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About The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (Dec. 19, 1951)
Wednesday, December 19, 1951
The terra "academic freedom" sounds a bit stil
ted, but some of Its Implications have quite a
down-to-earth effect on our college life. A recent
issue of New Republic devoting 14 pages to a study
of American universities included an article by
Arnold Heidenheimer giving methods by which
attempts are made to infringe a school's aca
Besides the familiar loyalty oaths, common
methods used are barring books, eensorinr
books, accusing faculty members of being pro
communist and restricting the campus news
papers. These are means that for some reason
are less publicised than the oath system.
Most colleges, including Nebraska, generally
have held their own against suggestions to bar or
mark certain "subversive" books. A suggestion to
the California Library association urging all books
be tagged with stickers listing pages which con
tain "immoral" or "subversive" matter was re
jected. Another attempt to control reading matter was
made in 1947 by the National Economic council
when the president, Merwin K. Hart, sent a leaf
let to trustees of all colleges using Lorie Tarshis'
textbook "Elements of Eocnomics." The leaflet
was based on a review by NEC's book editor, Rose
Wilder Lane, ex-ficition writer whose formal
education ended with high school graduation in
1904, and backed "socialism" claiming the "leftist
liberal" is more dangerous than a communists
Fortunately, only one school, the US Coast
Guard academy, dropped the book. Other schools
replied with quite pointed remarks upholding
usage of the book.
A conclusion reached by Dr. Ralph Robey in
1940 that a "substantial proportion" of American
textbooks hold private enterprise "In contempt,"
recently has been gaining momentum. One author,
John T. Flynn, says that academic freedom is
trick term," and censoring books and prescribing
ideas does not limit an instructor's freedom. Such
attitudes have far reaching implications. As the
magazine article points out, Ohio State university
trustees accused one textbook writer whom Robey
criticized, Dr. Harold O. Rugg, of spouting "un
American propaganda." After one of his speeches,
the trustees voted to bar "disloyal" speakers
Ironically enough, the first to come under the new
rule was a Quaker pacifist.
Another common method of Intimidation Is a
disappointed teacher because of failure to be
promoted or other reason accusing a senior
colleague. This has happened at the University
of Virginia, and at Fairmont State college in
West Virginia. Fortunately, Nebraska has so far
avoided such distasteful spectacles, but success
so far will not assure immunity in the future.
The spread of McCarthy tactics evidently does
not by pass University circles.
The last method the author cited in this article
was suppression of college papers. The most fam
iliar example of this is what occurred last spring
at the University of Washington where uie editor
opposed new subversive control bills before the
state legislature and expressed his stand. He was
dismissed by a faculty-dominated committee
Other similar examples occurred this fall.
The words "academic freedom" are not mere
ly two words coined together for a pleasant
phrase. They necessitate a great deal of con
tinual crusading to maintain their meaning.
We have one example of control in Nebraska,
loyalty oaths. We can only hope the techniques
will go no farther.
What Kind Of Support?
To Stop TB
A young Yale graduate recently published an
attack on college professors entitled "God and
Man at Yale" in which he tried to prove that
Yale instruction is anti-free enterprise and anti
religion. The author, William F. Buckley, Jr.,
used personal experience to back up his state
ments. Claiming that alumni want their sons to
enter the world with belief In the church God
and the capitalistic system, he believed it was
their responsibility to clean out false prophets
from faculty ranks and allow only those who
will make use of and preach wishes and theories
of the fathers.
The author points out that bias toward business
by a professor Is a result of ignorance of what
goes on In the outside world due to the non-competitive
atmosphere of school. He says it would
be better if every professor had participated in
some work In the market and became familiar
in that vay with its tasks, struggles and prob
lems. Even If Buckley's attack on teaching philoso
phy ef Yale Instructors was correct, certainly
bis suggestion that alumni take the lead in
dictating teaching policies would lead to no im
provement. Although Yale is supported by con
tributions from alumni this should give them
bo prerogattTe to control teaching.
Alumni are important about that there is no
doubtr especially in a private schooL However,
the fact that their support is a vital
school's existence and the fact that financial and
moral aid is valuable does not make alumni
scholars capable of controlling teaching philoso
phies. One columnist recently mentioned that if
alumni really want to help colleges, one good
way would be agitation to abolish fancy build
ings from the campus and thus save money to
increase professors' salaries. Although this goes
too far in this direction, it might be a good idea
to direct some contributions toward improving
professors' pay, housing facilities and the school
In some instances, however, the only method
an alumnus can demonstrate eagerness to pay
tribute to a college or university is through a
donation, not necessarily imperative to a school,
but one that improves the campus on other stand
ards. Monuments, carillon towers, statues, books
are only a few of numerous possibilities. Both
types of gifts are appreciated in the great ma
jority of cases.
Certainly the young Yale graduate is en
titled to his opinion of his alma mater's teaching
standards, but his solution is not the best. The
columnist was on the right track, but carried
his idea too far.
Gifts alumni offer deserve much appreciation,
and there is no limit to the type or nature of
such contributions. Most gifts add a great deal to
By Staff Writer
Heln conquer a killer! Buy Tu
berculosis Christmas seals that
are now being sold in a special
Tuberculosis is a costly disease,
both in lives and in dollars. It
caused 39,000 deaths in 1949.
Bringing that total down to every
day figures, it means that TB
caused 110 deaths a day or one
death every 13 minutes.
It has been estimated that
some 500,000 Americans have
active TB now. Through this
disease strikes all age groups, it
kills more persons between 15
and 34 than does any other
Many persons have wondered
how the Tuberculosis Christmas
seals help fight this disease. The
money collected from the sale of
these seals is used to combat tu
berculosis In the locale in which
they are purchased. Ninety-four
per cent of the money raised by
the Christmas seal sale is spent
by the community and state In
which it was raised.
Sale of Christmas seals first
began in 1907 in Wilmington.
Dela. by Miss Bmily BisseU.
During this first sale drive, she
hoped to raise $300 to be used
in the treatment or three Wil
mington TB patients. She raised
13,000, and so it has gone ever
The pennies spent for Christmas
Seals have added up to make the
dollars which have helped to re
duce the TB death rate by more
than 85 per cent. Though a con
tribution is small or large, the
important thin? is that millions
J of people unite every year to fight
TB by buying the Christmas seals
factor in a, Searing the double-barred cross.
Publishers Receive Warning That 'Comic'
Censorship Will Come Sooner Or Later
(Editor's note: This editorial is reprinted
from the Christian Science Monitor.)
wWa.n 80.000.000 and 100,000,000 "comic"
books are sold in the United States each month.
A goodly percentage of these are filled with crude
portrayals of crime, lust, violence and horror
The publishers insist that only 5 per cent of their
total output' is "objectionable," but citizens' com
mittees In various cities have arrived at much
more damaging estimates.
The effort to persuade the publishers to
clean up their own industry has failed so far.
Many conscientious students of the situation be-
Jlieve that the only remedy Is censorsnip. a
Joint legislative committee in New York State
is studying the facts with a view to recom
mending legislative action to regulate the in
dustry. Greatly though we deplore the crime comics,
we cannot ignore the dangers of censorship. If
it could be proved that there is a direct and
measurable connection between these publications
and the commission of specific crimes, that fact
would necessarily override objections to using th
loaded weapon of government regulation. But
psychiatrists and sociologists are divided as to
whether there is such a connection.
This leaves a large number of the comics
"objectionable" by any reasonable standard, but
not clearly intolerable in a free society. Whit
laws covering obscenity and Indecency, Would
any censoring authority set up to divide tha
objectionable but tolerable from the objection
able and Intolerable?
The problem may still have to be met by an
extension of the efforts of citizens' committee to
publicize lists classifying individual comics as
good, relatively harmless, highly objectionably
etc. Such public education can in the long run
bring pressure on publishers without recourse to
laws which could boomerang against basic free
doms of the press. But unless the publishers do
respond, they can be sure that censorship will
come sooner or later.
This year, as it true every year
it this time, the sign of the time
Is the double-barred cross on the
wlorful Christmas seals.
Special Education Grants
Available To NU Students
Second semester scholarships
are available to students studying
in fields of special education
Some are for students in general
fields and some for those inter
ested in cerebral palsy.
Both upperclass students and
graduates are eligible.
Interested students should con
Itact D. A. Worcester, chairman of
ithe department of educational
psychology and measurements.
-QIwhdA Cbid (Di&dwhdA '
Eclcstinc, Stevens, Shearing Quintet
On Decline In Recent Recordings
Sigma Theta Epsilon
Initiates 13 Men
Sigma Theta Epsilon, national
religious service fraternity for
Methodist men initiated 13 mem
bers Sunday afternoon.
New initiates are Bruce Apple
by. Charles Babbel, William Cecil,
Theodore Currier. Jr., John Greg
ory. Harold Harroon, Dwain Hut-
son, Homer venison, uoraon
Magnuson, Forrest Stith, Donald
Strider. John Wood and John
The 39 members of the frater
nity sponsor many projects. These
include sending deputation teams
to churches over the state, spon
soring the Belmont ura-x ana
providing a Christmas dinner for
a needy family. They are planning
to install a new chapter of the
fraternity at Kansas State, Man
Fraternity officers are Wilborr.
Whitehead, president; William
Croft, vice-president; Jim Rodgers,
chaplain; and Francis Benedict,
Aggies To Discuss
The second session of this
week's Better Living series will
be held at 5 p.m. Wednesday in
the Ag Union lounge. The topic of
discussion is personal telephone
The movie "Telephone Cour
tesy" will be shown by the Lin
coln telephone company.
Cosmopolitan club, 7:30 p.m.,
Union committee meetings: Per
sonnel, 5 p.m.; convocations, 5
p.m.; music, 5 p.m.; public rela
tions, 7 p.m.; square dance, 7 p.m.
YWCA: Office staff, 3 p.m.;
senior committee, 4 p.m.; fresh
man commission, 4 p.m.; freshman
commission, 5 p.m.
Ag Union: General entertain
ment, 4:30 p.m.; arts and craft, 5
pm.; hospitality, 5 p.m.; publicity,
Ag Builders sales committee, 5
p.m., Ag Builders office.
4-H Club Celebrates
The 4-H club Christmas party
will be Wednesday at 7 p.m. in the
College Activities building, ac
cording to Eugene RoDiiison, presi
dent. Following the party, Cal Kuska
and Alene Oschner will each givt
reports on their trips to the na
tional 4-H club meeting in Washington.
PENS GREETING CARDS
Pens Repaired All Make
DICK'S PEN SHOP
118 So. 11 St.
Builders To Dramatize 'Night
Before Christmas' At Party
"Twas the night before Christ
mas," Builders style, will be
dramatized by Barbara Bell and
Sue Brownlee at the Builder's
Christmas party Wednesday night.
A year in the lile of a Builder s
worker is the theme for the party.
Shirley Coy, membership chair
man, will welcome the guests.
President Marilyn Coupe and fac
ulty adviser Mary Mielenz will
give short addresses.
Janelle Mohr and a Kappa
Sigma duet will provide musical
entertainment. Miss Mohr, ac
companied by Sherry Clover,
will sine "O Holy Night" Kappa
Sigs, Jack Davis and Jack Gard
ner, will harmonize on "Baby,
It's Cold Outside."
Refreshments and group singing
Back In the 20's and 30's, so I've been told,
Bessie Smith was the rage of the blues world.
Before she died in 1937, she recorded more then
60 discs. Columbia has released 47 of these on
four LP platters and entitled
them "The Bessie Smith Story." j
Bessie's records contain some
mt the best Jazz of her day and '
feature some at the utstand- -big
greats Armstrong, Benny i
Goodman, and Jack Tea-
garden. "St Louis Blues" in
ne ef the best in the album.
On this disc Bessie's singing
is not anly soft and sweet, but
it also packs a punch.
Freddy Martin has succumbed to the "corny
novelty rage" on his new release "Down Yonder."
The only outstanding thing on this disc is th
rick tick piano, which is somewhat out of place.
The reverse side, "Take Her To Jamacia," is done
in the calypso manner, with the band doing a lot
of shouting and singing.
Vaughn Monroe is off his slump. In his latest
release "They Call The Wind Maria," he sounds
more relaxed, and he shows more of his old fine
Judging from disc releases in the past two
months, some of the rising artists are no longer
rising but are declining. Billy Eckstine hasn't
had a good record in several yeeks. and accord
ing to professional opinion, there is nothing wrong
with Mr. B's singing that "A" quality tunes would
not correct Ecksteine's recorders have had him
cut songs that were not only poorly arranged, but
songs with lyrics that are "undescribable."
George Shearing's Quintet is another which
has lost the trail somewhere. The newest re
lease contains the same monotonous dull beat
April Stevens' hot breath is beginning to cool
off. Her new platter "And So To Sleep Again"
is typical of her other recordings.
There are only three of many who are having
trouble along this line. It is time their record
ing companies and managers awake and change
their standard of value from the dollar sign to the
Writers At Work
A group of students interested in literary crit
icism are banding together to see if they cannot
organize a club to discuss their mutual interests.
Prof. Wilbur Gaffney of the English department
is working with these students to try to get a
group interested in writing and criticism.
The plan sounds good, since there are not too
many places where a University student can get
recognition for his work. The group met Monday
for their venture. We wish them luck.
j WHEN YOU WANT RESULTS
af Dm I T. Tkrw
War i Dj Dr Dbj
1-1 KM i.q t M HM I fl.w
I .n i lu" tu i.7i7ii
-tt I I i.m ( tap imiTtM
Inelnda addresses when figur
Bring ads fa Daily Nebraskaa
buiness office, Student Union,
r Mill with earrset amount
And insertions desired.
of Christmas carols will follow the
The party for all freshman,
students and all Builders work-,
ers replaces the freshman mass,
meeting cancelled last month. It.
is the first annual Builders
It will be held at 7:15 p.m. in
Union Parlors XYZ.
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A Good Gift
tor a Good Guy!
Rid to Tueaon. Arizona, Friday. Start
axpanm. O-S093. Howard Hanson.
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