac
tion on their part to establish
such preferential primaries. The
results of the primary would not
be binding upon the convention
but would have strong persuas
ive influence.
In our democratic system of
government It is vital that the
President govern by and with
the consent of the roverned. The
Executive should be the "peo
ple's choice" and the people
should have the opportunity to
participate in his selection as
well as his election. To effect
this opportunity, reform is
needed in the Presidential nomi
nating procedure; however, the
present proposals for change in
the Presidential nomination pro
cedures (the Smathers amend
ment and the Dourlas-Bennett
Bill) are not adequate to meet
the reform necessary.
The Douglas-Bennnett Bill will
not accomplish its - purpose of
giving the people a more direct
choice of candidates for presi
dential nomination. Both of these
proposals may inflict harm upon
our basic two-party system.
Candidates for office must have
some sort of sponsorship. Few
men could possibly afford to
carry on a nationwide campaign
for nomination to the Presidency.
Most men have neither the time
nor money.
a a a
In considering this problem,
Adlai E. Stevenson stated: "Many
Presidential possibilities will in
evitably be incumbents of poli
tical office, and I simply do not
see how it is possible for thrrn
to discharge the duties of their
offices properly and at the same
time campaign in each of the 48
states to the extent necessary to
make their views sufficiently
known for purposes of an in
formed election." Because of this
need for sponsorship, party organ
izations will continue to support
candidates.
To attain successes in winning,
strong organizations must prevail
and to maintain strong organiza
tion in the party, an inner core of
leaders will develop. Thus, the
same factors that promote "boss
ism" and party control will ex
ist whether or not there are di
rect preferential primaries. The
party organization will merely
adjust itself to this new proce
dure of nomination.
What has happened in the states
that have installed the direct pri
mary? The party organization
has been adapted to the direct
primary and by holding pre-pri-mary
conventions or meetings in
troduced slates of candidates to
be sponsored in the primary. Po
litical parties make the Presi
dent and will continue to make
him under any system.
' a a a
The extension of the Presiden
tial primary to all of the states
would have the effect of weaken
ing our basic two-party system
in the United States. To main
tain this system, there must be
party responsibility and disci
pline. If the direct primary were
to be installed on a nation-wide
basis, party responsibility and
discipline would be weakened by
permitting popular but inexperi
enced individuals to capture the
nominations.
Under the primary plan, it
would be quite possible to have
conventions that would be wholly
out of sympathy with the party
nominee selected in the primary.
The party program would be
wholly out of sysmpathy with the
party nominee selected in the
primary. The party program
would be chosen by men who had
no vote in selecting candidates.
The candidate might well have
to campaign with a program that
was sharply at variance with his
views.
Further, candidates nominated
would not owe their responsibility
to the party for nomination. This
is demonstrated In the Senate
where party responsibility has
been extremely weakened by tba
popular election of senators.
Party responsibility, discipline,
and compromise must be retained
if the two-party system is U pre
vail. Breakdown of our basis two
party system could only result in
chaos and confusion and lack of
majority rule.
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I LENTEN WORSHIP 1
WEDNESDAY-7:00 P.M.
"The Cross for Victory
Over Selfishness"
UniVERSITY LUTHERAN CHAPEL
15th and Que
Visitors Welcome A. J. Norden, Pastor
5
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