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About The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (Nov. 13, 1951)
THE DAILY NEBRASKAN
Tuesday, November 13, 1951
A Healthy Situation
Last Saturday, at the Student Council-spon
sored activities workshop, four students repre
senting various views debated the topic, "What
Would Constitute a Healthy Political Situation at
the University of Nebraska." Participants in the
discussions represented only their own views, but
were probably chosen on the basis of the groups
they represented. They were: John Adams, an in
dpendent engineer; Bill Dugan, a fraternity man
end engineer; Joan Krueger, sorority woman
enrolled in Arts and Sciences; and Bristol Turner,
an independent and Teachers college student.
Adams held that there should not be parties
on campus because there were no really Im
portant issues. He felt that individuals should
run on their own merits.
Dugan felt that parties were needed to draw
campus issues clearly. He held that University
life should be a preparation for post-graduate days.
He felt that issues could be found. These, he said,
need not be major points of difference.
Miss Krueger thought that parties added much
to campus life. She contended that they were nee-
UMT-Ten Why Not's
Little Man On Campus ByBibler
or read their campaign platforms In the paper,
they would not be able to vote Intelligently. Po
litical rallies would generate Interest in the elec
tion. This year's class officer elections probably
were the liveliest in years, but they were not as
good as they might have been. Only about half
of the students voted. Getting virtually all stu
dents to vote might be a goal worth shooting for.
'At the meeting, someone suggested that all
students be required to vote. The concensus of
opinion seemed to be that voting was a privilege,
rather than a requirement. Most of those present
seemed to feel that only those who vote should
have a right to gripe about the way things were
being run. Everyone felt that all students should
essary to prevent domination by one group, since vote. Many felt that parties would cause the voting
small unorganized movements are seldom sue- to increase.
cessful. Were parties set up in the same way on
this campus as on other campuses, drastic changes
would have to be made, she said.
Turner felt that the important thing in cam
paigns was the platforms of the individual candi
dates. He emphasized that the candidates should
stand for something and that they should be held
to carry out these platforms. He urged elimination
of political appointments.
All but Adams seemed to agree that political
parties were desirable. Political parties offer the
main avenue for expression of opinion. The Ideal
situation would be individual candidaes compet
ing: against each other, with no parties at all.
But political parties seem to be more or le :s in
evitable. Groups with similar interests tend to
band together to support a candidate who will
carry out the views of the group as a whole.
They stick to the old adage, "We must hang
together or most assuredly we shall hang separ
ately." As long as political parties are going to
exist, they might as well operate openly.
Political parties would offer the student a
chance to see and learn the views of the candi
dates. Most students do not know many of the
candidates for campus offices. Unless they could
see and hear these candidates at political rallies
Tarties could be formed on the basis of
various Issues: class rings, junior-senior proms,
honor systems, whether or not to have a humor
magazine, or when to hold homecomings. Some
of the issues might not be too weighty, but they
would be interesting. Tartles would have to grow
up. They could not be arbitrarily formed by
assignment. If several hot issues were under
debate, students would begin to choose sides.
That is why I think that the University was
foolish to ban political parties several years ago.
They destroyed what little spirit there was. They
found that they could ban any legal activitiy, but
they could not control all of the outside political
This semester, however, a new system was
tried. The Student Council approved free and
open campaigning. Some handbills and posters
were distributed, but the campaign was a little
timid. Students did not seem to realize that a new
era had arrived, or at least that an old one had
returned. With strict student-faculity supervision,
the system should work rather well if properly
Students have a real opportunity to express
themselves forcefully. Will they do it?
It's Just Customarily So
Is Armistice Day really meaningful?
The Lincoln Sunday Journal and Star quotes
R. C. Patterson, American Legion adjutant for
the state of Nebraska, as saying that the American
Legion is attempting to consolidate Armistice JJay,
V-E Day, and V-J Day and call the day "Veteran's
"There are so many 'days' now V-E Day,
V-J Day and the rest that people are less aware
of Armistice Day," Patterson said.
The Legion has a good idea. Everyone is glad
lhat World War I is over, but it seems a little
pointless to celebrate its end every year, especially
since two other wars have been or are being
fought in the meantime. It might be more appro
priate to celebrate Sept. 3, which is the day that
the Revolutionary war closed.
At any rate, a Veteran's Day might be far
more appropriate than a day commemorating
the close of any particular war. The first world
war was "the war to end all wars," or so the
people of that time thought. But subsequent
events have proved them wrong.
Armistice Day is being celebrated long after
it lost its meaning.
The United States now celebrates Memorial
Day, which might be tribute enough for those
who have fallen in wars. Eliminating Armistice
Day in favor of something to signify the end of
all wars would be an improvement. Perhaps there
will be a time when the United States and the
world will be able to celebrate the end of all
wars for all time in one giant Armistice Day.
The Dictator Returns
To no one's surprise, Juan Peron was re
elected president of Argentina in balloting last
Sunday. The Argentine dictator piled a nearly
2 to 1 lead over his opponent. Nearly 70 per cent
of the population voted in an orderly election.
The General Federation of Labor, government
backed, issued a statement hailing Pcron's re-election
as a defeat for the forces of reaction and
for former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State
Spruille Braden and his "henchmen."
Ironically, La Prensa, formerly one of South
America's great newspapers but now merely an
Dear Editor column are those of
the writer and not necessarily
those of The Daily Nebraskan.)
To the editor:
The collegiate atmosphere is
conducive to independent think
ing. Consequently, such an issue
as the proposed bill for UMT is
usually judged with a mature un
derstanding of its nature. Yet,
there are numerous citizens who
are willing to sacrifice essential
freedoms of our democracy be
cause they glibbly accept the
propaganda of UMT advocates.
Therefore, I shall endeavor to re
fute the popular claims for estab
lishing a permanent Universal
Military Training program in
1. Adoption of UMT would NOT
provide more trained soldiers for
the present emergency. The re
newed draft law provides for
enough men during the emer
gency; putting UMT into effect
now actually would reduce the
effectiveness of the regular army
since thousands of men would
have to be drawn from tho army
to fill the training units.
2. UMT Is not emergency legis
lation at all. Its proponents are
simply using emergency psychol
ogy to fasten permanent peace
time conscription on all Ameri
can youth. The American people
have seen what has happened to
the citizens of Germany, Russia,
and Japan when militarism has
dominated the peacetime periods.
Since in normal times the Ameri
can people would never tolerate
passage of such legislation, the
militarists realize that "if we do
not pass UMT during the present
emergency we will never get it."
(Senator Tydings chairman of the
Armed Services Committee in the
fall of 1950; quoted on American
Forum of the Air, Sept. 23, 1951).
Concerning UMT, General Mac
Arthur told a congressional -committee
last spring: "I should ad
vise most seriously, if I were con
sidering the problem, that I would
wait and get through with the
emergency that faces us now, and
then on what has resulted and
what exists then, I would sum up
the facts and make my decision "
3. UMT-trained men would
NOT be available for immediate
service in the event of war. Mod
ern war is fought by combat
teams, which need important
training in working together. This
cannot be done by UMT since it is
a matter of coordinating the troop
units that actually are going to
fieht toeether. This is demon
strated by the fact that it takes
from seven to nine montns to
bring previously trained National
Guard and organized reserve units
to operational readiness after they
(The views expressed In thefdomination of each man's life for
a total or eignt years. This point
hardly needs stressing to college
students who arc striving to estab
lish themselves nt an ago that
UMT would demand their services.
8. UMT would have a harmful
effect on the morals of the men
exposed to It. Army life is notori
ous for the tendency of its moral
ity to sink to its "lowest common
denominator." Even the president's
commission on UMT, composed
entirely of people favorable to the
program, wrote: "Wc must admit
at once that a serious moral prob
lem is presented by tho very re
moval of a boy of 18 from the
normal influences of his home,
church, school and local com
munity, and his comparative iso
lation in a camp with large num
bers of other men under an en
tirely new and different environ
ment." 9. The adoption of UMT would
NOT frighten Russia Into "behav
ing herself." Armament races have
persuaded tnc opposing power to
"give up." They have led to fur
ther preparation by both powers.
Furthermore, the Soviet Union
has a greater reserve of available
manpower than does tho United
States, and, our former monopoly
of atomic weapons did not
frighten her into submission. Thus,
history and recent facts illustrate
the absurdity of this claim.
S f'S S ' A- 1 l ,"7
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"Okay, wen lookout for a naked reverse."
posite of these, and is designed to
reduce each individual to the role
of a cog in a state machine. Dc-
10. It is false to say that UMTjmocracies have accepica mis in
the time or crisis, dui wncn uic-y
would strengthen democracy 'be
cause it would require all youth
to serve. Coercion does not become
democratic simply because it is
applied to everyone; otherwise
slavery and dictatorship would be
examples of the same. Democracy
mnnnc viftht in rritipio iinH
make changes, to have a voice in demonstrating our confidence in
extend it permanently into peace
time they imitate the very totan
tarians they profess to abhor. Al
ready our country has attempted
to stop Russian communism by
adoption of the very tactics used
by our opponents rather than
the rules under which one lives,
to choose one's leaders, and to go
on strike against injustice.
the democratic way of life,
their opposition to this bill during
previous congressional discussions.
The present committee proposal
must be acted upon by both houses
of congress. Yet, there is tre
mendous pressure by interest
groups for the passage of Univer
sal Military Training. Soon con
gress must decide upon this issuo
which threatens democracy. That
means the real decision is in our
hands. Write your congressman!
Visit your senators and represent
atives while they are at nomei
. , , , Make your opinion known this is
Mosf farm, educational and re-k(U.
ligious organizations and thou-
Army discipline is the exact op-sands of Americans have expressed!
R. H. STODDARD.
Foreign Students Help YWCA
World Friendship Observance
"Peace on earth, good will to-j or in support of other similar I tent. He explained that the lack
ward men." projects. of facilities was the reason.
Fifteen foreign students at the Daniel Okonkwo, Nigerian stu- Payinda, chemical engineering
University helped carry out thisidcnt, stated that the present NI-, student, told the group that Af-
goal in a program in observance
of World Fellowship week at the
YWCA, Sunday. The purpose of
the annual fellowship week is to
help create better understanding
among the peoples of the world.
The theme of the fellowship
week observance was "AH power
is given unto me go ye there
fore." Colorful displays in the
first floor lounge of the YWCA
helped carry out this theme.
The fellowship program which
fe presented by foreign college
students highlights this week's
ceremonies. World Fellowship
week is being observed by 65
countries throughout the world.
Each of the 15 University stu-
When even men with previous dents who participated in the pro
armv exrjericnce need intensive, cram spoke briefly on the cus-
organ for Peron, was one of the first to hail the
re-election of the president.
Peron's victory is certainly an omen that U.S.
Argentine relations will not improve in the im
mediate future. It is a victory for the man whose
methods are not too different from those used by
Adolph Hitler in his earlier days. Without a doubt,
Peron has done much good for the people of his
country. But he has also destroyed or crippled
most of the opposition. His methods are definitely
Barring some unforeseen event, it looks as if
Juan and Evita will guide Argentine destinies
for another six interesting years.
St. Paul's Establishes Grid Record
By Losing 34 Straight Games
St. Paul's Polytechnic Institute . . .
football coach, Russell Blout, states, "You can say
one thing for us. At least we're consistent."
St. Paul's has won only one game since 1940.
It scored only once in each of the last three seasons.
Touchdowns are so rare that the players
weren't even sure how to line up for an extra
point try when the team scored 6 points against
Bluefield, W. Va. State, two weeks ago.
Since 1940 the football team has played more
than 41 games. The results have been scores as
high as 78-0 in favor of the other teams.
Saturday the Tigers lost their 34th straight
game, to little Lincoln university of Pennsylvania.
The score was 40-0.
Yale, Harvard And Princeton . . .
presidents have put their heads together and come
up with an announcement of an admission and
scholarship policy aimed at athletics.
As outlined in the Daily Crimson the policy
stipulates that "athletes shall have the same op
portunities for admission and financial assistance
as other students; they shall be neither penalized
retraining, there is not much
point to interrupting the life cf
every young man to waste six
months in training that will have
to be re-done any way.
4. UMT will NOT help to re
duce casualties in a future war.
Our authority here shall be from
the army ground forces study
which states in the Infantry Jour
nal, September, 1949: "No factual
data exists to support the univer
sally held opinion that the infan
try replacement has initially a
higher casualty rate than the 't
eran." 5. On the contrary, ten thou
sand or more casualties a year
could be expected from UMT it
self. TraininR with live ammuni
tion causes a two per cent cas
ualty rate; if a million men a year
thvnuch UMT. two per cent
would amount to 20,000 casualties
a year. i
6. UMT would NOT improve the
toms, traditions and present econ
omic condition of the country
from which they came.
Thea Meersman, German stu
dent, told the audience how much
the many gifts her country has re
ceived from America have been
Tony Anxelt of Estonia reported
to the audience that Germany had
dominated Estonia in the early
1940's. He added that instead of
peace and happiness, war and fear
were now prevelent.
Fikri Sekerci reported that
Turkey has risen since 1920
from an almost totally illiterate
nation to a nation of schools. lie
added however that his country
lias a long way to go to further
better its school system.
Srkerci also commented on the
Marshall plan money received
by Turkey. He said that the
money is being used to open
new roads, to construct schools
genan education system is in
sufficient. He made an appeal for
American assistance in the pro
gram. Okonkwo added that only
five percent of the Nigerian peo
ple have been educated in the past
ghanistan's political system is
much like that of Britain in that
there is a king, a prime minister
and a parliament. He expressed
hope that aid from the United
States could be increased and that
(better understanding between his
Mohammad Said Joshima oficountry and the United States
Iraq said there is no dating sys- could be. furthered.
tern in Iraq. He quickly added! These 15 University students
that there is no need for one be-ihelped World Fellowship week
cause marriages are arranged
through mutual agreements by the
parents, not by two people in love
with each other.
Mohammed Ilosein Payinda,
Afghanistanian student, reported
that most of the people in Af
ghanistan are occupied in agri
culture although there are a few
sham industries. He added that
although his country has vast
natural resources they have not
been utilized to any great ex-
meet its goal of better understand
ing and of peace on earth, good
will towards men.
If it's a card for a Boy,
Husband or Dad, see the
Goldenrod Stationery Store
215 North 14th Street
nor favored for the sake of athletic success."
They stressed the oft-forgotten point that col
lege football is not played and scheduled with a
view of gate receipts. Therefore they would wel
come a return to "amateurism" good, clean and
University Of Houston . . .
has made three new courses mandatory for fresh-.
men. The courses are communication arts, bio
logical or life science, and social science. The rea
son for the addition of these requirements is that
the school feels "that the first two years of college
study have become too specialized . . ."
Southern Illinois University ...
is giving academic credit to students making off
campus speeches. Speech students will work
under direction of a student speakers bureau
in fllilng program speaker requests.
University Of California . . .
President Robert G. Sproul says classes at Cali
fornia are not nearly as large as most persons
think. The average-sized class this year is 22.
national health. Men who are
physically or mentally unfit would
be rejected bv UMT as did the
Army; the greater part oi pnysuan Slrc 1:38i
defects result from childhood dis- j Esquire:
eases, malnutrition or idLK in
medical care. Certainly the bil
lions that UMT costs could be
used more economically by build
ing child health centers across the
1. UMT would mean military
Main Features Start
Varsity: "Behave Yourself,"
1-4H, 3:43, 5:36, 7:39, 9:44.
State: "Streetcar Named De-
4:12, 6:4fi, 9:20.
Jim. (Daily TMAoiJum.
tlx 5 tall
11 Nebraskan to published by th studoot l the umveri.it oi Nebraska a expression of student' news i and
. According U Arllol. U of tht Br-Laws governing student publication and administered OT tho "
It tht declared pclloy f the Board that publication, under Its jurisdiction o fro from edUoria
r . -t , . . . , 1 1 .7 .iK,. .. i . A. hm m fHiiiu in hm tirlnted. '
. . . AA A . . n Kn 11 - ii M ,L ..I ... mmmm A Ml n,alll HlflVl. nBf I.O I'D H
Aubstrtpuoa rate art ti.w a nna. .ou i . w m r 1 r j
J ,i !;..... ik. k..i .... ..nt Kalnrri... and Bnnit.v. raeatlsns and ezamlntaion periods On issue published
l"rtn th. month ol Aorust b, the UnlTersltf of N.braaka under the supervision of the Committee " Stud.nl Pnblletaion.
Sntered a. Second riaa. Matter at the Po.t Offlc. in Lincoln Nebraska, under Act ol "'"'N".'', .J
nteiaJ rata at postaft provided for In Section 1103. Act of Cnres nf October 8. 1817. authorised September it. 1M2.
Manafini Editor ,
News editors .,
Ass't Sport Editor.
Ruth Raymond. Don Pleoei
:::::::::::::::"::::::::::::::::' o.r ton. j.n y.wMuri.y ...,. a.
- aff-..hII Kmhi-f
Dabs Reynold! ,
Ass't. Business Manarers
tMfht New Editor
... Jack Cohen
Stan Sipple, Arnold Stern, Pete Bprnnlen
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,OST Gruen verl-thln with light brown
band. In stadium on track Nov. 3. 15.00
I reward. Bring to Daily Nebraskan office.
ORDER your Christmas gilts early. For
I your appointment Avon representative,
On n't wait ". . . till "last to call for
"Jimmy Phillips Combo" for Parties
We have an opening for a bus boy in our
Food Service department. Must be able
I to work from 11:00-2:00 daily. Apply
employment Office, 7tn floor,
MILLER ft PAINE
r "a Streetcar
TI" . .-.uu.mii ii ill man
WBNi BROS I
NOW MAT. 74c Eve. 1.00
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LOST Kappa Alpha Theta pin. Reward.
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