The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, April 05, 1951, Image 1

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    Seven Students Appeal to Budget Committee for Higher Fund
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STUDENTS TESTIFY Seven University stu
dents presented their 'views at a budget com
mtitee hearing on higher University budget ap-
Vol. 51 No. 113
'World Court' to Decide Mock Case
As Part of NUCWA Week Activities
A dispute between the mythical
countries of Katavia and Ionia
will be settled by a "World court"
decision at 7:30 p. m. April 5 in
the Union.
The mock case will be argued
by teams of University interna
tional law students, and judged
by a group of Lincoln attorneys.
The two imaginary nations are
involved in an argument over the
jurisdiction of a piece of territory
which they both claim. Facts for
the case have been found in con
nection with the Nebraska, Iowa
dispute over the Carter lake area
and points stemming from U.S.,
Canadian litigation. The laws used
in the decision will be Nebraskan.
The Katavian government will
be represented by Jack Wend-
Light Vote
Cast in City
A light vote was cast by Lin
. coin residents Tuesday in the
election candidacy races for
mayor, school board and city
For the position of mayor the
names of Victor Anderson and
Walter Vallis will appear on the
May 1 election slate.
Anderson topped his opponent
Vallis almost 8 to 1, although
both names will appear on the
final ballot.
Mrs. Roscoe S. Hill, Homer L.
Wright. Mrs. Irma D. Laase and
Robert C. Venner won the pri
maries for positions on the school
board. Two of the four primary
candidates will be elected on
May 1
Rees Wilkinson, council candi
date, topped the other twelve
candidates and outraced Pat Ash,
No. 2, by -965 votes according to
Unofficial totals.
C. W. D. Kinsey. Bill De
Vriendt. Ralph B. Smith and
John Slothower, jr. fill out the
other four city council slots. 1 nree
of the six primary candidates
uill be elected to the council on
May 1.
Republican Senators
Renew Pact Army Drive
Senate democratic leaders gave
lip efforts to hurry the senators
toward finally approving the
sending of four more American
divisions into the pact army.
Consequently republicans sena
tors renewed their drive to
bring Western Germany, Spain
and other non-communist coun
tries into the Atlantic pact army.
An amendment was offered by
Sen. Joseph M. McCarthy (r. Wis.)
urging that plans for the defense
of Europe be revised "as soon as
possible" to provide for use on
a vountary basis of the military
and other resources of both west
ern Germany and Spain.
A similar McCarthy resolution
was beaten Tuesday on a 44 to
44 tie vote.
Parallel Bridgehead
Widened by Tanks .
The U. N. bridgehead across the
38th parallel was widened from
10 to 15 miles with American
tanks driving five and one-half
miles deep into North Korea.
Foot soldiers helped widen the
A second American division was
gent across the red frontier on
the western front while a third
U. S. division began stabbing
across the parallel for the first
time on the central front.
The American tank thrust
reached within 15 miles of Kum
hwa, in the heart of the com
munist build-up area, and ran
Into the biggest guns the reds
yet have used in the Korean war.
Legislature Reports
Out Uiuor 'Sill
""The legislature's banking com
mittee late Tuesday reported out
the Williams anti-monopoly
liquor bill.
L. B. 379, patterned after the
Kansas law, is designed to pro
hibit discrimination against dis
tributors by manufacturers.
The committee also sent out
L. B. 328, permitting banks to
take additional holidays, but
these would be limited to Satur
day. The Weather
Mostly cloudy Thursday .and
Friday with showers in west and
south nortionn Thursday and
inost of state Friday. High Thurs
day, 55 to 60.
strand, Dean, L. Dononoe and
Donald E. Morrow. Robert C.
Bosley, William Furth and JacT:
Solomon' will be the Ionian coun
sel. . C, Petrus Peterson, former
speaker of the Nebraska legisla
ture, will preside as chief justice.
Other members of the court will
be Daniel Stubbs, J. Lee Rankin
and F. B. Baylor.
While the states are make-believe,
the points of law involved
are real. The court following the
exact procedure used by the
World court, will receive briefs,
hear arguments, but, unlike the
real court, will give its decision
immediately when the case is
Model Court
The court is a model of the
International court of justice and
is presented in conjunction with
NUCWA week, ah effort to show
University students how United
Nations organizations work.
A melting plant located in a
State Supreme
Of Final Moot
The finals for the Allen Me-,
j onoriat; competition will be , held
April 8 at 7:30 p. m. in the
chambers of the Nebraska Su
preme Court In the state cap
ital building. t
The two competing teams are
made up of juniors in law school
who have not been eliminated in
Moot Court competition in their
first two years of law school.
The competitors for this year
have not been announced.
Jr.-Sr. Class
to Feature
Picnic, Prom
Friday, April 13 has been des
ignated as junior-senior Class
Day, according to Aaron Schmidt,
president of the senior class and
chairman of the . Junior-Senior
prom committee.
Activities will begin Friday aft
ernoon with class competition.
The competition will include soft
ball games between senior Mortar
Boards and junior women and
senior Innocents and junior men.
The upperclassmen will com
pete in mixed contests of egg
throwing, sack racing and three
legged running. At the end of
the day, the score of the juniors
will be compared with the score
of the seniors on the basis of the
day's competition. Teams will get
five points for first place, four
for second and ,so on down tle
The winner of the competition
will be announced at the Junior
Senior prom Friday evening.
Besides" this announcement, the
prom queen and her court will
also be presented at the prom.
The queen will be chosen from
the ten girls chosen by a Chicago
modeling firm. These names will
be released April 9.
The queen will receive a plaque
with her name, the name of her
organized house and the year on
it. The plaque will be passed on
to next year's prom queen.
The three runners-up will be
princesses in the court. Each of
them will receive a permanent
plaque with her name, the name
of her house and the date. These-
plaques will remain in tne gins
Ag Honorary Will
Hold 'Rush' Smoker
Alpha Zeta, . honorary men's
agricultural fraternity, will hold
a smoker for students who would
like to be candidates for admis
sion to the organization, in the
Ag Union lounge at 7 p.m.
Men students are invited to
come and get, acquainted with
the members, the purposes, ac
tivities and ideals of the fratern
ity. The organization will be ex
plained for prospective members
at the meeting.
A headline in yesterday's,
paper said that the "Y's"
were to sponsor a church vo
cations conference. This is
erroneous. The conference is
to be sponsored by the Uni
versity student houses and the
in.i.. "
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propriations. (1. to r.) Wilcox, Dugan, Berg,"
Raun, Krueger, Warren, Chubbuck and Carn-aby.
region between two cities of the,
nations is the cause of the trou
ble. The Katavian city is closer
to the plant and complained of
constant sulphur fumes which an
noys citizens and destroys their
The Katavians made a peace
ful appeal to the Ionians, whose
nationalists own the controlling
interest in the plant, but it
brought no results. This gave
birth to bad feelings between the
The issue was culminated by
the admition of a Katavian man
of attempted sabotage of the
plant. The Katavian was con
victed by the Ionians for his con
nection in the plot.
As a result the Ionians re
quested the Katavians to agree to
a settlement by the United Na
tions court. The case is then pre-,
sented to the court.
The student teams have been
preparing their cases since Dec.
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Court Scene
Court Hearings
The case this year was drafted
by Prof. James Lake of. the. Law
college faculty. It concerns the
income tax liability of a retired
Jaw professor, William Erickson.
The Allen Memorial competi
tion was established as a memo
rial to Thomas S. Allen, the first
graduate of the Law college. The
finances of the competition are
covered by the Allen Memorial
fund given to the Law college by
the late Allen,
The competition is an integrat
ed part of the curriculum of the
college designed to train law stu
dents in the preparation of briefs
and the oral argument of appel
late court cases. Under the rules
of the competition freshmen law
students are divided into teams
consisting of two students.
Each team competes against
another . student team with ope
argument for each team being
held every semester until in the
final semester of the third year
only two teams are left. These
two teams are then paired to
meet in the finals of the com
petition. The winners are re
warded with keys and their
names are placed upon a bronze
plaque situated on the first floor
of the Law college building. This
is the sixth .year of the competi
tion. Farm Labor
Pool Likely
Under DP Plan
The University Agricultural
Extension service has been ad
vised of the possiblity that there
may be a large pool of farm labor
in the displaced persons program
which would bring workers into
this country from Germany.
The program operates under
the Displaced 'Persons commis
sion in Washington. A group of
five American county extension
agents is being sent to Germany
to help screen the workers. They
will certify only those displaced
persons who have had actual ex
perience on farms and who agree
to accept agricultural employ
ment in this country. About 5,000
farm families may be accepted.
Under the program, a sponsor
in this country agrees to five con
ditions. '! '
They are:
. 1, That he is a citizen of the
United States.
2. That he can assure adequate
'housing without displacing an
other person.
3. That he can assure a job at
prevailing wages in the com
munity 4. That he can assure that the
displaced person will not be
come a public charge. '
5. That he can assure that the
displaced person will not displace
some other person from employ
ment. ' 6. That he can provide trans
portation from port of entry to
place of resettlement.
Nebraskans wishing more in
formation on the program should
write to Mr. A. W. Taylor, chair
man of the Nebraska Committee
on Resettlement of Displaced
Persons, YMCA building, Lincoln.
Seven University; students ap
peared before the legislative bud
get committee Wednesday after
noon to plea for higher Univer
sity budget appropriations for the
Students who" spoke were Rob
Raun, George Wilcox, Gene Berg,
Joan Krueger, Jerry Warren, Bill
Dugan and Harris Carnaby.
Rob Raun, acting as official
spokesman for the group, opened
the discussion by pointing out
that in his work with the Big
Seven' Association of Student
Government, he found tuitions of
other universities averaging $20
below the $80 tuition of the Uni
versity. University Tuition High
"Not only were tuitions of other
universities in the conference
lower, but better facilities were
provided," Raun stated. Kansas
State and Kansas university both
are state operated schools and are
able to provide "mote adequate
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OPENING SESSION Sumner J. House, instructor in political sci
ence, at, the. University. discusses the model United Nations con
ference with C T. Miao, a member of the United Nations secretariat.
Lincoln Firms
For Leading NROTC Middies
Ten outstanding NROTC mid
shipmen at the University will re
ceive awards for their achieve
ments in various phases of naval
science, Capt. T. A. Donovan, pro
fessor of naval science at he
University, announced Wednes
day. The awards, donated by Lin
coln merchants and firms, are
as follows:
Midshipman graduating at head
of his class in naval science
pocket watch from First National
bank of Lincoln.
; Midshipman from state of Ne
braska standing highest for course
in naval science wrist watch
from American Legion Post No. 3,
Lincoln. (If he is also winner of
first award, then this goes to next
highest Nebraskan.)
Midshipman of graduating class
who has demonstrated outstand
ing aptitude for naval service for
four year course wriat watch
from Elgin Watch company of
Elgin, 111., Lincoln branch.
Midshipman of graduating class
at' head of class in Marine corps
who has displayed greatest profi
ciency in naval leadership for
four year course wrist watch
Section Editors
Appointed by Leonard Bush
The Appointment of section
editors of the Freshman Hand
book was announced by Leonard
Bush, editor, at a special meeting
Wednesday afternoon.
, They are Barbara Adams, Ther
esa Barnes, Ira Epstein, Mary
Lou Flaherty, Ann Jane Hall,
Julie Johnson, Ruthann Lavine,
Hester Morrison, Nancy Pump
hrey and Jane Randall.
According to Bush, the hand
book will include ten sections.
Ten Sections
In order, they are: The welcome
by the Chancellor, deans and
Student Council plus a brief his
tory of the University; fees, ex
penses, income; new student
week, an outline of what will take
place under the new program of
freshman orientation; college
home, including the dorms, stu
dent nouses, fraternity and soror
ity houses; classes, explaining the
grading system, meaning of downs
and how to find classes.
There will be a section to let
freshman know about University
services, as Student Health and
the Union; traditions will irclude
pinnings, the Missouri victory
bell, freshman beanies; activities
will list the various types of ex
tracurricular groups in which stu
dents may participate; athletics
will cover the intramurals, coed
projects and freshman undertak
ings; social life will show fresh
man the types of diversion which
the University offers.
Songs, Yells
At the end of the book, Univers
ity songs and yells will be print
ed. A calendar of the year's
events will also be included.
facilities" than Nebraska under
its present budget.
Sen. Arthur Carmody, chair
map of the budget committee,
added that he had discovered as
a pember of a special legislative
committee, that facilities of the
University were below the level
of neighboring states.
"I feel," Raun said, "since Ne
braska is one of the leading Mid
west agricultural states, it should
have a strong Ag college. Live
stock provided for study at the
University does not compare with
that of other universities, he said.
A , well developed animal hus
bandry program gives students
valuable knowledge and experi
ence in developing good herds,
Raun stated.
Broad Tax Base
In answer to the question "how
more money could be obtained,"
asked by Sen. Dwight W. Bur
ney, Raun ' suggested a broader
tax base and possibly a sales tax
Thursday, April 5, 1951
Donate Awards
from Elgin Watch company of El
gin, 111., Lincoln branch.
Midshipman of graduating class
U.S. Marine Corps dress sword
by Schimmel Hotels company.
Midshipman, any class, who
has, by individual efforts, con
tributed most to morale and esprit
de corps of the NROTC unit
wrist watch from Continental
National bank of Lincoln.
Midshipman of senior class who
has displayed outstanding pro
ficiency in naval engineering
wrist watch from First Trust com
pany of Lincoln.
Junior Awards
Midshipman of junior class who
displayed outstanding proficiency
in navigation Halliburton all
metal 2-suiter from National
Bank of Commerce, Lincoln.
Midshipman of sophomore class
who has displayed outstanding
proficiency in naval weapons
luggage from Ben Simon's.
Midshipman of freshman class
who has dsiplayed outstanding
proficiency in naval orientation
pen and pencil set from Miller
and Paine, Inc.
The awards will be presented
at a dress parade in May.
for Handbook
These handbooks will not be
sold. According to Bush, they will
be given to freshman upon orien
tation at the University.
Managing editor for the hand
book is Jacqueline Sorensen.
Copy editors are Gerry Fellman
and Shirley Murphy.
Modern World
Communism' Says Meadows
Revolutionary liberalism can
be a cure for communism.
Such is the belief of Dr. Paul
Meadows, professor of sociology
at the University.
Dr. Meadows spoke on "Com
munism as a World Force" in
Love Memorial Library auditor
ium Wednesday evening. He was
the third legturer sponsored by
Alpha Kappa Psi, professional
business fraternity.
At the present time, Dr.
Meadows declared, the modern
world is "a market-place, if not
yet a battleground, for two revo
luionary ideas, liberalism and
Communism a World Force
Communism, he asserted, is
clearly a world force. The source
of communism strength, he sug
gested, lies somewhere between
the leadership ability of the com
munist movement and certain so
cial, economic and political condi
tions. The communist party, he said,
cannot be a conventional political
party in any country. Communist
politics, he claimed, is not in its
usual form, but revolutionary in
to cope with the University prob
lem and other Nebraska needs.
However, he emphasized that this
was his personal opinion.
Pointing out lack of facilities
in the engineering college, Bill
Dugan, senior in electrical engin
eering, said that the University
does not offer practical researcn
offered in "high ranking" engin
eering colleges.
"A new building has been con
structed, but equipment was pur
chased in 1907," Dugan said; More
light is all the money spent for
the building has given the stu
dents, he pointed out, while more
instructors and an expanded cur
riculum and equipment is needed.
"The old question of attracting
outstanding and qualified instruc
tors occurs in all colleges at the
University," Gene Berg said.
There is a constant turnover of
young progressive instructors
leaving to accept higher paying
jobs, he pointed out.
Teachers college is overcrowd
ed, including both high school and
University students, Berg said.
"It is discouraging to be taught
modern progressive methods and
be forced to use 1900 equipment,"
he said.
The national average of each,
intercollegiate debate is about $8,
but because of lack of finances,
the University uses $4 per debate,
Red China
At the afternoon session of the
model United Nations committee
Wednesday the debate on whether
red China should be admitted to
the -UN was continued.
The resolution by the Unions
of Coviet Socialist republics is
as follows:
Whereas: The Chinese nation
alist government no longer rep
resents the Chinese people:
Whereas: The People's Repub
lic of China is the only existing
and true government of, for and
by the people of China;
Whereas: The people of China
should have true representation
in the United Nations.
The United Kingdom, which
favors admission- of red China,
submitted an amendment to the
resolution to strike out the 'of
and 'by' the people from the res
olution. They took the stand that
the communist government is for
China but does not necessarily
imply representation of the peo
ple. In the amendment discussion
Yugoslavia agreed with the
United States throughout and
West Argues Against East
In UN Conference Opening
Western and eastern powers
took up verbals arms against
each other at the opening of the
1951 United Nations conference, a
model political committee, Tues
day evening.
Dealing the first blow as far
as the United States was con
cerned was the USSR and its
major resolution to admit the
People's Republic of China to the
United Nations. Bob Dewes of
the Russian delegation introduced
the resolution stating that the
"prolonged and persistent strug
gles" of the Chinese people have
been rewarded with the new gov
ernment. Only Real Government
Another member of the Russian
delegation, Jim Wamsley, con
fined the Soviet stand saying
that the People's Republic was
the only "real" government "for"
the people. He said the People's
Republic possesses the only re
quirement for membership to the
United Nations, that of being
"peace loving." Speaking on the
Korean situation, Wamsley ac
cused the United States, in its
"aggressive" action by forcing
the Chinese to go to war.
Also on the accusation list was
that the U. S. was interfering
with a civil war, which is op
posed to the principles of the
Immediately answering the
Russian proposal, Joan Krueger
from the United States delega
tion, insisted that, because of
revolts against the communist
government and because of
purges that government must
make to keep in power, it cer
tainly cannot be the "people's"
Not Peace Loving
Miss Krueger maintained that
the Peoples Republic failed to
meet membership requirements
because China today was not
"peace loving." In support she
pointed, to Chinese aggression in
Korea, he massing of troops on
the Indo-China border and the
action in Tibet.
'Market Place
stead. The politics of their world
revolution is patterned by mili
tary strategies and tactics he
Communism Term For Many
"Communism is not only a more
or less accurate term for the Rus
sians," he" said. "It is a garment
that fits perhaps none too
snugly the Chinese, Czechs,
Poles, Hungarians and a handful
of Americans. . .Whatever com
munism is, it is global."
In the opinion of Dr. Meadows,
the U. S. and other liberal coun
tries cannot hope to stem the red
tide by merely preaching over
and over that those who join the
communists lose personal free
dom. Liberal must recognize that
much of the world today is going
through the agony of social and
industrial revolutions. This, he
indicated, is happening - to mil
lions in India and China.
Social Rights Revolution
In the time of revolution, he
said, the communists harp on the
"social rights of revolution,"
whereas the liberals wrapped in
the respectable robes of their own
Joan Krueger brought to the a
tention of the legislators.
She compared the limited facili
ties of the speech department her
to other colleges oering exten
sive facilities.
Home Students, Not Attracted"
Unless the University can com
pare with ither universities in
the region, home state itudents
cannot be attracted, Jerry War
ren stressed.
"Deans of the colleges are not
able to carry out their programs
because adequate funds are not
available," Warren said.
Harris Carnaby told legislators
that in his contact with Nebraska
high school studentr, he found an
appaling nOmber entering other
universities. Their reason, Carna
by said, was that Nebraska did
not provide the facilities for the
field they wished to enter.
Al Messergadd, representing
the League of Southwest taxpay
ers, presented the opposition to
the appropriation.
Members of the budget com
mittee are Arthur Carmody,
chairman, Trenton; L. M. Shyltz,
Rogers; Otto Liebers, Lincoln;
George Syas, Omaha; Ralph W.
Hill, Hebron; Harry L, Pizer,
North Platte; Hal Bridenbaugh,
Dakota City; Dwight W. Burney,
Harnington; K. W. Peterson, Ser
gent. Debate
in UN
there was constant conflict be
tween the Russian and Yugoslav
Not Peace-Loving
The United States maintained
that red China should not be ad
mitted because it is not a peace
loving nation and the only re
quirement for United Nations
membership is that the country
be a peace-loving one.
A vote was taken on the United
Kingdom proposal but it was not
valid because there was not a
quorum present.
A substitute resolution was
proposed for the Indian plan
which was given yesterday. The
amendment was sponsored by the
United Kingdom, Belgium, India
and the Union of South Africa.
The resolution maintained that
there should be a cessation of hos
tilities in Korea and withdrawal
of non-Korean troops and that a
UN commission should be set up
for economic and political settle
ment, to set up a representative
government and carry out a re
construction and unification pro
gram. "If we admit the People's Re
public," she maintained, "we will
be legalizing a government r.ot
actually representative of the
people, nor one that is peace lov
ing," Ruth Sorensen, representing
Burma, supported Russia's stand
on the basis that the communist
regime was the government of
the people.
The United Kingdom's dele
gate, Charles Gomon, favored
recognition of Red China, but fcf
reasons differing from the USSR's.
Because the People's Republic is
the one government in the coun
try actually holding office and
directing the country it should be
seated, he maintained.
He compared the nationalist
government position on Formosa
similar to one where the U. S.
government would be trying to
rule a country from the island
of Hawaii.
Elected Government
Miriam Willey, Chinese nation
alist delegate, defended her coun
try's position in the United Na
tions. Explaining that the Nation
alist government was the only
"true" government of the country,
she said it also is the only "elect
ed government."
Simply because the govern
ment is separated from its coun
try because ot aggressive forces.
Miss Willey said, does not muau
that it should not be recognized.
Delegates put an end to floor
debate when a proposal to refer
the matter to a committee com
posed of all member nations,
made by Joan Jones of the Bur
ma delegation, was adopted. The
sub-committee will meet and pre
pare a resolution to be presented
at Thursday's political commit
tee session.
Harold Peterson, of the Indian
delegation, introduced the reso
lution calling for withdrawal ot
all non-Korean military forces
from North and South Korea and
cessation of hostilities and estab
lishment of a 15 nation commis
sion to study settlement.
for Liberalism,
in AKS Lecture
historic revolutions, tre prepared
to export everything. . .but the
tradition of revolution itself.
Since Liberalism has revolted
against proletarian governments
before, history, Dr. Meadows con
ceded, is against communism.
The unique characteristics, 'ie
said, of liberalism in the past has
been that It possesses a state ' by
the people"; the heart of liberal
ism has been its belief that the
common man counts.
Liberalism and Freedom
Liberalism, he claimed, makes
free men out of a society of na
tional and class hatreds. Only the
free common man, he said, can
build an imperishable society.
Dr. Earl S. Fullbrook, dean of
the College of Business Adminis
tration, introduced Dr. Meadows
and acted as moderator tor the
question period that followed the
The next speaker in the series
will be Dr. Lane Lancaster, Uni
versity professor of political sci
ence, who will speak on "Com
munist Political Theory and the
Democratic Tradition," Wednes
day evening, April 18.
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