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About The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (March 20, 1952)
THE DAILY NEBRASKAN
Thursday, March 20, J 952
Big Brother And YOU
If somehow the world lost Its grip on itself wealth and Intellectual "reforms" vera made by
and the Iron fist of totalitarianism took over, what the despot, Big Brother, in the society we know
would be like? How would man live in a world now, and the worth of the individual was melted
without freedom? Is it possible that sometime into the power pot of the Party.
The hero of the book, if it is proper to can
. . . Two-Year Term
Republicans For Senator
Dwight P. Griswold
rmt h1w;Ivs successful figi
him a hero, was a little t:an named Winston political news long enough to
Smith who remembered the past and thus coin- uiu wridc s going on in
ii.j - u i i-(., Tt. the outside world. I don t care
Winston learned, was what the Party wished it .much for it. T1ifr.?ok' Tr-
to be; it was subject to change as convenience
demanded. An ugly process of torture removed
all desire to fight the oppressive Party and in
the end, Winston wholly submits to the power;
he loses his individuality.
President" bv William Hill
man, which seems to be con-' Democratic)
nected with President Tru
man somehow or other, has
created quite a furor.
everything, thought included, would be controlled
by a tight group of fanatic despots?
For a spine-shaking look into the world of
the future if totalitarianism were to capture
man, read "Nineteen Eighty-four." "Nineteen
Eighty-four" is a fantastic novel written with
the author's tongue in his cheek, but it shouts
a message all the world should hear and think
about. That message: If any totalitarian govern
ment takes over the world, man as an individual
is lost. The author, George Orwell, calls the book
a "show-up of the perversions to which a cen
tralized economy is liable, and which have al
ready been partly realized In Communism and
facism." In a somewhat more tempering vein
Orwell added, "I do not believe that the kind of
society I describe necessarily will arrive, but I
do believe (allowing of course that the book is
a satire) something resembling it could arrive."
JL attempt to work the world's problems out in a stand it myself,
What does Orwell believe could arrive? His rational way are good places to start, as college On the women's page (just
uh- foorihae Vio f msf rafin a lifo nf an individual students, we must ioin this fiuht. We all know and happened to be passing by) I
who lives under the burning spotlight of the Party, appreciate this, but perhaps our desire to fight
Every thought, movement, breath or word is would be more positive if we, were to read "Nine
watched and studied by an invisible patrol of teen Eighty-four" and mull over the possibilities
Thought Police. A weird system of language, of an existence under totalitarianism. D.P.
By KEN RYSTROM
A. A. Miseaadis
One of the Republican candidates for United A familiar but not always successful-figure
IStates senator (short term) is a strict advocate of in Nebraska politics is Dwignt i ainmi
I finally eot awav from thelthe original rennbliean (as distinguished from candidate for the Republican
Republican) schooJ. The candidate A. A. R'.ise- United States senator (snort xtmw.
tnree-ierm iovbui v ......
gadis of Talmage would remove all
democratic government (mean
ing government directly by the
oeonle. as distinguished from
Misegadis speaking at a
public meeting in Lincoln, re
cently attacked democracy as
"a political hydrophobia and
Specifically he would
It may not become a best-
Winston Smith's world seems fantastic; it was seller, but it may become the
meant to seem fantastic. But, as Orwell describes cause of a lot of big yelling.
it: "If not fought against, it could triumph any- j Or it may not be the mostjabolish primary election, direct
where." Naturally, we must fight against "it," but .talked about book of the year election of United States sena
how? J but it is sure to be the most tors, initiative, referendum and
A rp-Hofinitinn nf nolitical ethics, a nositive sauawked about. Also Rita direct vote for president. -(Un-
desire to bring public morals to a reasonable level, has tossed Aly Khan into the jdoubtedly this last point would remove the elec- Jhree-Fourths Of Votes
Two -Year Term
The political figures ana
lyzed today are Republican
candidates for the unexpired
two-year term of the late Sen.
Fred Seaton, Hastings pub
lisher, is filling the senate po
sition during the second ses
sion of the 82nd congress. He
was'appointed by Gov. Val Pe
terson with the understanding
that he would not run in the
spectacular margins of elec
tion victory), Griswold has
been defeated five times by
The first, in 1922, was by
eight votes when he was run
ning for his second term in .the
state house of representatives.
The election for which he did
not campaign taught Griswold it
always pays to campaign dili
gently. Since then he has been
an active campaigner when it
comes to elections.
an emphasis on the truths of religion and a sober can in the alley. I can't even'toral college from even a moral requirement of
following the people's vote;.
A New 'Best Seller?'
Reports of the new book about President Tru
man have caused quite a flurry. As usual, when
a public figure allows a book to be published about
his informal thoughts concerning the affairs of
state, repercussions ensue.
Any paragraph in the publication which does
not appear well in print now is vigorously de
nied by the persons concerned. Then, the Amer
ican public is faced with the question of which
man to believe. Already two of President Tru
man's former cabinet members are irritated
about the book by William Hillman, former
newsman presently a Mutual Broadcasting sys
in one of the most crucial times in history to re
South Carolina's governor, James F. Byrnes, ceive criticism favorable and unfavorable. Be
former secretary of state, denies Truman's story sides, this is election year, and both sides will use
that he roundly scolded Byrnes in 1946. Henry the book to prove their points.
Wallace has sent a telegram to President Truman
demanding to know if he was the "Mr. X" dis- It is a book for Americans to read, analyze and
cussed in the book. If so, the former vice president make up their own minds
noticed that the Fashion Acad
emy has named Mrs. Estes
Kefauver (that name sounds fa
miliar) as the best-dressed
woman in America. She won the
award because of her simplicity
of dress, so they say.
So far, I haven't received anyj
communications from any of the
political groups on campus. If
any of you want your group's
ident had followed the advice of the four sena
tors, "we would not be in the mess we are in
at this time."
And so the battle rages. Undoubtedly there will i
be more denials and indignations. This publica
tion will probably be tossed around as much by
Republicans as Democrats toss around Sen. Robert
Taft's "A Foreign Policy for Americans" continu
ing the now famous contradictory statements.
It's not unusual for such a book to receive wide
attention. In fact, it is quite in the stride of world
events for a book about the most widely known
man in the nation today, perhaps tne world, and the New Hampshire election) and
how this fact has many of the old
guard Democrats concerned, has
this to say about Kefauver's cam-
The second, third and fourth defeats were in
1932, 1934 and 1936 when he was the. Republican's
nominee for governor. In 1940, however, he was
elected, breaking the gubernatorial voting record
with 74 per cent of the votes cast.
His voting margins increased in 1942 and
In 1946, the popular three-termer tackled
Senator Hugh Butler in the Republican primary
and got thumped two-to-one. His defeat, political
observers have said, marked the victory of a con
servative, isolationist Republicanism in the state.
Such a plan if carried to its logical conclu
sion would create a government operated entirely
by representatives. These representatives (both
state and national) would then choose the execu
tive officers. The populace would have no means
of changing legislation or executives except
through the representatives
Misegadis bases his plan on a return to the
nnnctitutinnul form nf fnvprnment.
Misegadis, a "professional lobbyist" (he has An Internationalist
views on a particular candidate, 'said) for 27 years, is 64. He is a cement finisher Griswold's record as governor, while not
I will be glad to print it. Besides, an(j building contractor. He has been a long-time world-shaking,, was liberal in its efficiency and
I imagine most of you are get-bb j t before the Unicameral in a variety of economy. Griswold. an avowed internationalist.
about Senator Kefauver Not you ' fields- He has also been active in various road and supported the New Deal foreign policy, lend lease
Democrats, of course, what few conservation groups and in Nebraska farmers ten months before Pearl Harbor, the loan to
of you there are. 'union. Britain following the war and opposed (in the
Cabell Phillips, writing in the; At present, he is president of the Southeast early days of the war) a negotiated peace.
New York Times under a date-lNebrriSa Taxpayers association. After his defeat by Butler, Griswold was
line of February 16, in an article, appointed (at the request of Gen. Lucius D.
kS ,""!,'. lfher Political Planks Clay) t0 serve in the American c!vil adminis.
. r - f 6 a f ho " -nanks n his Dicitiorm are
1. Drastic curtailment of all foreign finan
cial aid, "but I would help feed the hungry."
2. Military training in high school. (Mise
gadis is bitterly opposed to universal military
shown (this was written before
while exhibiting a rather surpris-1 3-. A leasl one resl no,Ile 1UI 6CU a"u Greek economy.
ing Duoyancy at the grassroots tne Diino in eacn congresMuiiai uismu.
tration of occupied Germany.
In 1947 the Republicans cried aloud when the
President appointed Griswold as the head of the
American Mission for Aid to Greece. In that posi
tion he held the pursestrings on the $400 million
the Truman Doctrine siphoned into the tottering
has threatened to charge Truman with "character
To counter President Truman's views about
four senators who tried to advise him following
a tour of Europe Sen. Capehart (R., Ind) told
the Senate that President Truman said in 1945
he was "more afraid of England and France than
he was of Russia." The senator says if the Pres-
Frem present information, one fact stands
clear: Someone is wrong. It is indeed unfortun
ate that the integrity of the present leader of this
country should have to be doubted, and it is
indeed unfortunate also that the integrity of
former prominent leaders of this nation in whom
the people placed trust, should be doubted. Some
where, a trust has been broken. J.K.
The American people believe in the United
Nations. In this union of nations there is great
-ength and vision. In it barriers to international
understanding and peace are being attacked and
the finest international minds of the world are
planning for a better tomorrow.
The United Nations is out to capture the minds
By DR. FRANK SORENSON
(Editor's Note: Following Is the first psrt of an article
dt Dr. Sorenson. which appeared In the national bulletin of
Delta Kappa Gamma, honorary women's educational fra
ternity. Dr. Sorenson it well known for his work with the
v America has had a rude awakening in the last
half dozen years. Without being conditioned this
youthful nation has been thrust into a position of
unprecedented world leadership. Every decision, of rnen jts pr0gram is motivated by a great cause
every action of the American people in response World peace and development. People in every
to a world problem or issue is a driving force in nati0n can rally behind this cause. The major
the modern world. This position of world leader- problem is one of providing opportunity for wide
ship places on the American citizen and his gov- participation in the United Nations program. This
ernment responsibilities for which there has been means even the most remote of the world's com-
little time for preparation. munities will share in the decisions of this world
In fact there are so many changes call them organization.
level, is still somewhat wobbly in
terms of finesse and purposeful
ness. It lacks experience and it
lacks direction. Whether it can ac
quire these benefits, and in time
4. Superhighway system across the United
States, to be built with federal gas tax money
not to exceed two cents a gallon.
Misegadis has declared that the re-election of
Walter A. Nielsen
"America first!" and "immediate war with
revolutions if you like in the several parts of
the world that known methods and techniques ,
would probably not work successfully in pro
viding needed assistance. It would seem that
the approaches will necessarily have to be ex
ploratory and time for reverses will have to be
recognized in the American time-table.
In this new role of world leader the American
people must learn to be patient. They may often
b e frustrated ;fr:. : :
by the mores - ,
of world cul
seem to block
p r o g r ess, by
over - popula
tion and lack of
resources, b y
of people to ac
cept the same
moral and spir
which point the
way in Amer
ica. At times
America in its
role of leader
mav be SUD- FRANK SORENSON
porting forms of government little appreciated by
the American citizen. The path ahead promises to
be a strange one with its many curves and dan
gerous ruts. But America' must adjust to this
world of frustrations if we are to avoid a third
world war too horrible to think about andor communist-dominated
world with its pattern of secret
police, slave camps and disregard for human wel
fare. There is every reason to believe that Amer
ica will accept the challenge of our time and
prepare for the world leadership task ahead. In
this new development several ideas deserve
1. Today's world Is but a single neighborhood.
This is the result of man's handiwork. His com
The chief approach used by the United Nations
in its struggle for the minds of men is "propa
ganda." The press, radio, television, motion picture,
and lecture schemes are used extensively in telling
the United Nations story. In the propaganda ap- j campaign. Most folks seem to
nmarh thf pmnhasis is larpolv nnp nf k-ppnintr tVioagree that he Was a fine candi
worlds' nennlc informed: nartirinatinn on thp nartidate: Maybe the people still know
of the masses is limited.
!pe a UlL3 the con": Senator Hugh Butler is a "must."
on what President Truman de
cides to do."
After the New Hampshire mas
sacre we don't know what to
think. But Mr. Phillips is cer
tainly right about one thing. From
just my own limited exnerience it
I has been apparent that there are
a lot of people who are for Kefau
ver and would like to do some
thing to help. But, for the most
part, they are beginners at thr
game and are at a loss when i',
comes to directing their efforts ii.
the right way.
There are a few old hands
who have been willing to do
anything to help the novices but
not nearly enough to weld them
into a good organization. The
lack of "machine" support may
cost Kefauver, any chance he
ever had for the nomination,
but that lack of support on the
part of party regulars is one of
the big reasons that I feel the
way I do about him.
The present situation is some
'Most Powerful In Greece'
The New York Times Magazine called him
the "most powerful and very likely the busiest
man in Greece."
Griswold remained for a year. He attempted
to simplify the Greek tax structure, raise and en
force income taxes, reduce military budget, shrink
a bloated civil service and establish wage-price
policy. But the important thing, from the Ameri
can point of wav. was to save Greece from the
Russia" are the campaign cries of Omaha attorney Communists. Within a year Griswold had strength-
WnltPr A. Nielsen. ReDubhcan candidate lor
United States senator (shcrt term).
Nielsen, 45, challenges one of his primary
election opponents, Dwight P. Griswold, on his
"Republicanism." He has declared that Griswold
"hasn't said yet what he is for" and goes on to
charge that "he accepted a job under the
(Democratic) administration." (Nielsen is refer
ring to the position Griswold held in Greece as
the administrator for Truman Doctrine funds.)
School Board Candidate
ened the Greek economy and the Greek govern
ment to the point where they could continue to
function without immediate fear of Communist
overthrow. In September, 1948, he returned to the United
States. He purchased controlling interest in a Ger
ing bank and has lived in Scottsbluff. In 1950 he
was elected to the University board of regents.
Nebraska Citizens Council
Six months ago Griswold was instrumental in
forming a Nebraska Citizens Council (incorpor-
A law practitioner in Omaha since his grad- ated in December), intended to "furnish leader-
uation from Creighton university in 1934, Nielsen ship in studying and influencing tax legislation
was a candidate for the school board in 1936 and and efficient, economic operation of all levels of
There is a second approach which is receiv
ing favorable support from the United Nations
Department of Public Information, UNESCO, and
the educators of the world. This is the educa
tional approach, one that reaches children and
youth through the regular channels of education.
What a challenge is offered the classnjpm teach
ers of the world! It is in the classroom that the
greatest social invention of all time the United
Nations can be taken apart, examined piece by
again in 1938.
In 1937 he was author of a county-wide con
solidation measure presented to the Nebraska leg
islature. He was also the author of a school legis-
what similar to the one in 1940 Nation bill changing the method of election of
when the GOP's nominated Wen-Omaha school board members. The bill was passed
dell Willkie after a grassroots ; imo
Nielsen's hobbies are military tactics and
what they are thinking better than
a bunch of politicians who try to
tell them what they are thinking.
In the September 11, 1949, Nev.
York Times magazine section
Kefauver, then a freshman just
completing his first session in the
Senate afte:: ten years in the
House of Representatives, wrote a
starching article about Congress.
The things ho wished to im
prove or do away with, to mention
a few, were the legislative log
jams at the end of a session
(much in evidence at the close of
tne 81st Congress referred to
piece, and then put back together again. Students i here); the lack of germaneness of
may even discover the wheels that must be oiled amendments in the Senate; and
from time to time so that the machine mny run
Students attending the First Piano quartet to
night probably will be well pleased with the per
formers. The records Union committee members
have been playing in the Union lobby the last sev-
C'nuricsv Lincoln Journal prul rlnvs. favp a fnvnrahlp nrfvicu; in thp mnsirTi
L'vtnv J ' r
entertainment. The program begins at 8 p.m. in
J An (baiky. TlobhasJicuv
Associated Collegiat Press
Tho Dally Nehrankan it published hj the students at the
University of Nebraska as exp-esslon of students' news and opin
ions only. According to Article II of the lly-l-aws jovenilin
student publications and administered by the Hoard of Publica
tions, "It Is the declared policy nf ti.e Bonrd that publications,
under Its Jurisdiction shall be. free from editorial censorship on
the part of the Hoard, or on the part of any member of the
faculty of the University, but the members of the staff of The
Dally Nebraskan are personally responsible, for what they say or
do or emise to be printed."
Subscription rates are 12.00 a semester, 12.50 mailed or S3.00
.V.. ...BV- CI OA mu Mcl MlnrlA wtnv Sr PnhlltthMl
munlcifinn and transportation Systems have mini- dally dnrlns the school year except Saturdays and Sundays,
munication ana uanunaiwii 0 vacations and examination periods. One Issue published durlnu
mized time and distance. the month of A mint by the University of Nebraska under the
,, . . M . , . , , .... t, i supervision of the committee on Student Publications. Entered
2. In this World neighborhood tnere aie tWO al SM,.n CXlulll Matter at the 1'ost Office In Lincoln, Nebraska.
j .i.itv, urlrloUr rliffprinff wavt Of under Act of Congress, March 3, 1819, and at special rate of
recognized leaders with widely aniering ways 01 provl()Pd fr ,' u3, Act of Confess of October
life fhe Union of Soviet Socialist' Republics and . n. authorised September 10. ua.
the United States of America. Emor ...EP"!.f.T..F:. .. Krucer
3. This world neighborhood operates under the a; -
Watchful eyes Of the United Nations. In this Or- Nw, Eai,0rs Sally Adams. Ken Rystrom. Jan steffen,
canizatlon, which is an association of world states ; . .iKS
and not a world government, steps are wing ieu Jy;;-"',
a halt aewrresslon and to work for the welfare a Kditor iaie Reynolds
tO nail B(jKieai"' o"" Society Kditor Connie Oordifh
of the world's underprivileged peoples.
He who must shape his conduct with ref
erence to Its effect on others and on man
kind. Is learning to love. Anonymous.
I'hntoatrapher 1 , , Bob Sherman
Keporlers , Dirk Ralston. Sara Slcphcnsnn,
I-onard ZaJIrck. Shirley Murphy. Jan Harrison, Bob I'lnker
tnn, Itarlene fndlesak, Pes Bartunek, Ann Carlson, Klnlne
Miller, Atrnes Anderson, Louis Schocn, tireta t'ralic, Tat
Nrllls, Mary Jane MeCiilloimh, Bob Decker, Natalie Katt,
Jan llcnnlniion and Bra Huetcl.
Business Manatee J Cohen
Assistant Business Managers Stan Slpple, Arnold Ntern,
Circulation Manager George Wilcox.
Mi-ht News Editor eally Adams
the necessity of executive officers
defending their program budgets
"in quadruplicate" caused by the
arrangement that has all appro
priation bills controlled by foui
committees, two in the House and
two in the Senate. To correct
these and other bottlenecks in the
legislative procedure, Senator
Kefauver, in 1949, suggested four
main areas of improvement.
Those areas are:
1. Reduction of the "errand-
running" function of Congress
men, that is, constituents de
manding that they get the per
sonal attention of their Congress
man for a matter which could be
handled just as well, and a good
deal less expensively, by one of
his administrative assistants.
2. Improvement of the methods
of work, particularly in the Sen
ate, which would involve a tight,
ened closure rule, an electric roll
call and voting device such as we
have in our legislature, the so
called omnibus bill which was in
troduced in that year by Senator
Byrd and Representative Byrnes
3. Enforcement of the reforms
under the Legislative Reorganiza
tion Act of 1946 with certain
modifications proposed by Kefau
ver. 4. Party discipline which would
speed things up because there
would not be the lack of strong
leadership and the constant bick
ering that exists now, with the
possibility of greater co-operation
between Congress and the execu
tive resulting from stronger party
leadership which could be brought
about by the return to the party
caucus and by having committee
chairmen chosen by the party
leadership instead of by seniority.
It looks to me like this Senator
At first glance, it would appear that Ag college
is going all-out for Senator Estes Kefauver. The
college Is holding its annual Estes Carnival Fri
Actually, the event is designed to raise money
for Ag YM and YvYCA trips to Estes Park, Colo.
The Daily Nebraskan throughout the semes
ter has encouraged readers to express their views
one way or another in the Lettetip column
in the paper. However, The Nebraskan empha
sizes that no letter will be printed unless it is
signed. Names will be withheld at the request
of the writer, but anonymous letters will not be
The YWCA has come out with some pretty
enticing suggestions for ways to spend the summer
months. Possibilities range from jobs in this coun-
A local newspaper termed it "what could
become the state's most powerful organization in
government finance." Griswold was elected
president of the corporation but recently re
signed in order to devote more time to cam
paigning for senator (remembering his 1922 les
son). Although a supporter of the New Deal's
foreign policy, Griswold recently has called the
state department "weak" and declaied "we have
done a lousy job in presenting the true attitude
of the American people to the rest of the world."
"We cannot continue to carry on the (foreign
aid) program as it now stands," he has said. "We
cannot continue to appropriate money without
ruining our economy."
Cot Aid Program
Most of Europe and Asia could be removed
from the aid rolls, and should be, he added, "ex
cept in a few isolated cases."
Griswold has pledged himself to economy in
government and points to his record as governor
of Nebraska as proof of his ability to cut expenses.
The list of government employes during his terms,
he has declared, was smaller than the lists during
terms of his successor or his predecessor.
In analyzing Griswold's efforts in Greece,
the New York Times Magazine said that two of
his noteworthy abilities are those of withstand
ing political pressure and of delegating authority.
me tuucie lurmer declared that he is a
try to tours, study and worn in Europe, ii you are lormright, blunt and simple man who (says)
undecided about summer plans, it might be worth what he (means)." His friends, the article re
your time to examine what the YW suggests. There ported, say he never gets angry, never raises his
is a booth in the Union.
In a residential area of Los Angeles, it ap
pears that some of the neighbors or perhaps
just interested onlookers don't care to have
Negro families living In the area. Early Sunday,
two bomhs planted in front of two homes and
set off simultaneously by timing devices dam
aged the houses, one occupied by a Negro family
apd one in which a Negro family were about to
move. Be it through bombs or whisper cam
paigns, minorities are constantly being discrimi
nated against in our democracy. The Los An
geles incident heaps fuel on the fires of com
munist propaganda in the world today.
That Senate Seat
Speaking to students groups at separate meet
ings Sen. Hugh Butler and Gov. Val Peterson both
seemed to be making favorable bids for Univer
sity students' votes. At the Students for Butler
meeting, Senator Butler had some pretty smooth
sounding explanations for his recent, voting poli
cies, and made a good impression on students cam
paigning for his re-election.
At the Union, Governor Peterson impressed stu
dents with his forthright comments concerning his
policies and views. Apparently he was reversing
tactics used at an appearance last fall at the Uni-
voice and never gets excited.
"Griswold," Marquis Childs once wrote, "does
very little talking either on or off the recol'd. The
impression he gives is of a man who knows he
has a tough job and is getting down to it in a hard,
slogging sort of way."
In 1940 Griswold supported Willkie for presi
dent (an indication of his internationalism). By
1944 Griswold had become a top contender for the
position of vice presidential nominee on the Re
publican ticket. Although he figured in the 1944
convention (he nominated Thomas E. Dewey for
president), Griswold lost out to Sen. John Bricker
in the vice presidential nomination.
Since then Griswold seems to have been a
Stassen man. Stassen even stumped for Griswold
in 1946 when he was running against Butler.
Griswold's faith in Nebraska Is exemplified
by his wartime wagers with 27 other governors
(he bet a hog with each of them) that Ne
braska would outdo their states in the war bond
Griswold lost all 27 bets.
When and if University students turn their
attention to the atomlo energy exhibit In the
Union lounge, they might ponder long and well
on the peaceful uses to which this released
power can be nut. In thl i.i.
versity when he was accused of beating around the horrors of the atomic bomb, student eninha-
tho Vinsh whpn nnswprinff nuestinns Trip fhinoo 41.- 1 . . 1
Kefauver is a mighty scholarlyi',. ..u.t.. k "Vl vi. J" , """ane potent.al of atomic power
at name is pro-U1. 1U""""'",U' " "u ""' turn a possible evil power to a Drotresslv
I M 4. 1 .. - "
turning point of the human race.
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