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About The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (Jan. 16, 1909)
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THE DAILY NEBRASKAN
t -J ,
,. THE PROPERTY OP
TrtH tJNIVnRBITY OP NEBRASKA.
. Lincoln. Nobrnakri,
NMSHEI EVERT IAY EXCEPT SUNDAY AND MONDAY
BY TUB STUDENT 'PUB. BOARD.
frtliutta Offlct, 126 Ho. 14th St.
Editor Clyde E.' Elliott, '09
Managing; Editor... Horbprt W. Potter, '10
Newe. Editor. I.Lynn Lloyd, '11
Associate Editor Victor Bmfth, '11
Manager .. George M. Wallace, '10
Circulation J. Roy Smith, '09
Editorial and Business Office:
BA8EMENT, ADMINISTRATION BLDO.
Pottofflce, 8tatlon A, Lincoln, Neb.
SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, $2.00 PER YEAR
Payable In Advance
8lnole Copies. 5 Cents Each.
Telephone: Auto 1888.
INDIVIDUAL NOTICES will bo charged
for nt tho 'rato of 10 conts per Innortlon
for ovory flftoon word or fraction thorcof,
Faculty notlcca and Unlvorfllty bullotina
will Kindly bo published free.
Entorcd at tho postofTlco at Lincoln,
Ncbrnnkn, an Rocond-clann mall matter
under tho Act of ContfrcBB of March 3,
SATURDAY, JANUARY 1G, 1009.
Ono 2,000-pound Itlohlo automatic
Hhot comont tasting machine
Ono 1,000-pound Itiehlo comont tost
Ono brick rattier for testing tho
hbrnflivo action of brick and paving
It also hau a good collection of Bult
nblo IiiBtrumentB of precision for ob
taining deformations in conjunction
with tho testing machlnos, and a ce
field, and highway whom tho good peo
ple Inform him Is a civil ongineor.
He may be, but 999 times out of 1,000
he 1b not. Do people call a druggist
n physician, or a nurup a doctor? Do
they term a purveyor of printed legal
forms a lawyer, or a notary a judge?
However, wo cannot conauro the pub
lio for not recognizing distinctions
which are fully understood nmong our
selves. As long as a man may become
mont testing apparatus for making )roflclont ,n openinB and closing a
r.nmnlnfn fnntn nn notrinntfl. GoncrflteS. I it .11- n..i i.ii .1.1 -
iiiruiuu, mint; u uunur, nuiUKiut; u
comploto teats on cements, concretes,
CLARK B. MICKEY.
; THE ENQINEER8' EDITION.
ThlB edition of tho Dnily Nobrnskan
Is dovoted to the onKinoorlng-department
of tho University of Nebraska.
The task or getting It out was In
chargo of a staff of engineering stu
dents, of which Robort A. Gantt, 1909,
was editor-in-chief. EDITOR.
Qffi0OO0O&0Q00O00b O O 0000000000
John West over
,In the words of President Schur
man: "Tho modorn ongineor, ir ho is
to bo truly educated, needs a training
broader than physical scionco and
technical study. He too, because ho
is a man, needs tho culturo of tho
humanities that liberalizing and ex
pansion of mind which comoa from
tho Btudy of literature, 'history and
philosophy. This, however, ho can no
longer secure in u four-yoars' tpch
nlcal courao. The result is that all
oyer tho country men are graduating
In tho engineering courBoa with an
ignorunco of llteraturo, history, and
the other liberal nrts sO dense that
no proficiency In science and technol
ogy can Bave them from the charge of
being uncultured, especially, when, us
so often happens, aa a necessary re
sult of their limited reading of lltera
turo, thoy aro unable to exprosn thorn
Bolves, either In speech or writing, In
correct English prose."
CHEMI8TRY AND THE ENGINEER.
The importance of a knowledgo of
chomiatry aB part of the equipment of
a trained engineer has grown with tho
development of the profession. For
merly physical data sufilced, but as
structural work advanced and compe
tition in manufactures becamo keonor,
demaiuls became more exacting. Tho
engineer finds that he requires a more
intimate knowledge of his material
which Ik afforded by chemistry. He
need not bo on export analyst, but
finds that a mnstery of the principles
of tho science, together with a knowl
edge of the sources, composition of
his matcriuls and tho changes to
which thoy are subject under varying
conditions, greutly increases hiB ef
A knowledge of the chemistry of
combustion, of fuols, their analyses
and those of tho products of tho fur
nace, the chemical crltoria for Judging
boiler water, the chemlBtry of tho for
mation und prevention of boiler scale,
enables tho cnglnoor to put a bollor
plant on the most intelligent and eco
nomical working basis. The subject
of iron and steel is ono of vast impor
tance and an understanding of the re
lation between the chemical qualities
and physical charactorlBtlca baa lead
to a far more intelligent handling of
these structural elements. AIbo in ce
ments and concrotoB, rapidly becom
ing of primary importanco as building
material, does tho engineer find chom
leal data an indispensable supplement
to his physical tests.
There are but a few of tho fields
or engineering activity In which chem
istry is not affording valuable assist
ance. Ab rule of-thumb methods con
tinue to bo discarded and more funda
mental facta aro required, its function
will become still more Important.
wire, holding a rod or running a sur
veylng Instrument und have his self
assumed title of engineer accepted
without protest, so long will our par
ticular coiiBanguinous parasite con
tliluo his merry way. Not that tho
limitation of his operations would
hinder tho striving of the best among
the profession, or that a lethargic re
action might follow among practicing
members, but that the client may
know when retaining an engineer,
that he Is qualified for the service to
bo rendered by bearing tho stamp of
some recognized endorsement.
Tho LeBt man will always be at the
top whatever bo tho character of his
associates, good, bad or Indifferent;
or whatever the naturo of his service
to tho public, but if he has been earn
est In his preparation for life's work,
has spent money and years in fitting
himself, why not let the citizen know
the facts by means of some ready dis
tinction? Ib It fair to place him on
the same plane with ono who has
never sought any training Bave suf
ficient practical experience to readily
gain his living? We often hear of self
made men; they are lauded far and
wide, their praises sang from rising
to sotting Bun, but upon closer inquiry
und personal contact thoy too often
exhibit the crudities of their own
handiwork, and nt best their claims
to success rest solely upon tho amass
ing of wealth and tho hording of gain.
Anyone can be miserly; It is ono of
tho retrogressive instincts of man
transmitted. to us from nn animal an
cestry whose chief occupation consist
ed In gathering food, and, If physically
powerful enough, to rob a neighbor of
bis store. Furthermore, the term
"self-made" Is more or less of a mis
nomer. No man wub ever self-mado
in lire's career.
Our common hind or human knowl
edge is largely a heritage from past
ages, the successive accumulation of
differential Increments, to which our
generation adds a little and then
passes It on to posterity to be slightly
Increased by them and in turn trans-
Bridge and Building
920 N St., Lincoln, Nebraska
Structural Engineering, Fire
I Escapes a Specialty
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i4LtO. TWOSTO-RLS 1415, 0. Nounh Sairt
Tho principal function of tho mater
ials laboratory is to assist tho engin
eering student in securing un accur
ate knowledgo of tho properties of
the different materials of construction
and the standard mothods for making
the variodB tests. Ho is taught by
experimental investigation tho prac
tical application and limitation of tho
theoretical principles, tho proper
methods for drawing conclusions, and
for making reports of tho tests. This
knowledgo enables tho engineer to
uucceBsfully ostlmato tho strongth and
to forecast tho bohavlor of his de
signed structure, with a degree of cer
tainty. It also adds character to the
work of inspection and prestige to
Ono other function 1b that of fur
nishing facilities by means of which
senior and graduate students may
undertake by systematic research to
discover laws or coeflTClorits of value
to tho engineering profession.
Our materials laboratory 1b equip
ped with tho fallowing llBt of machines:
. Ono 200,000-pound Iilohlo testing
machine, autographic and automatic.
Ono 50,000-pound Olsen testing ma
One 60,000-inch-pound Olson Torsion
How about tho engineer? Ho ex
periments, records and correlates
data, determines nature's laws of ac
tion, subjects all structural material
to definite tests, toadies his fingers
to a ready graphical expression ot IiIb
thoughts, all In order that ho may bo
equipped with a trained mind and a
skilled bund, completes a set of cur
riculum and with his parchment es
says forth to make tho deBert blossom
as tho rose, to turn night Into day, to
build railroads, highways, bridges,
structures of ovory description, to do
vise water and sower systems, to
transmit power from one point to an
other, and to construct machinery
whereby man's shoulders are relieved
of their burdens of labor. Perhaps his
first experience brings him In contact
with a youth climbing a polo, who,
nonchalantly swinging one leg over a
cross-arm, proceedB to "tie In" a wire.
His Inquiry elicits tho reply from a
layman that this Is an electrical en
gineer. Ho may be, but nine times
out of ton ho Is not. Or, a man driv
ing a steam engine, stationary or loco
motive, and people toll him that this
is a mechanical engineer. Ho may bo,
but ninety-nine times out of 100 ho Is
not. Or. again a nerson with awing-
ling stride drawing a steel tape over
niitted to following centuries. Tho
record of this knowledge we find in
books and that Is why the novice en
ters the university or technical achool
to acquaint himself with the classified
results of discovery and achievement.
And should he bo nn engineer, Is not
his work of as learned a character or
his curriculum of as high an ordor as
that of tho lawyer or physician? Is
it not as much of a profosalonal act,
and far more dlffloult, to design a
bridge as It Is to set a fractured limb,
to Install a sanitary- system for a city
as to rectify the results of a clogged
alimentary tract, to draw and design n
machine as to write a brief, or to elec
trify a railroad as to electrify a jury?
Whatever the means finally adopted
to olovato tho Intrinsic standing of
the engineer and his public recogni
tion, whether by state control as in
the two cases mentioned, or some
other plan equally effective, tbjo writer
personally feels like tho small boy
who, when delivering part of Adama
apeech before tho Continental Con
gress, shouted forth at tho climactic
moment- "Sinker swim, liver dio, I
give my hand and heart to this vote."
Frederick S. Jones, Dean o'f Minne
sota Collego of Engineering.
LINCOLN GAS AND
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J. Stevens Arms & Tool Co.,
P.O. Box 4096
CmCOPEE FALLS, MASS., TJ. 8. A.
1123 O STREET
Headquarters for Keuffel
and Esser Drawing Ma
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