The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, April 25, 1950, Image 1
Only Daily Publication For Student At Tha University of Nebraska o; u The Weather Continued, fair and cooler Tuesday. Cloudy. Hirh, 45-55. Vol. 50 No. 130 LINCOLN 8, NEBRASKA Tuesday, April 25, 1950 Ion ' AJf2imM fl 'Rag' Future Rests In Student Decision the time the next issue of The Daily Nebraskan is distributed in the halls and houses, students will have decided the fate of their seven-column newspaper. A vote in all nine o'clock classes Wednesday morning will determine whether the present "Rag" will be continued or returned to the five-column format employed last semester, it students approve print the larger paper again next year. The need for the fee hike was necessitated by an estimated four thousand dollars plus defi cit which The Daily Nebraskan has incurred this semester. While students are still paying the sub scription rate for the small tab loid paper, theyJiave been re ceiving a newspaper with twice that amount of news, features, columns and pfctures. Advertising In addition to the insufficient subscription receipts, the Daily staff has had to meet the prob lem of advertising which has not kept pace with the increased amount of space devoted to news. For example, while advertising in one issue of the five-column paper took up 40 per cent of the total space, it constituted only 35 per cent of the total space in the. larger paper, even though the actual volume of ads had been increased. In March alone. The Daily Ne braskan went $1,301.16 in the red. The net expense for putting out the paper that month was $5,415.51, while the total income took care of only $3,114.35 of the amount. Publications Fund The debt incurred by The Daily Nebraskan this semester will be made up for through the so-called publications fund. The amount of money in this fund varies with the profit acquired by the paper each semester. If Continued on Page 4 'Law Always Changing Says Pound Ex-NU Dean Gives First Talk American law, which was born and developed in an era of unhampered individual lib erty, is currently undergoing a marked change. Dean Roscoe Pound, distin guished authority on law, de scribed what he believes are the new paths of law now beginning to appear which might be called humanitarian and authoritarian, In his lecture Monday night. Dean Pound's address was the first in a series of three which inaugurate the University lec tureship bearing his name. He will deliver lectures on Tuesday and Wednesday evenings at 8 p. m. in the Union ballroom. These lectures will enlarge on the general theme of the series, "The Paths of the Law." "The humanitarian path is the path indicated by a new idea of security. The authoritarian path is the path of increased subjection of regimented coop eration for individual initiative and moving toward the omni competent bureau state. Pound said. Path of Liberty ' Pound said that the path of liberty, which seems to be the trend of modern law, was begun in the sixteenth century. The path of liberty was firmly plant ed in the nineteenth century. "The era from discovery, col onization, development of new areas and exploitation of natural resources from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries was par excellence an era of opportu nity,' Pound said. There were. Pound said, un limited opportunities to achieve distinction until at least the end of the century, and in America until the lend of the first world war. Meaning of Eouality The meaning of equality changed., with the teachings of Karl Marx. Originally, it- was taken to mean equality for'eaual self-assertion, but Marx held that it meant equality of satis faction of material wants. Re cently, Pound said, security has been coming to mean security from all the ills that human be ings, are subject to, not merely interference with free opportu nity, but want, and fear, and frustration, and a person's own follies. Pound will speak on "The Hu manitarian Path" on Tuesday evening. Wednesday, he will dis cuss the "Path of Liberty." He was dean of the Nebraska Law School from 1903 to 1907. He has since served on the fac ulties at Northwestern, Harvard, and Chicago Universities. The Roscoe Pound lectureship was created in 1948 by members of the Nebraska Bar association, and University law alumni. Attend Annual NU Honors a 50 cent subscription fee " Its t "m V ft ... ' 8': ' FARMERS FAIR RODEO The rodeo, one of the main attractions of the Farmers Fair this year, has been part of the Fair for a number of years. The Fair was first inaugurated on Ag campus in 1916. It was not held during the war years, and in its duration many attractions have come and gone. 'Fair1 Cele infers 44$E An institution on Ag campus, Farmer's Fair has been the larg est student-sponsored event for 44 years. No longer just an ac tivity, Farmer's Fair is the crowning event of the year for the entire Ag campus. There is some reason to look back with pride and satisfaction on the record of this time-tried institution, for Farmer's Fair has not come about by accident It has survived two wars, and a major business depression, not to mention the typical Farmer's Fair rains, which have more than once become blizzards. The first fair was staged in 1916. The idea had been bor rowed from the University of Missouri. Like many such inno vations the project was not a Small Crowd Attends Ag Union Panel Only 50 students turned out for the all-Ag Union convocation held at the College Activities building at 4 p. m. Monday "Either students have already decided to vote "yes" on the is sue of increasing . fees or the weather must have been too much for them," commented Butch Nevine as he opened the discussion. A history of the Ag Union sit uation was presented by Dr. Goodding, chairman of the Ag Union building committee. Questions Asked After telling the complete story of the Union, Dr. Good ding opened the meeting to dis cussion. Questions asked by the student audience were answered by the committee members who formed a panel. Questions in cluded: Q. What can we build for $100,000? Arlen Beam answered by giv ing the audience a picture of some of the buildings the com mittee had visited here in Lin coln of similar building cost. He expained the cost and measure ments of the following build ings: Delta Tau Delta house, Na val reserve station, Delta Upsilon house, Physical Education build ing, and a new structure at Wes leyan, all built at a similar cost. Q. Where would the Union be built? Rex Messersmith stated that the new Union would probably be placed near the new proposed library to be locrted south of the College Activities building. Q. How long would the in crease in fees be in effect? Fees would be increased until the debt involved would be li quidated, probably about 20 years, said Dr. Goodding. Q. Would the ballroom and lounge be combined? According to Jack DeWulf these were the original plans now deemed inadvisable. Final plans would be up to the stu dent body, he said. Q. Does failure of the 6tudent body to approve the increase in fees wipe out the possibility of a Union altogether? . Dr. Goodding replied, saying that the type of thing proposed does depend on the student poll. The ball is now rolling, he said, and another attempt may take years to act on. increase, it will be possible to ' n k ! 2 : Mitt" n,A : it 0 ; I ro?iofi sir colossal success. That first fair board had to blaze many new trails, and they had the misfor tune to draw a cold rainy day for the initial show. Despite these circumstances the show drew a crowd of about 500. The fair was born. Time Out The prelimiary plans for the 1917 show were laid that same spring. When in April of 1917 the Allies entered the war Far mer's Fair was laid aside for the more serious business of win ning the war. Many of the men left school to join the forces and still others returned to the home front to produce food for the world. With the return of the men to the campus in 1919, peace time activities were resumed. Farmer's Fair was among the first activities to be reinstated. Ex-service men handled the sec ond fair and it met with much more success than the first. A firm foothold for the lasting tradition was gained. Each year the fair expanded its program and its reputation. 1921 saw the first "Wild West" influence creeping into the show. It was rumored that many stu dents were thrown in the horse tank that year, a tradition that has been well preserved. That was the first year the Home Ec girls presented a pageant. This was continued off and on for many years. This year too, ad mission was charged for the first time. Kin? Size By 1923 the fair had assumed large proportions. Tents, stands, and bleachers were spread over much of the campus. To handle a crowd of eight r ten thousand though, required a lot of space. In 1923, the Fair Boards with memories of rainy days the two preceding years, decided to in sure against bad weather. They got coverage up to 10 a.m. But the weather man played them another dirty trick. Clouds formed in the evening, and at about 10 p.m. rain started to fal)r routing most of the evening crowd, losing most of the reve nue from the night's perform ance, besides depriving the -management of their insurance in demnity by a bare ten minutes. The next year the exhibits were housed under a single "big top" for the first time. The day's entertainment was a huge suc cess in all respects. The big event of the 1926 fair was the horse show, which was the first of its kind to be staged in Lincoln. The following year the new Activities building was used for the first time and the Style show was added to the list of attractions. The Intersorority riding con test was the new event of 1928 and was continued for several years. - Mother Goose A pageant entitled '-Mooter Goose Day" was the outstanding event of the 1930 program. That year. was a red-letter one as far as attendance was concerned, 12,000 people passed thru the gates. In 1930, apparently, the effect of the 1929 boom days had not worn off, and people had not be gun to feel the pinch of the de pression that was soon to fol low. Nineteen thirty-one, how ever, was a different story. Money was becoming scarcer, the college 'enrollment was fall ing off, and there was a general Continued on Page 4 & hr LJ LL.K Wednesday will be voting day on the Nebraska campus. From 9 until 9:50 a. m. in an all-University poll, students will decide whether they desire an increase in registration fees to allow Union expansions on both city and Ag campuses and con tinuance of The Daily Nebraskan in its present size. Voting will be held in 9 o'clock classes as well as at two special polling places,, the city - Union lobby and the Ag Union. The Union move for additions, if af firmed by students, would in crease fees by $3 and The Daily Nebraskan increase would be 50 cents. Separate Issues On both matters, the Unions and the Rag, voting will be com pletely separate. That is, if stu dents favor the Union increases, they need not okay the "Rag" increase, or if they vote "yes" for a "Rag" increase, they need not approve the Union proposals. The voting will terminate the Union campaign which was thrown into action a week ago last Monday. In issues of The Daily Ne braskan following the opening of the drive, have been a series of articles explaining the situations that exist at 'both Unions and increased costs of productions encountered by the "Rag" in its enlarged size this semester. Union Increase The additional funds acquired by a $3 increase in tuition would permit $600,000 worth of facili ties to be provided in the city and Ag Unions. For The Daily Nebraskan, an estimated $15,000 would be ob tained which would enable the paper to continue as a full size paper rather than a five column tabloid. Increased production costs will have resulted in a deficit of more' than $4,000 by the end of the semester. The present fee of 50 cents which is included in tuition payments is not sufficient to meet the deficit. Money earned in previous years which has been collected and saved in the stu dent publication fund is being used now to make up for the deficit. 49 Groups Pledge Support To Fee Hike More endorsements of the Union addition proposals have been received by the Union ex pansion committee. Seven more organizations offered their sup port to the campaign by backing a $3 Union fee increase. The campaign will continue through Tuesday. The organizations raise to 49 the number of groups pledging their support of the fee hike. They are: Alpha Kappa Psi, Sigma Theta Epsilon, Farm House, Coed Counselors, Phi Chi Theta, YWCA cabinet, and Theta Sig ma Phi. Other groups are: Independent Students Associ ation, Gamma Lambda, Pi Kap pa Phi, Women's Athletic Asso ciation, Phi Upsilon Omicron, Alpha Omicron Pi, Kappa Phi, Theta Xi and Associated Women Students. Pioneer house, Norris house, All University Fund, Towne Club, Sigma Chi, Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia, Beta Sigma Psi, Tas sles, Innocents society, Tau Kap pa Epsilon, Sigma Delta Tau, Zeta Beta Tau, Kappa Sigma. University Builders, Sigma Kappa, Alpha Chi 0nega, Delta Tau Delta, Sigma Alpha Mu, Del ta Delta Delta, Amikita, Alpha Gamma Rho, Corn Cobs, Pi Beta Phi, Gamma Phi Beta, Interna tional House, Love Memorial, Alpha Phi. Chi Omega, Phi Gamma Delta, Kappa Kappa Gamma, American Society of Civil Engineers and Phi Kappa Psi. Damp Cottons, Denims Mark 'Fair9 Season With soaked cottons and mud splashed denims, the Farmers Fair tradition of Cotton and Denim Week got off to a wet start Monday. Not to be outdone by. the weather man, some high spirited Aggies threaten even wetter con ditions for Ag students without the traditional garb Tuesday or the remaining part of the week. Even Farmers Fair necker chiefs drooped from the damp ness. Cowboy boots appeared on th-seene -wifBaiAtfJa- "vsrpose of wading thru the water and anticipating Saturday's rodeo. Cotton and Denim week tradi tionally opens the Farmers Fair. All Ag students are to wear cot tons and denims during the en tire week and to the Cotton and Denim dance scheduled for Fri day night April 28, at the Col lege Activities building. Bright colored neckerchiefs are also for sale in the Ag Union to promote the Fair. Hand-made by Amikitas, Ag barb group, they sell for 20 cents. They bear the words "Fanners Fair '50." They are still available in red, blue, green and yellow. U n io nA dditionMopes Lie in Student Vote Students will determine Wednesday in the all-University poll whether they wish Union additions on the city and Ag campus. Their votes will be the factor deciding whether there will be two expansions al lowing the installation of new facilities in two Unions, and continuation of present op erations without further drops in the budget. WORSHIP WORKSHOP Busy Smith hall room into a chapel worship workshop commission. Lead by Mary Sidner, (front riglit) the group has made a bookcase, varnished a table, painted and washed windows. The worship room will be open to all University women and will contain devotional material. This is one of several YWCA projects which are planned as a service to the University. efer YW WeeEi Theme "A Better World Begins With You.- Using the individual as its theme, as it does during the en tire year, the national Young Women's Christian association opened a week of special pro grams and meetings Monday. On the University campus the observance began with a special luncheon Monday noon in honor of advisory board members. Miss Fern Babcock, program coordi nator for the national student YWCA, and Miss Annamma Thomas, traveling secretary for the student volunteer movement for Christian missions, were special guests. Attend Conference. As a climax to the week YW members will attend the Ne braska district student YMCA YWCA spring leadership train ing conference at Midland col lege in Fremont, Friday through Sunday. All freshman and the YWCA upperclass members may participate in the conference. The individual. . the YWCA feels, is the important first step in building a better school, com munity, state, nation and finally, world. In a year when the gov ernment is counting people, the YWCA, as always, is directing its attention toward making people count. Freshman Program. The emphasis on the individual as far as the University YWCA is concerned begins early in the school year when the director of tho freshman nroeram. her as sistant and several special lead ers plan meetings for lirst year University women. Rnnn after the first six weeks of school have passed, the fresh man weekly meetings begin. Av eraging 15 members, the groups have an upperclassman as lead er. Topics are planned by the freshman council, using sugges tions from the freshmen them selves. Part As Individuals Throueh the entire first se mester the program was aimed at making the freshmen con scious of their part as individ uals rn the camDus of a large university, and at making these new students more aware oi tne importance of other individuals too. The freshman program is oniy one of a variety of commission en-nuns to which any University woman may belong. Many of the upperclassmen prepare in dividuals for specific jobs. There lc tnr Aismnle. a erouD which specializes in leadership train in a This erouD teaches would- be leaders the principles and techniques of leadership. ThA summer Droiects commis- nifes a studv of camps and other vacation activities both in thia rmintrv and abroad. YWOA members often enroll for these ovfroa Th ramn counseling group prepares members for the special summer wont oi mat type. ' . . Worship workshop Another side of the individual is emphasized in the worship workshop. This week the group will rnmnlete the worshio chapel on the third floor of Ellen Smith halL Members have been mak ing a bookcase, varnishing a Convocation converting a third floor Ellen are these members of the YWCA World'- table, painting and washing windows. National Program The commission groups which function at the University are an outgrowth of the national program objectives of the Continued on Page 4 Poll to Decide Question of Artist Series University students will decide Wednesday whether they want to hear some of the finest con cert artists in the nation. A student poll by ballot will, in effect, ask the students whether they want to spend $1.50 for a season ticket to a series of first rate instrumentalists, vocalists and special concert groups. The artists caa be brought to the campus only in the entire student body is favor the pre sentation of the concerts. The regular prices for just one per formance of an artist such as Marian Anderson range from $1.75 to $3.75. A guaranteed in come through season tickets is the only way students can listen to these artists for such a small sum. "The ticket for this series of performances must be bought by about 80 per cent of the students or the concert artist series will not work a Council spokesman said. Audiences at the performances will be limited to students and faculty. They are the ones who will decide by the Wednesday ballot whether they wish to spend the small amount for their listening pleasure. Concert Artists The concert artists are spon sored by the National Concert Artist corporation. The follow ing are some of the artists ap pearing in the series: , Marian Anderson, contralto, has appeared in more than 750 concerts inthe U. S.. alone. The Negro singer, a Philadelphian, has made tours abroad and was decorated by the Finnish and French governments. She has sung Easter sunrise services in the Lincoln memorial and was brought to Washington to sing the Star Spangled Banner for General Eisenhower's V-E day reception. Nathan Milstein, violinist, is a Russian who has toured hi na tive country, Europe, the United States and Canda. He has ap peared 36 times before the New York Philharmonic Benno Moiseiwitsch, pianist, is also Russian from Odessa who has received one of Great Brit ian's highest honors, the Order of the Commander of the Brit ish Empire. He was invited by Toscanini to perform with the Palestine symphony. Robert Merrill Robert Merrill, baritone, is the property of the Metropolitan Opera association. He won fame through the "Met Opera Audi See Poll, Page 4 The voting will climax a cam paign of the Union Expansion committee begun last week. The committee has been working on the possibilities of a new Union on city campus since the final days of last semester. The committee's work has in eluded investigation of the situations- which prevail in Unions at other colleges and universi ties throughout the nation. Their reports during this semester were made to inform students of facilities lacking at NU, but present ,t other Unions. This was made possible through bul letins and letters obtained from other colleges. Advantages With student approval of the fee increase, the following ad vantages will be received, ac cording to the expansion com mittee: Operational costs of the pre sent building will be met These costs have increased due to over taxing of present facilities. Also chances of an inevitable budget decrease will be less. In creased depreciation has already caused one budget drop. Facility additions in three categories, recreational, service and cultural, would be made. Recreational improvements would include (1) bowling al leys and supplementary facilities, (2) properly equipped billiard room, (3) ping pong room with minimum of eight tables, (4) game room equipped with "lei Continued on Page 4 Honors Day To Commend Over 1,000 Students to Hear Cecil Brown Talk Over 1,000 University students will be honored for outstanding scholarship today at the Honors day convocation at the Coliseum at 10:15 a. m. Speaker at the convocation wil lbe Cecil Brown, internationally known radio com mentator and correspondent. Both 10 a. m. and 11 a. m. classes will be dismissed. Brown, who recently returned from a European tour, will speak on "Crossfire in Europe." He will tell of the "cold war" and the progress of the Marshall plan. Twenty-five senior students possessing superior scholarship will be seated on the Coliseum stage in recognition of their scholastic achievement. Chan cellor R. G. Gustavson will pre side. Brown has won the George Foster Peabody, the Overseas Press club, Sigma Delta Chi, and National Headliners club awards for outstanding radio commentat ing. He also is well known for his war time reporting. On his recent European trip he visited France, England, Ger many, Austria, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Yugoslavia and Israel. Communist Control Brown wrote on completion of the trip: "After you've seen, what communistic control does to a people and how it makes peo ple outright slaves, stopping the tide of communism by means of American aid is something to be grateful for." Brown's experiences during his journalistic career have in cluded brushes with French, British and Australian authori ties. During the war, he was re primanded by the French Vichy government for remarks he made of it while he was at Cairo. Ha angered British authorities at Singapore by telling of the lacka daisical attitude toward the Japanese. Australians did not like the criticisms he made of their failure to conscript men for overseas fighting. Ship Torpedoed Brown was aboard the ship Repulse when it was torpedoes in the China sea. He covered the invasion of Crete, the escape of the king of Greece and the ac tivities of Fascist Italy. He is the author of "Suez to Singapore," a best seller wartime novel, and has contributed vari ous articles to Colliers, Readers Digest and other magazines. - Brown began his career as a UP reporter on the west coast. In 1937 he left for Europe to be a free lance writer. He served for three years as a International News Service correspondent in Rome. In 1940 the speaker took up his present job as radio com mentator. TodM ?V' J 9 1 .Vf ft. 4 I . : if A- 'J!