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About The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (Feb. 4, 1909)
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THE DAILY NEBRASKAN
."- fev- '(f1rfiv(l
Bra , .
very Loyal Unlvertlty itu.tnt
! iimori tn mtronlz thftia N
I bratkan adveftlieri, and U man
ttan tha paper whlia fltln 0
tflrst TruBt nud Savings.
Chris, Elovonth and P Sts.
Colo & McKonnn.
Mngoo & Doomor.
Pftlnco Clothing Co.
Spolor & Simon.
Lincoln Candy Kltchon.
DENTI8T8 J. R. Davis.
M liter & Pnlno.
Rlggs. ' "-'
C. H. Froy.
Mngoo & Doomor.
Palaco Clothing Co.
Spolor & Simon.
Capital Grocery Co.
ICE CREAM '
Collins Ico Cream
Cnmoron's. ' .
: Bran Ih wnlte.
' ' Cincinnati Shoo Store".
' Rogers & Perkins,
The Skirt Stroo.
Scotch Woolen Mills.
SI , Lyric.
3 . Oliver,
1 " Elite.
- Lincoln Typewriter
ADDRESS AT TEMPLE
WHITE SPEAKS ON "INITIATIVE
AND REFERENDUM." ,
ARISTOCRACY VS. DEMOCRACY
Believes It Impossible to- Reform as
Long as the People Delegate Of
flees of Government to
John Z. White, president of the Peo
pled Rule league, delivered an address
at fi o'clock yostordny at tho Temple
theatro. The nttondnnco was poor,
only about soventy-flvo people' being
prcsont. Mr. White gave n talk on
"Inltlatlvo and Referendum" worthy
of a much larger nttondnnco. Ho be
gan by warning the nudlence against
bolioving everything overy thing ho or
anyono tjlBe hnd to say. "Don't bo
llovo your teacher," ho said, "until
you know thnt what ho says is true."
In the oldon days the philosophers
said that it was necessary to believo
In order to understand, but todny we
insist on knowing thnt a thing is true
before we believo it or its worth. It
is upon theso hnsls," he continued,
"thnt tho Initiative nnd referendum
is promulgated." lie then wont on to
stnto thnt ho hnd no fenr of his audi
ence not grasping the subject.
Ho pointed out that tho initiative
and roforondum Is new nnd untried.
Wo know that it has boon used in vnr
lous cantons of Switzerland, but tho
Amorlcan people believo that here
things artf dlfforent. It is the popular
boHof that laws don't work out hero
Uko thoy do elsewhere. Hence to
Amorlcn, the measuro is a now ono.
Not tho inltlatlvo and roforondum,
ho said, aro a part of tho universal
philosophy and must bo accepted with
it. "There aro two conditions of
society: Ono composed of a few rich
families having all tho advantages of
learning and wonlth, to whom llio poo
plo look for leadership. This is a
classified society: tho kind to which
Carlylo gave his support an Arlstro
cracy In the other kind of society
each individual is equal to overy other
Jn IUb powor to expross opinion nnd
to determino tho action of the mass
of tho people This," ho snid, '! De
mocracy." ' '
The First Democracy,
Carlylo says tho mass of the pcoplo
will take, but Blight interost in govern
ment. Domocraoy says tho few will
dovoto their power to their own . In
Ho stated that theaptwo
forma of government were the only
ones possible nnd that to thoso be
lieving in tho Aristrocracy ho had
nothing to say. Doniocratic society,
ho said, novcr had a great oxample.
Tho United States is tho first attempt
In tho history of tho world to spread
domocracy ovor a largo territory con
tainlngri. great number of people.
In (Explaining the inltlatlvo' and ref
erendum he said that tho vast major
ity of even tho cultured men "and
woraon of todny do not know Its mean
ing. "Yot," as ho put It, "It is the
essence of Democrncy." Ho oxplnincd
it simply as a plan wheroby nny num
ber of men and women could secure
concerted action and yet preserve the
rights of individuals. Ho compared it
to parliamentary procedure. "Any
ono in Nobraska," ho said, "might
under this law draft a bill or law in
proper form nnd induce his neighbors
to sign it, eight per cent of the votes
in tho torritory affected being the ub
ual number. This corresponds to tho
motion and second in parliamentary
Tho law would then bo filed with
the secretary of stale, and after four
months be submitted to the people.
This is the initiative.
On the other hand, if tho legislature
passed a law that tho people didn't
like, nny person could introduce pro
ceedings against it in tho same man
ner that ho would Introduce a bill, by
getting the endorsement of his neigh
bors and filing it with tho secretary of
state ninety days after tho law was
paBHed. Then the bill would have to
come before tho people. Thlb Is the
The speaker then showed that we
aro not and never were a self-governing
people. A domocracy at tho time
tho constitution was formed, was
thought to be the worst possible form
of government. "Benjamin Franklin,"
ho said, "was the only mnu In the
constitutional convention who favored
it." He attributed tho popular ideas
which we hold today regarding our
BQlf-govprnment. as the result of our
literature and history and laid the
difficulties under which wo are living
today to the constitutional convention.
Methods of Reform.
"While nny fraction of the people
governing the whole may misuse tholr
power for persona gain, tho people
as a whole," ho snid, "cannot profit
ably misgovern or mislead tho peo
ple." Horo ho compared us to a
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SOLD 'iN LINCOLN BY
E. FLEMING, 1211 O STREET
ORDER YOUR PUHCH sT FOtSOH
'Hot Lunohca a Specialty.
""" Candios" and Iooa
1307 0 St. Phinti: Autf 22(4, till 456.
O February 5, 1909 Lincoln Hotel Annex $
1 Junior Prom
Walt's Orchestra Tickets $3.00 o
iO0000OSO000 O O Zf 0000$00000000OS
GREGORY,, the Tailor
1 ' .
Has a dandy line of goods for Spring Suits. Ho also
does the best cleaning and pressing in tlio city.
14th & O Streets - - - - Auto 3264
Y. At. C. A.
SATURDAY, 6 P, M.
St Paul's Church
Want - Ads
AdvortlBomecta for the want ad
column should bo loft at tho business
office, basement Administration Bldg.,
between 10 a. m. and 12 m., or be
tween 2 p. m. and 6 p. m. -
Cash must accompany all orders for
want ads, at the rate of 10 cents per
Insertion for every fifteen words or
fraction thereof for the first Inser
tion; three insertions 25 cents; five
Insertions 40 cents.
Due bill for sale on an up-todato
tailor, at 25 per cent discount See
NobrasUan manager. G3dh-tf
FOR SALE Ono dr.ess ult, nearly
now; size 84. Auto 2159. Boll'318.
"Want 3 or 4 students to work for
board. 119 So. 12th. 3t-78-14
LOST Between Adm. Bldg. nnd
Chem. Bldg., pair glasses. Finder, rp
turn to NobrasUan for reward.
LOST A Kenfel & jEaser slide rulo;
in leather case on R between 12th and
25th sts. Finder-please rgtufn to Nb
braskap office,' -R,v. Cochran. -
business man who would delegate to
someone Irrevocable power as his at
torney for two years, and who at the
ond of that time could not regain con
trol of his business but must either
retain his present attorney or got an
He declared the method ot reform
ing officers by placing them In jail
as abBurd. Here ho cited .Chicago in
its strugglo to free Itself from tho
Groy Wolves only to find itself In the
hands of men whom they bad elected
as good business men. Ho showed
that, whoro tho politician has onJy bis
personal thirst for gain to prompt him
In bad government, tho promnlnent
business man has a thousand Interests
which may lead him to misgovern
ment. "As a result," ho declared, "wo have
to put tho powor In tho hands of the,
people thomselvos. Dempcracy is
forced to it whether ho wants it or
not, Hero ho brought up examples
of St. Louis and San Francisco to
proye- his point. He attributed the
continuance of wrong doing to lack
of faith and courage In tho masses.
"Tho predominant Idea seems to bo,"
ho said, "tbat things will stand about
whero they are." Yot ho showed that
tho white people nover stand still.' Ow
ing to their inventive tondencV 41irv
experiment and tho nation, either ad-
vances or goes back. Another habit
of mind, of tho people, he pointed out,
Is tho readiness to defer theso ques
tions to superior wisdom, as too dlffl
cult to understand. "Nover," ho said,
"depend upon thp judgment of other
Ho closed by showing Uiaf tho ini
tiative and referendum is tho one plali
wheroby any association of people
may secure concerted action and yet
prosorvo tho rights and power of the
individual, "When we obtain this,"
ho concluded "we will have secured
an nctlvo government by tho people."
The University of Chicagd
Each school has a special Circular of Information which will bo sent on request.
Tho Coursea'ia Medicine aro glvon in conneotion with tho work of RUSH MEDICAL
THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO,
SUMMER QUARTER Chicago, Illinois.
Jane iB September a
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